Forex charts bookseries of free forex ebooks

Forex charts bookseries of free forex ebooksCandlesticks

Doji candle has no or an extremely short body and long shadow(s). It is formed when buyers were unable to overcome sellers' pressure and push the price any further from an open point, and at the same time, sellers met strong buyers' pressure and also didn't succeed in their efforts to push the price down from the open point. The result is a draw: open price = close price.

Doji candlestick signals of possible market turn / price reversal, especially when spotted after a long preceding candlestick (bearish or bullish) in a strong trending market.

However it can not be used along. The confirmation (next following candlestick) is needed to reassure that market has changed its direction.

Tip: If doji appears at previous support / resistance levels (e. g. trend line, price channels, fibonacci retracement, pivot points etc.) its importance gains additional strength.

Forex Charts Book. Series of Free Forex ebooks

By Jeff Boyd

Types of charts

There are three most commonly used types of charts: line chart, bar chart and candlestick chart. It is optional for a trader what chart type to use.

Line chart contains price's closing value at given time. Values are then connected in one line, which creates a picture / graph of price fluctuations.

Below is an example of a line chart:

Line charts are useful when making reviews over a long period of time.

Bar charts are also called OHLC (HLC) charts. An abbreviation "OHLC" stays for OPEN, HIGH, LOW and CLOSE.

Each segment of these charts — a bar — provides a trader with additional information such as high and low ask prices and also open and close prices for certain period of time. In other words, the whole trading range can be observed.

Here is a sketch of a bar:

The whole chart also becomes more informative.

Candlestick charts are an improved version of bar charts. It is Forex most popular and widely used chart type. And we are going to discover why.

Each bar of the chart is a candlestick, known also as Japanese candlestick (it was invented by Japanese).

Because of its appearance candlestick delivers more information than any other line or bar method.

First let's take a look at candlestick itself:

Candlestick carries HIGH, LOW, OPEN, CLOSE for the price and possess a BODY. A color and size of the body supply traders with additional price details.

We are going to learn about different candlesticks later.

Now let's take a general look at Forex candlestick chart:

This chart seems more alive and easier to apprehend visually. That's because a trader can quickly tell where the price went up, where it came down, when the price changed its direction and what happened there.

A candlestick chart reveals things that are not visible on other charts. It gives comprehensive information about price on the market and thus helps better understand and predict future price moves.

© Jeff Boyd Authors & Publishers Inc. All Rights Reserved

Forex trading is a high risk investment. All materials are published for educational purposes only.



Online Forex charts bookseries of free forex ebooks

Fx24hours per day

Fx24hours per dayFX 24 Hours per Day

- The Forex Market trades 24 hours a day 5 days a week

- The greatest amount of volatility happens during market open overlap.

- Forex traders can enter and exit trades at any time during the global business day

The 24 hour 5 day access afforded to Forex traders has many unique advantages not available to traders in other markets. Forex traders 24 hour access to the market allow them to manage trades any time in the face of impending risks, take advantage of global trading opportunities whenever they arise, and trade during market time overlaps.

Divided in to four trading sessions; Sydney, Tokyo, London/Europe and New York, traders have their pick of trading times to meet fit their schedules. However, when sensitive global markets are rocked by overnight news or the latest “flavor” of financial crisis, Forex traders can be comforted that they can exit a trade or enter 24 hours a day, 5 days a week. Unlike their stock trading brethren who have to sit idly by while economic releases or other high impact news rocks the market, Forex traders can reduce risk by exiting positions without having to wait for an opening bell.

When the phrase “Money never sleeps” was created, the Forex market could have been the inspiration. Spanning across the globe through a vast network of interconnected banks, the Forex market provides many trading opportunities that happen around the clock. A scheduled interest rate announcement at 12 AM ET in Australia can be traded as easily as the US interest rate announcement at 2pm ET because the Forex market doesnt close. Forex traders are not restricted by time when it comes to trading opportunities that happen after the equity markets have closed.

Learn Forex: Forex Market Overlaps

Trade Session Overlaps provide volatility and liquidity

In addition, Forex traders can take advantage of the volatility generated during times when major markets overlap. The most volatile Forex market conditions occur when the Sydney and Tokyo equity trading sessions overlap, the Tokyo/London overlap, and the London/New York overlap. By not being restricted by a closing or opening bell, Forex traders can place trades during these very liquid and volatile market times. Remember that market volatility is a traders life blood. The search for liquidity and volatility end here with the 24-hour/5 day a week Forex market. Traders can manage risk with time restrictions, take advantage of trading opportunities at any time and trade during trade session overlaps.

---Written by Gregory McLeod Trading Instructor

In this article you learned the benefits of the Forex market size and liquidity to Forex traders. If you are brand new to Forex trading or need a review, enroll now in a free New to FX trading course. A short 20-minute review of the basics may be all you need to get your trading back on track!

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

Learn forex trading with a free practice account and trading charts from FXCM.



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Online trading academy toronto schedule

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How to project plan template

How to project plan templateHow To: Project Plan Template

Dick Billows, PMP

CEO 4pm

On every new project, you need to decide what project plan template elements to include, which to exclude and how to develop them on each particular project. You can use this project plan template to define the project scope and identify major deliverables. You can also use it to manage the project risks, constraints and the resources the project requires. This step-by-step process will give you a concise project plan. For 90% of the projects done in most organizations, your project plan should be 1–2 pages long. Managers are more likely to read this short, concise document. See Main Project Planning Page

Here are the five project plan steps to follow.

Project Plan Template – 1st Step – Define the Scope

You need to define the project scope as a deliverable with measurable acceptance criteria. To do that, you talk with the project sponsor, ask questions and then develop the scope statement. Then you define 4 to 7 high-level deliverables and their associated acceptance criteria. Those criteria tell everyone exactly what the project must deliver. They also help you control expectations by making it clear what the project will and won’t deliver. Fast Track Project Plans

When you ask the sponsor what he or she wants, they might say something like, “We really need to have this project cut costs for us.” You immediately try to get to quantified acceptance criteria by asking, “How much cost reduction would make this project a success?”

When the sponsor says, “$15,000 of cost reductions,” you have the scope definition with an acceptance criterion that tells you how much cost reduction the project has to deliver. This is the key to the project plan template. You can then drive the rest of the project from that number. (On larger projects consider the scope reach) How to evaluate a project plan

This is a simple example of top-down planning but most project managers don’t ask the right questions. They are satisfied with a To Do list of the first dozen things the project sponsor wants them to do. That is a terrible basis for your a project plan and it’s disastrous if you start work with no more information than a To Do list. To successfully plan a project and have high odds of project success you need to know what the boss wants in measurable terms. (Is project planning a waste of time?) How to Plan Top Down

Project Plan Template – 2nd Step – Define Major Deliverables

You then decompose the measurable project scope into its major supporting deliverables. There are several different ways to do this. We teach all of them in our courses but the simplest is where the high-level deliverables literally add up to the sco pe and its acceptance criteria. Therefore, in a conversation with the sponsor, you might talk about how to break up the scope. The sponsor might say, “I want each department to develop their share of the overall savings.” During further discussion, you might identify the savings amount for each of those departments. You use them as your high-level deliverables with the acceptance criteria being the dollar amount of savings each department has to produce.

You see the major deliverables below and how they add up to the project scope of $15,000 of cost reductions.

Reduce order intake monthly operating expense by $4,000

Reduce production planning monthly operating expense by $2,000

Reduce order production monthly operating expense by $3,000

Reduce inventory monthly operating expense by $2,000

Reduce shipping monthly operating expense by $4,000 Project Planning Video

Project Plan Template – 3rd Step – Identify Major Risks

Depending on the size of the project, you may invest a great deal of time identifying the risks that threaten the project. You can do this in brainstorming sessions with the project team and stakeholders. But on a small project, you might develop your list of risks over coffee. In either case, you’ll include them in the project plan along with ideas for mitigating those risks. Example risks you would enter into the project plan template are below:

Layoffs may result in labor actions which disrupt operations

Production may drop as much as 25% for 3 – 5 months.

Project Plan Template – 4th Step – Identify Project Team Resource Requirements

Using the major deliverables, you now identify the number of hours of work and the skill sets required to create each one. You would total those estimates up to the level of the entire project and make very rough estimates of the people and skills required. Below are examples that you would enter into the project plan template:

Bill – full time 3 months

Mary – half time 2 months

Raj – full time 3 months

Sharmaine – quarter time 4 months

Henry – full time one week

Project Plan Template – 5th Step – Break Down to Individual Tasks

The last of the five steps in creating the project plan is to decompose those major deliverables developed in the second step. You break them down into smaller deliverables until you reach the level of a deliverable that’s an appropriate assignment for one team member. That’s the level of your work breakdown structure (WBS). It completes the project planning process in the project plan template. Then you can move on to the scheduling process.

Project Plan Template in Practice

In many organizations, project planning is a combination of vague generalities about the objective of the project. But the one thing that is often rock solid is the completion date. That date is frequently the only measurable project result. Because project managers don’t know what the executives want them to deliver, they have no ability to exercise control over the scope of the project. As a result, the objectives change weekly. Project team member assignments are vague and ever changing. That is why estimating is inaccurate and why 70% of projects fail when they are planned that way. Let’s look at the best practices for project planning and then look at a project plan template for projects of different size. See one size plan does not fit all projects.

Project Plan Template “Best Practices” In the Real World

Very often, project managers face a difficult organizational environment. The organization lacks the processes to do project management right and the executives don’t know how to play their role correctly. In these situations, the PMs need best practices that allow them to do things effectively, even though the executives and the organization’s processes are obstacles and not assets. The project planning checklist/template will help. The purpose of this intense project planning process is to make all the decisions before starting work. The approach of making the project plan and then executing it is much more efficient than a “plan as you go” process. However, it is very difficult in many organizations.

For this approach to work, the organization, its executives and project managers must do things correctly. That is, the executives must specify exactly what they want the project to deliver. They cannot make the project assignment using vague generalities where the only thing that is specific is the due date. The organization must have processes for evaluating and prioritizing projects and giving them access to resources based on those priorities. Last, the project managers must know how to do top-down project planning. That means they are able to take the clear acceptance criteria, specified by the executive/sponsor, and decompose it down to the level of specific assignments for each team member. Most organizations fail to meet one or more of these criteria and that is why we rarely see an ideal project planning process. There are two major ways to go Large Project Planning Techniques or for less paperwork and meetings, Small Project Planning Techniques .

Project Plan Templates by Scale of the Project

We utilize three tiers of project plans techniques in the project plan template. They depend on the scale and complexity of the project:

Tier 1: Small Project Plans – Done within a department with the boss as the sponsor.

Tier 2: Medium Project Plans – Affect multiple departments or done for customers/clients.

Tier 3: Strategic Project Plans – Organization-wide projects with long-term effects.

Tier 1 – Identifying stakeholders is not necessary on an in-dep artment project where the manager is the primary stakeholder.

Tier 2 – We must identify stakeholders across the organization and find out their requirements early. Requirements cost more late in the project than they would have at the beginning.

Tier three – Requires an elaborate process of surveys and interviews to identify internal and external stakeholders so we can consider their requirements.

Tier 1 – We often skip this since we dont need formal project approval on an in-department project.

Tier 2 – Organizations with sound project management processes require a business case to justify a project’s priority versus other projects in the portfolio.

Tier 3 – The scale of financial and human resources usually requires detailed justification and demonstration of the strategic impact of the project.

Tier 1 – A 1-page broadbrush plan with achievement network, risks, resources and PM authority.

Tier 2 – This project charter addresses the project acceptance criteria, business justification and rough estimates of the resource requirements (human and financial).

Tier 3 – The size of the investment in these strategic projects usually requires extensive documentation of risks, benefits and impacts on other strategic initiatives and the entire organization.

Gather Project Requirements

Tier 1 – Usually limited to a meeting with the boss where the PM defines the project’s scope and decomposes it into the major deliverables.

Tier 2 – We survey project stakeholders for their requirements. Each requirement is reviewed and either included or explicitly excluded from the project.

Tier 3 – We follow an extensive process of identifying and analyzing requirements gathered from the stakeholders. It includes assessing stakeholders in terms of their interests and their ability to influence the project’s success.

Project Scope Statement

Tier 1 – A short statement of the project’s desired result and the acceptance criteria.

Tier 2 – A more detailed scope statement that also covers assumptions, constraints and the major deliverables.

Tier 3 – A full scope baseline development with exploration of alternative means of delivering the project scope.

Tier 1 – Decompose high-level deliverables into the deliverable for each team member’s assignment.

Tier 2 – Decompose high-level deliverables and use WBS sections from previous projects that are similar.

Tier 3 – Usually developed in sections with the people responsible for that major deliverable doing the decomposition.

Project Plan Template Summary

This project plan template uses a five-step project planning process. You can modify the planning to fit projects of different sizes depending on their complexity. You can learn to use this template in our customized, online instructor-led courses .



Online How to project plan template

Forex vs stocks

Forex vs stocksForex vs Stocks

By John Russell. Forex Trading Expert

Im often asked why should any trader choose forex trading over stock trading. One of the biggest reasons is called forex leverage .

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In the United States, youll be stuck with 50:1 leverage, but in other countries you can get as much as 200:1 leverage for your trading. Regardless of the amount of forex leverage you can use in your country, its going to be so much more than you would have been able to use in stock trading.

When you trade stocks, you are trading shares of companies that cost anywhere from a few dollars to hundreds of dollars. There is a reasonably limited amount of stock on hand, and you only have to be concerned with the companys ability to make money.

Trading currencies is another world compared to that. The supply of a countrys currency can fluctuate, and there is always a large amount of currency available to buy or sell, this makes currency buying or selling extremely liquid. In currency trading. currencies are always quoted in pairs, so not only do you have to be concerned with the economic health of an entire country, but you also have to take into consideration the economic health of the country you are trading against.

Fundamental Considerations

When it comes to forex trading vs stock trading, the fundamentals are handled different.

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For instance, if you buy a share of Intel stock, all you have to care about is whether Intel stock will get more valuable, or if Intel will at least continue to make the same amount of money in the future. When you want to trade a currency whether its buy or sell, you have to consider the country you are comparing it against. Does one country have more job growth than another, or better GDP, or political prospects? These are all things that can impact the value of a currency.

Forex vs Stocks

Finding success in the stock market can be difficult. Luckily, theres a better way. Traders all over the world are switching to forex because of the many advantages of the forex market. With forex, youll discover 24-hour trading and high turnover volume. Plus, with the forex market, you can turn small movements into big opportunities (for profit or loss).

The information provided herein is for educational purposes only. This is not a solicitation or an offer to buy/sell. Site users should conduct their own due diligence before deciding to make an investment.

High Risk Investment Warning: Trading foreign exchange and/or contracts for differences margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss in excess of your deposited funds and therefore, you should not speculate with capital that you cannot afford to lose. Before deciding to trade the products offered by FXCM you should carefully consider your objectives, financial situation, needs and level of experience. You should be aware of all the risks associated with trading on margin. FXCM provides general advice that does not take into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. The content of this Website must not be construed as personal advice. FXCM recommends you seek advice from a separate financial advisor. Please click here to read full risk warning .

FXCM is a registered Futures Commission Merchant and Retail Foreign Exchange Dealer with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and is a member of the National Futures Association. NFA # 0308179

FXCM Inc. a publicly traded company listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: FXCM), is a holding company and its sole asset is a controlling equity interest in FXCM Holdings, LLC. Forex Capital Markets, LLC ("FXCM LLC") is a direct operating subsidiary of FXCM Holdings, LLC. All references on this site to "FXCM" refer to FXCM Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including FXCM Holdings, LLC and Forex Capital Markets, LLC.

Please note the information on this website is intended for retail customers only, and certain representations herein may not be applicable to Eligible Contract Participants (i. e. institutional clients) as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act §1(a)(12).

2015 Forex Capital Markets. All rights reserved.

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What is the Difference between Forex and Stocks?

Historically the securities markets have been looked at, at least by the majority of the public, as an investment vehicle. In the last ten years securities have taken on a more speculative nature. This was perhaps due to the downfall of the overall stock market as many security issues experienced extreme volatility because of the "irrational exuberance" displayed in the marketplace. The implied return associated with an "investment" was no longer true. (If indeed it ever was.) Many traders engaged in the "day trader" rush of the late 90's only to realize that from a leverage standpoint it took quite a bit of capital to day trade, and the return while potentially higher than long term investing was not exponential to say the least. After the onset of the "day trader" rush, many traders moved into the Futures stock index markets where they found they could leverage their capital greater and not have their capital tied up when it could be earning interest or making money somewhere else. Like the futures markets spot currency trading is an excellent vehicle for the pattern day trader that desires to leverage his current capital to trade. Spot currency trading provides more options and greater volatility while at the same time stronger trends than currently available in stock futures indexes. Former securities day traders have an excellent home in spot foreign exchange.

A good example is the Globex market. While the Globex market is only closed for a 15 minute period each day, the liquidity available after the open outcry market is closed in Chicago is normally very low. Spreads are wider and the ability to place larger orders is non-existent. Because of this most volume traders are forced into trading the EFP market overnight. The EFP market is the spot market priced in futures pricing. EFP's however come with additional fees, and are not available from an electronic interface. Electronic access, speed, no fees, and unmatched liquidity 24 hours a day makes Spot FX the choice for the currency trader.

