Stanley druckenmiller

Stanley druckenmillerStanley Druckenmiller

Updated: March 07, 2013 at 9:17 AM

In 1975, Stanley Druckenmiller graduated from Bowdoin College where he studied English and Economics, with the desire to eventually to become a professor of those subjects. He began to work on a Ph. D. at the University of Michigan, but left the program to work at Pittsburgh National Bank as a stock analyst in 1977. After only one year, he became head of the bank's equity research group. He was only 28 years old when he founded Duquesne Capital Management in 1981 with only one million dollars.

Then, in 1985, he accepted a position as a consultant to Dreyfus, compelling him to commute to New York for two days each week. By 1986, he became the head of Dreyfus Fund, with the agreement that he would continue managing Duquesne. In 1988, he accepted George Soros' offer of a position within Quantum Funds, replacing Victor Niederhoffer. Together, the pair "broke the Bank of England" by shorting the British pound, resulting in one billion dollars of profit in a single day.

After 12 years with Quantum Funds, Stanley Druckenmiller left the company to focus on developing Duquesne Capital Management, which has become quite successful. Forbes has Stanley Druckenmiller listed as the 91st richest person in America.

Track Record

In addition to the single day's one billion dollar profit take in 1992, Mr. Druckenmiller has been able to sustain outstanding results over long periods of time. He typically has achieved annual rates of return exceeding twenty-five percent over a 10 year period.

His sense of timing is one of the keys to his success. It has been said that he has an ability to get in and out of positions at just the right time. While Stanley Druckenmiller knew how to bet big, he also knew when it was time to back off.

Helping Others and Enjoying Life

While Mr. Druckenmiller has worked hard at managing multiple funds, he has clearly enjoyed some of the rewards of being the best forex trader in the world. With a 2008 net worth of 3.5 billion dollars, it is no extreme effort for him to maintain a fleet of over 12 different vehicles that are kept at his home at Southhampton. At the Teterboro airport one can find his multi-million dollar business jet, a Bombardier Global Express BD-700.

In addition to enjoying his "toys," Stanley Druckenmiller continues to provide millions of dollars each year to various philanthropic organizations. In 2009, he gave more money to charities than any other American. He also is chairman of the board of Harlem Children's Zone, a community-based, non-profit organization which was founded by a college friend of Druckenmiller's, Geoffrey Canada.

Insights From the World's Best

It's almost impossible to deny that Stanley Druckenmiller's is probably the best forex trader alive. His main focus has been on capital preservation and "home runs." If you stay away from negative return years while achieving some one hundred percent years, your long-term returns will be outstanding.

Druckenmiller also proves that success is not a matter of luck. His consistent returns demonstrate a sound underlying strategy along with the willingness to take occasional risks. His is a trading strategy that worked, and his success offers good insights for all forex traders.

Next famous trader >> Larry Hite >>

Previous famous trader << Martin Schwartz <<

Risk Statement: Trading Foreign Exchange on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. The possibility exists that you could lose more than your initial deposit. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you.

Millionaires in forex

Millionaires in forexMillionaires in forex

There are many who have made their fortunes in forex. The biggest haul in history is how Gorge Soros made his fortune.

No. 1: George Soros Vs. The British Pound

In 1992 British pound exchange rate versus other European currencies was fixed by the bank of England. In order to maintain that value, the bank set their interest rate at a high level, similar to the one offered by Germany. However Germany's high interest rates were appropriate for a robust economy in need for a cool down to prevent a spike in inflation. Britain was in the opposite situation, with its economy in the doldrums. A Hungarian immigrant spotted this situation, decided that it was unsustainable and sold short 10 billion pounds. He made 1.1 billion US dollars. His name is George Soros.

No. 2: Stanley Druckenmiller bets on the Mark - Twice

Stanley Druckenmiller made millions by making two long bets in the same currency while working as a trader for George Soros' Quantum Fund.

Druckenmiller's first bet came when the Berlin Wall fell. The perceived difficulties of reunification between East and West Germany had depressed the German mark to a level that Druckenmiller thought extreme. He initially put a multimillion-dollar bet on a future rally until Soros told him to increase his purchase to 2 billion German marks. Things played out according to plan and the long position came to be worth millions of dollars, helping push the returns of the Quantum Fund over 60%.

Possibly due to the success of his first bet, Druckenmiller also made the German mark an integral part of the greatest currency trade in history. A few years later, while Soros was busy breaking the Bank of England, Druckenmiller was going long in the mark on the assumption that the fallout from his boss's bet would drop the British pound against the mark. Druckenmiller was confident that he and Soros were right and showed this by buying British stocks. He believed that Britain would have to slash lending rates, thus stimulating business, and that the cheaper pound would actually mean more exports compared to European rivals. Following this same thinking, Druckenmiller bought German bonds on the expectation that investors would move to bonds as German stocks showed less growth than the British. It was a very complete trade that added considerably to the profits of Soros' main bet against the pound.

