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Performance analysis of pairs trading strategy utilizing high frequency data with an application to

Performance analysis of pairs trading strategy utilizing high frequency data with an application toPerformance Analysis of Pairs Trading Strategy Utilizing High Frequency Data with an Application to KOSPI 100 Equities

Kangwhee Kim

People who downloaded this paper also downloaded:

1. Statistical Arbitrage Trading Strategies and High Frequency Trading

2. M of a Kind: A Multivariate Approach at Pairs Trading

3. Implementation of Pairs Trading Strategies

4. Optimal Mean Reversion Trading with Transaction Costs and Stop-Loss Exit

5. Selection of a Portfolio of Pairs Based on Cointegration: A Statistical Arbitrage Strategy

6. The Case of Gold and Silver: A New Algorithm for Pairs Trading

7. An Anatomy of Pairs Trading: The Role of Idiosyncratic News, Common Information and Liquidity

Performance Analysis of Pairs Trading Strategy Utilizing High Frequency Data with an Application to KOSPI 100 Equities

Kangwhee Kim

People who downloaded this paper also downloaded:

1. Statistical Arbitrage Trading Strategies and High Frequency Trading

2. M of a Kind: A Multivariate Approach at Pairs Trading

3. Implementation of Pairs Trading Strategies

4. Optimal Mean Reversion Trading with Transaction Costs and Stop-Loss Exit

5. Selection of a Portfolio of Pairs Based on Cointegration: A Statistical Arbitrage Strategy

6. The Case of Gold and Silver: A New Algorithm for Pairs Trading

7. An Anatomy of Pairs Trading: The Role of Idiosyncratic News, Common Information and Liquidity

Performance Analysis of Pairs Trading Strategy Utilizing High Frequency Data with an Application to KOSPI 100 Equities

Kangwhee Kim

People who downloaded this paper also downloaded:

1. Statistical Arbitrage Trading Strategies and High Frequency Trading

2. M of a Kind: A Multivariate Approach at Pairs Trading

3. Implementation of Pairs Trading Strategies

4. Optimal Mean Reversion Trading with Transaction Costs and Stop-Loss Exit

5. Selection of a Portfolio of Pairs Based on Cointegration: A Statistical Arbitrage Strategy

6. The Case of Gold and Silver: A New Algorithm for Pairs Trading

7. An Anatomy of Pairs Trading: The Role of Idiosyncratic News, Common Information and Liquidity

Similar Publications

Electronic copy available at: ssrn/abstract=1913707

Performance Analysis of Pairs Trading Strategy Utilizing High

Frequency Data with an Application to KOSPI 100 Equities

Kangwhee Kima

aHarvard University, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Cambridge, USA

In this study, the well-known pairs trading strategy, one of typical market neutral

strategies, is modified to be able to utilize high frequency equity data, and it is applied

to the constituent shares of the KOSPI (Korea Composite Stock Price Index) 100

index. This study is distinguished from the most of previous work on the traditional

pairs trading strategy in that we introduce the use of high frequency data in strategy

modeling instead of daily closing prices, which allows us to analyze the performance

of the strategy in high frequency domain. More specifically, we extract the trading

signal, which is based on the spread between stocks of pair, by estimating time

adaptive regression coefficients using the Kalman filter. As for underlying universe

for the strategy, we confine ourselves to consider the most liquid 100 stocks in

KOSPI as a basket for our experiment. Major findings include that arbitrage

profitability is in fact present without being subject to market condition even when

conservative transaction costs are taken into account. In particular, our strategy

outperforms better in bear market condition while it varies depending on industry

I. Introduction

In this article, the well-known pairs trading strategy, one of typical market neutral

long-short relative value strategy, is modified to be able to utilize high frequency

equity data, and it is applied to the constituent shares of the Korean stock market.

1. Pairs trading strategy

The pairs trading is a strategy that tries to identify arbitrage opportunity based on

historical equilibrium in spread between the share prices. Basically an investor

evaluates the current position of the spread based on its historical fluctuations, and

seizes the moment when the current spread deviates from its historical mean level by

a pre-determined threshold. If the spread exceeds the threshold indeed, then the

investor bets on the reversion of the current spread to its historical mean. Since this

strategy focuses only on the spread having stationary properties to guarantee that the

spread would mean-revert eventually, it can be categorized into a statistical arbitrage

and convergence trading strategy.

2. Application of the high frequency data to strategy modeling

As mentioned earlier, we introduce the use of the high frequency equity data in

strategy modeling, although the industry practice for market neutral hedge funds is to

use daily sampling frequency of equity data in designing trading model. In this study,

intraday stock prices data sampled at 30-minutes interval is used for the strategy, and

the performance is analyzed in high frequency domain. The motivation for this study

is based on the fact that the profitability of these strategies has deteriorated recently,

Electronic copy available at: ssrn/abstract=1913707

3. The aims of the study

The primary aim of the study is three-fold; the first aim is to modify the traditional

pairs trading model into a model capable of processing high frequency equity data to

generate trading signal. The second is to analyze the performance of the strategy in

various aspects to gain insights into the nature of high frequency market neutral

investment strategy. The third aim is to establish an enhanced version of the strategy

for better profit potential.

4. The brief overview of the study

This study is the first practice in the realm of high frequency market neutral trading

strategy that extracts trading signal by estimating time adaptive regression coefficient

using the Kalman filter scheme. As for underlying universe for the strategy, we

confine ourselves to consider top 100 stocks having larger trading amounts in KOSPI

as a basket for our experiment. This is to get rid of other external variables that may

add undesirable noises to the overall performance which would make it difficult to

analyze pure performance of the strategy itself. We analyze the results of out-of -

sample performance test from various angles. We highlight how performance varies

depending on market condition, industry group, and timing of the market entry. The

results are quantified by utilizing a set of performance statistics such as average rate

of return, winning ratio and the information ratio etc. Furthermore, we introduce an

II. Literature Review

1. Market neutral strategy and high frequency data

The traditional pairs trading strategy has been widely used in the market since it

was first pioneered by Gerry Bamberger and later led by Nunzio Tartaglia’s

quantitative group at Morgan Stanley in the 1980s, see Gatev et al (2006). It is known

as a market neutral trading strategy enabling traders to profit from virtually any

market conditions. Also it can be categorized as a statistical arbitrage or convergence

long-short strategy. The strategy has been widely documented as well in current

literature including Enders and Granger (1998), Vidyamurthy (2004), Dunis and Ho

(2005), Lin et al. (2006) and Khandani and Lo (2007). Meanwhile, also there has

been a wide range of studies of the nature of high frequency financial data including

Ghysels et al. (2006) and Faust et al. (2007). However, literature examining statistical

arbitrage strategy utilizing high frequency financial data is extremely limited. It is

highly likely that practitioners, especially ones in hedge funds industry, have

extensively developed and implemented those strategies for their businesses,

propelled by major advances in computing power and cutting edge trading

infrastructure. But obviously there have been few studies and practices published or

reported to either academia or industry. From an extensive review of literature, there

appears to be only one relevant study regarding high frequency market neutral trading

strategies, see Nath (2003), which looks at market neutral strategies in US fixed -

income market. In Korea, there just have been a few studies about the traditional pairs

time-varying regression coefficients. Then with this coefficients, spread between

stocks comprising pair is computed and standard normalized. The Kalman filter is a

forward looking methodology, as it tries to predict the future position of the time

varying regression coefficient. Although there are other approaches for adaptive

parameter estimation such as rolling OLS (Ordinary least squares) regression, and

DESP (Double exponential smoothing-based prediction) models, see Bentz (2003)

and LaViola (2003), it has been shown that the Kalman filter method is considered as

a superior technique for estimating adaptive parameters, especially when dealing with

data having higher volatility, see Dunis and Shannon (2005), Choudhry and Wu

(2009), Gomez (2009) and Burgess (1999).

3. Cointegration

The standard normalized spread is then the ADF (Augmented Dickey-Fuller) tested

to see if corresponding stocks have cointegration relationship. Basically, there are two

approaches to choose matching pair; one is the factor-based approach and the other is

the cointegration-based approach. In the factor-based approach, major factors having

a considerable impact on the return for each pair are defined and listed up first. Then

the expected return for each pair is measured based on the factors found, and then

based on the expected returns potential matching pairs are selected. Meanwhile, the

cointegration-based approach is a quantitative technique that tries to find long-term

relations between asset prices by only referring to stock prices data, introduced in a

seminal paper by Engle and Granger (1987). If one stock is cointegrated with another

stock in given time period, which means the spread between the stock prices is

bounded around equilibrium level in the period, not wandering off to infinity. More

Online Performance analysis of pairs trading strategy utilizing high frequency data with an application to

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Whether you apply for one, two, or all three accounts your trading will take place on the same advanced platform. Your trading account comes with a simulated account, allowing you to paper trade and test strategies in real time without risking any capital.

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Chinese yuan renminbi

Chinese yuan renminbiChinese Yuan Renminbi

The official currency of the Peoples Republic of China is the Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY). The Yuan is used on the mainland of China, but not in Hong Kong. The symbol for the Yuan is ¥.

The economy of the Peoples Republic of China is the second-largest in the world.

The economy has been growing at a fast pace.

China is the largest exporter and the second-largest of importer of products in the world.

Industries and services are the main trading factors in China.

The main industries are fertilizers, locomotives, rail cars, vehicles, satellites, footwear, toys, armaments, metals, coal, mining, and steel.

Export products are textiles, steel, iron, medical equipment, data processing, electrical goods, and other machinery.

Import products are plastics, metal ores, organic chemicals, oil and mineral fuels, and medical equipment.

The unemployment rate is currently estimated at 4%.

In 1948, the first edition of the Chinese yuan was introduced by the Peoples Bank of China. The Yuan was issued in banknotes only.

In 1955, a re-evaluation was done and 10,000 old Yuan = 1 new Yuan.

The second edition of the Renminbi was introduced in 1955.

The third edition of the Renminbi was launched in 1962.

In 1978, the dual-track currency system was implemented.

From 1987 to 1997, the fourth series of the Renminbi was introduced.

In the 1990s, the dual-track currency system was done away with.

In 1999, the fifth and latest series series of Renminbi was introduced.

Chinese Yuan Renminbi

Read our in-depth guide about the Chinese currency Yuan (CNY) below:

Common names for CNY

The Chinese yuan (plural kuai) or renminbi (RMB) meaning ‘people’s currency’. It uses the symbol ?.

Countries with CNY

The People’s Republic of China, apart from Hong Kong or Macau. The CNY might sometimes be accepted in these two administrative regions, but they have their own currency. It is not accepted in Taiwan (which terms itself the Republic of China).

