Kurs dolara(usd)do zlotegodolar amerykanski-jego kurs icenaaktualny przelicznik ikursy wal

Kurs dolara(usd)do zlotegodolar amerykanski-jego kurs icenaaktualny przelicznik ikursy walReviews and ratings of Kursdolara

Content and keywords

Worth knowing about Kursdolara: KURS 1040am is a Korean language radio station in San Diego, California. It flipped to its current format on March 1, 2012, after its previous station KFSD flipped formats. read more

Popular topics for Kursdolara

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Technical information

The web server used by Kursdolara is located in Poland and run by Krakowskie e-Centrum Informatyczne JUMP. The website Kursdolara has a own web server. The web server only runs this website.

Kurs zlotego online forex

Kurs zlotego online forexKurs dolara online forex, stock market twitter backgrounds.

14-Nov-2015 16:19

Kurs dolara w kantorach; Kurs funta w kantorach; Kurs franka w kantorach;. Forex online Sroda, 12 sierpnia 2015 Instrument Kupno Bid Sprzedaz Ask Min. dzienne Aktualny kurs dolara amerykanskiego, australijskiego, kanadyjskiego na stronie Aktualne kursy walut z rynku Forex - w czasie rzeczywistym. Notowania walut CHF EUR GBP USD CAD NZD PLN.

Kurs dolara online forex:

Forex to najwieksza na swiecie gielda walut. W serwisie znajdziesz notowania walut online oraz artykuly i komentarze specjalistow. Kursy walut - Aktualne kursy walut kupna i sprzedazy NBP - Kurs euro, dolara, franka, funta - Wiadomosci walutowe, wykresy, archiwum. Kurs walut online. 49. Mobiem Finance. dolara, euro, franka, funta, jena. Forex Currency Rates. CodeAndro. Free.

stock market twitter backgrounds:

Kursy rynkowe forex online. Kupno bid Sprzedaz ask Para Kurs Zmiana Kurs Zmiana Czas; EUR/PLN 4,1846 0,02 4,1891-0,03 2015-08-13 USD/PLN 3,7512. Forex; Narzedzia; Forum; Kursy walut. Kursy NBP; Kursy Forex; Kantory i banki; Kursy celne; 3,7527 -0,05%-0,0018. USD/PLN. Kurs Dolara; Kurs Euro; Surowce. Zloto;

kantory. pl

kantory. pl is very popular in Stumble Upon, Facebook and Google Plus.

It is liked by 27 people on Facebook and it has 17 google+ shares.

This CoolSocial report was updated on 1 Nov 2015. you can refresh this analysis whenever you want.

Twitter account link

Where site or its webmaster resides. A Twitter account link can be found in the homepage or in the robots. txt file. Total number of Tweets. It measures how much websites talk to its social media audience. The URL of the found Twitter account page. Total number of people who added this Twitter account to their lists. The date of Twitter account creation. The description of the Twitter account describes website and its services to the social media users. Total number of Followers. It measures how big is the social media audience.

Currency pair eur

Currency pair eurCurrency Pair: EUR/USD (Euro/U. S. Dollar)

DEFINITION of 'Currency Pair: EUR/USD (Euro/U. S. Dollar) '

The abbreviation for the euro and U. S. dollar (EUR/USD) pair or cross for the currencies of the European Union (EU) and the United States (USD). The currency pair tells the reader how many U. S. dollars (the quote currency ) are needed to purchase one euro (the base currency).

Loading the player.

BREAKING DOWN 'Currency Pair: EUR/USD (Euro/U. S. Dollar) '

The value of the EUR/USD pair is quoted as 1 euro per x U. S. dollars. For example, if the pair is trading at 1.50 it means that it takes 1.5 U. S. dollars to buy 1 euro.

The EUR/USD tends to have a negative correlation with the USD/CHF and a positive correlation to the GBP/USD currency pairs. This is due to the positive correlation of the euro, the Swiss franc and the British pound.

Scalping the dax and now scalping the euro

Scalping the dax and now scalping the euroScalping the Euro lo and behold

This is a very short post, just to let you know that I have extended my DAX scalping to the Euro now. Why? There are many fundamental changes in Europe now, with Greece issues and other members under the financial cosh. Also, my broker has reduced the spread to only 1 pip that means that it's cheap enough to get in.