No. 3: Andy Krieger Vs. The Kiwi

In 1987, Andy Krieger, a 32-year-old currency trader at Bankers Trust, was carefully watching the currencies that were rallying against the dollar following the Black Monday crash. As investors and companies rushed out of the American dollar and into other currencies that had suffered less damage in the market crash, there were bound to be some currencies that would become fundamentally overvalued, creating a good opportunity for arbitrage. The currency Krieger targeted was the New Zealand dollar, also known as the kiwi.

Using the relatively new techniques afforded by options, Krieger took up a short position against the kiwi worth hundreds of millions. In fact, his sell orders were said to exceed the money supply of New Zealand. The kiwi dropped sharply as the selling pressure combined with the lack of currency in circulation. It yo-yoed between a 3% and 5% loss while Krieger made millions for his employers.

One part of the legend recounts a worried New Zealand government official calling up Krieger's bosses and threatening Bankers Trust to try to get Krieger out of the kiwi. Krieger later left Bankers Trust to go work for George Soros.

Situations like the one described before are not a black swan of the past. The press is filled with stories of currencies overvalued being restored to fair value; in the recent European crisis forex players brought the value of the Euro down when it was overvalued (from 1.3654 on April 14 2010 to 1.1925 on June 8, 2010, - 12.7% and back up again when it was oversold (from 1.1925 on June 8, 2010 to 1.3276 on August 6, 2010, + 11.3%). Central bank intervention to reach a desired value have not disappeared either, as the recent actions of the central bank of Japan and the central bank of China show.

Predicting a fall or an increase is not a question of luck only, disciplines and strategies based on technical analysis help to understand short term fluctuations of a currency, while fair value measures, such as the Big Mac Index, help to spot currencies that are away from their underlying value and that will converge to that price in the long run.

5best forex traders in the world you should know about

5best forex traders in the world you should know about5 Best Forex Traders in the World You Should Know About

Whatever field you are in, the goal is not always to be the best. Sometimes, you just need to be the best that you can. By perfecting your trade, there is no reason why you cannot reach the top. The same principle can be applied to forex trading. If you are struggling in this competitive field, you can find inspiration from the stories of the following forex trading gods of all time. You will also get to know who are they and how the world’s best forex trader did it all.

Five Dollars

5 – Bruce Kovner

Although Kovner is the least known billionaire in New York, his forex trading strategies are always up-to-date. His decisions are very smart and brave, two of the most important traits for a forex trader. However, as he began to achieve success, he shifted into hedge funds. He founded the Caxton Associates that, right now is within the top 10 most successful hedge funds across the world. With an estimated $14 billion income, this company is indeed one of the best. Kovner himself makes $4.5 billion in net.

Top 4 – Bill Lipschutz

As a full-time foreign exchange trader, Bill Lipschutz co-founded and directed the Portfolio Management in Hathersage Capital Management. He started trading while he was in college. After inheriting $12,000 from his grandmother’s death, he invested it in risk management and forex. Spending hours in the library to study, his portfolio reached $250,000 rapidly. This made him one of the best forex traders.

Top 3 – Andy Krieger

As a currency trader for Bankers Trust, Andy Krieger silently kept his distance from the actual forex arena. Everyone is leaving the US Dollar for other currencies because of the Black Friday crash. As a result, a certain currency would eventually be overvalued. Krieger tried his luck on the New Zealand Dollar called the Kiwi. His techniques were effective. By issuing hefty selling orders bigger than what New Zealand can supply, he succeeded in gaining billions of dollars.

Top 2 – Stanley Druckenmiller

Druckenmiller’s successful double bet on the same currency is the primary reason why he is considered among the best forex traders. He made his first bet after the collapse of the Berlin Wall. On that single day, he made a billion dollar worth of income. Because of his move, the German mark became significant in the forex trading field. His second bet on the same currency also became a smashing hit. He bought German bonds since stocks are showing less improvement over the years.

The Best Trader in the World – George Soros

George Soros is the king of forex trading; there is no doubt about it. In fact, Stanley Druckenmiller and Andy Krieger worked for him eventually. His expert advice and professional decisions made these two excellent traders as well. However, Soros made the most out of his apprentice to help him break the Bank of London and put the British pound into its knees. The most successful trades he made earned him at least $1 billion . That’s just another day for him. Many of the forex traders now look to him as an inspiration to follow. If you too want to taste some victory in forex trading, you should study Soros’ trading strategies.