Unofficial CNY countries

Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal and North Korea have all welcomed trade in CNY, and it is commonly used in the areas of Laos and Myanmar that border China.

How much are the CNY traded?

The CNY trades at a rate set by the Peoples Bank of China within a narrow band of variation, based on its price against a basket of currencies.

Currency symbol and ISO-code

Currency crisis with CNY

Central Bank for CNY

The Chinese Central Bank is the Peoples Bank of China. Its published policy is to promote economic growth by maintaining the stability of the CNY.

The CNY did not trade much on the international markets before 2009 due to Chinese government policy. Most forms of CNY transactions were not permitted during this time, and any that were allowed had to be transacted through the People’s Bank of China.

Since 2009 international transactions can be made directly. China has also agreed terms with Japan, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam, whereby trade transactions can be settled in CNY, a departure from the previous policy which necessitated conversion into US dollars beforehand.

The CNY trades at within a narrow (0.5%) band of variation from the rate set by the Peoples Bank of China, based on its price against several currencies, most chiefly the US dollar, the Euro, the yen and the South Korean won, but also to a lesser extent the currencies of the UK, Thailand, Russia, Australia, Canada and Singapore.

History of the CNY

After the Communist Party gained power in China, it started to issue its own currency to replace the varied forms of money in existence in the areas it controlled. This unified currency was first issued at the end of 1948, and thus the yuan pre-exists the establishment of the present Chinese state. By 1949 this new currency had become known as renminbi (‘the people’s currency). In an effort to combat hyperinflation, this currency was devalued in 1955 at a rate of 1 new RMB to 10,000 old RMB.

The CNY, for most of its history, has been pegged at an unrealistic level to the US dollar and other western currencies. From the 1980s onwards attempts have been made to set the currency at a more realistic rate and make it more convertible. However as China has moved from a centrally-controlled economy to a market economy the currency has been devalued to allow increased Chinese competitiveness in exports. The yuan was depegged from the US dollar in 2005, only to be pegged again unofficially for two years (2008-10) during the international financial crisis. It has been estimated that the CNY might be undervalued currently by as much as 37.5% compared to its purchasing power.

The Chinese government hopes to establish the yuan as a regional currency in South East Asia with a view to making is as strong as the yen (JPY) or the euro (EUR) and thus move towards establishing CNY as a major reserve currency in the future.

CNY vs other currencies

Most commonly CNY is traded with the US dollar, but China has also diversified its assets towards the currencies of some of its major trading partners, such as the Euro, the Yen and the Russian rouble. Other South East Asian currencies traded include the South Korean won, the Thai baht and the Singapore dollar.

Online Chinese yuan renminbi

Forex strategy for beginners

Forex strategy for beginnersForex Strategy for Beginners

Are you looking to make consistent, money in the forex market quicker than you thought possible? While there might not be any really quick shortcuts to mastery of technical analysis and the currency exchange markets, by employing the forex strategy listed below you can maximize your gains and minimize your losses while you’re learning the market. Even if you’re not a beginner, these forex strategies can help save you several pips a day and thousands of dollars are year.

Always Set a Stop Loss to Limit Losses and Ride Wins

This is the most important part of trading forex, especially for beginners. For every single trade that you enter into, no matter what, always set a stop loss. Initially, you can set the stop loss for 20 pips below the entry price with a goal of taking profit when the price rises at least 10 pips. When the price does rise, you can make a decision, either you can sell the currency or you can move your stop loss to break-even. As the price rises you can move your stop loss up or sell if the trend indicates the currency might moves down. This way your bad decisions won’t cost you while you’ll get the maximum profit from your wins.

Use Proper Money Management

Another important tip that will separate traders that make money and can stay in the market from those that lose most of their money early is proper money management. Don’t chase big wins by risking your entire account balance. Instead, only put about two to five percent on any given trade. Risking a lot of money on a single trade might make you a lot of money over two or three trades, but long term it is like placing all your money on black in roulette. Even professional traders that do a lot of forex day trading don’t risk large amount of their trading capital on a single trade. Take a hint from them and trade defensively.

Develop Discipline and Remove Your Emotions

If you’ve ever played poker, you probably know all about tilt. Tilt is when a player loses a lot of money in a hand, usually through a bad beat, and starts playing erratically and throwing money around the table. Usually this is bad for the player but great for table because he usually loses most of his money before he regains his head. Much of the same thing can happen in currency trading if you make a few bad trades and lose some money and start to make larger trades to try to make up for the loss. Always make sure that you have a good forex trading system with forex signals that you can trust and stick to your plan. If you start to get angry and can’t think clearly, always walk away from the computer. The coolness when you trade is takes time to develop and every trader will go through it.

Pick and Simple Forex Trading Strategy and Master It

While there are many, many different ways to trade forex. instead of trying them all and trying to find the best forex strategy. as a beginner in the market you should focus on one system that fits with your trading style and where you can easily see the forex trade signals and master it. Some of the best strategies that you can use as a beginner are:

Employing these four different forex strategies in conjunction with a great broker will make sure that you make the most money possible with your forex account. If you’re still on the fence on whether you want to have an account or not, get started today with a practice account at one of the major brokerages.

Trading FOREX is a risky endeavor and can involve substantial losses as well as gains. Make sure you know all the risks before investing. The information on this site is for general purposes only and should not be construed as a solicitation to buy any of the products or services offered

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Trading strategy research paper

Trading strategy research paperResearch paper on option strategies, taxes on vested stock options.

A research paper from SIGLO Capital Advisors AG. Sponsored by. option-writing strategies can add value over time by capturing the option premium while. In vanilla puts, this barrier option strategy allows the strike change to occur at. The seminal paper by Merton18 values a down-and-out call option in closed. Option strategies with linear programming," European. This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports.

Research paper on option strategies:

Blog; blog archive; free strategy video binary option methods research paper forums. #0183; #32;you need to win in indian for that while you. Home List of Issues Table Of Contents Defence research and development Encouraging private venture R&D with 'option' strategies. this paper explores the possible use of Option contracts as a means of expanding. Option trading strategies research papers websites Switzerland CH binary options will find helpful resources s video help s is so simple that even. Become full.

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Barron's 2015 Online Broker Review - Research Amenities. Discover more option strategies with interactive learning tools, like the Option Essentials, available. This paper analyzes trading records of online retail bank investors to examine whether attention-type. strategies in option trade initiations as in Lakonishok et al. 2007. Finally, we. Noticeable exceptions come from psychology research in.

Aaj shares australian stock exchange how is geojit online trading trading strategy research paper

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Academic Research

Academic Studies related to Insider Trading

Several academic studies have been done over the years exploring the outperformance of insider trades and specifically insider buying. These studies have analyzed data over several decades and have shown that insider buying tends to outperform the overall market by 6% to 10.2% per year depending on which academic study and time period you look at.

According to the Wharton study Estimating the Returns to Insider Trading that looked at a comprehensive sample of insider transactions over 22 years from 1975-1996, about one-quarter of these abnormal returns accrue within the first five days after the trade and one-half accrues within the first month. You can read this research paper along with several other related papers below.

Authors: Leslie A. Jeng, Andrew Metrick, Richard Zeckhauser

Universities: Leslie A. Jeng (Boston University School of Management)

Andrew Metrick ( The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania and NBER)

Richard Zeckhauser (John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and NBER)

Year of Publication: July, 1999

Abstract: This paper estimates the returns to insiders when they trade their companys stock.

We first construct a rolling “purchase portfolio” that holds all shares purchased by insiders for a six-month period and an analogous “sale portfolio” that holds all shares

sold by insiders for six months. The six-month horizon is chosen to coincide with the “short-swing” rule of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; a rule that prohibits profit-taking by insiders for offsetting trades within six months. We then employ performance-evaluation methods to analyze the returns to the purchase and sale portfolios. This approach yields a proxy for the value-weighted returns to insider transactions beginning on the day after their execution and avoids the statistical difficulties that plague event studies on long-horizon returns.

Our methods are designed to estimate the returns earned by insiders themselves and thereby differ from the previous insider-trading literature, which focuses on the “informativeness” of insider trades for other investors. Using a comprehensive sample of reported insider transactions from 1975-1996, we find that the purchase portfolio earns abnormal returns of more than 50 basis points per month. About one-quarter of these abnormal returns accrue within the first five days after the initial transaction, and one-half accrue within the first month. The sale portfolio does not earn abnormal returns. Our portfolio-based approach also allows for straightforward decompositions of performance by various characteristics; we find that the abnormal returns to insider trades in small firms are not significantly different from those in large firms, and that top executives do not earn higher abnormal returns than do other insiders.

Author: Joseph E. Finnerty

University: Graduate School of Business Administration, The University of Michigan

Year of Publication: 1974

Abstract: The strong-form of the efficient market hypothesis is concerned with whether all available public and private information is fully reflected in a security’s market price. In terms of market participants, the strong-form states that no individual has higher expected trading profits than others just because he has monopolistic access to information. A test of the strong-form is to determine whether insiders earn better-than-average profits from their market transactions. To ascertain if the market is truly effective will involve determining how well insiders fare relative to the market in general.

Author: Jeffrey F. Jaffe

University: The University of Chicago

Year of Publication: 1974

Abstract: Trading by corporate officers, directors, and large stockholders, who are commonly called insiders, commands widespread attention in the financial community. Academicians are interested in the amount of special information insiders possess, as well as in the profit they earn from such knowledge. The average investor seeks out useful information in the Official Summary of Insider Trading . the monthly report listing the transactions of corporate officials

Authors: Josef Lakonishok and Lee Inmoo

University: Josef Lakonishok (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Lee Inmoo (Dimensional Fund Advisors)

Year of Publication: 1998

Abstract: We document insider trading activities of all companies listed on the NYSE, Amex, and Nasdaq exchanges during the 1975-1995 period. Insider trading is common, and in more than half the sample firms, there is at least some insider activity in a given year. In general, very little market movement is observed when insiders trade and when they report their trades to the SEC. Insiders in aggregate are contrarian investors. However, they predict market movements better than simple contrarian strategies. Insiders also seem to be able to predict cross-sectional stock returns. The result, however, is driven by insiders ability to predict returns in smaller firms. In addition, insider purchases are more informative than insider sales.

Authors: James H. Lorie and Victor Niederhoffer

University: The University of Chicago

Year of Publication: 1968

Abstract: “Insiders” are officers, directors, and owners of ten per cent or more of the common stock of the companies listed on the New York and Ameri-can Stock Exchanges. The Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) requires that insiders keep the Commission informed regarding transactions in the common stock and convertible securities of the respective companies. The interest of the SEC in trading by insiders stems in part from the belief that insiders should not exploit their special opportunities to know about developments in their companies for personal profit through short-term trading. Further, the Commission feels that information on trading by insiders should be fully disclosed to the investing public because of light which such trading might cast upon the companys future prospects.