Have you watched TV lately? Heard about a certain Telecomm stock and an analyst of a prestigous brokerage firm accused of keeping their recommendations "BUY" when the stock was rapidly declining? It is the nature of these relationships. No matter what the government does to step in and discourage this type of activity, we have not heard the last of it. IPO's are big business for both the companies going public and the brokerage houses. Relationships are mutually beneficial and analysts work for the brokerage houses which need the companies as clients. That catch-22 will never disappear. Foreign exchange, as the prime market, generates billions in revenue for the world's banks is a necessity of the global markets. Analysts in foreign exchange don't drive the deal flow, they analyze.

Forex vs Stocks

How can you compare forex trading to trading individual stocks? With InterTrader, the forex market and the stock market are equally simple to access, via the same trading account, but there are several key reasons why you might prefer one market to the other:

Your trading plan

Are you looking to make a small number of trades each with a significant return? Or do you want to make numerous short-term trades and rely on your risk management strategy to control your bottom line? What is your risk profile? Are you happy to increase your risk for the chance of a quick return?

Stocks, particularly blue-chips, are generally used for longer-term buy-and-hold investments, where your return will be determined over weeks and months. Picking which stocks to trade is often based on quantitative data like a company’s balance sheet or more qualitative factors such as the reputation of a particular brand.

By contrast, the typical volatility of the forex market provides a more suitable venue for day traders, looking to make a profit from short-term price swings with or against the prevailing trend. While the forex market supports many different trading styles, often you’ll find that forex traders want to spot patterns in the price history and have little interest in holding positions for any length of time.

Degree of leverage

Due to the high trading volumes of the forex market, spread betting and CFD providers will typically offer far greater leverage on forex trades than on stock trades.

For instance, with InterTrader you can trade UK blue-chip stocks with a minimum margin requirement of 3% of the position size, giving you a gearing ratio of 1:33 on your investment capital.

While this is still considerable leverage, on forex trades you can achieve much higher gearing. For example, if GBP/EUR was trading at 140.00, the minimum margin on a ?1 per pip position is just ?40, representing a gearing ratio of 350:1. So your risk/return is 350 times the risk/return of the equivalent physical trade.

While leverage does maximise the return on your investment capital, you should note that it similarly maximises your risk and take suitable risk protection measures as provided by InterTrader.

Freedom of choice

The forex market and the stock market each offer freedom of choice in a different way. In the stock market you’ll find literally thousands of individual stocks to trade across exchanges worldwide, a staggering amount of choice even when you restrict yourself just to the blue-chips on each exchange.

Conversely, the forex market consists of a small list of major forex pairs and a slightly longer list of minor pairs. There are a fair number of currencies to exchange around the world, but nothing like the colossal number of listed companies to trade. And even then, forex traders tend to narrow their activities down to four or five heavily traded pairs.

So do you want to sift for trading opportunities among thousands of available stocks, or would you rather focus your attention on a small number of markets that typically produce significant activity?

On the other hand, the forex market provides trading opportunities right around the clock. While stock exchanges are ruled by opening and closing hours, you can trade your favourite forex pairs at any time during the trading week (Sunday 23:00 to Friday 21:15). Whether you prefer to trade when you return home from work, or you seek inspiration in the small hours of the morning, you are free to trade your way.

Size of the market

Why trade forex? Because the forex market is so vast, with $4 trillion traded on any given day, no single participant can have as great an impact on the market for an individual forex pair as they can have upon individual stocks.

By contrast, the size of the forex market means that, under normal circumstances, it cannot be cornered by major players. This might help to give you greater confidence if you choose to trade forex.



Online Forex vs stocks

Forex seminar

Forex seminarForex Seminar

Who really benefits from attending a Forex seminar. To the extent you happen to be an individual who is intrigued by the currency markets that is interested in making a lot of money — then attending a seminar of this kind can really help solidify your knowledge. Even if you are somebody who is brand-new to the world of foreign exchange trading, this is something that can really help you learn a lot more about the way the world works. Very few people truly understand the power and impact of the foreign exchange market place. That is because the evening news and most newspapers only focus on the equity markets.

There are generally two ways of looking at a Forex seminar to make a determination as to whether or not its something worth attending. If you already happen to be somebody who is somewhat familiar with the way in which currency markets operate, then a seminar of this kind can really be valuable because it lets you network with other like-minded people and you also get to learn more tactics and strategies.

Currency trading can sometimes be a very lonely activity. For those who are self-directed traders operating out of a home or apartment, you are usually focused on the computer screen and have very little interaction with other people. By attending a Forex seminar, you are giving yourself the opportunity to speak to others who do what you do on a daily basis. This is not to suggest that you will suddenly start speaking to these people a dozen times during the trading day — but you will at least have other people who you can talk to about different things from time to time.

Another benefit is the fact that you can pick up some new tactics and strategies that can ultimately help you really become a better trader in the financial markets. Even though all of the information and knowledge that will be shared as part of a Forex seminar will focus exclusively on the foreign exchange market place, many of these basic concepts can also be applied to other financial markets as well. In other words, some of the trading philosophy is applicable in other markets as well.

Whether or not you ultimately decide to attend a seminar of this kind, you should ask yourself whether or not you are the kind of person who is really serious about maximizing the profits that can be made by investing in foreign currencies. Because really, if this is something that you treat as a hobby, then you may not necessarily get as much from a seminar somebody else whos really serious about turning this into a professional moneymaking enterprise.

So what exactly can you expect to learn if you attend a Forex seminar? You will learn a wide variety of different things that are both philosophical in nature and are also very strategic and tactical in nature. You really need a combination of both theory and real-world application. One of the best parts of this type of seminar is the fact that you can see actual Forex trades being made at a discussion about what caused a particular trade to be made and an analysis of the results of that trade.

If you happen to be concerned about the potential cost of attending a Forex seminar, dont worry. Not only can you attend this type of seminar in-person, but perhaps more importantly, there are now websites that provide you with a virtual access to the information that you would get by attending a seminar of this kind. You therefore owe it to yourself to seriously consider signing up to learn more about the foreign exchange market place via a seminar.



Online Forex seminar

Martingale-the all or nothing strategy

Martingale-the all or nothing strategyMARTINGALE

In this article, I am going to explain Martingaling, which is my favorite way to trade, but is very dangerous. Please understand that if you wish to try it, you are risking a lot.

The idea of Martingale is not a trading logic, but a math logic. It is derived from the idea that when flipping a coin, if you choose heads over and over, you will eventually be right. Though the coin may land on tails 2 or 3 or 10 times in a row, it MUST eventually land on heads. In a Martingale system, you take advantage of this truth by increasing the size of your bet.

Lets compare the results of a long tails streak in traditional betting compared to Martingale.

TRADITIONAL BETTING DURING LOSS STREAK



Online Martingale-the all or nothing strategy

Free forex robot generator-mql5wizard

Free forex robot generator-mql5wizardFree Forex Robot Generator - MQL5 Wizard

The MetaTrader 5 Trading Platform includes the MQL5 Wizard. which allows to quickly generate code of an Expert Advisor (Expert Advisor builder). With MQL5 Wizard, knowledge of programming languages is no longer a prerequisite for creating trading robots. In the past, it really was an impassable obstacle to create automated trading strategies, but the release of the MQL5 Wizard changed the situation radically. With this new expert advisor builder, the programming experience is not required - the application will do all the necessary work to create a free Expert Advisors.

Virtually every MetaTrader Expert Advisor consists of three modules - trading signals, money management and trailing stop. And because the modules can be implemented in various ways, there are a lot of possible combinations of Expert Advisors. Thus, every trader can construct trading robots to their liking. It is only necessary to specify the desired parameters and select the necessary components - and the Expert Advisor Builder will do the rest. The creation of free trading robots has never been so quick and simple. Only four clicks - and the free Expert Advisor is ready to trade according to a user-defined strategy!

To what trading signals will an MetaTrader Expert Advisor respond? What money management system will it use? How will the trailing stop be implemented? If you can answer to these questions, then it is easy to create an algorithmic trading system. After compilation, you only need to test the Expert Advisor that you have built of blocks, and then optimize it by choosing the best parameters. After these steps, you will get a workable trading robot, completely ready to trade. It will trade in accordance with the selected algorithms of trading signals, money management and trailing stop.

The main advantage of the Wizard is its convenience. The program allows simplifying the process of trading robots development, creating different Expert Advisor modules for you. With the new Wizard, the construction of automated trading systems is now available not only to MQL-developers. but also to ordinary traders who do not have any programming skills.

MQL5 Wizard is the tool for automatic creation of free forex robot in the shortest time, available to the traders who don't have programming skills. Download MetaTrader 5 now and test the MQL5 Wizard.



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10countries with the biggest forex reserves

10countries with the biggest forex reserves10 Countries With The Biggest Forex Reserves

Foreign currency reserves are vital to a nation's economic well-being. Without adequate reserves, an economy can grind to a halt. The country may be unable to pay for critical imports like crude oil, or service its external debt .

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) defines reserve assets as external assets that a country’s monetary authority can use to meet balance of payments financing needs, use to affect currency exchange rates in currency exchange markets, and other related purposes. Most nations hold the vast majority of their foreign currency reserves in U. S. dollars and a much smaller portion in euros.

A sizeable war chest of foreign currency reserves is especially handy during a currency crisis. since it can be used to defend against speculative attacks on the national currency. Russia, which holds substantial foreign currency reserves, is a good example. In 2014, the United States and the European Union imposed economic sanctions on Russia for its involvement in the Ukraine conflict. Coupled with a 50 percent plunge in the price of crude oil (Russia's largest export and a key driver of its economy), these sanctions severely impacted the Russian economy.

The ruble slid 40 percent against the dollar in 2014, but the outcome could have been far worse had Russia had not intervened in foreign exchange markets to prop up the ruble, expending more than $80 billion of its reserves in doing so.

Here are the ten countries with the largest foreign currency reserve assets as of December 2014. All reserve assets are given in billions of U. S. dollars. (Source: data. imf. China and Taiwan data sourced from websites of their respective central banks.)



Online 10countries with the biggest forex reserves

Dukascopy fx-swiss forex brokers

Dukascopy fx-swiss forex brokersDukascopy FX - Swiss Forex Brokers

Compare to another broker:

Ideal Dukascopy Trader:

Dukascopy is ideal for larger traders who want anonymous trading and the ability to trade $100,000,000 a clip with one-click execution

Who Dukascopy is Not Ideal for:

Smaller forex traders looking for mini or micro accounts. If you are looking for this there are great micro account options elsewhere.

Basic Information About Dukascopy:

Dukascopy, which started in 1998, is a Swiss Forex Brokerage House that provides traders access to the interbank market for spot forex. In addition to having full Prime Broker capabilities, Dukacopy recently applied for the Banking License to further increase the safety of their clients funds.

Dukascopy provides one of the most liquid forex networks in the world and focuses on raising the industry standards in quality, technology, and security. Unlike most forex brokers who choose to mark up the spread an undetermined amount, Dukascopy charges a small commission which is often much smaller than a marked up spread.

Most Popular Features at Dukascopy

Anonymous trading - A Dukascopy a client can buy/sell billions of dollars ANONYMOUSLY without engaging in phone based currency dealing.

Transparent trading environment where traders receive prices from a variety of banks and have no mark up in the spread.

Large volumes automatically offset between a variety of counterpaties to limit market movement from any one liquidity provider

Dukascopy is designed for traders who want efficient execution with larger lot sizes

Dukascopy adds an average of one new liquidity provider each month

Ability to create an automated trading strategy is part of the Jforex Platform

Trading philosophy of Dukascopy is based on principles of equal competition and absence of conflicts of interest

Scalping is permitted

Dukascopy - SWFX Swiss FX Marketplace Trading Software Highlights

One click trading

Depth of market information

GTC / Good For / Good Till functionality

Slippage Control

Streaming news

Advanced charting and technical analysis built in

Real-time interbank rates

Spreads and Commissions and Dukascopy

The spreads at Dukascopy are shown at interbank prices with no mark-up. In lieu of a misleading mark-up, Dukascopy charges a small commission per trade. The commission structure is listed below.

Regulation

Dukascopy Suisse (SA) is a member of ARIF, has a share capital of CHF 22’000’000, and currently has its financial audited by SCF Revision SA. Dukascopy also has applied to become a licensed Swiss bank, which further increases the safety of their clients funds.



Online Dukascopy fx-swiss forex brokers

Online trading academy graduates binary option platform

Online trading academy graduates binary option platformHong kong stock exchange working hours

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Wall street has anew neighbor-online trading academy announces the grand opening of nyc campus

Wall street has anew neighbor-online trading academy announces the grand opening of nyc campusWall Street Has a New Neighbor -- Online Trading Academy Announces the Grand Opening of NYC Campus

Grand Opening to Feature Free Power Trading Workshops

NEW YORK, NY--(Marketwire - September 16, 2008) - Online Trading Academy will celebrate the opening of its New York City campus with a week-long schedule of Grand Opening events in September. Grand Opening events begin with a ribbon cutting ceremony on Tuesday, September 23rd, continue with trading secrets and insight from industry leaders and conclude with free Power Trading Workshops on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, September 25th, 26th and 27th. Special guests include Liz Claman -- Fox Business News, David Bernard -- EQUITIES Magazine and Tom Keene -- Bloomberg Radio. The new campus is located at 42 Broadway 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10004.

This is the second Online Trading Academy campus for John Bang, who opened his first Online Trading Academy campus in Secaucus, New Jersey in 2005. He saw the need and demand for trading education in New York City, and committed to a 2nd location in the heart of the trading and finance industry -- Wall Street.

"John Bang has shown exceptional leadership and his team is accountable to make sure that students really get it. This Grand Opening is a great opportunity to learn and develop your trading skills," said Eyal Shahar, President of Onpline Trading Academy. "For anyone who lives in the New York area and is currently a trader or wants to become one, this is the perfect time to check out our new campus and gain some valuable knowledge at the same time."

The New York City franchise joins a rapidly growing list of locations worldwide for the leader in financial education. Since 1997 Online Trading Academy has been teaching traders by using the same tools, techniques and analysis that pros use in the modern marketplace. Students work in state-of-the-art classrooms using the same unique "hands-on" approach to learning that has made Online Trading Academy famous.

Online Trading Academy believes that the best way for students to learn is by actually working in a "hands-on" real trading environment. Students are provided "live trading accounts" to practice trading and Online Trading Academy covers all their commissions and losses. Innovations like this along with fully reimbursed student tuitions in the form of discounted commissions from affiliated brokers and a supportive trading community have made Online Trading Academy the pioneering institution in the field of financial education.

To find out how to sign up for NYC's Power Trading Workshops and/or Grand Opening Events, or learn more about Online Trading Academy please visit tradingacademy or call 888-682-2580.

About Online Trading Academy

Irvine, California-based Online Trading Academy is a financial education academy focused on educating students in the art of trading since June 1997. With over 8,000 graduates, Online Trading Academy offers professional instruction from credible Wall Street professionals, as well as a wide array of beneficial home study materials to supplement classroom study. Online Trading Academy offers instruction across a spectrum of trading styles and instruments, from Day Trading, Swing Trading, Position Trading, and Investment Theory for Stocks, Options, Futures (E-minis Commodities) and Currencies. Current Online Trading Academy locations include Secaucus, Los Angeles, Irvine, Houston, Dallas, Austin, San Antonio, Boston, Chicago, Orlando, Tampa, Phoenix, Washington, D. C. Minneapolis, San Jose, Detroit, Charlotte, Atlanta, Denver, Baltimore, UK, Toronto, Singapore and Dubai. For more information about Online Trading Academy visit tradingacademy.

Wall Street Has a New Neighbor -- Online Trading Academy Announces the Grand Opening of NYC Campus

Grand Opening to Feature Free Power Trading Workshops

NEW YORK, NY--(Marketwire - September 16, 2008) - Online Trading Academy will celebrate the opening of its New York City campus with a week-long schedule of Grand Opening events in September. Grand Opening events begin with a ribbon cutting ceremony on Tuesday, September 23rd, continue with trading secrets and insight from industry leaders and conclude with free Power Trading Workshops on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, September 25th, 26th and 27th. Special guests include Liz Claman -- Fox Business News, David Bernard -- EQUITIES Magazine and Tom Keene -- Bloomberg Radio. The new campus is located at 42 Broadway 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10004.

This is the second Online Trading Academy campus for John Bang, who opened his first Online Trading Academy campus in Secaucus, New Jersey in 2005. He saw the need and demand for trading education in New York City, and committed to a 2nd location in the heart of the trading and finance industry -- Wall Street.

"John Bang has shown exceptional leadership and his team is accountable to make sure that students really get it. This Grand Opening is a great opportunity to learn and develop your trading skills," said Eyal Shahar, President of Online Trading Academy. "For anyone who lives in the New York area and is currently a trader or wants to become one, this is the perfect time to check out our new campus and gain some valuable knowledge at the same time."

The New York City franchise joins a rapidly growing list of locations worldwide for the leader in financial education. Since 1997 Online Trading Academy has been teaching traders by using the same tools, techniques and analysis that pros use in the modern marketplace. Students work in state-of-the-art classrooms using the same unique "hands-on" approach to learning that has made Online Trading Academy famous.