The scalping method is identical to my DAX system see it here =DAX Scalping

The beauty about scalping the Euro is that if you take it from one of the pivots (See here =Pivot point system ) a cheap scalp with a stop of no more that 6 pips can turn into a 30-50 pip runner.

Remember though, when scalping you need to remain focused and ruthless, you may scalp 10-20 times for 2-10 pips at a time, so never let it run against you. If you have problems getting into the zone try using some meditation (get some binaural beats to use, check my meditation blog) or re read Mark Douglas's book "Trading in the Zone "

Today has been a awsome day for scalping, both the Dax and the Euro, check out below and notice how breach of the Pivot point brought on an avalanche (OK, ECB statements didn't help much eithr :)), also see how the hit on S1 area brought a nice tradeable bounce:

Scalping the Euro


Forex usd eur

Forex usd eurForex Trading offers latest forex money trading with great currency rates and forex trading forecast to convert Euro to US Dollar, (convert EUR to USD). Do you need any help about how to do foreign money trading like Euro to US Dollar convert, Euro to US Dollar converter and any other information about Euro to US Dollar chart and Euro to US Dollar rate? Are you looking for how much is to exchange Доллар США to Евро (USD to EUR)? Check out USD to EUR .

Concerned about the Евро Доллар США exchange rates?

Input your email address below, we will send you a daily up-to-date information on the Евро Доллар США exchange rates!

Euro to new zealand dollar forex rate

Euro to new zealand dollar forex rateEuro to New Zealand Dollar Forex Rate

The Forex abbreviation for the European Union (EUR) and New Zealand (NZD) is the EUR/NZD. This is the Fx cross for the currencies of the Euro (EUR) and the New Zealand Dollar (NZD). Hence the abbreviation EUR/NZD. The pair explains how many Euros, the base currency, is needed to purchase one New Zealand Dollar or NZD.

The EUR/NZD Forex pair is affected by certain factors. These will influence both the value of the EUR and the NZD during the day. Not only in relation to each other but with other Forex currencies. This is why the interest rate differential between the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) have an impact on the value of each of these currencies when in relation to each other. For example, when the ECB intervenes in the open market to make the EUR stronger, the value of the EUR/NZD will increase. Why? As the EUR increases in value, this particular Fx pair will increase in value. Other factors affect the price of the EUR/NZD Forex pair. The euro is usually affected by the U. S. Fed, as the USD increases in value the EUR tends to weaken. This will also affect the EUR/NZD during the course of the trading day. Another factor affecting this pair are commodity prices as the NZD is a commodity currency.


Eur(euro)EUR News and Analysis

In line with the broader trend, 9 months of sideways trade in GBP/USD has resolved to the downside. Focus is on the lower parallel supports that cross lows over the last several y.

The longer-term outlook for EUR/GBP remains tilted to the downside amid the deviating paths for monetary policy, but the pair may consolidate in the week ahead as it largely retai.

The EUR/JPY is currently meandering around key Fibonacci levels. Last week's low levels represent a key level in the cross.

Data today carries significant weight for the US Dollar's near-term prospects.

The Euro was little changed versus the US Dollar after Mixed GDP figures didnt seem to impact monetary policy bets.

The Euro looks like it may be readying a move higher against the British Pound after prices broke above falling trend line resistance set from mid-October.

The Euro was little changed versus the US Dollar as German GDP came in line with expectations, as the market awaits Eurozones data.

The Euro may overlook improved third-quarter GDP figures as ECB easing speculation looms large. The US Dollar may rise if Retail Sales data tops estimates.

EUR/USD may face a larger rebound should the Euro-Zones 3Q GDP report dampen bets of seeing the ECB push the deposit-rate deeper into negative territory.

Binary options trading strategies

Binary options trading strategiesBinary Options Trading Strategies

In an earth where it is a challenge to create money, have you ever wondered how it is possible for some people to turn their $1,000 investment into over $20,000 in just a week? What exactly do they do that allows them to make such big. more

In an earth where it is a challenge to create money, have you ever wondered how it is possible for some people to turn their $1,000 investment into over $20,000 in just a week? What exactly do they do that allows them to make such big amounts over and over again? The answer to that are binary options. Basically, those who know how to examine the market understand very well the fluctuations and trends in stocks. What’s great about this is that it allows you to invest in low risk

“Best binary options trading strategy”, “Best binary options trading platform”, “best binary options broker”. Lots of people searching the internet to find the answer. Obviously they’re getting a lots of search results. But did they find. more

“Best binary options trading strategy”, “Best binary options trading platform”, “best binary options broker”. Lots of people searching the internet to find the answer. Obviously they’re getting a lots of search results. But did they find the right one? That’s the million dollar question. Here we’ll explore some of the myths and strange truth.