Authors: Michael S Rozeff and Mir A Zaman

University: Michael S Rozeff (SUNY at Buffalo Department of Financial Managerial Economics)

Mir A Zaman (University of Northern Iowa Department of Finance)

Year of Publication: 1988

Abstract: It is not surprising that corporate insiders earn profits from trading their stocks, but it is surprising that outsiders can earn abnormal returns by mimicking the insider trades using publically available information. We suggest that these anomalous returns are explained by the size and price/earnings ratio effects. Controlling for these factors reduces outsider profits by one-half. The additional assumption of 2 percent transactions costs makes outsider profits zero or negative. Measured insider profits are also greatly reduced by controlling for size and price/earnings effects. Insider profits are a modest 3 percent per annum after deducting a 2 perecnt transactions costs fee.

Author: H Nejat Seyhun

University: The University of Michigan

Year of Publication: 1992

Abstract: This paper documents that, for the period from 1975 to 1989, the aggregate net number of open market purchases and sales by corporate insiders in their own firms predicts up to 60 percent of the variation in one-year-ahead aggregate stock returns. This study also examines whether the ability of aggregate insider trading to predict future stock returns can be attributed to changes in business conditions or movements away from fundamentals. Evidence suggests that both explanations contribute to the predictive ability of aggregate insider trading.

Online Trading strategy research paper

Emergency planning and preparedness exercises and training

Emergency planning and preparedness exercises and trainingThe government aims to ensure all organisations are fully prepared for all types of emergencies.

Integral to that is the practising and testing of all the elements of emergency plans. This guide outlines what we mean by exercising, describes different types of exercise, and outlines the exercising which takes place at all levels of government. It also provides some specific examples of recent exercises.

Training staff who are involved in emergency planning and response is fundamental to an organisation’s ability to handle any type of emergency. This guide also outlines the aims of training in this context, describes different types of training, and points out the emphasis placed on training within the Civil Contingencies Act. It also introduces the Central Government Emergency Response Training (CGERT ) Course, which is designed to equip people with the knowledge, skills and awareness necessary for their role in crisis management at the national strategic level.

Emergency planning exercises

An exercise is a simulation of an emergency situation.

Exercises have 3 main purposes:

to validate plans (validation)

to develop staff competencies and give them practice in carrying out their roles in the plans (training)

to test well-established procedures (testing)

Why it is important to hold exercises

Planning for emergencies cannot be considered reliable until it is exercised and has proved to be workable, especially since false confidence may be placed in the integrity of a written plan.

Generally, participants in exercises should have an awareness of their roles and be reasonably comfortable with them, before they are subject to the stresses of an exercise. Exercising is not to catch people out. It tests procedures, not people. If staff are under-prepared, they may blame the plan, when they should blame their lack of preparation and training. An important aim of an exercise should be to make people feel more comfortable in their roles and to build morale.

Types of exercises

There are 3 main types of exercise:


table top


A fourth category combines elements of the other 3.

The choice of which one to adopt depends on what the purpose of the exercise is. It is also a question of lead-in time and available resources.

Discussion-based exercises

Discussion-based exercises are cheapest to run and easiest to prepare. They can be used at the policy formulation stage as a ‘talk-through’ of how to finalise the plan. More often, they are based on a completed plan and are used to develop awareness about the plan through discussion. In this respect, they are often used for training purposes.

Table top exercises

Table top exercises are based on simulation, not necessarily literally around a table top. Usually, they involve a realistic scenario and a time line, which may be real time or may speed time up.

Usually table tops are run in a single room, or in a series of linked rooms which simulate the divisions between responders who need to communicate and be co-ordinated. The players are expected to know the plan and they are invited to test how the plan works as the scenario unfolds.

This type of exercise is particularly useful for validation purposes, particularly for exploring weaknesses in procedures. Table-top exercises are relatively cheap to run, except in the use of staff time. They demand careful preparation.

Live exercises

Live exercises are a live rehearsal for implementing a plan. Such exercises are particularly useful for testing logistics, communications and physical capabilities.

They also make excellent training events from the point of view of experiential learning, helping participants develop confidence in their skills and providing experience of what it would be like to use the plan’s procedures in a real event. Where the latter purposes are, in fact, the main objective of the exercise, then it is essentially a training exercise or practice drill.

Live exercises are expensive to set up on the day and demand the most extensive preparation.

The government’s exercise programme

The government has in place a co-ordinated cross-governmental exercise programme covering a comprehensive range of domestic disruptive challenges, including accidents, natural disasters and acts of terrorism.

The programme is designed to test rigorously the concept of operations from the coordinated central response through the range of lead government department responsibilities and the involvement of the devolved administrations, from central government to local responders.

In addition, local authorities and the emergency services develop their own programme of exercises to test capabilities at the local level.

This nationwide rolling programme of exercises is designed to ensure we have the best possible contingency plans in place to respond to a whole range of civil emergency scenarios.

The UK also observes or participates with international partners in exercises, either through multilateral fora, such as the G8, NATO and the EU, or on a bilateral basis.

Exercising under the Civil Contingencies Act

The Civil Contingencies Act Regulations require Category 1 responders to include provision for the carrying out of exercises and for the training of staff in emergency plans. The same or similar requirements for exercising and training also apply to business continuity plans and arrangements to warn, inform and advise the public (see the section on warning and informing the public).

This means that relevant planning documents must contain a statement about the nature of the training and exercising to be provided and its frequency.

Useful documents

You should refer to:

Lessons Identified from UK Exercises and Operations – a Policy Framework and Initial lessons capture template

Emergency Preparedness

Chapter 5 - Emergency planning

Annex 5a - Examples of generic and specific plans

Annex 5B - Generic plan: emergency or major incident

Annex 5C - Specific plan

Annex 5D - Example of a plan maintenance matrix for a local authority

Chapter 6 - Business continuity management

Chapter 7 - Communicating with the public

Annex 7A - Communicating with the public: the national context

Annex 7B - Lead responsibility for warning and informing the public

Annex 7C - Checklist of suggested protocols

Emergency Response and Recovery - outlines the various aspects of emergency response that will need to be tested through exercises

Home Office guidance: The Exercise Planners Guide (1998)

Home Office guidance: Why exercise your disaster response

Useful links

Emergency preparedness training

Training is about raising the awareness of key staff about what the emergencies are that they may face and giving them confidence in the procedures an organisation uses and their ability to carry them out successfully. It is also about developing competencies and skill-sets so that staff can fulfil key roles.

Organisations should consider 2 broad types of training:

emergency preparedness - training key staff to carry out risk assessment, business continuity management (BCM ) and emergency planning

emergency response - training staff to carry out response functions when an emergency occurs

Why training is necessary

It is important that all those within an organisation who may be involved in planning for and responding to an emergency should be appropriately prepared. This requires a clear understanding of their roles and responsibilities and how they fit into the wider picture.

Without training, an organisation and its staff will quickly become overwhelmed by an emergency, unable to handle its impacts and recover from them.

Who should train

Any staff who could be involved in emergency planning or response should receive appropriate training. But training should also extend beyond those employed by the organisation and include contractors and the staff of voluntary organisations who might be used in support of emergency planning or response.

Training for emergency preparedness

Any organisation will need appropriately trained people who are capable of conducting risk assessment, business continuity management and emergency planning. These three processes underpin an organisation’s preparedness for emergencies, and their ability to respond and recover effectively.

The sections on risk, business continuity and emergency planning provide more detail on these processes.

More generally, these key people (such as Emergency Planning Officers in Local Authorities) will need to provide leadership and a focus for emergency preparedness to ensure the ongoing processes of risk assessment, BCM and planning are taken seriously at all levels of an organisation. As the central authors of an organisation’s emergency plans, they will also be looked to for direction if an emergency occurs and plans must be carried out.

Training for emergency response

Training should be provided for all staff that will be involved in implementing an emergency plan or business continuity plan, and anyone else who may have a role in emergency response and recovery. All these people will need to feel confident and competent in any role they may take.

A rolling training programme will be needed to account for staff turn-over, and also to ensure all staff are regularly refreshed and practised in emergency response. Training should include:

the contents of the plan - how is the emergency or business continuity plan invoked? What are the key decision-making processes? Who else needs to be involved?

the individual’s role in implementing the plan - what is expected of them? How do they fit into the wider picture?

key skills and knowledge required in crisis response

Exercises are both a type of training, and a distinct type of emergency preparedness. Exercises have 3 main purposes: to validate plans; to develop staff competencies and give them practice in carrying out their roles in emergency plans (training); and to test well-established procedures. It is important that people taking part in exercises should be trained beforehand. Participants should have an awareness of their roles and be reasonably comfortable with them, before they are subject to the stresses of an exercise.

The exercises section provides more detail.

The Emergency Planning College

The Emergency Planning College (EPC) is the leading provider of training for emergency preparedness, attracting delegates with responsibility for preventing, planning for, responding to or recovering from a major incident.

It is the only permanent national forum for representatives of local and Central government, the emergency services, the private sector and volunteer groups to network and share good practice.

The Emergency Planning College is situated at the heart of government, within the Civil Contingencies Secretariat (CCS) of the Cabinet Office.

The college runs courses on risk assessment, business continuity management and emergency planning, and on emergency management (response) and a range of specialist courses which cover specific aspects of emergency management (eg. warning and informing, care of people and severe weather).

Training under the Civil Contingencies Act

The Civil Contingencies Act Regulations require Category 1 responders to include provision for the carrying out of exercises and for the training of staff in emergency plans (see the emergency planning and exercises sections). The same or similar requirements for exercising and training apply too to business continuity plans (see the business continuity section) and arrangements to warn, inform and advise the public (see the section on warning and informing the public).

This means that relevant planning documents must contain a statement about the nature of the training and exercising to be provided and its frequency.