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Tips for trading online

Tips for trading onlineTips for Trading Online

This is complilation of some common sense tips that will help to make your online trading experience much more enjoyable.

Always, always, ask for and check references.

It seems so simple and yet so few people actually do it. All it takes is a simple e-mail messages out to each of the references the person your trading with supplies. If the person you’re trading with is a member of MOTL. be sure to check out their references list on the site. This is THE MOST important thing to do when trading online. If you do nothing else, at least do this.

Save your e-mail messages.

The best thing to do is to create a folder with the e-mail program you use and store all your trade-related e-mail messages there. I keep hearing “I lost your address” from people I’ve just given my address to only a day ago. This will also help you out in the unfortunate event that you get ripped off, as it’s a almost impossible to track rippers down without detailed information such as an address.

If it’s too good to be true, it is.

This may seem like a tired phrase, but trust me, it’s true. If someone seems very eager to give you an incredibly good deal for your cards, be wary. A lot of problems in life can be avoided if you stop and take a moment to analyze your possible risk vs. your possible gain in a given situation. If you can’t risk losing your cards, find another person to trade with, which brings me to my next point.

There are lots of people to trade with.

Don’t feel pressured into a deal because you don’t think you’ll be able to trade your cards to anyone else. You will. The Internet is not your local card shop, there are millions of people on the Net and a couple thousand on this site alone. Don’t worry, other people will want your cards.

Don’t assume every card is in mint condition.

Always be sure to describe the conditions of the cards you’re trading and ask the person you’re trading with to do the same. You wouldn’t do a trade at a card shop or convention blindfolded, so don’t do it on the Net.

Communicate often.

Nothing upsets people more than to deal with someone who never contacts them, and nothing pleases them more than to deal with someone who does. If the person you’re trading with sends you an e-mail message, e-mail them back promptly. Make sure to send an e-mail message out when you send your cards and when you receive theirs.

Ask permission for references.

Don’t just assume that the person you just traded with wants you to use them as a reference. When you receive their cards, make sure you tell them whether or not they may use you as a reference. There’s nothing worse than having someone check on your references and having one of them respond negatively.

Don’t force people to send first.

If you have a well-established online reputation, you may ask that the person you’re trading with send first, but if you act arrogantly about it, they’ll probably just break off the trade. Don’t assume that since you belong to such-and-such organization, including this one, that it makes you better than everyone else, it doesn’t. Also, if the person you’re trading with does end up sending first, throw in some extra cards with what you send. It doesn’t have to be anything big, just maybe a couple uncommons to thank them for trusting you.

Be patient.

Sometimes the mail is fast, sometimes it’s slow. If the person you’re trading with is in another country, even Canada, expect the trade to take considerably longer. Don’t go crying “ripper!” if their cards didn’t arrive in a week, no one will listen to you. Also consider that some people also can’t afford to drop everything and go to the post office when your cards arrive. If you haven’t heard anything from the person you’re trading with a week after sending your cards, send them a polite e-mail messages asking if they got your cards, whether you received theirs or not. Remember, the cards you send are your responsibility until they reach the hands of the person you’re trading with, so make sure that they got to their destination.

Take steps to safely ship your cards.

Using a hard sleeve and a bubble mailer can go a long way to insuring that your cards get to their destination safely. The post office typically pays more attention to these type of packages, and they’ll actually honor the “Do Not Bend” markings. It only costs a dollar, on average, to send your cards like this. Look at it this way, the stamp you’d normally use + the price of a candy bar = great happiness for the person you’re trading with.

Things don’t get lost in the mail (at least in the U. S. ).

Face it, it just doesn’t happen anymore. You could label a package with just a name and a zip code and it would still probably get to it’s destination. If someone tries to give you the excuse that the cards got lost in the mail, they’re probably full of it, plus, they are still responsible for making sure you get your cards. If you think something may have been lost, go to your local post office and have them do a trace on your package. If you want to be absolutely sure that your cards get to their destination, send them by certified mail and the person you’re trading with will have to sign for them when they arrive.

Ripping someone off is mail fraud.

This is another reason to save your e-mail messages. Any documented deal in which you agreed to send a certain item in exchange for another by mail, is under the jurisdiction of laws pertaining to mail fraud. If you don’t believe me, read Title 18, Section 1341 of the US Code. Those found guilty of mail fraud can be fined and sent to jail for up to 5 years . Contact your local postmaster if you seriously believe you’ve been ripped off, and he or she will tell you what you can do.

Finally, most people are honest.

Although there are some rippers out there, online trading wouldn’t exist if most people weren’t honest. If you just use some common sense and try to follow these guidelines, you should have many successful trades.

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