Stan Lutz’s 2014 Millionaire System has become a new name in the field of binary options trading. 2014 Millionaire APP has risen to the top among the best binary options trading softwares. It is a new automated binary Options trading Software. But is it scam? Find out the TRUTH in this Review.

First of all, what’s this all about?

This 2014 Millionaire binary system was developed by Stan Lutz, who has now dedicated himself to binary options trading and helping others do so as well. Besides traveling the world and sharing his knowledge on the subject at his fully booked seminars, he has now come up with an automated binary options system that trades for you. Since the system is automated, it eliminates any human error, doesnt take up any of your time, and makes trading easier than it has ever been before.

What is Binary Options?

Binary option is a trade system of stock or currency based on trend. Not always when the trend downward have to buy and selling when the trend upward because this trade is full of risk, big win, lost or even run out. However, taking decision must be based on correct analytic and fast then action quickly.

Is The 2014 Millionaire a Scam?

After testing the 2014 Millionaire for months I can personally testify that the 2014 Millionaire is probably the best solution out there. If you are interested in currency options, the 2014 Millionaire is a great choice. And also by looking at the response (sales and feedback), it can be said that 2014 Millionaire is useful for any user who is genuinely looking for profits from binary options. The team of 2014 Millionaire has also come up with a dedicated support so that the users of this software can get help on any issues related to usage or operation of this software.

How Does 2014 Millionaire Work?

2014 Millionaire searches for major up and down movements, after which warns you as to when this happens allowing you to then put a trade. 2014 Millionaire works on Binary Options platforms, which lets you use it to put trades which expire in One minute to 1 hour. And thus you could realize your returns much faster compared to regular fix trading.

Here’s the Best Part

You may think that, I’ve no idea how this works and decided to stay away. But here’s the best part of 2014 Millionaire System.

It’s true that Binary Options have some RISK with it. That is why it is so profitable. 2014 Millionaire system complete eliminate the risk by giving you FREE training and proven system to make money from Binary Options. And the major advantage of this system is that you can make a trade quickly and generate profits as fast as without a minute! So you don’t have to wait a year to see its working or not. Try for yourself.


Last Words

2014 Millionaire is definitely a must have product if you want to make money from trading Binary Options. You should be aware that forex trading is a hugely profitable Stan Lutz set and it is getting bigger and bigger. By using this 2014 Millionaire system and software, it saves your time to quickly profit from trading. This can really make you fast money. If you struggle to generate any income online, you should give this a try.

You have nothing to lose. The access to 2014 Millionaire is complete FREE! Try out the 2014 Millionaire now.

Praca wdomu

Praca wdomuPraca w domu

Liczba postow: 3,189

Dolaczyl: Mar 2010

Reputacja: 1999

wielu z Was prosilo mnie aby udostepniac pisane przeze mnie poradniki dotyczace gieldy, argumentem czesto bylo nieposiadanie konta na chomikuj(:|)

Gielda (dla) poczatkujacego.

Podstawowe pojecia w panelu Web Trader.


Wow, jednak jestes twardy psychicznie, brawo!

Zaczniemy od poczatku, czyli wyjasnienia roznych fraz dostepnych na platformach(nie bede opisywal co to gielda etc.)

Skupimy sie na platformie Web Trader na markets(juz tu nie dzialam, nie polecam)

Depozyt - Tutaj mozemy zwiekszyc depozyt naszego konta.

Kalendarz - W tym miejscu mozemy dowiedziec sie jakie informacje majace wplyw na waluty(oraz towary) beda przedstawione w najblizszym czasie. Z kalendarza makroekonomicznego warto korzystac poniewaz sa tam takze dane czy informacje powinny byc pozytywne czy tez negatywne dla danej waluty. Mozna ustawic polska strefe czasowa wiec wszystko jest znacznie wygodniej obserwowac. Przy kazdej informacji jest takze jej priorytet. Odpowiednio 3 byczki - informacja majaca najwiekszy wplyw, 2 byczki - sredni wplyw, 1 byczek - minimalny wplyw(praktycznie odbywa sie bez zadnych zawirowan na rynku).