Important documents

You should refer to:

Emergency Preparedness

Chapter 4 - Local responder risk assessment duty

Annex 4A - Summary of the six-step local risk assessment process

Annex 4B - Illustration of a Local Risk Assessment Guidance (LRAG)

Annex 4C - Example of an individual risk assessment

Annex 4D - Likelihood and impact scoring scales

Annex 4E - Community Risk Register

Annex 4F - Risk rating matrix

Chapter 5 - Emergency planning

Annex 5a - Examples of generic and specific plans

Annex 5B - Generic plan: emergency or major incident

Annex 5C - Specific plan

Annex 5D - Example of a plan maintenance matrix for a local authority

Chapter 6 - Business continuity management

Chapter 7 - Communicating with the public

Annex 7A - Communicating with the public: the national context

Annex 7B - Lead responsibility for warning and informing the public

Annex 7C - Checklist of suggested protocols

Emergency Response and Recovery - outlines the various aspects of emergency response that will need to be trained and exercised for

Home Office guidance: The Exercise Planners Guide (1998)

Useful links

Emergency Planning College - provides courses on all aspects of civil protection

The Fire Service College - provides both practical and theoretical fire fighting, fire safety and accident emergency training to firefighters and others

National Policing Improvement Agency - develops and delivers training and the provision of expert advice to Police officers and others

Defence Academy of the United Kingdom - delivers education and training, research and advice in order to sustain and enhance operational capability and advance the defence and security interests of the United Kingdom

Cranfield University Defence College of Management Technology - the academic provider and partner to the UK Defence Academy - provides education, training and advice in technology, management and leadership together with relevant aspects of Security and Resilience in order to enhance the delivery of defence capability

Other links

Central Government Emergency Response Training (CGERT )

The aim of the CGERT programme is to demonstrate the requisite knowledge, skills and awareness required to undertake roles in crisis management at the national strategic level.

The programme is designed for all emergency response colleagues from across departments, agencies and other response organisations who will work in or with the Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms (COBR ) during times of national emergencies.

The CGERT programme has 3 overarching objectives:

provide delegates with a good knowledge of the processes, procedures and allocation of responsibilities in crisis management

help delegates consider the skills and techniques required to enable effective and timely pan-government crisis decision making

illustrate the unique working styles and leadership qualities necessary when working in or with COBR

The programme is modular in nature and individual objectives vary according to audience groups. All participants should undertake modules 1 and 2, then one further module appropriate to grade and role.

The training modules are structured as follows:

Module 1 (e-learning): Introduction to the concepts of crisis management at the national strategic level

Description: an overview of the key doctrine and guidance which underpin the organisation of crisis management.

Target audience: any role that will involve working in COBR or as an interface between a department/agency and COBR .

Duration: directed reading that can be completed at a time and pace of the delegates’ choice. A ‘check of understanding’ is included in subsequent modules and attendees will be required to apply that knowledge during the programme.

The directed reading list, with links to key documents, will be available shortly.

Interim material which compromises the pre reading element of the programme is currently available here:

CGERT. module 1 directed reading

PDF. 237KB. 4 pages

Module 2: Introduction to UK central emergency response arrangements and the underpinning principles and doctrine

Description: familiarisation with the role of COBR. supporting structures and key procedures and processes.

Target audience: any role that will involve working in COBR or as an interface between a department/agency and COBR .

Pre-requisite modules: Module 1 (directed reading/e-learning)

Duration: 2 hour presentation with question and answer session. This module also includes a tour of the COBR complex.

Module 3: Information management and support to crisis decision-making

Description: Exploring the concept of shared situational awareness to working practices in COBR. and in departments and agencies working with COBR .

Target audience: any staff at a desk officer level working within a lead department or other government department to provide situational awareness.

Pre-requisite modules: Module 1 (directed reading/e-learning) and Module 2.

Duration: a 4-hour interactive workshop, incorporating exercise play in syndicates with plenary debriefs.

Module 4: Strategic crisis decision-making

Description: an exploration of the strategic issues for senior civil servants arising from their input into the national crisis management arrangements.

Target audience: senior civil servants who will have responsibility of running a crisis response team.

Pre-requisite modules: Module 1 (directed reading / e-learning) and Module 2.

Duration: a 4-hour interactive workshop, incorporating exercise play in syndicates with plenary debriefs.

Key information

View a full list of dates for all 2015 CGERT modules .

All CGERT modules are provided free of charge. Modules 2, 3 and 4 will take place in one of the Cabinet Office’s central London locations. All delegates attending the training require a minimum of SC clearance.

Separate arrangements also exist to acquaint ministers and senior officials in some of the unique aspects of crisis management leadership and process management.

Online Emergency planning and preparedness exercises and training

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Trading tips and blogs

Trading tips and blogsVideo Trading Tips

Mastering Technical Systems and Trading Psychology

..her reputation for good ideas is second to none. She offers complete and detailed ideas around her strategy and then follows up with commentary on how trades performed. Howard Lindzon Stock Twits founder When Netpicks heard these comments from Lindzon, we had to track Anne-Marie down and talk Read more

2 Simple Trade Setups Using Trapped Traders

The concept of trapped traders is a simple one to understand. While there are two forms of trapped traders, I only want to focus on one. The trader who is trapped in a losing position. These traders, by virtue of being on the wrong side of the market, can help Read more

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Trade Entry Without Confirmation

Trade entries are a much talked about trading topic and for good reason. A trade entry close to a turning point gives a great risk to reward ratio while one that requires confirmation, can lessen the ratio and decrease your position sizing. The problem is that often times its an Read more

Trading indicators are often touted as the holy grail of trading but that is simply not true. They are a useful trading tool that should be used in conjunction with a well rounded trading plan but are not the plan itself. In this article I will cover: The uses of trading Read more

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Commodity day trading strategies pdf binary options trading platform

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Inverse skip strike butterfly with puts

Inverse skip strike butterfly with putsWhen to Run It

Youre extremely bearish on a highly volatile stock.

The Sweet Spot

You want the stock to be at strike price A or higher at expiration.

About the Security

Options are contracts which control underlying assets, oftentimes stock. It is possible to buy (own or long) or sell (“write” or short) an option to initiate a position. Options are traded through a broker, like TradeKing, who charges a commission when buying or selling option contracts.

Options: The Basics is a great place to start when learning about options. Before trading options carefully consider your objectives, the risks, transaction costs and fees.

The Strategy

You can think of this strategy as a put backspread with a twist. Instead of simply running a back spread with puts (sell one put, buy two puts), selling the extra put at strike A helps to reduce the overall cost to establish the trade.

Obviously, when running this strategy, you are expecting an enormous bearish move. So its a strategy for extremely volatile times when stocks are more likely to make wide moves in either direction.

When implied volatility rises, in general option prices go up independent of stock price movement. Thats why we need some help to pay for the strategy by selling the put at strike A, even though it sets a lower limit on your potential profit.

Ideally, you want to establish this strategy for a net credit whenever possible. That way, if youre dead wrong and the stock makes a bullish move, you can still make a small profit. However, it may be necessary to establish it for a small net debit, depending on market conditions, days to expiration and the width between strike prices.

The further the strikes are apart, the easier it will be to establish the strategy for a credit. But as always, theres a tradeoff. Increasing the distance between strike prices also increases your risk, because the stock will have to make a bigger move to the downside to avoid a loss.

As with back spreads, the Profit + Loss graph for this strategy looks quite ugly at first glance. If the stock only makes a small move to the downside by expiration, you will suffer your maximum loss.

However, this is only the situation at expiration. When the strategy is first established, if the stock moves to strike C, this trade may actually be profitable in the short term if implied volatility increases. But if it hangs around strike C too long, time decay will start to hurt the position.

For this to be a profitable trade, you generally need the stock to continue making a bearish move down to or beyond strike A prior to expiration.

Maximum Potential Profit

Potential profit is limited to strike B minus strike A minus the net debit paid, or plus the net credit received.

Maximum Potential Loss

Potential risk is limited to strike D minus strike C plus the net debit paid, or minus the net credit received.

Break-even at Expiration

If established for a net debit, the break-even point is strike B minus the net debit paid.

If established for a net credit, there are two break-even points:

Strike D minus the net credit received

Strike B plus the net credit received

TradeKing Margin Requirements

Margin requirement is equal to the difference between the strike prices of the bull put spread embedded into this strategy.

NOTE: If established for a net credit, the proceeds may be applied to the initial margin requirement.

Keep in mind this requirement is on a per-unit basis. So dont forget to multiply by the total number of units when youre doing the math.

As Time Goes By

The net effect of time decay depends on where the stock is relative to the strike prices and whether or not youve established the strategy for a net credit or debit.

If the strategy was established for a net credit:

If the stock is above strike D, time decay is your friend. You want all of the options to expire worthless so you can capture the small credit received.

If the stock is between strike D and strike B, time decay is your enemy because your chance to make a profit will be eroding along with the value of your two long puts. Time decay will do the most damage if the stock is at or around strike C, because thats where your maximum loss will occur at expiration.

As the stock moves below strike B and approaches strike A, time decay becomes your friend again because you need it to erode the value of the short put at that strike to achieve your maximum profit.

If the strategy was established for a net debit:

If the stock is above strike B, time decay is the enemy because your chance to make a profit will be eroding along with the value of your two long puts.

As the stock moves below strike B and approaches strike A, time decay becomes your friend. You need it to erode the value of the short call at that strike to achieve your maximum profit.

Implied Volatility

After the strategy is established, the effect of implied volatility depends on where the stock is relative to your strike prices.

If your forecast is correct and the stock is approaching or below strike A, you want volatility to decrease. A decrease in implied volatility will decrease the value of the short options at strikes D and A and increase the overall value of your position.

If your initial forecast was wrong and the stock has stagnated around strike C, you want implied volatility to increase for two reasons. First, an increase in implied volatility will increase the value of the near-the-money options you bought at strike C more than it will affect the value of the options you sold at strikes D and A. Second, an increase in implied volatility suggests an increased possibility of a larger price swing (hopefully to the downside).

If you established the strategy for a net credit and the stock price is above strike D, you may want volatility to decrease so the entire spread expires worthless and you get to keep the small credit.

Options Guy's Tip

You may wish to consider running this strategy on stocks with 150% or greater implied volatility on the at-the-money option in the expiration month that youre trading. A real-life example of when this strategy might have made sense was in the banking sector during the subprime mortgage crisis of 2008.

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Forex trading robots-myths and mysteries

Forex trading robots-myths and mysteriesForex Trading Robots - Myths and Mysteries?

Do forex trading robots work?

Absolutely. forex trading robot work! Do you believe it?

If everyone is using some kind of automated forex trading systems that make them money when they are sleeping why is not everyone filthy rich?

Why is not everyone vacationing all year round instead tied to 40 hours a week JOB (=Just Over Broke) for 40 years just to retire with mere 40 thousands in retirement account.

Only one person can really answer if automated forex trading systems actually make money. And that person is no other than YOU.

Robots have evolved to become our closest ally along with our own evolution.

We use robots in industries to assemble cars. Robots fabricate semiconductor chips that is used in my cell phone, computer and many other electronic devices.