Online Trading Academy believes that the best way for students to learn is by actually working in a "hands-on" real trading environment. Students are provided "live trading accounts" to practice trading and Online Trading Academy covers all their commissions and losses. Innovations like this along with fully reimbursed student tuitions in the form of discounted commissions from affiliated brokers and a supportive trading community have made Online Trading Academy the pioneering institution in the field of financial education.

To find out how to sign up for NYC's Power Trading Workshops and/or Grand Opening Events, or learn more about Online Trading Academy please visit tradingacademy or call 888-682-2580.

About Online Trading Academy

Irvine, California-based Online Trading Academy is a financial education academy focused on educating students in the art of trading since June 1997. With over 8,000 graduates, Online Trading Academy offers professional instruction from credible Wall Street professionals, as well as a wide array of beneficial home study materials to supplement classroom study. Online Trading Academy offers instruction across a spectrum of trading styles and instruments, from Day Trading, Swing Trading, Position Trading, and Investment Theory for Stocks, Options, Futures (E-minis Commodities) and Currencies. Current Online Trading Academy locations include Secaucus, Los Angeles, Irvine, Houston, Dallas, Austin, San Antonio, Boston, Chicago, Orlando, Tampa, Phoenix, Washington, D. C. Minneapolis, San Jose, Detroit, Charlotte, Atlanta, Denver, Baltimore, UK, Toronto, Singapore and Dubai. For more information about Online Trading Academy visit tradingacademy.



Online Wall street has anew neighbor-online trading academy announces the grand opening of nyc campus

Online broker minimum deposits

Online broker minimum depositsOnline Broker Minimum Deposits

Many brokers require a minimum deposit to open a new online broker account. Minimum deposit fees can be as low as $500, to as expensive as $10,000 or more. It all depends on which broker you are selecting to open a new account with.

Other factors to keep in mind include: margin versus cash accounts, regular accounts versus retirement accounts, and local US accounts versus international brokerage accounts. It is important to read the full broker review. in particular the commission notes, to find the exact minimum deposit required for the online broker account you are looking to open.



Online Online broker minimum deposits

Yoganurse®academy

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Better volume indicator forex mt4software forex indicator drakon,forex-impuls is achart indicator

Better volume indicator forex mt4software forex indicator drakon,forex-impuls is achart indicatorOanda Analyzer [FOREX sentiment indicato 1.02

Cost: $0.00US

Developer: forex. softgmail

This is a tool for a FOREX (Foreign Exchage) trader. It shows the market sentiment from small speculators perspective

(based on information from oanda). Can be used for determinig Support, Resistance, and other important price levels.

It is quite valuable for intraday currency trading. Supports export of open orders and trades data to MS Excel.

Also it can be used for a major trend change warning.



Online Better volume indicator forex mt4software forex indicator drakon,forex-impuls is achart indicator

Abonacci trading system review

Abonacci trading system reviewAbonacci Trading System Review

Abonacci offers figured every set includes a distinctive rate of recurrence and also the exact same computation cant be requested additional set in various 30 days. He or she expose a brand new idea phone stages, exactly where it may just end up being determined at the conclusion of every 30 days, to look for the stage with regard to following brand new 30 days. Every stage is actually continuous that is comparable to the actual physics idea of wavelength and it is utilizing a set fibonacci duration 0% in order to 100%.

Click Here to Download A NEW Trading Tool and Strategy For FREE

Abonacci offers just existed because September 15 2010 and it has already been probably the most precise program which i have experienced to date! The actual drawback is actually youll want to depend on Bob Abonacci in the future away using the Theme each and every start of 30 days since the computation isnt exposed in order to anybody as well as amazing in order to Bob. Nevertheless, nevertheless it show which FOREX TRADING could be organized as well as foreseeable to lessen the amount of poor deals. Regardless of what techniques you utilize, buying and selling offers this particular increase included.



Online Abonacci trading system review

Greater houston partnership(ghp)

Greater houston partnership(ghp)Greater Houston Partnership (GHP)

Greater Houston Partnership

The Greater Houston Partnership is comprised of more than 1,200 member companies, and attracts community-minded business leaders who want to be involved in Houston's positive growth and influence the direction in which Houston is going. Business leaders from across the region collaborate to make Houston one of the best places to live, work and build a business.

Small Business Resource Center

The Small Business Resource Center is an online portal filled with the resources and tools to address the needs of small businesses.



Online Greater houston partnership(ghp)

Trading strategy back tester by donny lee

Trading strategy back tester by donny leeOur employees’ innovation, creativity and inspiration drive our business every day. From rich career development programs to industry-leading technology, we provide our teams with long-term growth opportunities and an unmatched compensation plan. We are building a great company and a great business focused on top performance and continuous improvement.

We strive for continuous improvement in everything we do, and that includes building strong, ethical and trusting relationships with our vendors. Top performance can only happen when you demonstrate a commitment to environmental excellence, mutual accountability and uncompromised safety practices.

We are focused on delivering shareholder value through financial discipline and profitable and efficient growth from captured resources, including balancing capital expenditures with cash flow from operations, reducing operational risk and complexity, promoting a culture of safety and integrity, and being a great business.

Doing things right means protecting the environment and the health and safety of our stakeholders. Our commitment to owners and their land goes beyond paying a royalty. It’s about being a partner of choice and working every day to earn and keep your trust. From maintaining safe work sites to providing dedicated resources through our Owner Relations Department, we are committed to partnering with owners for long-term oil and natural gas production.

At Chesapeake, everything we do focuses on driving shareholder value, beginning with executing our business strategies of financial discipline and profitable and efficient growth from captured resources. With an industry-leading portfolio of unconventional, onshore oil and natural gas assets in the U. S. we are unlocking value in each of our operating areas through increased cash flow, improved drilling and completions efficiencies and growing production. We are building a great business positioned for decades of growth.



Online Trading strategy back tester by donny lee

Fed considers december rate rise,sees‘moderate’expansion

Fed considers december rate rise,sees‘moderate’expansionFed Considers December Rate Rise, Sees ‘Moderate’ Expansion

Federal Open Market Committee said in a statement Wednesday following a two-day meeting in Washington.

The Fed removed a line from September’s statement saying that global economic and financial developments “may restrain economic activity somewhat,” saying Wednesday only that the central bank is monitoring the international situation. The committee also added a reference to the possibility of increasing the rate “at its next meeting” based on “realized and expected” progress in reaching goals.

“The Fed is clearly signaling that the default plan is to raise rates in December,” said Dean Maki, chief economist at Point72 Asset Management in Stamford, Connecticut. “It signals that something needs to prevent them from hiking in December rather than that something needs to happen for them to raise.”

Treasuries fell after the announcement as investors marked up the possibility of tightening this year. The yield on the benchmark 10-year note was at 2.09 percent at 3:30 p. m. in New Y

The Fed removed a line from September’s statement saying that global economic and financial developments “may restrain economic activity somewhat,” saying Wednesday only that the central bank is monitoring the international situation. The committee also added a reference to the possibility of increasing the rate “at its next meeting” based on “realized and expected” progress in reaching goals.

“The Fed is clearly signaling that the default plan is to raise rates in December,” said Dean Maki, chief economist at Point72 Asset Management in Stamford, Connecticut. “It signals that something needs to prevent them from hiking in December rather than that something needs to happen for them to raise.”



Online Fed considers december rate rise,sees‘moderate’expansion

Thai online stock trading surges,trumps hong kong in popularity

Thai online stock trading surges,trumps hong kong in popularityThai online stock trading surges, trumps Hong Kong in popularity

GRAPHIC: Thai stock transactions: link. reuters/suk44w

By Viparat Jantraprap BANGKOK, April 2 Thailand's military rulers may have thrown a fence around online politics. But in high finance, cyberspace remains unfettered. Internet stock trading has tripled in value as use of mobile devices proliferates among young, tech-savvy retail investors.

Online retail trading surged 239 percent to 1 trillion baht ($30.72 billion) in February from a year earlier, the latest available data from the stock exchange shows. That was the biggest increase since March 2010. Those transactions account for over 40 percent of total trading volumes, up from 27 percent in 2012. That ratio exceeds even Hong Kong, where retail online trading accounted for 9 percent of total market turnover in the year ended September 2014.

Transaction volumes have increased as retail investors, which brokers say account for over 90 percent of online trading, returned to the markets after months of anti-government protests which culminated in a military coup on May 22 last year. The benchmark SET Index has risen 8.4 percent since the military uprising.

The popularity of online trading is also due to a lower commission fee - 0.20 percent of transaction value versus 0.25 percent in conventional, offline trading. The stock exchange's launch of a trading app compatible with Apple's iPhone in 2009 and a second app in 2011 that makes use of the iPad's wider screen display have also helped drive growth. There are other trading apps on Google's Android platform, but they are less popular, brokers say.

"We expect the use of online trading platforms to increase because of the tech savvy users and the technology," said Boontip Kritchaikul, deputy managing director of Bangkok-based brokerage SCB Securities. "In terms of the contribution of online trading to total market trading value, we expect it to hit a ceiling of 55 percent by 2020." (Editing by Ryan Woo)



Online Thai online stock trading surges,trumps hong kong in popularity

Betfair trading strategies

Betfair trading strategiesBetfair Trading Strategies

Betfair is a innovative and different way fo betting where you can make nice money. there you can be a normal bettor or a bookmaker and to receive people bets. there is no limit of the bet amounts because all the money in betfair trading are people`s money, betfair are only the platform and get 5 to 7,5 % commissions of your winning bets. This betfair platform is like a normal trading but here you trade with the football odds which are more logical than the other company indexes. In the platform you can make nice income daily using different prooved methods of trading with backing and laying bets .

Some of the famous strategies suitable for beginners but also used by some professional traders nowadays also:

Lay and Back on Tennis:

The lay and back strategy in tennis is simple and easy to be traded. We know that sometimes the favourite tennis players start the match with no 100% motivation and mak mistakes from the beginning, such matches we lay the favourite player ( not to win ) at 1.30 odd for example, asking for 100 euros profit our liability will be 30 euros ( we have to pay 30 euros) and if the match starts good for us and bad for the favourite player we expect the odd to become for example 1,50 odd, this moment we hit the back button at 1,50 odd with 100 euros stake ( the same stake like the lay bet) and we close the trade with profit, here the proposals of closing the trade are two to close the trade with equal profit 10 euros if the favourite player lose or 10 euros if the favourite player wins, this means no matter how the match will end you take 10.00 euros, the second proposal is 2o euros ( the difference from 1,30 to 1,50 is 20 euros with stakes of 100 euros) to be put only for the favourite players and 0.00 for the weaker player, this means if the weaker player wins you just back your money with no profit and no lose, and if the favourite player wins you take 20,00 euros in your betfair account. This is simple strategy with low liability but you have to feel when a favourite player will start with mistakes the match. Success

Football Lay Correct Score :

Another simple method of trading with really low chance of losing. Here we just choose some correct score that think will not happen in the match and lay it, for example, Manchester United Aston Villa lay correct score 0-2 for Aston Villa the lay odd is 39.00 and you want to make 10.00 euros and the liability is 380.00 euros. Place the lay bet before the match and after the first 15 minutes if Manchester United score a goals you take the full 100% of the 10.00 euros that you want because can not happen the result to be 0-2 because of the United`s goal, or if the results is 0-0 the back odd will be higher and you can make a back bet ( such amount to close the trade in a profit) and tlo close the trade in a profit on 15th minute of the match no matter how the match will end. Simple soccer trading strategy, you just should havev some nice football knowledges to know which correct score percentage to happen is lower according to the teams. Here if you have enough bankroll, discipline and be patient you cna make nice money monthly .

Lay Multiples :

With the first two trading strategies you understand the algorithm of most of the strategies and what we want is to exit from the trades as soon as possible. In the Lay Multiples strategies is also very interesting and mosto f the people say that this is the best and secure way for making money in betfair. For example, you go to the multiples menu and choose 2 matches with clar favourite team, hit back on the win of the weaker team and repeat this on the second match, select these two matches in a multiple and see that the odd, for example is 8.00 x 7.00 = 56.00 odd, hit the button lay multiple and write the stakes of hte backer ( money that you want) 10.00 euros and see that your liability is 550.00 euros if the weakers teams wins in this matches. With this strategy it is very different ot lose because the only one time that you will los here is the two matches to end with wins for the weakers team, in all other outcomes you make a profit 10.00 euros. Really very nice lay multiples method, here you just bigger bankroll .

These are the best betfair trading strategies according to our team, there are also other algorithms that you can find and feel comfortable with them. The last thing that we have to tell yoiu is that if you are not good with fast calculations in real time, in betfair there is a options CASH OUT which means if you hit this button it is written how much money minus or plus you can exit from the match.

Hope to help you really with trading in betfair with this article, and if you have some questions or want to tell us some secrets about betfair and want ot add something about betfair algorithms feel free to contact us

The Betfair Trading Strategies App - Discover the best Betfair Trading Systems, Strategies and Tips with the Sports Trading Life App!

You will get all the latest from the STL team including tips for Betfair Football Trading, Tennis Trading and exclusive free betting tips.

You can also use these tips and strategies to profit from most bookmakers and betting exchanges including Bet365, Ladbrokes and Betdaq.

This app is packed full and regularly updated with articles about strategies and systems for trading on Betfair. Tips on improving mindset, bank management and much more are also included.

Download this app and also enjoy bonus racing tips to use on sites such as William Hill and Betfred.

This is a MUST for anyone who has an interest in trading football or becoming a sports trader. Betfair Стратегии торговли App - Откройте для себя лучшие Betfair торговые системы, стратегии и советы с Спорт Trading Life App!

Вы получите все последние новости от STL команды в том числе советы для Betfair Футбол Trading, тенниса Trading и эксклюзивные советы бесплатно ставок.

Вы можете также использовать эти советы и стратегии, чтобы получить прибыль от большинства букмекеров и бирж ставок, включая Bet365, Ladbrokes и Betdaq.

Это приложение набита и регулярно обновляется со статьями о стратегии и системы для торговли на Betfair. Советы по улучшению мышление, руководство банка и многое другое, также включены.

Скачать это приложение, а также пользоваться бонусные гоночный советы для использования на таких сайтах, как William Hill и Betfred.

Это является обязательным для всех, кто имеет интерес к торговой футбол или становятся спортивный трейдер.



Online Betfair trading strategies

What do you mean by option,basics and trading strategy in cfa

What do you mean by option,basics and trading strategy in cfaMeaning of Options:-

An option is common form of a derivative. It's a contract, or a provision of a contract, that gives one party (the option holder) the right, but not the obligation to perform a specified transaction with another party (the option issuer or option writer) according to specified terms. Options can be embedded into many kinds of contracts. For example, a corporation might issue a bond with an option that will allow the company to buy the bonds back in ten years at a set price. Standalone options trade on exchanges or OTC. They are linked to a variety of underlying assets. Most exchange-traded options have stocks as their underlying asset but OTC-traded options have a huge variety of underlying assets (bonds, currencies, commodities, swaps, or baskets of assets).

There are two main types of options: calls and puts:

CALL OPTION:- provide the holder the right (but not the obligation) to purchase an underlying asset at a specified price (the strike price), for a certain period of time. If the stock fails to meet the strike price before the expiration date, the option expires and becomes worthless. Investors buy calls when they think the share price of the underlying security will rise or sell a call if they think it will fall. Selling an option is also referred to as ''writing'' an option.

PUT OPTION :- Put options give the holder the right to sell an underlying asset at a specified price (the strike price). The seller (or writer) of the put option is obligated to buy the stock at the strike price. Put options can be exercised at any time before the option expires. Investors buy puts if they think the share price of the underlying stock will fall, or sell one if they think it will rise. Put buyers - those who hold a "long" - put are either speculative buyers looking for leverage or "insurance" buyers who want to protect their long positions in a stock for the period of time covered by the option. Put sellers hold a "short" expecting the market to move upward (or at least stay stable) A worst-case scenario for a put seller is a downward market turn. The maximum profit is limited to the put premium received and is achieved when the price of the underlyer is at or above the option's strike price at expiration. The maximum loss is unlimited for an uncovered put writer.

. Meaning of Basics



Online What do you mean by option,basics and trading strategy in cfa

Trading the treasury yield curve with etfs

Trading the treasury yield curve with etfsTrading the Treasury yield curve with ETFs

MarketWatch - Dec. 21, 2009 - By John Spence

-- Exchange-traded funds can be used for complex trades, and one strategy garnering attention taps fixed-income ETFs to take advantage of a steepening or flattening U. S. Treasury yield curve.

The Treasury yield curve, or the spread between yields on short-term and long-term government bonds, is now extremely steep. On Friday, the yield on the two-year Treasury note was around 0.8%, while the 30-year bond yielded about 4.4%.ETFs "do provide cost-effective access to play either side of a growing and important economic debate," said Nicholas Colas, ConvergEx Group chief market strategist, in a recent commentary.

Colas said there are two paths the Treasury market can take from here. The yield curve will either flatten, reducing the gap between the two yields, or continue to steepen, or increase, to new record highs for the difference between two-year and 30-year yields.

"Whatever point of view you think is ultimately correct, there are numerous ETF strategies and products that can efficiently leverage your opinion," he wrote.

For individual investors with a buy-and-hold mindset, indexed ETFs can be used as building blocks for a diversified portfolio. However, more investors are putting ETFs to work in shorter-term trading strategies.