Biezacy wynik - tutaj mamy pokazane ile zyskujemy/tracimy na wszystkich otwartych pozycjach. Warto sledzic i w razie duzych spadkow zaparzyc sobie ziolek, lub dostawac zawalu.

Balance - W tej rubryce mozemy sprawdzic ile wynosi nasz aktualny stan konta(bez wliczania zyskownych/stratnych pozycji) Czyli na przykladzie screena na koncie jest 262 tys. gdybym zamknal pozycje zrobiloby sie 241 tys

Equity - Tutaj mozemy dowiedziec sie jakie bedzie nasze saldo po zamknieciu wszystkich otwartych pozycji.

Margin - Rubryka informuje nas o tym ile pieniedzy mamy zainwestowanych w pozycje(radze nie przekraczac 20% depozytu, poniewaz wtedy znaczaco rosnie ryzyko straty).

Free margin - Tutaj natomiast mamy ilosc dostepnych srodkow mozliwych do zainwestowania(wliczany jest zysk lub strata).

Margin level - Najwazniejsza moim zdaniem rubryka, jest to prosto mowiac procent ryzyka, jest to stosunek EQUITY do MARGIN(w tym wypadku 241 tys/31tys *100%). Dlaczego jest to takie wazne? Otoz przy obecnym poziomie 778% nie ma sie absolutnie czego bac, kiedy jednak ten poziom spadnie do 70% wtedy wyskoczy ostrzezenie, kiedy poziom spadnie do 20% beda zamykane najbardziej stratne pozycje, tak aby margin level wynosil ponad 20%. Za wszelka cene nie mozemy pozwolic, zeby spadl on do 20% poniewaz wtedy mamy juz praktycznie pozamiatane.

Credit - kredyt udzielony przez brokera, oczywiscie nawet sie o to nie starajcie.

To sa wszystkie rubryki w gornej czesci panelu. W nastepnej czesci:

- godziny otwarcia gield

- skad brac analizy i prognozy

- co to sa trendy, opory i wsparcia

Kopiowanie, rozpowszechnianie bez zgody surowo zabronione.

Autor: Damian Kiljanczyk

E-learning about forex

E-learning about forexWednesday, 15 August 2007

Understanding Bid & Ask

A Bid is what someone is willing to pay for an asset. The Ask, or offer, is what someone is willing to accept to sell an asset. As a Forex trader, you can Buy at the Ask and Sell at the Bid.

Placing a Trade

Placing a trade in the Forex market is simple. The mechanics of a trade are virtually identical to those found in the markets you are trading now. A Forex trade is a trade in which one currency is valued against another.

Symbols to Trade

Forex Symbol Currency Pairs Terminology

EURUSD Euro / U. S. Dollar Euro

USDJPY U. S. Dollar / Japanese Yen Dollar-Yen

GBPUSD British Pound / U. S. Dollar Sterling

USDCHF U. S. Dollar / Swiss Franc Dollar-Swiss

USDCAD U. S. Dollar / Canadian Dollar Dollar-Canada

AUDUSD Australian Dollar / U. S. Dollar Aussie

EURGBP Euro / British Pound Euro-Sterling

EURJPY Euro / Japanese Yen Euro-Yen

EURCHF Euro / Swiss Franc Euro-Swiss

GBPJPY British Pound / Japanese Yen Sterling-Yen

The symbol for each Forex contract is based on the two currencies:

EURUSD = Euro Dollar vs. US Dollar.

Also, each Forex contract is a price for the first currency in the symbol name, quoted in the second currency in the symbol name. In the case of the Euro vs. US Dollar, where the exchange rate is approximately $1.30, it would take USD 1.30 to purchase 1.00 Euro. Each Forex contract covers a fixed number of units of the first symbol in the symbol name, usually 100,000.

Forex exchange rate prices move in fixed minimum price movements called pips. A pip is the minimum price move an exchange rate can make.

Closing out a Position

An open position is one that is live and ongoing. As long as the position is open, its value will fluctuate in accordance with the exchange rate in the market. Any profits and losses will exist on paper only and will be reflected in your margin account. To close out your position, you conduct an equal and opposite trade in the same currency pair.