In cattle farms, robots feed cattle, milk them and even "baby sit" them in absence of the farm owners 24/7.

The bottom line is this: many of the high-tech devices to high-tech industries ranging from cell phone, and computer to cattle farms to modern airplanes depend on robots in one or the other way because they work.

So the obvious question to ask is why can not forex trading robots (aka Expert Advisor EA) make money for me when I am sleeping?

Our drive to implement forex advisors, system trading or trading robots in our forex trading emerges more from our inner desire to become social human beings rather than merely to hoard piles of cash.

Of course, it will be nice to make money in this process of wanting to be social species.

The very dynamic forex market that is opened 24/6 days a week with high end income possible make it plausible field to deploy army of automated forex trading systems, forex trading robots and, forex simulator, that can make money around the clock even when we are sleeping.

In fact, I would be happy to sail across the globe while I let my army of forex advisors make money for me.

If I could achieve this goal through forex robot trading, then every forex trader should be able to duplicate my process. So in the end, everyone implementing forex forecast software should be rich, famous, etc. etc. you got the picture.

But the truth of the matter is - it's just not practical for one fundamental reason - unlike living creatures, forex trading robots lack intellect of its own to guide its own action.

If it did own its own unique intellect then it won't need us. It won't be feeding and milking cow.

That's a really good news in one sense or else our world would have already ended up just as one as portrayed in the movie Terminator.

Automated forex trading systems does one and only one thing - it works in a good faith just as its programmer programmed it to do so.

It can analyze huge amount of historical data to sort out the trend. It will watch the forex market on guard 24/7 for 365 days a year. And best of all it will never ride emotional roller coaster that almost all the beginner forex traders ride on.

However, forex trading robot can not learn on its own the very dynamics of day to day forex market moves. Forex, as you must have noted, is a huge dynamic market with myriads of variable to count on.

Sure we can feed few major variables to forex simulator, and forex forecast software to get an approximate picture of where the forex market was day before and where it is heading next day, next week or next year.

But the biggest challenge of implementing automated forex trading systems lies in knowing if forex trading robot can consistently yield good return as the preacher and creator of many forex advisors and forex forecast software claim.

The answer to this question could be multi-fold: Yes . Maybe . and No .

Yes . forex expert advisors (EAs) can make money while a trader is sailing in Anguilla beach but big BUT here. the trader must be able to navigate forex trading robots through the dynamic forex market conundrum.

Allow me to elaborate on it.

It is probably easier to make an analogy between forex trading, and flying a mammoth Boeing 707.

The hardest part of flying the mammoth Boeing 707 is not actually flying but taxing.

The Boeing seasoned pilots are trained for many hours for many years just to be able to accomplish successful taxing, i. e. landing and take off besides many other intensive training.

Once the Boeing attains desirable height on air, flying the mammoth Boeing 707 is easy because autopilot can navigate it to its final destination with minimal assistance required from pilot.

Similarly, the forex trader must be trained for many hours for many years in order to be able to completely exploit the benefits of forex auto trading.

Or else forex auto trading will hurt more than it can benefit the trader.

Forex traders who blindly purchase automated forex trading systems without proper forex education are on mere hope of getting rich over night. If making money was just as easy as buying couple automated forex trading systems then why would anyone has to go through years of schooling and then through college degree?

And with my five years of forex trading experience I can tell you that if you jump for automated forex trading systems without first getting proper forex education then that's a very tell-tale sign of immediate failure in forex trading.

Just think why would the Boeing 707 pilot needs to go through years of intensive training if she/he is eventually going to run it on autopilot?

If autopilot is going to do all the maigical stuff, I think Boeing can save big bucks just by recruiting someone with a sense to push the red-green button instead of a truly trained pilot, just my personal thoughts.

Maybe forex expert advisors (EAs) will make a trader some money but do not count on it to make the trader filthy rich though.

There are some times, some days, some weeks or even months, EAs will perform miraculously bringing the biggest bang for your buck.

But I have also witnessed there are other times too when forex expert advisors (EAs) will stink.

So be careful on those draw-down periods!

NO . forex advisors will not make money if the trader is completely ignorant about forex market and most of all forex education.

If the trader buys forex advisors solely on great reviews with a purpose to merely hoard piles of cash next day, next week, next month, dodge this bullet - it's not going to happen.

Simply think your brain got fried because of the good in the website.

There is no such forex trading robots that constantly yields high returns year after year without any human inputs.

If it did exist do you think big investment banks like Goldman Sachs, Bank of America or the richest investors like warren Buffet with plenty resources will ever let it out in the market for public access?

And do you think the creators of those automated forex trading systems will ever kill their goose that lays them golden eggs at all the time by selling them at pennies for you?

But what about all the legitimate return on investment (RoI) claims that creators and preachers of forex trading robot make?

Those justifiable claims are all valid provided that the creators or the preachers are all seasoned traders themselves.

All I am saying is it takes years to master forex trading. Forex robot trading does not substitute forex education. Use it as an assistant but not as a substitute for your trading knowledge and experience in any event.

In my personal experience forex advisors can yield good RoI provided -

Forex traders have sound forex education

Forex traders do not fool hardly depends on forex trading robots

Forex traders lay the ground work on what parameters will forex advisors run

Forex traders determine to deploy forex trading robot on a particular currency, on a particular time frame and particular size and lot

Forex traders never let automated forex trading systems rule out her/his conscious trading decision

Online Forex trading robots-myths and mysteries

Forex trading mt4demo

Forex trading mt4demoHigh Risk Investment Warning: Trading foreign exchange and/or contracts for differences on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss in excess of your deposited funds and therefore, you should not speculate with capital that you cannot afford to lose. Before deciding to trade the products offered by FXCM you should carefully consider your objectives, financial situation, needs and level of experience. You should be aware of all the risks associated with trading on margin. FXCM provides general advice that does not take into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. The content of this Website must not be construed as personal advice. FXCM recommends you seek advice from a separate financial advisor.

Please click here to read full risk warning.

FXCM is a registered Futures Commission Merchant and Retail Foreign Exchange Dealer with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and is a member of the National Futures Association. NFA # 0308179

FXCM Inc. a publicly traded company listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: FXCM), is a holding company and its sole asset is a controlling equity interest in FXCM Holdings, LLC. Forex Capital Markets, LLC ("FXCM LLC") is a direct operating subsidiary of FXCM Holdings, LLC. All references on this site to "FXCM" refer to FXCM Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including FXCM Holdings, LLC and Forex Capital Markets, LLC.

Please note the information on this website is intended for retail customers only, and certain representations herein may not be applicable to Eligible Contract Participants (i. e. institutional clients) as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act §1(a)(12).

© 2015 Forex Capital Markets. All rights reserved.

55 Water St. 50th Floor, New York, NY 10041 USA


Enter your Login . Password and Server into the platform to access your new demo. Your information has been emailed to you.

Demo account features

Demo Account: Although demo accounts attempt to replicate real markets, they operate in a simulated market environment. As such, there are key differences that distinguish them from real accounts; including but not limited to, the lack of dependence on real-time market liquidity and the availability of some products which may not be tradable on live accounts. The operational capabilities when executing orders in a demo environment may result in atypically, expedited transactions; lack of rejected orders; and/or the absence of slippage. There may be instances where margin requirements differ from those of live accounts as updates to demo accounts may not always coincide with those of real accounts.

FXCM Policies

High Risk Investment Warning: Trading FX/CFDs on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. Before deciding to trade FX/CFDs offered by FXCM Australia Limited ("FXCM AU" or "FXCM Australia") you should carefully consider your objectives, financial situation, needs, and level of experience. By trading, you could sustain a loss in excess of your deposited funds. Before trading FX/CFDs you should be aware of all the risks associated with trading FXCM products and read and consider the Financial Services Guide. Product Disclosure Statement. and Terms of Business issued by FXCM AU. FX/CFDs products are only suitable for those customers who fully understand the market risk. FXCM provides general advice that does not take into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. The content of this website must not be construed as personal advice. FXCM recommends you seek advice from a separate financial advisor. For any questions or to obtain a copy of any documents, contact FXCM at supportfxcm. au. FXCM AU is regulated by ASIC [AFSL 309763]. FXCM AU ARBN: 121934432.

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Picking your first broker

Picking your first brokerPicking Your First Broker

Let's face it, you can't start investing if you don't have a brokerage account . As a young investor, selecting your ideal broker is often very different than it would be for older investors of the same experience level. Choosing a broker isn't all that different from choosing a stock - it requires a lot of careful contemplation, and not all brokers are right for all investors. In this article, we give you tips on how to choose a broker that won't leave you broke.

Things to Consider

Before you can choose a broker, you have to know who or what constitutes one. There are two types of brokers out there: those who deal directly with their clients (regular brokers), and those who act as intermediaries between the client and a larger broker (broker-resellers ).

Regular brokers typically are considered more reputable than broker-resellers. That's not to say that all resellers are inherently bad, just that you need to check them out before you sign up with them. Regular brokers, like Scottrade, ShareBuilder and Fidelity, are members of recognized organizations such as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) and the Securities Investor Protection Corporation .

Breaking it down further, there are distinctions between full-service brokers and discount brokers . As the name suggests, full-service brokers offer many more services to investors than discount brokers do, but these services don't come cheap. With a full-service broker, much of the legwork is done by the broker, who provides the investor with more one-on-one advice as well as individualized suggestions and research.

That's not to say that discount brokers leave much to be desired in the customer service department. In fact, many discount brokers provide the option to solicit a broker for advice on a trade with your existing brokerage account. The caveat to remember is that when you do execute that trade, you'll pay considerably more (usually in execution fees) after consulting an actual broker than you would with a regular online trade.

For younger investors, discount brokers are probably the best bet. Some people recommend full-service brokers for new investors. but it's probably not financially feasible for a young person to go with a more expensive full-service broker. Besides, today's online discount brokers are widely used and typically provide a vast array of tools for inexperienced investors who aren't sure about their next steps. Plus, assuming you begin slowly, you'll learn a whole lot more about investing if you do some of the work yourself.

Trade execution fees are important, but there are other brokerage fees to consider, as well. If you're under 30, chances are you're limited by your budget. When it comes to investing at this age, looking at the fees that might apply to you is essential to ensuring that you make the most of your investment dollar. Here are some additional costs to consider:

Most brokers have minimum balances for starting a brokerage account. Typically, this number ranges between $500 and $1,000 with an online discount broker.

While new investors might not want to open a margin account right away, it's something to think about for the future. Margin accounts usually have higher minimum balance requirements than standard brokerage accounts. It's also important to take a look at the interest that your broker charges when you make a trade on margin.