Easy street

The Treasury market is at a fork in the road, Colas said, and the "easy" path is a narrowing of the yield spread, while the "rocky" route would be further steepening.

The strategist said a big gap between short-term and long-term interest rates typically signals expectations of growth in the economy, usually accompanied by inflation.

"As the Federal Reserve begins the inevitable process of raising the very shortest end of the yield curve with hikes to the fed funds rate, two-year note rates begin to rise, narrowing the spread," Colas said. "Over time, as the Fed executes on this program inflation fears wane, cutting the interest rate required to entice buyers to purchase longer dated Treasury bonds. The long end of the curve falls in yield."

The federal funds rate, or the overnight lending rate that banks charge each other, has been set between zero and 0.25% as the Fed tries to stimulate the economy and the credit markets after the financial meltdown.

After its final meeting of the year, the Fed last week said economic conditions "are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels of the federal funds rate for an extended period." See previous story on the Fed holding steady on rates.

Most economists expect the Fed will begin to raise short-term interest rates sometime in 2010 as the economy staggers to its feet.

Colas said the path of least resistance for the Treasury yield curve is a so-called reversion to the mean, with the gap narrowing. Bond prices and yields move in opposite directions.

Rocky road

Yet given the market turmoil and unprecedented government spending to battle the recession, it's worthwhile to explore the opposite scenario in which the Treasury curve steepens to new high levels.

"We are in extraordinary times," Colas said.

The strategist sees two related factors that could drive this outcome. First, the U. S. government is selling massive amounts of debt to support the sagging economy. The higher level of new issuance usually means the government has to pay a higher yield to sell a greater amount of longer-dated bonds.

"Second, the deterioration of the U. S. dollar -- also a result of the monetary and fiscal policy required to salvage the U. S. economy -- means that foreign debt buyers require a higher rate of interest to offset the currency risk they bear when purchasing U. S. government obligations," Colas said.

"So, the fork in the road is clear -- breakout or reversion to the mean," he added.

ETFs tied to the bond market offer individuals a way to trade either scenario. As of Nov. 30, there were 79 fixed-income ETFs listed in the U. S. with combined assets of nearly $100 billion, according to State Street Global Advisors. See recent column on the ETF business.

The argument for an even steeper yield curve is "the government is going to persist in running large budget deficits, especially in a mid-term election year," Colas said.

"The Federal Reserve is less worried about inflation than making sure the nascent economic recovery has a chance to truly take root," he noted. "In all, long rates will head a lot higher and short rates will stay muted."

For this trade, sophisticated investors could use leveraged ETFs designed to provide short exposure to longer-term government bonds such as ProShares UltraShort 20+ Year Treasury (TBT 48.44, +0.89, +1.87%) and Direxion Daily 30-Year Treasury Bear 3x Shares (TMV 64.55, +1.87, +2.99%). These funds profit when long-term bond prices fall and yields rise.

"Yes, leveraged funds do occasionally part from their underlying index when volatility picks up, but fixed-income instruments usually have less volatility than equities and are therefore better suited to the [leveraged] structure," Colas said.

Some leveraged ETFs are reset on a daily basis, so their performance may not match up with the targeted leverage over longer periods due to compounding returns.

"For the investor that wants a purer play, you will essentially need to buy a 'pairs' trade of shorting the long-dated bond ETF and buying the shorter-maturity bond ETF," Colas said. "You are then fully exposed to an actually 'steepening' of the curve, instead of just a sell-off in the 10-to-30 year bond market."

To position for a flattening of the yield curve, investors would use the opposite strategy, the analyst said.

Many Treasury ETFs give investors exposure to various points along the yield curve. See MarketWatch ETF screener.

John Spence is a reporter for MarketWatch in Boston.

John Spence

BOSTON (MarketWatch) -- Exchange-traded funds can be used for complex trades, and one strategy garnering attention taps fixed-income ETFs to take advantage of a steepening or flattening U. S. Treasury yield curve.

The Treasury yield curve, or the spread between yields on short-term and long-term government bonds, is now extremely steep. On Friday, the yield on the two-year Treasury note was around 0.8%, while the 30-year bond yielded about 4.4%.

ETFs do provide cost-effective access to play either side of a growing and important economic debate, said Nicholas Colas, ConvergEx Group chief market strategist, in a recent commentary.

Colas said there are two paths the Treasury market can take from here. The yield curve will either flatten, reducing the gap between the two yields, or continue to steepen, or increase, to new record highs for the difference between two-year and 30-year yields.

Whatever point of view you think is ultimately correct, there are numerous ETF strategies and products that can efficiently leverage your opinion, he wrote.

For individual investors with a buy-and-hold mindset, indexed ETFs can be used as building blocks for a diversified portfolio. However, more investors are putting ETFs to work in shorter-term trading strategies.

Easy street

The Treasury market is at a fork in the road, Colas said, and the easy path is a narrowing of the yield spread, while the rocky route would be further steepening.

The strategist said a big gap between short-term and long-term interest rates typically signals expectations of growth in the economy, usually accompanied by inflation.

As the Federal Reserve begins the inevitable process of raising the very shortest end of the yield curve with hikes to the fed funds rate, two-year note rates begin to rise, narrowing the spread, Colas said. Over time, as the Fed executes on this program inflation fears wane, cutting the interest rate required to entice buyers to purchase longer dated Treasury bonds. The long end of the curve falls in yield.

The federal funds rate, or the overnight lending rate that banks charge each other, has been set between zero and 0.25% as the Fed tries to stimulate the economy and the credit markets after the financial meltdown.

After its final meeting of the year, the Fed last week said economic conditions are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels of the federal funds rate for an extended period. See previous story on the Fed holding steady on rates.

Most economists expect the Fed will begin to raise short-term interest rates sometime in 2010 as the economy staggers to its feet.

Colas said the path of least resistance for the Treasury yield curve is a so-called reversion to the mean, with the gap narrowing. Bond prices and yields move in opposite directions.

Rocky road

Yet given the market turmoil and unprecedented government spending to battle the recession, it's worthwhile to explore the opposite scenario in which the Treasury curve steepens to new high levels.

We are in extraordinary times, Colas said.

The strategist sees two related factors that could drive this outcome. First, the U. S. government is selling massive amounts of debt to support the sagging economy. The higher level of new issuance usually means the government has to pay a higher yield to sell a greater amount of longer-dated bonds.

Second, the deterioration of the U. S. dollar -- also a result of the monetary and fiscal policy required to salvage the U. S. economy -- means that foreign debt buyers require a higher rate of interest to offset the currency risk they bear when purchasing U. S. government obligations, Colas said.

So, the fork in the road is clear -- breakout or reversion to the mean, he added.

ETFs tied to the bond market offer individuals a way to trade either scenario. As of Nov. 30, there were 79 fixed-income ETFs listed in the U. S. with combined assets of nearly $100 billion, according to State Street Global Advisors. See recent column on the ETF business.

The argument for an even steeper yield curve is the government is going to persist in running large budget deficits, especially in a mid-term election year, Colas said.

The Federal Reserve is less worried about inflation than making sure the nascent economic recovery has a chance to truly take root, he noted. In all, long rates will head a lot higher and short rates will stay muted.

Trading points

For this trade, sophisticated investors could use leveraged ETFs designed to provide short exposure to longer-term government bonds such as ProShares UltraShort 20+ Year Treasury TBT, +0.48% and Direxion Daily 30-Year Treasury Bear 3x Shares TMV, +0.64% These funds profit when long-term bond prices fall and yields rise.

Yes, leveraged funds do occasionally part from their underlying index when volatility picks up, but fixed-income instruments usually have less volatility than equities and are therefore better suited to the [leveraged] structure, Colas said.

Some leveraged ETFs are reset on a daily basis, so their performance may not match up with the targeted leverage over longer periods due to compounding returns.

For the investor that wants a purer play, you will essentially need to buy a 'pairs' trade of shorting the long-dated bond ETF and buying the shorter-maturity bond ETF, Colas said. You are then fully exposed to an actually 'steepening' of the curve, instead of just a sell-off in the 10-to-30 year bond market.

To position for a flattening of the yield curve, investors would use the opposite strategy, the analyst said.

Many Treasury ETFs give investors exposure to various points along the yield curve. See MarketWatch ETF screener.

More from MarketWatch



Online Trading the treasury yield curve with etfs

Forex arbitrage calculator(windows os)

Forex arbitrage calculator(windows os)You may also be interested in.

Efficient, free invoicing software specially designed for the Indian market!

converts any number string in your code into alphabetic text, for now 13 languages are supported so far and counting.

Instant Quote Professional. Pricing / Estimating Software for Quotes Invoices.

Forex Arbitrage Calculator (Windows OS) 1.3 free download

At the time of downloading you accept the EULA and privacy policies stated by Jaleco. The download will be executed through a download manager that belongs to Jaleco. The mentioned download manager doesn't have any relationship with the author. It can be downloaded as well freely from the author's website. Jaleco aims to offer downloads free of viruses and malware.



Online Forex arbitrage calculator(windows os)

Currency trading from home

Currency trading from homeCurrency Trading from Home

FAQ about Day Trading

Q. What is day trading?

A. Day trading is the high-risk/high-return buying and selling of stocks. You connect through the Internet through a brokerage firm to a network that exchanges stocks between sellers and buyers .

Q. How high are the risks?

A. There is a relationship between reward and risk – as your reward increases, so does your risk. When you are trading, you are competing against other day traders as well as institutional traders. and you are all after the same thing. It is important that you minimize your risk as much as possible in order to make a profit. An acceptable ratio for reward to risk should be about 3 to 1. In other words, the trade potential is three times the amount that you might lose.

Q. Can I start day trading part time?

A. Yes, you certainly can. You control all the different facets of your online day trading. However it’s recommended that you take a training course before you begin.

Q. How much do I need to start?

A. In most cases, a minimum of $2,000 is needed to open a trading account. However, most brokerage firms will limit the number of trades you can complete within a certain time period. If you should hold onto the stock overnight, it will not count towards this number. Usually, $25,000 gets you unlimited trades .

Q. What is paper trading?

A. Paper trading is a learning tool that is very important to your skill development. Before you begin online stock trading with real money, you track what you would believe to be good trades on a piece of paper. You can evaluate how you performed and if you were successful – that means if you made money. Most brokerage firms offer an electronic form of paper trading in real time. You can develop the skills you need before you make your first deposit. The best part is that most of these types of services are free!

Q. What is swing trading?

A. Swing trading is when you buy a stock and you hold onto it for a day or two. One of the reasons why it is so popular is because this type of trade does not go against the daily limits for those with lower account balances.

Q. How much does it cost?

A. Besides your initial investment. you will pay commissions and brokerage fees for each trade. These fees can vary, depending on the brokerage firm you use. Make sure you understand all the fees associated with your account before you begin.

How to Find Financial Freedom

If you are like most people today, the recent economic downturn has affected the way you live your life. Even if you don’t feel the crunch in your daily life, interest rates. credit reports and even the price for a gallon of milk have all climbed. Today, it is harder than ever to find financing without exceptional credit. Even the housing market has plummeted to all time lows.

If you are looking for financial freedom away from lenders. loans and interest rates. then you are going to have to start thinking outside of the box and away from the norm. Buying and selling real estate used to be a surefire way of creating wealth. but that’s no longer the case. Far too many homeowners are now in foreclosure and many times, it’s due to the fact that they can’t sell their home when they needed to.

If you have considered investing in the stock market. you may have held short of it due to the falling stock market prices. However, there is one gigantic market that is gaining momentum quickly and that is the foreign exchange market. Financial freedom isn’t easy – you are going to have to work for it. The currency market certainly is not something you will learn overnight. It is going to take some time and you will need to get your hands on several different training guides. This will give you a good start on what you need to know.

The Internet is really a great resource for finding tips on the foreign exchange market. Since there are marked difference between this market and the traditional stock exchange. you should also become familiar with new terminology. One of the biggest differences is that there are no commissions. Instead of brokers, there are dealers, which take on the market risk. They are the counterparties to your trades. It is a unique system and it is not regulated, except by the participants. For years, this market was almost exclusive to huge financial institutions. hedge funds, and multinational corporations. Since day trading has become so popular over the last decade, more individuals are now trying their luck in currency trading.

Financial freedom is not something you can find without work – at least in most cases. It takes dedication, a will to succeed and sometimes, it takes sacrifices. If you are ready to get rid of the loans. bills and all those other expenses, take matters into your own hands. Can you imagine what the end result will feel like? The peace of mind you will experience is worth it!

How to Make Currency Trading Work for You

If you’ve considered investing in currency trading. you are not alone. Currency trading is quickly becoming a very important subject for investors, especially those who are trading at home. It is quite a bit different from a traditional stock exchange in that it is not controlled by a central governing body. In addition, there are also no clearinghouses to guarantee the trades and there’s no arbitration panel, either.

However, currency trading is the largest market in the world. It depends on the proverbial handshake across cyberspace. For those that are used to a very structured environment when it comes to investments. such as those through the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the foreign trading marke t can be very confusing at first. Insider trading does not exist, so to speak. You can buy as much Japanese yen or Euros that you want, as long as you have the capital to back it. Self-regulation works well because both the buyers and sellers are both competitors and they must cooperate with each other.

If you are interested in currency trading. you should become familiar with many of the terms associated with it. It is time to hit the books and start learning as much as you can about this market before you make your first investment. Keep in mind, that the currency trading is not the not the same as the stock exchange and you can lose money very quickly. However, there are no commissions, which many investors find quite appealing. Instead, you will find dealers – not brokers – who actually assume the market risk by becoming the investor’s counterparty .

The Internet has really changed the way people invest their money. Currency trading is not just limited to day traders but also financial institutions. hedge funds, and multinational corporations. It is one of the most liquid markets in the world and trades continue 24 hours a day, from 5 pm on Sunday to 4 pm on Friday (EST). Because of the sheer size of this market, it is considered the most accessible market in the world. However, you are certainly going to want to do your homework before you begin.

There are a number of different resources available on the Internet with a wealth of information about the foreign exchange market. You can also purchase a number of different books, DVDs, and other media that will teach you how this works and some of the best tips to help you make some cash. However, when it all comes down to it, the day you make your first trade will be the day that you decide if you are really ready to continue.

How To Make Online Stock Trading Work For You

You’ve heard the stories about how a day trader made millions by buying stocks and bonds online. Unfortunately, there are a hundred other stories about investors that lost a lot of money with online stock trading. If you’d rather be in the first group, then here’s some important information you should know.

There are a number of different companies that offer online stock trading. You simply download their software, watch a few tutorials, make a deposit, and you are ready to start trading. Hold on just a moment. Don’t make that first trade just yet! There is a lot to learn before you start jumping into something you may not know enough about!

The best day traders know the market inside and out. They follow every piece of daily news, corporate press releases, and all the opinions from the expert. They have studies historical stock prices and understand how an upcoming event may change the entire flow of the market. It’s a business all to itself and it changes so quickly that you could get left behind.

There are several courses available on the Internet that will give you a basic understanding of how to buy or sell shares. The terminology is explained and you can practice buying and selling to see how you do. Unfortunately, you need more than a few practice sessions. Consider taking a course at your local community college or spending some time with an experienced trader.

If you are sure you are ready to begin, start slowly. Build your portfolio based on your analysis of the current market. Don’t be afraid to trust your gut instincts, but it’s always best to have research to back it up. Once you have gained valuable experience in online stock trading. you can invest more as your budget allows. Remember, that you don’t want to put your eggs in one basket and there really isn’t anything that qualifies as a “sure bet.”

In closing, online stock trading can be very profitable when you’ve done your research. Make sure you understand the market, what affects stock prices. and don’t be scared to ask for guidance if you need it. From your financial standpoint. don’t invest more than you can stand to lose and always put some money away for a rainy day. When all is said and done, hopefully you will be the one that walks away with a great deal of money !

How to Manage Your Forex Trading Accounts

Some of the wealthiest people in the world have made their fortunes in the Forex trading market. If you are just starting out, you may wonder if you will ever get to that point, too. The truth is that the currency market is one of the most liquid markets in the world. Since trading starts at 5 pm on Sunday and ends at 4pm on Friday (EST), people from around the world can trade 24 hours a day.

One of the reasons why Forex Trading is so popular is that there are no commissions, unlike regular trades on the stock market. Instead of brokers, there are dealers and they have a marked interest in the trade. Make sure that you use a National Futures Association member firm. This ensures that they have already agreed to binding arbitration, should it be needed.

There are a number of different software programs that can help you track your accounts. Some of these programs are free, but they are usually quite simple. If you spend most of your day trading. you will want to invest in a top-of-line program. This will help you stay on top of all the activity and you can watch your money grow – at least that’s the plan!

Once you understand the market and all of the terminology, you’ve set up your program to track your accounts, and you’ve got the capital to begin, the sky is really the limit. One of the most common mistakes that people make is investing in this market without truly understanding it. Besides the lack of regulations, there are a number of facets that are completely different from traditional stock markets. Because the buyers and sellers must cooperate and compete with each other, it creates a rather unique situation. The self-regulation works, on nothing more than a virtual handshake.

Managing your accounts, staying abreast of current news and other factors that might affect the currency market. and understanding how everything works is the best way to help you make money. The gigantic financial institutions and large hedge funds account for more than 80 percent of the trading on the Forex Trading market. This percentage is based on their opinions and what they think the next few days or weeks will turn out. Everything from a private golf course announcing its opening in Japan to a civil war in Africa will affect the market.