For example, if you have bought (gone long) one lot of EURUSD (at the prevailing offer price) you can close out that position by subsequently selling one EURUSD lot (at the prevailing bid price).

Kursy walut,konwerter walut

Kursy walut,konwerter walutKursy walut. konwerter walut

Zainstaluj bezpЕ‚atny USD Aktualne Kursy Walut!

Zainstaluj bezpЕ‚atny Aktualne Kursy Walut !

Forex chart for Euro US Dollar ( EURUSD ) foreign exchange, including easily-selectable and configurable technical indicators for analysis of online forex trading

EUR-USD Pair - Forex Walkthrough | Investopedia

Trading the EUR-USD currency pair Due to the fact that the euro and U S dollar are the world's two largest currencies, representing the world's two largest

EUR USD Daily | Forex Crunch

Daily EUR USD overview important events, technical analysis and community trends for Euro Dollar – the most popular currency pair in the world

Currency Pair EUR USD (Euro U. S. Dollar) - Forex.

The abbreviation for the euro and U S dollar (EUR USD) pair or cross for the currencies of the European Union (EU) and the United States (USD) The currency pair

Forex Trading News Analysis - DailyFX

DailyFX is the leading portal for forex trading news and analysis Every tool you need to trade in the foreign exchange market

Euro Fx Quotes|Euro Forex Rate|Currency EUR USD FX Chart.

Euro fx euro rate forecast fx euro EUR USD forex euro yen euro pound euro base rates euro rate euro live charts euro charting euro foreign exchange euro fx euro currency

Forex EUR USD Chart Hourly - FINVIZ. com

Stock screener for investors and traders, financial visualizations

Forex Charts - FXStreet

Forex Charts offers more than 50 currency pairs, including 8 chart types, more than 50 technical indicators, volume chart, and flexible line tools

Kursy walut. konwerter walut

Zainstaluj bezpЕ‚atny USD Aktualne Kursy Walut!

Zainstaluj bezpЕ‚atny Aktualne Kursy Walut !

Currency: Bid Ask. Change High Real-Time:; ;

Real-Time Forex Quotes

View foreign exchange rates and use our currency exchange rate calculator for more than 30 foreign currencies

Currency Rates - FXStreet

About these Rates More than 1,000 currency rates are divided into 13 regions The data directly comes from more than 170 big interbank liquidity providers such as

Currency Converter | Foreign Exchange Rates | OANDA

Currency Converter OANDA's currency calculator tools use OANDA Rates в„ў, the touchstone foreign exchange rates compiled from leading market data contributors

Exchange Rates - Compare Currency Exchange Rates

Our Currency Exchange Rates section offers live currency rates and historical exchange rates in a wide range of options Most pages have our currency converter widget

XE - Personal Currency Assistant

Independently ranked as the world's favorite provider of free currency tools and services

Barchart. com - Commodity, stock and forex; quotes, charts.

Barchart Trader: The premier realtime and trading platform for all traders BarchartTrader features advanced, customizable charts, custom workspaces, advanced

Trading strategies performance

Trading strategies performancePerformance

The tables below represent the Momentum Trading Room profit goal success rate based on our published Trading Plan and the trading opportunities in our morning Trading Room. Our Trading Plan is to trade 2-hours each morning (8:30am to 10:30am Central time), 2 to 5 trades, 2 to 3 contracts, with a profit goal of $200 to $1000 each day.

Performance Notes:

We usually trade a combination of the ES, TF, NQ and YM Indices in our morning Trading Room. Our goal is to make $200 to $1000, trading no more than 5 times a day, with 2 to 3 contracts a trade. We make a full time income trading just a few hours a day.

We give you our complete trading plan in the Daily Morning Report each morning before the opening bell with entry and exit points and invite you to trade along with us in our Live Trading Room where we discuss and set up trading opportunities.

Everyone trades their own account and because no two traders are alike your results will vary. We do not state or imply that you can duplicate the results of our Trading Room moderators or any published results. However we are very consistent traders.

If youre looking for a Trading Room with an easy to follow Trading Plan and Strategy then give us a try. Our Service includes the Daily Morning Report, our Live Trading Room, Training and Education, and the Experience and Mentoring of our Professional Traders.