It's your money, but sometimes it's hard to get it out of your account. That's because brokers sometimes charge fees to make a withdrawal, or they won't let you take any money out if it will drop your balance below the minimum. Some accounts allow you to write checks from them, but those typically require a much higher minimum balance. Make sure that you understand the rules involved in removing money from an account with your prospective broker.

Complicated Fee Structures

While most brokers have similar fee schedules, some brokers have complex fee structures that make it harder to sort out hidden fees. This is particularly common among broker resellers who may use fee structure as a selling point to entice clients. If you're looking at a broker that has an unusual fee structure, it's all the more important to make sure that the broker is legitimate, that it will look out for your best interests and that its fee structure will complement your investing style. If the rates seem too good to be true, be sure to read carefully over your account agreement and fee summaries, where additional fees are likely to be hidden.

Online Picking your first broker

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Ichimoku cloud,a technique for successful trading

Ichimoku cloud,a technique for successful tradingIchimoku Cloud, A Technique For Successful Trading

The Japanese word Ichimoku means “a look”, probably because its creator wanted to generate a technique of technical analysis that, with just a glance, was able to indicate to the trader concrete operational strategies through indicators more complicated to explain than to calculate.

The five indicators used in the Ichimoku technique continually offer points for analysis, mainly operating signals to be placed inside of a trading system.

Supports, resistances, stop losses, entry points, market trend the technique of the Ichimoku cloud is able to provide all these information through a single glance at the chart.


A graph consists of 5 lines and, even if its original Japanese name is Ichimoku Kinko Hyo, in the best known version in English it has become Ichimoku Cloud.

Assuming we use a daily chart, the 4 indicators that form the backbone of the technique are:

Tenkan Sen (Conversion Line) (top at 9 days + low at 9 days / 2): it shows the average price value during the first temporal range defined as the sum of the top and low divided by 2.

Kijun Sen (Base Line) (top at 26 days + low at 26 days /2): it shows the average price during the second temporal range, usually 26 periods.

Senkou Span A (Leading Span A) ( Tenkan + Kijun Sen) / 2: it shows the average distance between the two previous lines usually shifted forward by 26 periods. The Senkou Span represents one of the two extremes of the cloud, the so-called anticipating line, thanks to its lower time horizon, and in fact represents the first level of support that an Ichimoku graph is able to provide to the trader in net advance respect the current prices trend.

Senkou Span B (Leading Span B) (top at 52 days + low at 52 days / 2): it shows the average price value during the third interval, usually 52 periods, moved forward by the value of the second time range, usually 26 periods. The Senkou Span B is the second extreme of the cloud late in movement with respect to the Senkou A.

Furthermore, to be added to these 4 indicators, we can quote the Chikou Span: it represents the current price moved 26 periods backwards; it may be useful to understand the current trend condition.


As previously mentioned, the price positioning above or below the cloud provides a first important graphic signal on what the market trend is, a key element to define the future direction of the trade.

There are several trading strategies linked to Ichimoku. One of these is represented by the price

behavior around the two Base and Conversion lines.

After determining the direction of the trade that we want to open, depending on the positioning of the cloud, the trader will just have to wait for a price correction below the slower Base line (Kijun); at that point the signal (in this case long), will start when prices will rise above the fastest Conversion line (Tenkan), actually closing the correction.

In order to have a buy signal, three requirements must be met:

Prices must be positioned above the lower wall of the cloud.

Prices have to break downward the Base line, materializing a correction that, at the same time, allows a long entry level with an excellent risk-return profile.

Finally, prices have to rise subsequently above the Conversion Line, effectively formalizing the end of the correction.

Obviously, as we can see from this Google graph, this process takes time and the skill of the trader is to manage the movement with a wise money management aware of the competitive advantage that the Ichimoku technique is offering, sometimes in a repetitive manner.

Clearly, this kind of signal is also generated when we attempt a short operability. Same requirements as the previous long case, but with reversed roles on the Intel action.

Prices must be positioned below the upper wall of the cloud.

Prices have to break upward the Base line materializing a correction that, at the same time, allows a short entry level with an excellent risk-return profile.

Finally, prices have to fall subsequently below the Conversion Line, effectively formalizing the end of the correction.


Let’s now see a practical application, in this case Apple.

The above described technique provides a profitable long or short enter opportunity depending on the dominating trend.

The last part of 2012 and the first half of 2013 showed a clear and dominant bearish trend on Apple as the cloud well describes. There were three Sell signals but especially the first one is indicative as it completes the analysis with the information on the exchanged volume.

As we can see from the black vertical line, in that case prices were below the cloud, and after passing the Base line upwards, they have crossed downward the Conversion one; anyway, there is a further information and it is related to the volume, a very high one, reflecting the strength of the bearish signal.

Another graph and another important statement of this technique. The Home Depot action has shown a solid bullish bias throughout 2013, and in three cases the market has offered to the trader the chance to enter long successfully. Also in this case we can highlight the strong signal of February 2013, when volumes exploded at their top during last year.

This last example gives us the opportunity to make a consideration. As all trading techniques attempt to increase the maximum chances of success, but in some cases this does not happen, so it is important to adopt a stop loss strategy to avoid a complete erosion of the capital. The “?” symbol testifies this case. The above described technique provides a bullish signal, but prices come back after a few sessions, bringing a loss to the long trade. In this case the closure below the Conversion line may represent a reliable stop loss.

Obviously, the stop can also be useful to protect the accumulated profits with the Ichimoku cloud entry technique and also in this case we can use several support tools. One of these could be represented by the closure below the Parabolic SAR. After guessing the trend, we could close the trade when the market begins to show uncertainty.

The same Home Depot chart, but together with the Parabolic indicator, shows the strategy to be adopted.

As we have seen, in a single graph based on the Ichimoku cloud, we get the chance to identify trends, corrections, input signals and also stop losses.

Each piece of the graph has a value. The cloud defines the trend and in some cases the stop loss too, but also the Base and Conversion lines, signaling the beginning and end of a correction, and also adequate levels of stop.

Every choice still has to be calibrated in line with other indicators that can confirm the possibility of opening a trade with an adequate risk-return ratio.

Online Ichimoku cloud,a technique for successful trading

Global macro

Global macroGlobal macro

Source: en. wikipedia/wiki/Global_macro

Updated: 2015-07-15T01:47Z

Global macro is the strategy of investing on a large scale around the world centered on economies, history, and international relations. The strategy is typically based on forecasts and analysis about interest rate trends, the general flow of funds, political changes, government policies, inter-government relations, and other broad systemic factors.

Macro trader Yra Harris claims that "global macro" is really a new term, which used to be called "geopolitics ". [ 1 ] George Soros employed a global macro strategy when he sold pound sterling in 1992 at the time of the European Rate Mechanism debacle .

In an Opalesque Roundtable [ 2 ] discussion of global macro, hedge fund manager John Burbank discussed the increasing importance and shift of private and institutional investors toward more global macro strategies. Burbank defined global macro as "having a reason to be long or short something that is bigger than a fundamental stock view".

Global macro trading

Global macro trading strategies are based on educated guesses about the macroeconomic developments of the world. Mike Novogratz. president of hedge fund Fortress Investment Group. discussed global macro trading in his video interview. [ 3 ] Novogratz described global macro strategies as monitoring these macroeconomic stories, such as global imbalances, business cycles. the survival of the Euro, and changing growth models of emerging economies. He says that there is an inherent difference between global macro fund managers and traditional equity managers. Most long/short equity managers started in research as analysts and look to follow these macroeconomic stories based on what positions they believe in and stock positions they rely on.

On the other hand, global macro traders and managers come primarily from the risk side of trading. For macro traders and managers, the primary element in decision-making is risk, because when investing in such a speculative world there are so many risk factors and moving data points that they must take into account. Macro traders are not fundamentalists; they rely on risk management and staying liquid to avoid a liquidity crisis. In 2007 and 2008, with the credit bubble where there was a long period of low volatility and illiquidity, many global macro funds found themselves with liquidity problems.

Other experts, including Neil Azous. the Founder and Managing Member of Rareview Macro LLC. explains that Global Macro Trading is grouped into three strategies: Discretionary, Commodity Trading Advisor (CTA)/Managed Futures, and Systematic. As noted by Azous: [ 4 ]

Discretionary Macro execute their strategies by deploying directional positions at the asset class level to express a positive or negative top-down view on a market. Of all of the strategies, discretionary macro provides the most flexibility, including the ability to express either long or short views, across any asset class, and in any region.

CTA/Managed Futures use products very similar to those that discretionary macro managers trade. However, the methodology in which they arrive at those long or short positions are very different. CTA’s apply priced-based trend-following algorithms to the trading of futures contracts.

Systematic Macro is a hybrid between discretionary macro and CTA/managed futures. The signals that are used to enter into positions are based upon fundamental analysis, similar to discretionary macro, but the deployment of those trades is based on a systematic, or model-driven process, as is the case with CTAs.

Global macro

Global macro is the strategy of investing on a large scale around the world based on economic theory. The strategy is typically based on forecasts and analysis about interest rate trends, the general flow of funds, political changes, government policies, inter-government relations, and other broad systemic factors.

Macro trader Yra Harris claims that "global macro" is really a new term, which used to be called "geopolitics ". [ 1 ] George Soros employed a global macro strategy when he sold pound sterling in 1992 at the time of the European Rate Mechanism debacle.

In an Opalesque Roundtable [ 2 ] discussion of global macro, hedge fund manager John Burbank discussed the increasing importance and shift of private and institutional investors toward more global macro strategies. Burbank defined global macro as "having a reason to be long or short something that is bigger than a fundamental stock view".

Global macro trading

Global macro trading strategies are based on educated guesses about the macroeconomic developments of the world. Mike Novogratz. president of hedge fund Fortress Investment Group. discussed global macro trading in his video interview. [ 3 ] Novogratz described global macro strategies as monitoring these macroeconomic stories, such as global imbalances, business cycles. the survival of the Euro, and changing growth models of emerging economies. He says that there is an inherent difference between global macro fund managers and traditional equity managers. Most long/short equity managers started in research as analysts and look to follow these macroeconomic stories based on what positions they believe in and stock positions they rely on.

On the other hand, global macro traders and managers come primarily from the risk side of trading. For macro traders and managers, the primary element in decision-making is risk, because when investing in such a speculative world there are so many risk factors and moving data points that they must take into account. Macro traders are not fundamentalists; they rely on risk management and staying liquid to avoid a liquidity crisis. In 2007 and 2008, with the credit bubble where there was a long period of low volatility and illiquidity, many global macro funds found themselves with liquidity problems.