In closing, it is important to understand the market in order to manage your accounts. If you need to learn more, there are a number of resources available on the Internet. Don’t let a lack of research end up costing you money .

The Best Way to Use Option Trading

If you are not really familiar with option trading, you may be missing out on an opportunity to make some serious money. Options are contracts to buy a stock for a set price on a set date. You will pay the money up front for the option, depending on whether you think the stock price will go up or down. The call option will go up or down with the stock price. Sounds simple enough, doesn’t it?

There are basically six pieces of data that will determine the price of an option; price, volatility, strike price, expiration date, dividends and interest rates, and supply and demand. The price of the stock is the first one, and the call will go up as the stock price goes up or down. Volatility is the second one and it means that if the stock prices vary greatly, then you’ll spend more on the option. The strike price goes up, so will the option. This is the third piece of data that will affect the price. The fourth piece of data deals with the expiration date. If it’s expiring soon, the price will be less than if you are buying several months out.

If you are feeling a bit confused by now, then you probably should not be trading just yet. The good news is that with a bit of research and some training. you can begin trading effectively. It is not completely uncommon for someone to get a 500 percent return on option trading. Obviously, it does not happen daily or this would be all that people do! However, since this can be one of the most confusing parts of the market. many people avoid it. They do not take the time to understand everything about it and without that knowledge, a loss could be substantial.

In closing, if you are ready to try your hand at option trading, it’s time to hit the books. Learn all you can before you begin and ask for help from someone who is familiar with this aspect of the stock market. Not everyone is comfortable with this type of trading and there are other ways to invest your money. It is only a great idea if you are not losing money!

Top 3 Questions You Need to Ask Before You Buy Trading Software

Trading software is a great tool when it comes to investing in a stock or currency market. From real time information to resources such as historical stock prices. these programs allow you to follow your accounts and investments in minute details. Before you make your purchase, however, there are three questions you should ask.

#1 What Is the Learning Curve?

You don’t want a trading software program that is very difficult to use. While most will require the use of tutorials, you should not feel completely lost when you finish them. If you’ve never used any type of program like this before, you can’t expect to open it and start trading. There should be step-by-step instructions. practice sessions, and help, when needed. There should also be frequent upgrades to work out any bugs, as well as to deal with any type of market changes .

#2 How Much Does It Cost?

Most trading software programs are available for a set fee. Some are even free, but the features are more limited. There are also some that require you to pay a monthly fee for access. Before you sign up for these programs, you should understand all the fees associated with the system. If you can’t afford the monthly fee for access or if the site is not secure for purchase, move onto another one. Otherwise, you may be throwing your investment money away.

#3 What Do the Reviews Say?

One of the best ways to see if trading software is going to be effective is to read through the reviews. Don’t worry about the reviews on the site selling the software. Those are usually just the positive ones. Find a website that lists many different types and reviews each of them based upon their own merits. See what real users think about it and if they recommend it to others. You can find out many of the difficulties people have had in the past, as well as some of the better features. This is great way to learn before you make that final purchase .

Trading software is a fantastic way to track your accounts and investments. Most have terrific reports available, so you can watch when and where your money is. Online support is important, as well. You should have access to support services 24 hours a day, especially if you use a Forex program. Don’t get stuck with the wrong program. It’s hard enough to make your investments profitable as it is.

Top 5 Reasons You Need a Forex System

If you have never traded in the foreign currency exchange (Forex) market, you may be in the minority these days. In recent years, more and more individuals are diving into this investment opportunity. In years past, huge financial institutions and gigantic multinational corporations were typically the only ones that really played this market. However, the Internet has changed how many people investment their money and this market is no exception. If you are just starting out, you will need a Forex system and here are the top 5 reasons why:

#1 You Want to Make Money

Of course, the reason you invest is to make money. When you first begin trading, the right Forex system will help you understand and track your accounts. Most offer real time information, too, so you can have the most up-to-date information before making your choices. It is the best way to follow the market and your accounts.

#2 It’s Easy to Use

Most of the Forex systems are really easy to use. You will have to put in some time learning the ins and outs of the system, in order to get the most of it. However, that’s going to be the case with just about any program you use for investing. Some will offer quick start guides, but do not start putting all your money out there after just an hour’s time. Make sure you understand each part of it completely.

#3 Affordable for All

No matter what your budget is for this type of program, you will find one to meet it. There are free editions available. as well as those that cost several hundreds of dollars. Some of the free Forex systems are really good, while others may leave something to be desired. However, that’s the case for some of the programs, too. The best thing to do is to check several different reviews and see which ones will best meet your needs .

#4 Free Trials

Another great feature of many of the pay programs out there is that many have free trials. You can use the programs and see if they deliver the results promised. Most trials are for two weeks and some offer you the chance to set up a mock account, too. You can see how you do without actually investing any money .

#5 Secrets of the System

You will find some of the programs offer a great selection of tips and secrets to help you maximize your earnings. You can also find a list of resources, as well. A good Forex system will help your investments .

Top 5 Things to Consider Before Choosing a Forex Broker

If you are new to the world of foreign currency exchange (Forex) trading, there are a few things you should know. First of all, this is a self-regulated market and it is not the same as trading stocks on the stock exchange. Secondly, the right Forex broker is a must. There are five things that you should consider before you choose the one you feel is right for you.

#1 The Spread Amount

The difference between how much you can sell or buy a currency at a certain time is call the spread. The spread can be quite different, depending on the Forex broker you use. Some have a variable spread, while others have a fixed spread. A long term, fixed spread is usually safer.

#2 Execution of Your Trade

You will want to find out how fast your order will be executed. Perhaps they offer automatic execution. You should ask if they trade against their own clients and how much you can trade before you need to request a quote. The best way to find out a lot of this information is to try and open a paper trading account and see how you do.

#3 Leverage Options

The ratio between your actual capital and the total capital available for trading is called leverage. It works like this: suppose you have a ratio of 200:1. For every dollar of actual capital that you have, your broker will lend you $200. This is a critical part of the foreign exchange currency market. because of the deviations in the currency prices are set in minute portions of a cent. In most cases, there is a flexible margin, so you can pick the leverage that’s best for you.

#4 Types of Accounts

Mini accounts are fantastic for getting your feet wet and seeing how the whole system works. It is great for those people with a limited amount of capital. You can start some accounts for only $300 or even less.

#5 Type of Trading Platform

You want a great software program that will continually show you live prices. It should also allow you to place Stop and Limit orders that you can attach to an entry order. You should also find a Forex broker whose software allows you to put in your trade and let the software finish it.

In Closing



Online Currency trading from home

Pair trading-cfd,forex,securities trading strategy

Pair trading-cfd,forex,securities trading strategyPair Trading CFD, Forex, Securities Trading Strategy

4th December, 2012 • Chart Plotter

Trading Correlated Stocks/Commodities/Indices

Pair Trading is a trading strategy that involves trading correlated stocks, commodities, indices that moves in a similar manner. Which means that they chart look very similar. Both, should move in the same direction whatever way the market moves.

Buy (long) one, the underperdormer and sell (short) the other, the outperformer

This trading strategy behind this required to buy (long) one, the underperdormer and sell (short) the other, the outperformer.

Like this, the trader will hope that their long term historical relationship will be restore, and the chart once again will meet, re-starting again their similar way of moving. When the two chart meet again, that will be the moment to close both trade simultaneously, with the hope that losses if any, will be less than the gains. Whichever way it goes.

Be aware that you are increase your exposure

This trading strategy isnt bullet proof like any other strategy, specially when using leverage products. Traders have to be aware that they will be increasing their exposure to the market. But it will also increase their chances of profit.

Usually this strategy is used with equities in the same sector, banks, miners and retailers are one of the most popular sectors. You could use ANZ and NAB or BHP and RIO or even Chevron and WPL (Woodside Petroleum).

One thing that traders should realize is that some securities diverge and converge more often than other. Also, that this is more of longer term strategy.



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Quantinsti quantitative learning

Quantinsti quantitative learningQuantInsti Quantitative Learning

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What is Algorithmic Trading?

Algorithmic trading, i. e. trading or execution of shares, commodities, etc without any human intervention, is one of the most recent developments in the Indian financial markets.

Algorithmic trading uses advanced electronic trading platforms to execute orders automatically which are generated as per the mathematical models in the algorithm.

The wave of innovation in Trading Industry started in terms of online execution started in late 1990s and is still continuning. With availability of Direct Market Access, Low Latency, Multiple Execution Venues, Markets are seeing innovation in all aspects. The reduction in Average Execution Size and increase in volume of trades by High Frequency Trading Systems is on the rise.

How to Learn Algorithmic Trading?

Quantinsti offers a 6-months long comprehensive course ‘EPAT’ in Algorithmic and Quantitative Trading. It is an online live interactive course aimed at working professionals from diverse backgrounds such as trading-brokerage services, Analytics, Quantitative roles, and Programming & IT industry. Salient features of the program are:

6 month long online course

Primary focus on financial technology trends and solutions.

Eclectic blend of practical and theoretical know-how.

Aimed at all kinds of finance professionals.

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Online trading academy seattle washington all trusted brokers in one place

Online trading academy seattle washington all trusted brokers in one placeOnline trading academy seattle washington All Trusted Brokers In One Place mosesandalice

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Solah syubrawi

Solah syubrawiPANDANGAN USTAZ ZAHARUDDIN TENTANG FOREX

Zaharuddin Abd Rahman

Tidak dinafikan sistem kewangan Islam yang wujud hari ini masih banyak kelemahan dan kekurangannya. Dari pelbagai jenis sudut, sama ada dari sudut rangka kewangan dunia yang mengcengkam, system perundangan yang banyak kalanya tidak bersedia dan tidak menepati, pemegang saham perbankan Islam yang tidak' ihsan serta terlalu mengejar keuntungan, sistem perkomputeran dan pengiraan yang masih lagi terpaksa' mengikut rentak majoriti yang konvensional, produk perbankan Islam yang masih terbawa-bawa kehendak pelanggan berminda konvensional, pelanggan yang terlalu demand' kesempurnaan pada praktis perbankan Islam tetapi diri sendiri terlalu jahil tentang Fiqh Muamalat dan kewangan moden hingga akhirnya menjadi racun kepada umat Islam, sistem matawang fiat yang direka, dicipta dan diatur tidak dengan cara yang betul dan panjang lagi senarainya jika ingin saya kongsikan di sini.

Dari senarai panjang tersebut, hanya satu yang ingin dikongsikan bersama dalam tulisan ringkas padat ini. Iaitu topik berkaitan sistem pengendalian matawang yang menyukarkan perubahan untuk melahirkan system kewangan Islam yang terbaik. Kesalahan pengendalian dan regulasi matawang hari ini telah diakui oleh begitu ramai pakar dari kalangan Muslim dan bukan Islam sebagai salah satu punca berlakunya kegawatan demi kegawatan.

Di dalam Forum Kewangan Dunia di Geneva 2010, baru-baru ini, Pengerusi Majlis Syariah Kesatuan Kewangan Islam Sedunia (AAOIFI) yang juga Naib Presiden Darul Uloom, Karachi, Syeikh Mufti Taqi UThamni telah berusaha berkongsi pandangan sebagai mewakili majoriti besar ulama dan ahli ekonomi Islam berkenaan system matawang.

Beliau cuba membawa menyedarkan pemimpin-pemimpin Negara maju untuk membuat satu perubahan radikal jika benar-benar ingin mengelakkan berulangnya serangan' kejatuhan ekonomi di masa akan datang. Sesuai dengan tema program tersebut yang cuba mencari punca dan penyelesaian bagi kegawatan ekonomi baru-baru ini.

Benar, di waktu dan ketika ini, yang praktikal adalah dengan cuba meyakinkan pemimpin Negara maju ini untuk berubah, itu adalah salah satu cara terbaik untuk mempengaruhi system besar kewangan dunia untuk berubah dan dibaikpulih sedikit demi sedikit. Memang kita boleh menunjuk lagak' untuk mempertikai itu dan ini dan mengkritik system kewangan Islam dengan pelbagai tuduhan keras selagi menumpang di atas system kewangan konvensional dan menggunapakai matawang fiat kertas.

Namun pandangan ideal semata-mata yang tidak menjejak di bumi pasti akan gagal menyakinkan pemimpin Negara maju untuk berubah, lalu ia akan kekal menjadi mimpi dan idaman sahaja.

Atas dasar itu, kita bersyukur dan berterima kasih atas usaha Syeikh Taqi Uthmani yang amat cemerlang. Beliau mengusulkan idea perubahan praktikal yang mesti dilakukan oleh dunia bagi menghasilkan sesebuah system kewangan yang lebih dinamik dan selamat di masa akan datang.

Salah satu cadangannya patut difahami sebaiknya oleh kita semua, selaku umat Islam sendiri. Kerana bagaimanakah boleh kita mengharapkan perubahan hanya dari minda dan tangan pemimpin barat sedang kita sendiri tidak faham apa yang sepatut dan yang tidak. Justeru, di kesempatan ini saya ingin menegaskan satu perkara sahaja.

Tanpa niat untuk mengulas secara mendalam perihal matawang emas dan praktikalitinya di dunia moden, sebenarnya ada satu isu yang lebih basic dari isu tersebut, yang tanpa memahaminya, matawang dinar emas ( jika mampu dilaksana) juga akan tetap gagal dalam membentuk sebuah system ekonomi yang Islamik dan stabil. Ia adalah isu kemestian untuk mengembalikan fungsi matawang dalam Islam.

KEMBALIKAN FUNGSI ASAL MATAWANG

Imam Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali sejak 900 tahun dahulu telah menegaskan fungsi asal dan asas bagi matawang menurut perspektif Islam. Beliau berkata

"Penciptaaan dirham dan dinar ( matawang emas dan perak) adalah benar-benar satu rahmat dari Allah ta'ala, kedua-duanya pada hakikatnya tiada nilai tersendiri yang boleh dimanfaatkan oleh manusia ( seperti untuk makan dan minum), tetapi akhirnya semua manusia memerlukannya disebabkan semua manusia memerlukan nilai suatu komoditi (barang) untuk ditukarkan bagi mendapatkan keperluan asasi makanan dan pakaiannya. Atas sebab itu, transaksi yang melibatkan pertukaran barangan antara satu sama lain tidak dapat dielakkan, Namun masalahnya, bagaimana untuk diukur nilai sesebuah barang dan ditetapkan harganya? Justeru keperluan itu, semua barangan keperluan ini memerlukan satu barang perantaraan yang boleh menjadi ukur rujuk bagi nilai. Maka itulah gunanya dinar dan dirham ini (wang emas dan perak), kedua-dua logam berharga itu akan menjadi ukuran nilai sesuatu barangan lain kerana KEDUANYA TIDAK MENJADI OBJEKTIF jual beli, ia hanya menjadi perantaraan, jika kedua menjadi OBJEKTIF seluruh system ekwangan akan ROSAK DAN TERGANGGU. Kerana itulah Allah menciptankannya, melalui perantaraannya, pertukaran barangn kepelruan yang menjadi sasaran dan oibjektif jual beli akan terjamin keadilannya."

Dari penerangan Imam Al-Ghazzali ini, jelas pendirian ekonomi Islam berkenaan matawang tidak kira ia dari jenis emas, perak atau kertas fiat adalah:-

a) Matawang mestilah hanya sebagai perantara bagi tranksaksi jualbeli komoditi sebenar sahaja dan ia sendiri BUKAN komoditi.

b) Matawang mesti menjadi panduan ukuran nilai sesuatu barang keperluan.

Kedua-dua syarat di atas saling berkait, tanpa salah satu, ia akan gagal menjadi matawang yang dikehendaki oleh Islam.

Ini juga konsep yang telah diakui tepat oleh para ahli ekonomi seluruh dunia, khususnya Muslim economist. Malangnya, di ketika ahli cerdik pandai ini menyarankan dan mengakuinya, pemimpin politik dan taikon kewangan dan regulator badan utama kewangan dunia tidak mahu menrima pakai cadangan dan pandangan tersebut, ia tidak lain adalah akibat ketamakan melampau puak korporat dan politik ini.

Kesannya, hari ini matawang selain dijadikan sandaran nilai dan medium perantara jualbeli, ia sendiri telah dijadikan sebagai KOMODITI yang juga barang yang dijual dan dibeli.

Dalam bahasa mudahnya, emas dan matawang sendiri dijadikan sebagai objektif dalam sesuatu transaksi jualbeli, ia sepatutnya hanya menjadi perantara namun kini, fungsinya telah disalahgunakan sehingga menjadi barang jualan dan akhirnya menyebabkan nilainya tidak lagi stabil (fluctuate). Ini mencacatkan fungsinya yang sepatutnya dijadikan sandaran atau ukuran bagi nilai komoditi lain.

Matwang yang dijadikan sandaran nilai sepatutnya mempunyai nilai yang hampir tetap, tidak terlalu banyak berubah dan bergerak. Hanya dengan itu, inflasi dapat dikawal dan jualbeli menjadi stabil dan keadilan tersebar.

Namun apabila matawang hari ini di jadikan komoditi, nilai sendiri tidak terkawal. Selain melihat nilai matawang kertas, cuba lihat juga nilai emas hari ini, bukankah ia juga turun naik dengan agak kerap..itu tanda emas yang wujud hari ini diperlakukan secara salah oleh manusia.