To view an independent study of Momentum Trading Systems TradeTheEmini by Dr. Dean Handley please click the following Link: INDEPENDENT STUDY

Strategy Trading: Concepts and Applications Primer, Session 2 – Components, Properties and Performance

Presented by Stanley Dash, CMT, Vice President of Applied Technical Analysis

Trading strategies is a powerful tool in helping traders become more consistent and disciplined in their trading. Whether a trading strategy is simple or complex, it can offer unique insights into how indicators and markets relate and interact.

In this second session of our two-primer series, Stanley Dash, CMT, VP, Applied Technical Analysis, delves further into the nuts and bolts of strategy trading: development, testing and automation. Stan uses TradeStation-supplied components as well as samples from the Strategy Concepts Club for practical lessons on generating, organizing and testing ideas. This includes a discussion of market data and charts, and TradeStation features such as Look-Inside-Bar Back-testing. He also delves into evaluating strategy performance using TradeStations Strategy Performance Report, along with an introduction to optimization. Stan also discusses the ultimate tool for customizing strategies: EasyLanguage.

Using TradeStation-supplied strategy components

Strategy properties: Look-Inside-Bar Back-testing (LIBBT), position limits, and more

Strategy Performance Report: evaluating back-test results

Introducing optimization

The role of EasyLanguage®.

The best forex4you

The best forex4youHow to earn money with Forex

Posted by Noman Manzoor on Thursday, October 29, 2009

/ Comments: (0 )

Since it might be a bit complicated for a beginner to figure out how to make money in Forex, we offer you this example:

You believe that the Euro to US Dollar (EURUSD) rate will increase, and on your balance you got 2000 USD (fx4u-classic account). At the price of 1.2750 you buy 150,000 Euro for 150,000 * 1.2750 = 191,250 USD.

This is possible because of the credit, which allows you to make transactions worth 100 times more than funds available on your balance (in this specific case, the maximum sum available for transactions is 2000 * 100 = 200,000 USD).

After a period of time, the exchange rate increases. You sell 150,000 Euro at the rate of 1.2850 and get 150,000 * 1.2850 = 192,750 USD back!

Thus, after buying at a low rate and selling at a high rate, the difference 192,750 - 191,250 = 1500$ is your profit! You have earned 75% of initial funds in your account, while the rate increased just by 0.8%.

Another way of making a profit on Forex is based on the decrease of the quotation rate of the EURUSD currency pair:

Having created a real account with 200 USD in it (same type of account - fx4u-classic), you determine the upper and lower limits on the Euro to Dollar chart and sell 15,000 Euro (0.15 lot) at the upper limit for a price of 1.2850 (bid price) USD for 1 Euro, which equals 19,275 USD (15,000 Euro multiplied by the rate of 1.2850).

You have funds in USD in your account, but you can sell Euro using the automatic borrowing system. Hence, the company lends you 15,000 Euro free of charge, which you can sell by sending a selling request. Due to the leverage, the actual deposit is 100 times less than the sum sold: 15,000/100 = 150 euro. At a rate of 1.2850 this equals 192,75 USD. This very sum is going to be a deposit for a credit (marginal) transaction for your account. The maximum possible deposit in this case equals 200 USD.

Then during the day the price drops to the lower limit and you decide to buy 15,000 Euro at a price of 1.2750 (ask price) USD for 1 Euro, which equals 19,125 USD. The 15,000 Euro that you have bought are written off your account towards the repayment of the company loan, while the difference is left in your account.

Thus, due to the fall in the exchange rate you earn the difference between sold and bought, which is 19,275 - 19,125 = 150 USD. You managed to earn 75% (150 dollars) of your initial sum of 200 USD due to a rate decrease by 0.8% (from 1.2850 to 1.2750) in only one day.

The company takes a commission in the form of the difference between the ask and bid prices or spread, which in this example is 3 USD (spread of EuroDollar pair equals 0.0002 or 2 pips). More detailed information on terminology is in the Glossary.

In these examples, the spread is not taken into consideration while calculating percentages of rate changes because of its non-essential influence on the results. In the case of mircoForex or eGlobal-standard the calculations are similar with a difference only in account currency US cents for micro, USD for mini standard. The consecutive use of the transactions shown gives the income of 75%+75% = 150%. In actual practice a much greater return may be achieved by using corresponding money management methods. Risk management methods also play an important role in trade.