Other experts, including Neil Azous. the Founder and Managing Member of Rareview Macro LLC. explains that Global Macro Trading is grouped into three strategies: Discretionary, Commodity Trading Advisor (CTA)/Managed Futures, and Systematic. As noted by Azous: [ 4 ]

Discretionary Macro execute their strategies by deploying directional positions at the asset class level to express a positive or negative top-down view on a market. Of all of the strategies, discretionary macro provides the most flexibility, including the ability to express either long or short views, across any asset class, and in any region.

CTA/Managed Futures use products very similar to those that discretionary macro managers trade. However, the methodology in which they arrive at those long or short positions are very different. CTA’s apply priced-based trend-following algorithms to the trading of futures contracts.

Systematic Macro is a hybrid between discretionary macro and CTA/managed futures. The signals that are used to enter into positions are based upon fundamental analysis, similar to discretionary macro, but the deployment of those trades is based on a systematic, or model-driven process, as is the case with CTAs.

Online Global macro

Online training yoga autism

Online training yoga autismYogAutism offers regular trainings in Madison, Wisconsin for individuals who would like to learn the 5-pose Recipe in order to volunteer in our public classes. The training is also open to service providers and family members who want to learn more about this unique set of techniques.

The training covers:

What is autism

How to ground yourself and a student with autism

YA 5-pose recipe for people on the spectrum

Unusual or difficult behaviors to expect and techniques for handling those behaviors

Lead trainer Linda Mundt has been with YogAutism since the beginning, and has completed the 200- and 500-hour Alignment Yoga teacher trainings.

We request everyone who is able to volunteer in the YA classes. Since all of our classes have a 1-to-1 teacher to student ratio, our ability to offer classes depends on our volunteer teachers.

A how-to manual for yoga with kids in classrooms and therapeutic settings

Yoga can improve behavior and focus, increase strength, flexibility, and balance, and promote self-regulation in children with special needs. This book presents principles and processes of Creative Relaxation® through posture, breathing, and mindfulness and teaches postures selected specifically for children on the autism spectrum, with ADHD, sensory processing and emotional/behavioral disorders, and other exceptionalities. More.


You will learn effective communication techniques and ways to maintain control and avert meltdowns.

12-Hour Training Course for yoga teachers, therapists, parents and educators.


Yoga Generates Huge Benefits for Children with Autism by Hannah Brandstaetter in Yoga International

Autism is a developmental disorder that typically appears in the first three years of life. This disorder makes it difficult for children to communicate verbally and non-verbally, to socially interact with others and to relate to the outside world. Many children with autism, however, also exhibit remarkable abilities in the areas of art, music and math. Autism used to be a rare disorder, occurring in about one in 1500 children. Since the late 1980's, however, the autism rate has risen sharply in the U. S. and other countries. CDC's new numbers for the autism rate are one in 100.

For decades, most psychiatrists considered autism to be a psychological disorder. It is now generally acknowledged that autism is caused by biological factors, but there is little agreement over which factors are most important, and exactly how they cause autism. Unlike other disorders, autism is defined not by its cause, but by its symptoms, which may include purposeless, repetitive behaviors such as hand-flapping, rocking or opening and closing doors. Language skills develop slowly or not at all, the meaning of words is often ignored and gestures are used instead of words. Some individuals with autism may exhibit aggressive or self-injurious behavior and resistance to change in routine. Others may seem to lack common sense, throw tantrums for no apparent reason or obsess over an idea, object or person. Children with autism may also experience sensitivities to sights, sounds, touch, odors and flavors, and have strong reactions to them.

Although autism is defined by a certain set of behaviors, children and adults may exhibit many different combinations of these behaviors, to any degree of severity. Two children, both with the same diagnosis, may act very differently and have varying aptitudes.

The first step in teaching Yoga to a student with autism is to establish a strong bond with the child. To do this the Yoga teacher will need to enter the world that the child lives in -- to meet the child on his or her own level, so to speak. Only then will the teacher be able to gain the childs complete confidence. Massage, music, dance, rhymes and stories are some of the different techniques that the teacher can use to connect with the child.

As student and teacher gradually develop a foundation of mutual trust and friendship, the Yoga teacher can introduce some of the Yoga poses (asanas) and breathing exercises (pranayama) that will help to bring the child with autism out of his or her shell and into the world of social interaction. After the student becomes familiar with these introductory poses, the Yoga teacher may progressively add more asanas to the routine, as well as deep relaxation. The combination of asanas, pranayama and deep relaxation will strengthen the childs nervous system, increase overall health and facilitate the development of body awareness and concentration. By establishing optimal physiological and psychological integrity, Yoga therapy helps children with autism gain new motor, communication and social skills. The end result is an overall improvement in their quality of life.


Enter the Future Gateway 4 Autism

"Autism cannot fulfill its destiny until humanity begins to understand that Autism is truly a frequency gift for a waiting world."

Sensory Yoga 4 Schools

Connecting Autism to Global, Spiritual Transformation

Welcome to Yoga4Autism, I am David Ellams BSc(Hons) and I am the founder and Managing Director of Yoga4Autism.

We help people with special needs using healthy natural methods such as yoga, mindfulness, meditation, etc by addressing the causes rather than covering up the symptoms with mind numbing drugs as has been the way of the past. In doing so we can help as many people live happy fulfilling life's to their FULL potential without limitations.

I can personally vouch this works since I myself am on the spectrum (I was given the label of Aspergers, Dyspraxia & Dyselxia) and after a lifetime of trying everything with nothing really working, I finally discovered yoga, mindfulness and meditation, which helped turned my life around in the most amazing way. I have had a really hard life due to not having the help I really needed, I now wish to help others so they do not have to suffer as I once did.

Please sign up in the relevant pink or blue box below if you are interested either in our classes or becoming one of our esteemed yoga teachers. Many thanks. )

Be the change you wish to see in the world.

Please check out my intro video below:

Also check out one of my inspiring and empowering talks I did at the Om Yoga Show in October 2014, which goes more into my story and how Y4A came about.

Read more in the About sections:

Autism and Cognitive Disabilities (Downs Syndrome, Dyspraxia etc.) are becoming more and more prevalent in today’s world. Global statistics show a significant rise in clinical diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorder alone, over the last three years, to the extent that these statistics are now impossible to ignore. Yoga as a spiritual and physical fitness practice, is also rapidly gaining recognition and was one of the top ten growth industries in 2012. It is becoming apparent that children and adults with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and other Cognitive Disabilities benefit greatly from yoga practice, that integrates music, colour and movement.

If you are a Yoga Teacher or a Classroom Teacher in schools/colleges, now is the perfect time to begin understanding how Yoga can benefit people of all ages, especially those with Autism and Cognitive Disabilities like Downs Syndrome and Dyspraxia. With Y4A you can train under the guidance of professionals who have worked with Autism for many years and who have vast experience teaching Yoga. You can bring our unique accredited Samadhi Spectrum Yoga back into your School, Classroom or Workplace.

Use your Yoga4Autism Samadhi Spectrum Yoga Training to help individuals with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and other Disabilities, to cope better in this often stressful modern world. Become part of the Y4A Yogers Team, as a Yoga Leader in International workshops and in schools. We look forward to hearing from you soon. Just register your interest in the organisation at yoga4autism and we will send you an information pack regarding upcoming Y4A training weekends.

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Forex brokers on youtube

Forex brokers on youtubeAdvertising

This article is part of a series of in-depth discussions of Social Marketing in the FX Broker Industry by Media Group London. a full-service marketing agency specializing in the online trading industry. Previous articles include discussions of FX Brokers on Facebook and Twitter .

YouTube is the second largest search engine in the world. The amount of queries for Forex related topics should thus exceed those on Bing and Yahoo search engines and is very substantial.

Again using our ‘Distance to Trading’ model, we divide the YouTube accounts of brokers into 5 categories; Announcements, Market Data Events, Research and Commentary, Signals and Interaction.

Announcements are those accounts mainly used for marketing messages and the promotion of the company, Market Data Events are those accounts that are mainly used to disseminate market data events such as NFP, BOE interest decisions or currency rate information. Research and commentary is more in depth information about the market and where it is heading, and interaction accounts are those that talk to traders on a pro-active basis. Signals are those YouTube accounts that give actual trade recommendations.

Users are searching mostly for how-to content, market information and trade recommendations (signals). As you can see from below chart, the content that is on YouTube posted by brokers currently does not include trade recommendations or interaction (I. E. video responses or comments).

Instead, the content posted is mostly research and commentary related. The second most common type of content is Tutorials which is logical given the nature of YouTube searchers’ intent. Out of the major brokers with YouTube accounts FXCM and DukasCopy are most popular – both offering mostly Research Commentary.

Dukascopy is worth highlighting here as besides YouTube video’s they run a highly professional TV channel like video operation. You can watch it here: dukascopy/swiss/english/tv/general/ .


With the advent of YouTube live and the continued growth of searches on this site it is more and more a channel that brokers can’t afford to be absent from. The successful broker will post videos in a TV like operation for Research Commentary and Trade Recommendations and a separate channel for tutorials and announcements. Both will be distributed into sites like YouTube and integrated into trading platforms for maximum reach. Find an overview of brokers’ YouTube accounts and their channel views.

Please contact us on infomediagrouplondon if you have any comments or would like to be included in the next overview.

Grab your latest copy of the Forex Magnates Retail Forex Industry Report.

Online Forex brokers on youtube

Stock indices

Stock indicesStock Indices

Stock markets compete with Forex in terms of popularity among traders. There are countless companies traded on various stock exchanges all around the world.

Such companies include well-known giants like IBM or Coca-Cola as well as small start-ups attracting their first capital.

It is common for traders without insider information about a certain company to deal with not one or two specific stocks but with Stock Indices . instruments that derive their value from a basket of numerous shares. These indices usually track one particular market, sector or industry, e. g. the NASDAQ-100 Index includes the 100 largest non-financial stocks listed on the NASDAQ Stock Exchange.

Our mission is to give the widest range of trading instruments and so we offer you opportunities to trade on the major US and European indices. For these purposes you can use any type of account (except the MT4.MICRO).


In order to see the list of instruments available and trading conditions please choose an account type.

Stock Indices

On Nadex, you can take a view on a range of global stock indices using our unique binary options and bull spreads, with low collateral requirements and strictly limited risk.

Benefits of Stock Indices Binary Options

Trade binary options whose values are calculated with reference to key underlying stock index futures

Short-term expirations ranging from 20 minutes to one week for US and International stock indices

Binary Options

Your maximum profit or loss is always known from the outset

Online Stock indices

Budgeting for training

Budgeting for trainingBudgeting For Training

What Does It Cost?