Atas sebab itu, hatta jika hari ini kita sibuk menginginkan emas untuk dijadikan matawang, namun dengan sikap dan attitude yang menggangap matawang sebagai komoditi, emas dan perak itu sendri pun akan gagal berfungsi sebagai matawang yang diinginkan oleh Islam.

Sebab itulah, perlu difahami, kejayaan menjadikan emas sebagai matawang belum boleh dianggap satu kejayaan mengislamkan ekonomi sama sekali, malah masih amat jauh. Malah, apa yang lebih perlu diperbetulkan adalah sikap, kefahaman dan system regulasi kewangan dunia hari ini.

Sistem matawang emas dan perak ini pun bukanlah diperkenalkan oleh Rasulullah, malah ia telah wujud sebelum dari kebangkitan Rasulullah. Islam menerima pakai dua logam berharga itu sebagai matawang dan hanya mampu di "ISLAMKAN' apabila syarat-syarat urusniaga matawang yang digariskan oleh baginda Nabi DIPENUHI. Justeru, hanya memperjuangkan matawang emas bukan segala-galanya bagi sebuah ekonomi dan kewangan Islam.

Justeru, janganlah ada yang menyangka bahawa system kewangan Islam akan hanya menjadi benar-benar Islam apabila menggunakan emas dan perak sebagai matawang. Tidak semudah itu. Malah dengan fiat money ini juga system kewangan Islam mampu dicapai jika regulasi dan pengurusan matawang berjaya direfomasikan kepada cara yang betul, sama ada cara ia dikeluarkan, edaran, kawalan dan penggunaannya.

MENYEDIHKAN BILA EMAS DIJADIKAN ALAT PELABURAN

Lebih menyedihkan, di ketika laungan dan desakan untuk mengembalikan emas dan perak sebagai matawang dipukul canang oleh sebahagian umat Islam, individu yang sama juga kelihatan sibuk memperdagangkan emas dan menjadikannya sebagai sebagai bahan pelaburan. Mereka sibuk membeli emas dalam bentuk jongkong yang dijual oleh Public Bank, Maybank melalui akaun pelaburan emasnya, atau melalui syarikat-syarikat lain untuk disimpan dan kemudian dijual bagi memperolehi untung atas perbezaaan hari ini dan masa hadapan . Kemudian mereka menggembar-gemburkan kononnya melabur dalam emas adalah Islamik dan menepati Islam.

Hakikatnya itu adalah dakwaan terseleweng mereka, ia tersasar dari falsafah matawang yang digariskan oleh Imam Al-Ghazzali, dan majority ilmuan Islam.

Memang benar, walaupun secara kontraknya jual beli mereka adalah sah apabila menepati syarat serah terima pada satu masa dan sama timbangannya (Yadan bi Yadin mithlan bi mihtlin) . tetapi hakikatnya tindakan itu tersasar dari Maqasid al-Shariah kepada penciptaan emas dan perak itu sendiri .

Malah jika benar-benar satu hari kelak emas dijadikan matawang, individu sebegini yang akan merosakkan system kewangan Islam di ketika itu. Mengapa? Kerana mereka terlibat dalam mengubah fungsi emas dan perak yang sepatutnya menjadi matawang kepada komoditi dan objektif untuk membuat untung atas perubahan nilai. Selagi mereka melaksanakan kerja itu, selagi itulah emas juga TIDAK SESUAI dijadikan matawang. Kelak nanti syiling-syiling matawang emas semuanya disimpan dan disorokkan dari gunapakai, kerana ingin menunggu nilainya menaik. Tatkala itu ia akan tergolong dalam erti ihtikar yang diharamkan.

Perlu difahami, emas yang sudah dibentuk menjadi perhiasan seperti gelang, rantai, cincin dan sepertinya tidak dilarang untuk dijadikan komoditi atas sifatnya yang telah bercampur dengan skill pembuatan dan ditokok tambah pula dengan batu permata dan sebagainya. Tatkala itu, barulah boleh diambil untung atas jualannya.

BAGAIMANA KONTEKS HARI INI MATWANG KERTAS?

Disebabkan matawang emas masih tidak wujud di ketika ini, maka bagi memastikan system kewangan lebih stabil dan selamat pada pandangan Islam, maka apa sahaja yang menjadi galang ganti kepada matawang emas dan perak juga TURUT WAJIB DIKENDALI SESUAI SEBAGAI MATAWANG BUKAN KOMODITI.

Kesatuan Fiqh Islam sedunia, akur kepada system kewangan dunia yang dipegang oleh bukan Islam, mereka mengatur dan menjadikan kertas sebagai matawang. Maka atas dasar hajiat . ulama sedunia bersama pakar ekonomi Islam membuat keputusan keharusan untuk mengunnapakai matawang kertas namun mestilah diuruskan menepati cara urusan emas dan perak. Iaitu dari sudut hukumnya dan juga cara pengendaliannya sebagai matawang, iaitu tidak harus dijadikan komoditi.

Atas sebab itu, forex trading walaupun dibuat spot tetapi untuk mengabil untung atas perbezaan nilai matawang, adalah juga HARAM di dalam Islam kerana ia lebih kepada spekulasi dan perjudian. Di samping isu-isu lain seperti gharar dan keterlibatan riba dalam leverage. Apapun, yang pasti perniagaan forex trading wang kertas pelbagai Negara adalah untuk menraih untung atas perbezaaan nilai matwang adalah HARAM kerana ia adalah judi dan penyebab mudarat kepada system ekonomi dunia dan penyumbang kepada inflasi serta ketidakstabilan nilai matawang.

Bank-bank Islam di seluruh dunia juga dikawal selia oleh Majlis Syariah masing-masing agar tiada unsur spekulasi dalam setiap forex trading mereka. Hanya forex untuk tujuan lindung nilai ( hedging) sahaja dibenarkan. Itulah juga keputusan Majlis Shariah Bank Negara Malaysia. Forex trading untuk raih untung atas perbezaan nilai matwang tidak dibenarkan OLEH MAJORITI Majlis Syariah bank-bank Islam walaupun ia dibuat secara spot.

Hasilnya, kita perlu faham, matawang kertas (fiat money) yang wujud hari ini juga mestilah TIDAK dijadikan komoditi, sama seperti emas dan perak. Itulah yang diwarwarkan oleh Syeikh Taqi Uthmani semasa Forum Kewangan Dunia. Bagi mengurangkan masalah di dalam system ekonomi semasa. Sebagai jalan pertama untuk mewujudkan system ekonomi adil dan menepati Islam.

Malangnya dicelah-celah ketamakan manusia hari ini, matawang kertas fiat hari ini turut menjadi bahan sasaran dan objektif keuntungan. Bukan sahaja bank-bank terlibat, malah ramai individu juga rambang mata berniaga FOREX melalui platform internet, Walau ia ditegah oleh kerajaan, semuanya tidak diendah lagi.

Mereka membeli matawang sesebuah Negara (Euro sebagai contoh) untuk disimpan sebagai pelaburan bagi menunggu nilainya menaik untuk dijual kembali di pasaran. Inilah punca dan penyebab kelam kabut ekonomi dunia. Sama ada ia dilakukan oleh industri perbankan atau individu. Kesemuanya BERDOSA. Imam Al-Ghazzali berkata.

"Jadinya, barangsiapa yang memulakan berjualbeli matawang (untuk mendapat keuntungan perbezaan nilai), tindakannya sendiri telah BERCANGGAH dengan objktif asal penciptaan matawang. jika dibenarkan mereka berbuat demikian, kelak matawang itu sendiri akan menjadi tumpuan dan objektif lalu akan bermulalah perbuatan ihtikar (hoarding) = simpan untuk tunggu naik harga dan jual" [1]

Falsafah larangan dan objktif ini dijelaskan oleh Syeikh Taqi uthmani dapat dilihat dengan jelas dari pengharaman riba dan penghalalan jual beli sebagai ganti kaedah untuk mendapat untung.

PENYELESAIAN TEPAT DAN TIDAK PELIK

Sebenarnya cadangan ini tidaklah ganjil dan pelik, malah ia juga telah dicadang oleh ramai pakar ekonomi termasuk yang bukan beragama Islam. Contohnya selepas berlakunya kegawatan pada tahun 1930 an, Economic Crisis Committee' telah dibentuk oleh Southampton Chamber of Commerce . selepas perbincangan dan diskusi mendalam mereka menyatakan:

"In order to ensure that money performs its true function of operating as a means of exchange and distribution, it is desirable that it should cease to be traded as a commodity. " [2]

Malah suatu percubaan praktikal telah dicuba dan didedahkan oleh seorang ahli ekonomi bernama Margrit Kennedy di dalam bukunya bertajuk "Interest and Inflation Free Money." Beliau memaklumkan hasil percubaan pelaksanaan interest free model DAN MATAWANG TIDAK DIJADIKAN KOMODITI yang dilakukan di pekan kecil Austria pada tahun 1932- 1933, dia menyatakan.

"When over 300 communities in Austria began to be interested in adopting this model, the Austrian National Bank saw its own monopoly endangered. It intervened against the Town Council." [3]

Beliau juga bersama beberapa pakar ekonomi di USA telah berusaha bagi mencadangkan system alternative ini kepada kerajaan USA pada tahun 1933, tetapi semua cadangan mereka ditolak.

Syeikh Taqi menegaskan.

"In order to save the world from such evil consequences, trading in money itself should be stopped. Exchange of different currencies is, of course, inevitable for the purpose of international trade, for which one currency has to be sold for another currency, and a margin of profit for the seller may be inbuilt in the exchange rate. So far as these exchange transactions are carried out for the genuine purpose of cross border trade of real commodities, it cannot pose a problem. The problem arises when exchange of currencies is meant for speculative transactions in money itself. Unfortunately, majority of currency transactions carried out in the market are purely speculative. " [4]

Ertinya. "Bagi menyelamatkan dunia dari kesan buruk, penjualbelian matawang MESTI dihentikan, Namun begitu, pertukaran matawang berbeza adakalanya tidak dapat dielakkan bagi keperluan perdagangan antarabangsa, yang mana memerlukan pertukaran dan jualbeli matawang berbeza. dan margin keuntungan penjual mungkin telah dimasukkan dalam nilai tukaran. Biasanya pertukaran dari jenis ini yang didasari oleh tujuan-tujuan asas perdagangan komoditi sebenar, ia tidak banyak mengancam ekonomi. Masalah sebenar hanya berbangkit apabila pertukaran matawang dibuat bagi tujuan spekulasi dalam nilai matawang itu sendiri. Amat malang apabila didapati majority transaksi pertukaran matawang dibuat adalah atas dasar spekulasi tulen (judi) .

Bayangkan, dengan jumlah global international trade pada tahun 2008 sekitar US$ 32 trillion, [5] iaitu purata US$88 billion setiap hari, mankala daily turnover' bagi global foreign exchange markets pula dianggarkan pada nilai USD $ 3.98 trillion, [6] iaitu, 45 kali ganda lebih besar dari jumlah international trade. Ini bermakna hanya 2% daripada pertukaran matawang benar-benar didasari oleh permintaan sebenar oleh kerajaan dan peniga. Baki 98 % adalah dilakukan atas dasar spekulasi yang akhirnya menyebabkan inflasi di seluruh dunia dan menjadi salah satu punca ketidakstabilan ekonomi dunia dan kegawatan.

KESIMPULAN

1) Wajib mengembalikan fungsi matawang kepada asal iaitu penentu nilai barangan (komoditi) dan perantara kepada proses jualbeli komditi.

2) Tidak menjadikan matawang samada wang fiat atau emas dan perak sebagai komoditi kerana ia hanya akan merosakkan system nilai dan ekonomi serta menambah inflasi.

3) Haram hukumnya menyertai FOREX Trading melalui internet di peringkat individu kerana bercanggah dengan undang-undang negara dan banyak syubhatnya di sisi undang-undang Islam.

4) Setiap penasihat Syariah bank-bank Islam wajib menyemak kembali fatwa mereka (jika ada yang membenarkan) yang membenarkan bank seliaan mereka berniaga FOREX Trading walau mematuhi syarat serah terima sertamerta.

5) Kerajaan Malaysia amat patut mengenengahkan idea ini kedalam perbincangan ekonomi dengan Negara-negara maju di seluruh dunia. Saya yakin mereka sedar, hasil membenaRKAN matawang sebagai KOMODITI inilah yang menjadikan Malaysia sasaran George Soros pada tahun 1997. Tanyalah Dr Mahathir tentang hal ini.

6) PAS dan Pakatan Rakyat juga patut menjuarai isu ini di pentas nasional dan global. Jangan biarkan Syeikh Mufti Taqi Uthmani keseorangan dalam lontaran ideanya.

7) Kepada penyokong-penyokong matawang emas dinar, jangan anda terlibat dalam perdagangan emas jongkong sebagai komoditi kerana anda adalah punca kegagalan system itu diyakini oleh barat kerana nilainya juga turut akan menjadi fluctuate kerana anda.

8) forex YANG DIBENARKAN hanyalah a) Untuk lindung nilai (hedging) b) untuk tukar duit kerana urusan luar negara ( yang biasanya tukar di money exchange)c) forex tukaran matawang yang diperlukan kerana perdangangan komoditi di peringkat antarabangsa yang memerlukan penggunaan matawang berbeza.

9) FOREX trading untuk raih keuntungan yang dilakukan oleh individu sebenarnya kecil sekali berbanding FOREX yang dilakukan oleh Bank Negara Malaysia dan bank-bank Komersial. Kerajaan Malaysia sepatutnya MENIMBANG KEMBALI DASAR FOREX yang besar ini terlebih dahulu. Bukankah dahulu BNM pernah rugi berbillion ringgit akibatnya. Kesimpulannya kedua-dua Forex dari institusi dan perseorangan sama sekali tidak menepati Maqasid Shariah dan merosak fungsi matawang.

10) Sekadar menyimpan emas untuk diri sendiri di kemudian hari, tiada masalah di sisi Islam dan Maqasid Shariah. Apa yang saya sifatkan sebagai bermasalah dalam tulisan ini adalah yang simpan emas sekejap, kemudian jual, kemudian simpan balik, kemudian jual semula. Iaitu mereka yang menjadikan emas untuk trading secara kerap kerana meraih untung perbezaaan nilainya. Jadi, jangan salah faham tulisan ini sebagai in total melarang simpanan emas.



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How to create an employee training information chart

How to create an employee training information chartHow to Create an Employee Training Information Chart

Businesses today invest thousands of dollars on employee training courses designed to enhance the work environment, increase productivity and ensure compliance with regulatory agencies. A records retention system can help you keep track of all the training courses your employees have completed. Follow these steps to creating an Employee Training Information Chart.

Other People Are Reading

Use Excel or any software program that prepares spreadsheets. Open a "Blank Document." Click in several of the cells and merge them into one main cell. Type the title, "Employee Training Information Chart."

Add employee identification data directly beneath the title. Standard information includes the last name, first name, hire date, title position, direct reports and department name. Insert two main columns and title one, "Training Course" and the other "Date." Save the document as, "Employee Training Information Chart Template."

Format the document for easy printing. Access the print preview mode of the program and set the page breaks to the page orientation, portrait or landscape. Insert the page number. Attach the author, file location, entry and word document number in the footer of the chart.

Create the first employee record. Open the "Employee Training Information Chart Template." Save it as a new document using the employee's last name and then first name as the title. Create a new folder for each employee or just one main folder for the template and individual documents.

Review the employee's training information data on the source document. Insert the course identification in the rows beneath the "Training Course" column. Insert the date each course was offered in the rows beneath the "Date" column. Update the footer with the entry date, if necessary.



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The wonderful world of futures spread trading

The wonderful world of futures spread tradingThe Wonderful World of Futures Spread Trading

February 17, 2011 by Craig Turner

This post originally appeared in FutureSource’s Fast Break Newsletter on June 23, 2010, where Craig Turner is a regular contributor on various futures trading topics.

Why We Trade Futures Spreads

When it comes to Futures Spreads, many traders ask us what is the benefit of spreading futures contracts. They want to know why we often choose to spread futures contracts instead of either being long or short a single futures contract or option, or use option spreads instead. In our experience, futures spreads, also known as pairs trading, offers the leverage of futures contracts, helps hedge systemic risk, eliminates stops, and we get this reduced risk without having to pay up for time premium as options traders do. When you factor in opportunity available, risk management, cost effectiveness and margin efficiency, Futures Spread Trading can be a far superior strategy over flat priced futures trading, options and option spreads.

FREE Guide to Futures & Spread Trading

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Futures Spreads Defined

Futures Spread Trading is a strategy of simultaneously buying a particular contract and selling a related contract against it. This strategy is also called pairs trading. In pairs trading, one market within a sector is bought and a separate market in the same sector is simultaneously sold short. This provides an investor with exposure to the relative performance of the two commodities with limited exposure to broader market and sector performance.

For example, let’s say you think the US is in the midst of a very strong and robust recovery and growth period (I know – it is very wishful thinking). If that is true, then small cap equities will outperform large cap equities. Smaller companies can grow much faster than larger ones in percentage terms. A futures spread trader would see this as an opportunity to buy the Mini Russell 2000 and sell the Emini S&P 500. The Russell 2000 is a small cap index and the S&P 500 is a large cap index. In times of economic recovery and growth, small caps should outperform large caps. In times of economic recession large caps should outperform small caps.