Trading-vanilla-optionsTrading vanilla options

The standard call and put options (also called vanilla options) that are found on the major exchanges are different from exotic and binary options.

Buying and selling a vanilla option

An investor who buys a call option buys the right to buy a specific amount of an underlying security at an agreed upon strike price (the strike price is the price at which a contract may be exercised until the expiration date), if he buys a put option, he buys the right to sell the underlying security before or upon expiration.

An investor who sells a call option or who emits an option is obligated to comply with the contract's clauses. If he sells a call (an option to buy), he will have to sell the underlying security at the strike price. If he sells a put (a an option to sell), he will have to buy the underlying security at the strike price. The contract can be exercised by the buyer at any time up to the maturity date, the option's issuer or seller therefore has no control. However, if the buyer decides to not exercise his option, and instead prefers to sell it at the going market rate, the issuer can buy the contract back to cancel his obligations and close the transaction.

There are two types of options

American options . the option can be exercised at any time until expiration.

European options . the option can only be exercised at expiration.

American-type options tend to be more expensive than European-type options, because they offer more possibilities. Almost all of the stock options traded on the market are American-type. Index options can be issued either as American-type options or European-type options.

The premium of a vanilla option

The seller of an option earns a premium, but the potential for loss is unlimited.

The price of an option is limited to the premium. Options therefore offer a significant leverage effect, in the below example the investor pays a 200-euro premium even though the price of 100 shares at 20 euros is 2000 euros.

Example of a vanilla option transaction (CALL)

Option to buy (CALL) of a share of XX (American-type option)

Amount: 100 shares of XX

Expiration date: 30/08/2013

Exercise price (Strike): 20 euros

Premium: 2 euros per share

In this case, the buyer of a call option pays the premium (2€ * 100 shares) in exchange for the right to buy when he wants up until 30/08/2013, 100 shares of XX at an exercise price (Strike price) of 20 euros per share.

During the life of the option, there are three possibilities:

The price of the share falls down to 15€: the option is out-of-the-money . the buyer has no reason to exercise his right, he loses the premium (100 * 2€ = 200€).

The price of the share remains at 20€, the option is at-the-money . the buyer loses the premium (100*2€ = 200€).

The price of the share climbs to 25€, the option is in-the-money . the buyer makes a profit from which he must deduct the premium (100*25€ - 100*20€) - (premium 200€) = 300€ profit. He can sell his call to close his position or exercise the option to buy 100 shares at 20€.

This example indeed shows that the buyer's maximum risk is limited to the premium.

The seller

For the seller, the risk is different:

If the option is out-of-the-money . the seller earns the premium and doesn't have to buy the shares, since the buyer is not going to exercise his right.

If the option is at-the-money . the seller earns the premium if the buyer doesn't exercise his option.

If the option is in-the-money and the buyer exercises his option, the seller must buy the 100 shares at the 25€ exercise price even though the market price is 20€. He therefore loses (100*25€) - (100*20€) + (premium 200€) = -300€.

The seller's profit is therefore limited to the amount of the premium and his potential for loss is unlimited.

A hedging tool (Purchase of a PUT)

Options are particularly effective to protect a stock portfolio against a decline in the stock markets.

Buying a PUT guarantees a selling price for the investor. If stock prices drop, he will be able to sell his shares above market prices.

In the event that stock prices rise, the investor can elect to not exercise his put options, he will simply lose the premium paid to purchase these options.

Buying a put option is like buying insurance against the depreciation of one's securities, and the cost of this insurance is limited to the price of the premium.

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Foreign exchange trading

Foreign exchange tradingForeign Exchange Trading

By John Russell. Forex Trading Expert

Foreign exchange trading. which is commonly called forex trading. is the swapping of currencies from different countries. For example, you could trade US Dollars for Euros.

Foreign exchange trading is also conducted for speculative reasons, like profiting from price fluctuations. This type of trading is conducted by both institutions and individual traders on a daily basis. If a trader or organization expects the Euro to rise in value in relation to the US Dollar they would make a trade on a Euro/US Dollar trading pair called EUR/USD. This is not only buying Euros, but it is specifically trading Euros against US Dollars. Its called going long on EUR/USD.

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If the Euro increases in value against the US Dollar, the trader can end the trade resulting in an immediate profit. Changes in values are recorded in pips. which are 1/100th of 1 percent.