Benefits of Spread Trading

Trading spreads limits the exposure to systemic risk. In other words, it minimizes the risk associated with outside factors that can affect commodity prices.

Let’s take an example. Dec Corn is trading higher at $4.00 while July Corn is around $3.50. After studying the fundamentals and/or charts, you feel Dec Corn should drop 25 to 50 cents while July Corn will remain unchanged.

You short Dec Corn. The next day the Fed announces it is bailing out Europe. Money floods the US and International financial system. The US Dollar Index plummets, and over the next month the USD decline sends Dec Corn higher to $5.00, July Corn higher to $4.50.

If you had been short Dec Corn and long July Corn the spread would still be around 50 cents and you have time for Dec Corn/July Corn to narrow, which it certainly may do. If you were only short December Corn you lost $1.

You may have been fundamentally correct, that Dec Corn was overvalued and should be sold. But since you did not long the July Corn, you lost money even though you were correct about the market fundamentals. The change in the value of the US Dollar turned the trade into a loser.

We use pairs to eliminate as much systemic risk as possible. We want our trading to be about the relative value of two commodities or crops within the same market. We want to minimize the effect of outside market forces as much as possible.

How Spreads Make (and lose) Money

There are two types of spreads. The first is intra-commodity spreads, also known as calendar spreads, which are in the same commodity. Intra-commodity spreads are all about the near month vs. the deferred month. A bull futures spread is when the trader buys the near month and sells the deferred month. This is a bull spread because in a bull market the near months will move up faster than the deferred months. For example, if Crude Oil is in a bull market, the price of the nearby futures contract will increase faster than the price of crude 6 moths out, and even more than the contract 1 year in the future.

On the opposite side of that is the bear futures spread. That is when the trader sells the near month and buys the deferred month. In a bear market, the near months will move down faster than the deferred months. In the futures markets, the near months have the most volume and open interest, so those months are the ones that are going to make the biggest price moves. The near months almost always move faster and farther in both bull markets and bear markets when compared to the deferred, less traded contracts.

The only times when the contracts tend to move up and down at the same time, is during market panics and major sell offs. In those situations investors and traders tend to “shoot first, interrogate second,” as the good gets sold with the bad. During the sell off it is most likely the nearby and deferred are being sold equally.

The second type of spread is an Inter-Commodity Spread. This is a spread between two different markets, like Corn Vs Wheat or Heating Oil vs. RBOB Gasoline. Let’s say we think farmers are going to plant more Corn than Wheat. That would be bearish for Corn prices and bullish for Wheat prices. We would short Corn and get long Wheat. It doesn’t matter if Corn and Wheat go up or down in value. All that matters is that Wheat holds up better than Corn. If the markets rally, we want to see Wheat gain more than Corn. If the markets decline, we want to see Corn go down more than Wheat.

Hedging Systemic Risk

We trade futures spreads to hedge against systemic risk. You never know when the next shock to the system or market crash will happen. We’ve learned through out the years to never expose ourselves to more risk than necessary.

When a trader in long one contract and short another, they are hedging out the USD. The USD represents the entire US economy. If we can hedge this out of our positions, we do so immediately. Let’s say we are long the Crude Oil (CL). That means we are long CL but we had to put up cash margin to get that position. The CL contract is priced in USD. In that case, we are not just long the CL, we are also short the USD. If we used USD to get long CL, we have a long CL/short USD position, or a CL/USD cross. If Greece defaults on their bonds, sending the Euro into a tailspin, the USD will go up materially. The rising USD puts pressure on Crude Oil, sending CL down.

The only way to offset this risk is to spread Crude Oil against a deferred contract or another market. Let’s say July Crude is the front month. We are bullish Crude Oil and we buy July. To cancel out the USD we sell December Crude, creating a long July Crude, short Dec Crude spread.

Why do we do this? If we are long July Crude, we are really long July Crude(CLN) and short USD, or CLN/USD. If we short December Crude (CLZ), we are really short December Crude and long USD, or USD/CLZ. When you combine the CLN/USD and USD/CLZ, you get a CLN/CLZ cross. The long USD and short USD cancel out.

If some catastrophic even happens on the other side of the world, causing the USD to rally and CL to decline, my spread should be intact. Whatever amount July Crude decreases, most likely Dec Crude will go down to. The outside event will have been properly hedged.

Leverage and Margin

Futures Spreads should reduce your margin, but more importantly, it will reduce the leverage you are using. When you are long the Emini S&P 500 overnight, you have overnight margin of $5625. When you are short the Emini DJIA, you have overnight margin of $6500. However, if you are long the ES and short the YM, the margin is not a combined $12,125. There is a spread margin credit and the total overnight margin is reduced to $2054. That is about a 83% reduction.

Why are margins reduced? Futures spreads are generally less volatile than being just long or short a single contract. The exchanges understand this and reduce the margin requirements. Futures spreads are generally less volatile because they narrow down the trading ideas and factors involved in the trade.

When you are long the Emini S&P 500, you are not just long the S&P index. You also have exposure to the USD and the US financial system as a whole. This is massive exposure to events and conditions that are impossible to predict or account for. When you spread a contract, you are hedging out the USD, or outside market forces, and just making the trade about two very specific markets. There will be fewer factors and therefore fewer unknowns by hedging out the USD. This is another reason why the margins are reduced.

The leverage traders are using in their accounts are also greatly reduced, which is a good thing. Most traders over leverage their accounts. Overleveraged accounts either lead to traders blowing out their accounts on a big market move against them or slowly bleeding the account to $0 because they use stops that are too close to the normal trading range.

Markets to Spread

Any market can be spread traded. Some markets like the grains, livestock, energies, softs and financials are more common than the indices, currencies and metals. All markets can have calendar spreads or inter-commodity spreads. However, all markets might not have a spread discount. Spreading Corn vs. Wheat gets a 60% reductions in margin because they are related markets. Spreading Coffee vs. Cocoa has no margin reduction because the fundamentals of the two markets have nothing in common. If the markets are related fundamentally, there is a good chance a spread credit exists. To find out if markets have spread credits just go to the Margin/Performance Bond section of the Exchange web site.

Historical Seasonality

Many spread traders follow seasonal trends and patterns. Many futures markets have seasonal patterns. Crude Oil and RBOB Gasoline tend to increase during the summer while Heating Oil and Natural Gas tend to increase during the winter. The Grain markets are seasonally the highest in the spring and summer months and lowest right after harvest in the late fall.

Traders follow these patterns and trade the seasonal channels. For example, this time of year the grain markets tend to go up faster in the old crop vs. the new crop. Traders will buy July corn and sell Dec Corn, or buy July Soybeans and sell Nov Soybeans. Any shortage in beans or concerns about the crops will cause the near months to rally faster than the deferred months. This seems to happen more often than not, which makes it a very popular spread trade.

Traders looking for ways to reduce risk in futures positions should seriously consider spreads. In times like these, no one knows when the next Greece is going to happen. Futures spreads can help protect your risk against outside market events. Futures spreads can reduce leverage and allow traders to take positions without the need for tight stops that will most likely just stop them out. Futures spreads allows traders to take advantage of medium to long term moves with less capital.

Spread Trading Ideas

Natural Gas

Natural Gas has broken out to the upside since the BP Gulf Oil spill. Many traders think just getting long Natural Gas is too risky because Natural Gas can be a very volatile futures contact. Entering a Bull Futures Spread in Natural Gas gives the trader exposure to Natural Gas but cuts down on the volatility of just being long a single contract. The trader also does not have to worry about losing time premium like he would with a call option or bull call spread. Here is an example of how a trader would get long Natural Gas with a Bull Futures Spread.

Buy August Natural Gas and Sell December Natural Gas at -0.600 or better. Risk to a close below -0.700 ($1000). Target is -0.4000 ($2000). Initial Margin is $1688 and Maintenance Margin is $1250 per spread.

Natural Gas Chart

Corn looks to have bottomed and seasonally this is the time of year when Corn has its best chances for higher prices. Corn prices can be volatile this time of year, especially due to changes in weather and USDA reports. Traders looking to take a bullish position in Corn but cut down on the volatility can buy September Corn and sell December Corn, which is a Futures Bull Spread.

Buy September Corn and Sell December Corn at -10.50 cents or better. Risk to a close below -12.50 ($100 risk). Look for a rally in old crop Corn to send the spread to -5.00 (+$275) and a very bullish market to bring the contracts to even (+$550). Initial Margin is $270 and Maintenance Margin is $200 per spread.

Sugar made historic highs earlier this year. Now that the new crop of Sugar is coming in, many analysts feel Sugar will be heading back down to 12 or 13 cents a pound. There will be price spikes in Sugar as commercial users still need to buy Sugar until the new crop is delivered to the market. To cut down on the volatility, traders can sell October 2010 Sugar and Buy March 2011 Sugar, which is a Bear Futures Spread.

Sell October 2010 Sugar and Buy March 2011 Sugar at -0.70. Risk to a close above -0.50 ($244 risk). First target is -1.14 (+$492.80). Initial Margin is $840 and Maintenance is $600.

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Guide to Futures and Spread Trading

This comprehensive ebook, compliments of Guy Bower, is designed to help you understand and master the fundamentals of futures spread trading.

Risk Disclosure

THE RISK OF LOSS IN TRADING COMMODITY FUTURES AND OPTIONS CONTRACTS CAN BE SUBSTANTIAL. THERE IS A HIGH DEGREE OF LEVERAGE IN FUTURES TRADING BECAUSE OF SMALL MARGIN REQUIREMENTS. THIS LEVERAGE CAN WORK AGAINST YOU AS WELL AS FOR YOU AND CAN LEAD TO LARGE LOSSES AS WELL AS LARGE GAINS.

EXAMPLES OF HISTORIC PRICE MOVES OR EXTREME MARKET CONDITIONS ARE NOT MEANT TO IMPLY THAT SUCH MOVES OR CONDITIONS ARE COMMON OCCURRENCES OR ARE LIKELY TO OCCUR.

STOP ORDERS DO NOT NECESSARILY LIMIT YOUR LOSS TO THE STOP PRICE BECAUSE STOP ORDERS, IF THE PRICE IS HIT, BECOME MARKET ORDERS AND, DEPENDING ON MARKET CONDITIONS, THE ACTUAL FILL PRICE CAN BE DIFFERENT FROM THE STOP PRICE. IF A MARKET REACHED ITS DAILY PRICE FLUCTUATION LIMIT, A "LIMIT MOVE", IT MAY BE IMPOSSIBLE TO EXECUTE A STOP LOSS ORDER.

STRATEGIES USING COMBINATIONS OF POSITIONS, SUCH AS SPREAD AND STRADDLE POSITIONS MAY BE AS RISKY AS TAKING A SIMPLE LONG OR SHORT POSITION.

YOU SHOULD BE AWARE THAT IN THE EVENT YOU LIQUIDATED THE LONG SIDE OF A BULL CALL SPREAD AND STILL MAINTAINED THE SHORT OPTION POSITION, THEN YOUR RISK WOULD BE UNLIMITED.

This material is conveyed as a solicitation for entering into a derivatives transaction.

This material has been prepared by a Daniels Trading broker who provides research market commentary and trade recommendations as part of his or her solicitation for accounts and solicitation for trades; however, Daniels Trading does not maintain a research department as defined in CFTC Rule 1.71. Daniels Trading, its principals, brokers and employees may trade in derivatives for their own accounts or for the accounts of others. Due to various factors (such as risk tolerance, margin requirements, trading objectives, short term vs. long term strategies, technical vs. fundamental market analysis, and other factors) such trading may result in the initiation or liquidation of positions that are different from or contrary to the opinions and recommendations contained therein.

Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future performance. The risk of loss in trading futures contracts or commodity options can be substantial, and therefore investors should understand the risks involved in taking leveraged positions and must assume responsibility for the risks associated with such investments and for their results.

You should carefully consider whether such trading is suitable for you in light of your circumstances and financial resources. You should read the "risk disclosure" webpage accessed at DanielsTrading at the bottom of the homepage. Daniels Trading is not affiliated with nor does it endorse any trading system, newsletter or other similar service. Daniels Trading does not guarantee or verify any performance claims made by such systems or service.

Mike April 6, 2014 at 1:32 am

Craig Turner April 7, 2014 at 8:22 am

Futures Spread Trading is a methodology we use to make our trades more focused and hedge out the outside market factors as much as possible (by reducing US Dollar exposure). If I were bullish tech, I would buy the Nasdaq and sell the SP. If I thought the economy was going to go grow aggressively, I would buy the Russell against the SP as small cap stocks typically outperform in during those periods. Ag spreads like March vs May Corn can be very tame while on the other side of the spectrum Corn vs Soybeans can behave just like outrights. If your are unsure of the potential trading ranges for any futures spread, I would contact your broker and have them take a look at it.

Mike April 7, 2014 at 6:23 pm

what should be the ratio ( as per tick size or rotational value etc

Craig Turner April 8, 2014 at 7:01 am

Mike These are great questions but a blog comments section may not be the best forum to provide answers. If you want to continue this discussion please feel free to email me at cturnerdanielstrading or call me at 1-312-706-7610 or 1-800-958-9470. Best Craig

Jess June 16, 2014 at 4:09 pm

Hi Craig, Im a long term futures trader. When a market is very low I go long futures contracts without stops, ride out the dip in price by backing the position with cash then exit on a 50% retracement of the major move on the monthly chart. The biggest drawback to my system is that I seldom pick the bottom of the market and have to back up the position with cash until the inevitable turn around to the upside. My question is can spread trading help lessen the impact on my back up cash during the dip? Thanks so much for your time and the great article!

Craig Turner June 17, 2014 at 9:23 am

Spreads have the potential to reduce the exposure to your back up cash while you wait for the market to turn around. It does depend on the market. I dont know if the spread strategy would help much with Currencies, Indices or Metals. I do think it could help when trading Grains, Livestock, Energy, Softs and Interest Rates. If you have further questions about this please feel free to email me directly at cturnerdanielstrading or call 1-312-706-7610.



Online The wonderful world of futures spread trading

Forex,waluty,opcje cyfrowe opinie,forum

Forex,waluty,opcje cyfrowe opinie,forumForex, Waluty, Opcje Cyfrowe

Co to sa Sygnaly Handlowe?

W tym przewodniku opowiemy o kilku sygnalach, kiedy cena kazdej Opcji moze pojsc w ktoras strone. Jest wiele indywidualnych i unikalnych czynnikow, ktore moga spowodowac ruchy w surowcach, udzialach i akcjach jak rowniez w walutach, musisz byc swiadomy i pilnie wyczekiwac takich sygnalow.

W istocie sledzenie trendow rynkowych to cos, co odroznia najlepszych handlowcow od wszystkich innych, a moze to byc loteria, jesli chodzi o wiekszosc traderow wykonujacych dobre operacje wiedzac, na co uwazac i na co byc przygotowanym, zrob wiec rozpoznanie i trzymaj rece na pulsie jesli chodzi o otoczenie handlowe, mozesz rowniez stac sie odnoszacym sukcesy handlowcem!

Chwiejnosc walut

Spojrzmy na potencjalne sygnaly, na ktore trzeba uwazac i ktore moga ruszyc waluty w gore lub w dol.

Niepokoje spoleczne – Najszybsza droga, ktora dana waluta pojdzie z dol to taka, kiedy zdarzaja sie niepokoje spoleczne i im dluzej te niepokoje trwaja w czasie obnizonej wartosci waluty tym wieksze prawdopodobienstwo upadku panstwa, dlatego uwazaj na panstwa, ktore przechodza tego rodzaju zmiany, rewolty, bo waluta bedzie sie obnizac!

Zmiany polityczne – Zawsze, gdy zblizaja sie wybory w kazdym demokratycznym kraju, wartosc waluty zmieni sie, jednak nie wiadomo czy jej wartosc spadnie, bo w wyniku stabilizacji politycznej jej wartosc moze wzrosnac!

Zmiany sezonowe – Wiele krajow na swiecie sa poddawane sezonowym zmianom, np. wiele wakacyjnych destynacji obserwuje, ze w trakcie letnich miesiecy ich waluta wzrasta, a w zimie jej wartosc spada, dlatego pamietaj o tym parujac waluty w tego rodzaju opcjach!

Ruchy cen akcji i udzialow

Ceny akcji i udzialow zawsze mozna bazowac na ruchach w gore lub w dol ich wartosci przez caly czas trwania handlowania. Jednak jest wiele powodow, ktore zmusza cene udzialu do ruchu, ponizej znajdziesz czesc takich sygnalow, na ktore nalezy zwrocic uwage:

Zagrozenie zyskow – Po szczegolnie zlym okresie handlowym zobaczysz, ze ceny udzialow niektorych firm szybko spadna, jest to bardzo popularne wsrod sieci sklepow, dlatego uwazaj na takie firmy, ktore przechodza slabszy okres na przyklad w trakcie Swiat Bozego Narodzenia.

Wyplata dywidendy – Komunikaty o wyplacie dywidendy zawsze beda mialy wplyw na ceny udzialow firmy, sledzac, jak dobrze lub jak zle dana firma sobie radzi miedzy okresami wyplaty dywidendy mozna pozniej zgadnac, co zostanie ogloszone i czy cena ich akcji spadnie czy wzrosnie po tym jak zostala ogloszona dywidenda!

Zmiany osob zarzadzajacych – Kazda firma, ktora przechodzi zmiany personalne w strukturach osob zarzadzajacych, bedzie obserwowac zmiane ceny jej udzialow. W zaleznosci od tego czy nowy zespol bedzie mial pozytywny czy negatywny wplyw na firme, cena rowniez bedzie sie zmieniac. Sprawdz profile i poprzednie role nowych czlonkow zarzadu firmy, to da Ci jakas baze do decyzji czy kupowac czy sprzedawac opcje na udzialy tej firmy.

Wahania cen surowcow

Jedna z ostatnich kategorii, ktora zawsze bedzie sie zmieniac, jesli chodzi o wartosc, sa surowce. Ponizej przyjrzymy sie przyczynom, dla ktorych zloto, ropa, miedz i srebro moga zmieniac wartosc w ta czy druga strone!

Wojny handlowe – Kiedy dwie firmy zaczynaja walke o cene swoich towarow, zawsze odbije sie to na cenie udzialow tej firmy, jednak gdy dwa kraje, ktore zaangazuja sie w wojne handlowa, skutkuje to wzrostem wartosci zlota, jako, ze handlowcy uwazaja ten surowiec za pewnosc w niepewnych czasach, dlatego uwazaj na jakiekolwiek wojny handlowe i na tym kontekscie bazuj swoje decyzje!

Nowo odkryte zloza – Rzadko dowiadujemy sie o odkryciu wiekszego zloza, jednak warto trzymac reke na pulsie, jesli chodzi o takie wiadomosci, bo gdy na przyklad zostana odkryte nowe zloza ropy, to dodatkowym skutkiem tego wydarzenia bedzie spadek ceny opcji na ropie. Jest to rowniez prawda dla kazdego surowca, dlatego uwazaj na tego typu wiadomosci i zlecaj operacje w zaleznosci od posiadanych informacji!

Chwiejnosc waluty – Jedyny surowiec, ktory zawsze bedzie zyskiwal bez wzgledu na chwiejnosc walut swiatowych to zloto, wielu inwestorow panikuje w trakcie pierwszych oznak ruchow walutowych i staraja sie inwestowac sporo w surowce takie jak zloto czy srebro.

Wraz z przybyciem Bitcoinow obserwujemy rowniez, ze wielu inwestorow laczy swoje zasoby walutowe do wartosci Bitcoinow i to moze miec wplyw na cene zlota czy srebra. Dostrzegac trendy w cenach wzrostowych czy spadkowych surowcow nie jest latwe jednak uzywajac magicznego szostego zmyslu bedziesz w stanie siegnac po zysk handlujac Opcjami!



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On-balance volume trading strategy for fading dumb money

On-balance volume trading strategy for fading dumb moneyOn-Balance Volume Trading Strategy For Fading Dumb Money

Whats the second most important market data after price?

One of the key tenet of Dow Theory is that volume confirms the trend. Volume increases when the market moves along with the true market trend. Volume decreases when the market is moving against the trend.

Joseph Granville recognized how important volume is for confirming trends and created the on-balance volume indicator. Joseph Granvilles track record was controversial but his influence of the stock market was extraordinary for a technical analyst. There was a time when Joseph Granville could send the market plummeting by issuing a bearish outlook. Read this Bloomberg article on him .

The on-balance volume indicator is a cumulative sum of volume. If the bar closes up, add the volume of that bar to the indicator. If the bar closes down, minus the volume of that bar.

The value of on-balance volume is irrelevant as it depends on when you started calculating the indicator. Its direction is the key to effective analysis. Most of the time, the on-balance volume matches price movement. When they diverge, look out for opportunities to fade dumb money that does not have the support of volume.

On-Balance Volume Trading Rules

In our on-balance volume (OBV) trading strategy, we use the OBV indicator to fade the weak hands on trend pullbacks with the help of a weighted moving average.

Long Strategy

233-period WMA of price is sloping up

233-period WMA of OBV is sloping up

Slope of price WMA turns negative but slope of OBV WMA stays positive (divergence)

Go long when price WMA turns positive again

Short Strategy

233-period WMA of price is sloping down

233-period WMA of OBV is sloping down

Slope of price WMA turns positive but slope of OBV WMA stays negative (divergence)

Go long when price WMA turns negative again

On-Balance Volume Trading Examples

Winning Trade Long Trade

This is a daily chart of CVS Caremark Corporation (CVS on NYSE). The lower panel below the blue line shows the OBV indicator. Both panels have a 233-period WMA. The background color of the panels shows if the WMA slope is positive or negative.

Both WMAs had positive slope. Volume confirmed trend.

Price fell to test a previous swing high and went sideways.

The slope of the price WMA turned negative (note red background), but the slope of OBV WMA stayed positive. It showed that the price pullback did not have the support of volume. The dumb money was pushing their luck. Once the price WMA slope reverted to positive, we bought into a strong bullish move.

Look at the black circle on the chart. The test of the same support level showed another pullback that did not have volume support. Another winning trade from our on-balance volume trading strategy.

Losing Trade Short Trade

This daily chart of Walgreen Company (WAG on NYSE) shows a flat market.

Both WMAs turned down to confirm the downwards trend.

Price rose up sharply and turned the WMA slope positive. The slope of the OBV WMA stayed negative and implied that smart money did not take part in that upwards swing. Following the trading rules, we shorted at the red arrow as the WMA turned down. However, price moved against us with another strong bullish move.

WAG caught prices within a trading range, and many more bad OBV signals emerged. The WMA was almost flat in this chart.

The retracement mentioned in Point 2 lasted unusually long and was a warning sign that the downwards trend was not longer intact.

This example also highlighted the dangers of using this on-volume balance trading strategy mechanically.

Review On-Balance Volume Trading Strategy

In formulating this on-balance volume trading strategy, I used weighted moving averages to help us pinpoint divergences before zooming in for detailed analysis. The rules are effective for picking up potential weak movements to fade.

However, our trade trigger certainly has room for improvement. Our current trade trigger of entering when both WMAs move in the same direction again requires larger stops. Our usual stop placement at the other end of the signal bar is not effective. Place stop at the last swing high/low to avoid whipsaws. Consider using reversal patterns for trade triggers.

The look-back period of 233 is my standard parameter for long-term analysis. It works well on daily time-frames. However, for intraday time-frames, you might want to experiment with shorter periods.

As shown in the first example, in trending markets, this on-balance volume trading strategy coupled with support/resistance levels is a reliable trading approach. Furthermore, the on-balance volume indicator provides another dimension of the market to help us confirm trends.

To avoid bad trades, do not take signals in ranging markets. If the WMA slopes are fluctuating up and down, the market is probably in a trading range. Also, if the WMA slope divergence (Trading Rule 3) lasts too long, do not take the ensuing signal.

Learn more about this classic volume indicator with Joseph Granvilles New Key to Stock Market Profits .



Online On-balance volume trading strategy for fading dumb money

Forex analysis

Forex analysisDaily Forex Reports

Friday, 13 November 2015 08:51 UTC

On Thursday the pound/dollar was trading above the LB in a range of 70 points. In the first half of the day the rate dropped to 1.5173 and in the second it returned to 1.5240. It’s now at 1.5199. If European trading sees a break of the 1.5191.

Friday, 13 November 2015 08:49 UTC

Yesterday’s Trading: On Thursday, trading of the euro/dollar closed up. Sharp fluctuations on the euro were caused by ECB president Draghi’s speech and by speeches from US Fed representatives. Draghi promised to reassess QE in December and the Fed.

The USD/JPY pair continues to grind itself a little bit lower, as the market seems a bit stretched at the moment. Ultimately though, we feel that the market should continue to find buyers below, and we are especially interested in the 122 handle.

The USD/CAD pair rose during the course of the day on Thursday, breaking above the 1.33 handle. Although we did not keep all of the gains, the reality is that the market looks as if it is ready to go higher. We believe in the uptrend longer term.

The USD/GBP pair initially fell during the course of the day on Thursday, breaking back below the 1.52 level. However, we found enough support below to turn things back around and form a significant hammer. The hammer of course is a bullish sign, so.

The EUR/USD pair went back and forth during the day on Thursday, ultimately forming a bit of a hammer. This market looks as if it is ready to bounce from here, and as a result we will more than likely test the previous uptrend line that had kept.

EUR undeniable weakness to keep the USD on demand

EUR/USD still seen weakening towards the year-end: investors and banks mostly agree that the pair will hardly regain the 1.1000 level this year, and that could even break below parity.

GBP/USD neutral outlook after mixed signals: the pair is seen seesawing around the 1.5000 figure, after the BOE sent some mixed signals to the markets.

AUD/USD still bearish, waiting for a break below 0.7000: with a few exceptions, the pair is seen below 0.7200 during the next 3 months, and even reaching fresh year lows.

EUR/JPY bearish potential increasing on a weaker EUR: the pair, however, is still seen confined to a tight range, and hardly below the 130.00 level.

Forex for November 13, 2015. Prediction and Analysis

no comment

(Last Price: 0.7132)

BUY, Entry = 0.7136, SL = 0.7096, TP = 0.7176

if wrong then SELL, Entry = 0.7096, SL = 0.7136, TP = 0.7056

More Details? see below (Detail selengkapnya? lihat petunjuk di kotak ungu ini. )

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Forex for November 12, 2015. Prediction and Analysis

(Last Price: 0.7144)

BUY, Entry = 0.7149, SL = 0.7109, TP = 0.7189

if wrong then SELL, Entry = 0.7109, SL = 0.7149, TP = 0.7069

More Details? see below (Detail selengkapnya? lihat petunjuk di kotak ungu ini. )

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Event: Trade balance

Period: Sep

Previous Reading: 19.0bln; 11.2bln

Forecast: 19.4bln; 16.0bln

Actual Reading: 20.1bln; 20.5bln

The difference between exports and imports of Eurozone goods and services. The Trade Balance is one of the biggest components of Europe 's Balance of Payment, and thus gives valuable insight into pressures on the value of the Euro.

A negative Trade Balance figure (deficit) indicates that imports are greater than imports. When exports are greater than imports, the Eurozone experiences a trade surplus. Trade surpluses indicate that funds are coming into Europe in exchange for exported goods and services. Because such exported goods are usually purchased with Euros, trade surpluses typically indicates that currency is flowing into the Eurozone. Such currency inflows may lead to a natural appreciation of the Euro, unless countered by similar capital outflows. At a bare minimum, surpluses will buoy the value of the currency.

There are a number of factors that work to diminish the market impact of Eurozone Balance of Trade. The report is not very timely, released fifty days after the reporting period. In addition, developments in many of the Trade Balance's components are typically well anticipated. Lastly, since the report reflects data for a specific reporting month, any significant changes in the Trade Balance should plausibly have been already felt during that month and not during the release of data. Despite these considerations, and because of the overall significance of Trade Balance data, the release has historically been one of the more important reports out of Europe .

The headline figure for trade balance is expressed in millions of Euros, and usually accompanied by the year-on-year percentage change.



Online Forex analysis

How to start trading stocks online

How to start trading stocks onlineOther People Are Reading

Select a Broker

To start trading stocks online, you need a brokerage that accepts trade orders over the Internet. Today, practically all brokers allow you to trade online, but their user interfaces differ considerably. Before you chose an online broker, visit the web pages of each of the candidates and familiarize yourself with the kinds of features they offer, such as automatic stock alerts, customizable screens that display key data about several stocks at once, and mobile trading platforms that allow you to trade from your cell phone. The scope of relevant financial news you can access for each stock is also critical. The ability to conduct your stock research directly from the broker's website will save you time. Also find out about the commissions they charge per trade and ask if they offer discounts to frequent traders. When you have a question, do not hesitate to call the brokerage's customer service center.

Mail the Application

Once you settle on a broker, either download and print the account application forms, or -- if you do not have access to a printer -- ask the broker to send you these documents. Unfortunately, you cannot complete this step over the Internet, because the broker must have your signature on record before it can grant you trading privileges. Once you fill out the application and mail it in, you will be notified via email, phone or a letter that your account has been set up.

Transfer Stocks and Bonds

If you have investment instruments such as stocks, bonds or options at another brokerage firm, you should transfer them to your new online broker. It is more convenient to use only a single firm for all of your investments, as this allows you to see your total net worth as well as all account activity on a single statement and prevents the need to familiarize yourself with the rules and restrictions imposed by two separate entities. To transfer your holdings into your new account, contact your old broker and follow the directions it gives give you, which likely involves faxing or mailing it an account transfer form.

Study the Market

Before you commit large sums of money into any trade, study the firms whose stocks you are interested in. Understand the strengths and weaknesses of each company and how its stocks behaved in the past. if you have never traded stocks before, keep your trades small. At first invest no more than you can afford to lose. While the price of any stock rarely goes down to zero and a total loss from any given investment is unlikely, the emotional roller-coaster of trading takes a while to get used to. Small trades also keep losses due to finger-errors to a minimum. It is far more common than you may assume to hit Buy instead of Sell or purchase the wrong stock in the heat of the moment.



Online How to start trading stocks online

Pivot trading strategies pdf

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A simple es scalping strategy

A simple es scalping strategyA Simple ES Scalping Strategy

We have an easy scalping strategy that works well in the mini SP, but will actually work in all markets. This technique is based on a price action pattern that we use, so it is an easy strategy to scalp the ES without having to learn price action. We recommend that you purchase our Price Action Trading Manual first and foremost, but if you want a profitable scalping strategy, without having a full understanding of price action, or if you just want a simple strategy for scalping a few ticks from the market, then this is an excellent technique. The included software works only with NinjaTrader version 7.

This system is based on scalping only a few ticks at a time, allowing you to enter and exit the market in only a few minutes at the very most. It has an extremely high win percentage, and can be learned quickly by any level of trader. We suggest using this technique with multiple contracts, so that you take fewer trades, yet get the maximum dollar profit at the same time.

All of us at Price Action Trading use this technique in our own accounts, and the main set up is actually a high probability pattern based on price action fundamentals. Understand that this is not price action trading, but simply a scalping technique based off of a price action pattern that works a high percentage of the time. We have excellent results with this system! The cost for this strategy is only $89.99 and will pay for itself with your first profitable trade. This is a PDF e-book and will be shipped by e-mail after purchase.

Once you complete the purchase via PayPal, you will be immediately emailed a receipt with a download link where you can download your manual instantly. The cost of the scalping manual is normally $89.99, but we have temporarily reduced the price by $10.00.

Important: You will receive a receipt with a download link after payment is complete. If for any reason you are unable to download your manual after payment, do not panic. Simply forward us an email and let us know and we will send you your manual directly by email. We answer all emails within 24 hours or less! All Sales are final.

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Online A simple es scalping strategy

Risk transmission feeding through developed,emerging,frontier markets

Risk transmission feeding through developed,emerging,frontier marketsRisk Transmission Feeding Through Developed, Emerging, Frontier Markets

Talking Points:

• Investor sentiment is key to the direction and momentum behind capital flows

• There are many benchmarks for the 'risk' and 'haven' extremes of sentiment - like the SP 500 and USDollar

• Another means for seeing fear or greed spread through the financial system is comparing market tiers

Want to develop a more in-depth knowledge on the market and strategies? Check out the DailyFX Trading Guides we have produced on a range of topics.

The SP 500 is a good measure of general market sentiment, but it is not particularly sensitive to early sea changes. Different asset classes have a different risk profile and thereby vulnerability to advance feelings of uncertainty. Generally speaking, the illiquid and higher yielding asset types provide the early warning system to confidence shifts; but there are other ways to measure the transmission of building fear or greed. One particularly good comparison to exploit is the performance through regional economic tiers. We have prime developed economies (like the US), developed markets, emerging markets and frontier markets. Their risk sensitivity intensifies down the scale. And, looking at their performance over the past few years; there may be reason for concern if we are passive bulls. We delve into this risk analysis in today's Strategy Video.

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Health care case study

Health care case studyHealth Care Case Study

Case #3946: Training and Development - Program Management and Strategy Development Healthcare

This Project Management Program was established to upgrade the project management skills of departmental staff. The staff in the department was functionally diverse with responsibilities for development of reports, providing subject matter expertise to internal divisional project teams, and managing projects.

This program was designed with three objectives:

1. Provide Fundamentals of Project Management classes to client staff members. The program consisted of 22 content classes and four laboratory classes. Additionally, professional documents were provided to support and reinforce the methodologies taught in the classroom.

2. Establish a Mentoring Program, which consisted of one-on-one sessions, marked by discussions of fundamentals of project management and strategies to use handling currently-assigned projects.

3. Develop a strategy for implementing a Program Management Office in the department.

Engagement Highlights

Industry: Health Insurance/Managed Care

Client: A major division with report design and generation functions, project management and meeting facilitation responsibilities

Assignment: Provide Project Management Services & Methodologies Training Provide Mentoring of Project Leaders Provide Knowledge Transfer Train the fundamentals of Program Library Provide Project Management Templates Develop a strategy for implementing a Program Management Office

Approach: The intent of the program was to train to the standards according to the Project Management Institute Body of Knowledge. We also provided templates and professionally written papers to reinforce the industry standards.

Duration: 13 Weeks



Online Health care case study