Legend: $ - Least Expensive, $$ - More Expensive, $$$ - Most Expensive

Creating a Training Budget

Budgeting for training does not mean using surplus money when it’s available. Instead, you should build a separate line item for training into your yearly budget. A training budget should include the following costs:

Initial communication about the training program

Training delivery (e. g. classes, video tutorials, e-learning, course fees)

Training materials (workbooks, videos)

Staff time (including replacement time)

Instructor fee

Travel, lodging or meal expenses required to participate

Ongoing training (upkeep)


Managing the Budget

Once approved, your training budget will need careful management to ensure that costs stay on track. Unforeseen events can lead to changing costs. A specially trained staff member might unexpectedly leave the company before their knowledge is passed on to others. Training costs will increase if you need to rely on external resources.

How Much to Spend?

Many large organizations commit to investing anywhere from two to five percent of salary budgets back into training. While that may not be realistic for you, it's important to find a number you feel your budget can absorb. Base the figure you'll use on your needs analysis.

You may be tempted to use the least expensive trainers or training materials available. Often, using "b" level resources produces "b" results. Increase the likelihood of success by always striving for A's. Use the best caliber training you can afford.

Ways to Save

Depending on the size of your staff, you may find training costs add up quickly. Here are some ways you can save on costs:

Group training: earn volume discounts by training numerous employees at once (sometimes as few as three participants will qualify)

Re-use materials: training materials such as videos have a long shelf life and may be used repeatedly

Teach one, teach all: spend on off-site training for one employee, but have him or her present their knowledge to remaining staff

E-learning: electronic options are cheaper than traditional, instructor-led training

Another tip is to negotiate free or reduced-cost training from your vendors, who will be happy to help you if it means their product will be successful.

Remember, the right training program will save you money in the long run.

Securing Commitment

Don't forget that employee commitment is necessary for training to succeed. One way to ensure employees take the effort seriously is to have those getting specialized training to share the cost. Employees who have made a personal investment in learning will be more focused on completing the task.

If you are footing the bill, get employees to commit to working for you for a specified period of time following the training's completion. Let them know you will require reimbursement if they aren't able to fulfill the agreement.

It is also important to have full support for training efforts from senior people in your organization. If they understand the long-term value of employee development, they should be able to help by earmarking funds for training.

Online Budgeting for training

Free forex eas that profit

Free forex eas that profitDetailed information regarding working Forex Real Profit EA:

Forex Real Profit EA works with any broker, suggested ECN.

The currency found in trade is any of this currencies that are provided by the broker.

Forex Real Profit EA can work as well as other specialists advisors and has special settings for this.

Forex Real Profit EA automatically adjusts the trading time relative of GMT.

Forex Real Profit EA has a powerful Stop Loss and just take Profit.

Protection from a sizable spread and slippage.

In the archives ForexRealProfitEA. rar:

FXProvider. Premium Forex EAs

FX Safe Profit uses a unique trading method which helps gaining income steadily and gradually. It utilizes many technical indicators into trading decision. These comprises Super Trend Detection technology accompanied with RSI, CCI, PSAR, Stochastic, and Momentum indicators.

Forex Windows VPS is the ideal for clients who want to have a reliable VPS for his MT4 Trading Software.

With the affordable price from $20/month, you can start your automatic trading strategy with our VPS.

Ea Review Section

It just doesnt make sense to buy every single EA that comes out. There is expense, not to mention the possibility it is a scam and blows your account (the ol scam EA double-dip). Thats why we must have a set of procedures to follow in deciding whether we should ever expose our capital to these programs.

I see them as employees you can use to go out and make you money. You want the same qualities. Someone who doesnt risk your capital in a dangerous way, someone reliable, someone profitable.

Remember, YOU are the boss and THEY are your employees and you only want good people working for you.

So our goal here is to find the best products, make it easy to understand why they are here and provide an “executive summary” of why these made the review page. Keep in mind though that there are several important criteria we use before deciding to take on an EA, go the trouble of testing it and reviewing it completely. [Read more]

Forex Robot & EA Reviews

Imagine paying $99 for a piece of software that will make you rich overnight. Buyers KNOW that the claims of 99% of forex robot vendors are fabricated nonsense and yet every day $10.000’s are spent on what are usually useless tools that will eventually lose lots of money.

Every single forex robot I bought went in the bin or was returned for a refund. Even one of the better ones which might (in a good year) make 10% per year made ridiculous claims that 2000% profit was achievable.

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Using protective puts as ahedging strategy

Using protective puts as ahedging strategyUsing Protective Puts as a Hedging Strategy

You buy stock because you’re bullish and expect the stock's price to go up. Since you’re bullish, chances are you aren’t too preoccupied with the downside. But as we all know, markets can shift quickly. Puts are a handy tool to help lock in profits on your existing positions in the event of a sudden reversal.

Lock in profits on an existing position

Consider this example: You bought 500 shares of stock XYZ at $50, and it rises to $70. As you’re admiring your tidy potential profit, the stock drops slightly to $65. Hmm. Your first response might be, “No problem. I’ll just wait until it gets back to $70, and then I’ll close out and sell.” But the stock drops further to $60. Perhaps you revise your target price downward to $67, but before you know it, the stock goes back down to $50, and you’ve lost the entire run-up of potential profits. Sound familiar?

It’s an all-too-common scenario for investors: A stock makes a sudden run upwards, you get excited (and maybe a little greedy) and then it reverses before you can lock in your gains. Now consider this revised scenario: when the stock was at $70, you could’ve said to yourself, “Hey, that’s an amazing run. Now I want to protect some of those potential gains.” To do so, you’d buy five 60-day puts with a 65 strike price for about $2 per contract. This would cost $1,000 plus $8.20 in commissions (each put contract represents 100 shares of stock). For only a couple of bucks per share, you’d gain the right to sell your stock at $65 for the given time period – irrespective of what the actual market price per share might be.

Why buy 65 strike puts, instead of 70 strike puts? Buying 65 strike puts should cost you considerably less than buying the 70-strike put, but the 65s still lock in most of your gains. Puts are not insurance, but think of the situation in car insurance terms: if you buy zero-deductible insurance, it usually costs a fortune. Even a small deductible lowers your premium costs substantially. That five-point difference in the two strike prices, 65 versus 70, should provide a similar benefit here.

Now let’s assume you’ve bought your five put contracts with a strike price of 65. Should your stock take a sudden dive to 50, you’d have your pick between two choices:

1. Exercise your puts and sell the stock at $65. In this scenario, you’d keep the lion’s share of your gains: $65 – $50 = $15 x 500 shares = $7,500 less $1,008.20 for the cost of the protective put and commissions. Not a bad exit.

2. You could also simply sell your puts for a profit and pocket the cash. (After all, if the market is currently at $50, and you’d have the right to sell at $65, the price of your puts has probably increased in value.) Selling the puts would offset a large portion of the loss on the stock and allow you to keep the long stock position, if that’s important to you longer-term. Of course, don’t forget to deduct the cost of the puts and the commissions from your profit.

What are the risks of Protective Puts?

As with most option trades, timing is everything with protective puts. You may purchase puts only to see the stock continue higher, which is great as a stockholder. However, you may feel as if you wasted your money by purchasing the puts after they’ve expired worthless. Furthermore, if you want to continue to protect your profits using puts, you’d have to buy more puts, pay more premiums, and incur more commissions. That protection would only last until expiration of the contracts you bought.

In certain circumstances you may decide that having protection is worth the extra cost. To go back to our analogy, when you buy insurance on your car, you’re not hoping it will be stolen before the end of the term. If you’re inclined to protect your investment with puts, you should make sure the cost of the puts is worth the protection it provides. Protective puts carry the same risk of any other put purchase: If the stock stays above the strike price you can lose the entire premium upon expiration. If you renew your protection after the first puts expire by purchasing more puts, your costs can add up over time.

As long as you’re using puts judiciously and stay aware of these risks, they may offer a compelling hedge for profits on your long stock position.

Online Using protective puts as ahedging strategy

Automated trading strategies group linkedin free binary signals

Automated trading strategies group linkedin free binary signalsAutomated trading strategies group linkedin Free Binary Signals umirs. br

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Sbi forex rate

Sbi forex rateSBI Forex Rate

Published by admin On July 1, 2014

SBI Sydney Forex Rate. 46.00

Last Update At. 09/11/2015 3:00pm

SBI online money transfer to India from Australia is a convenient option for Indians provided you are SBI’s NRI or NRO account holder. SBI AUD to INR rates are quite competitive. However there is no scope to bargain.

A pioneer in online money transfer, State Bank of India has been in the business for many years and has helped millions to transfer cash to India. We continue reinventing ourselves and concoct imaginative and easy to understand solutions for our clients which helps them to make easy secure, fast and anxiety free cash exchanges.

With our appealing exchange rates, you gain on every transaction to India and get the most out of your well deserved cash. There is no exchange expense and with us you get the best rate aailable when you book a transaction.

You are our esteemed client and your security is our highest priority. Our matured security techniques guarantee that your transactions are protected and secure. Our committed network works round the clock to guarantee largest amount of security.

SBI online cash exchange to India from Australia is an advantageous choice for Indians who are NRI or NRO account holder. SBI AUD to INR rates are truly competitive.

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Forex60secondsDisclaimer and Risk Warning. Please read.

Risk Warning. Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Before deciding to invest in foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and therefore you should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose. You should be aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange trading, and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts.

Disclaimer All information posted on this website is of our opinion and the opinion of our visitors, and may not reflect the truth. Please use your own good judgment and seek advice from a qualified consultant, before believing and accepting any information posted on this website. We also reserve the right to remove, edit, move or close any post for any reason.

Advertisements Warning Advertisement links are displayed throughout the site. Some pages in the site may contain affiliate links for products. These advertisements and/or links do not reflect the opinion, endorsement, or concurrence of this website or affiliated parties. The FPA's reviews are never influenced by advertising. Some ads might contain potentially misleading and/or unbalanced claims and information that may fail to disclose risks and other important considerations involved in speculative trading.

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60 Second Binary Options

When it comes to making a quick turnaround in the investment markets, most people have to wait on a special situation or an extremely volatile swing in the market. They then have to make sure that they bet the right way and time the exit perfectly. There also has to be someone on the other side of the trade to get them out. Even if you get the situation correct remember you need a few other items to happen to get out of the trade. With all of these variables, it is no wonder that most short term trading strategies end up as complete failures.

If you have been a victim of these less than optimal situations in your short term trading experiences, it may be time to try a new short term trading method. Actually, it may be time for you to discover an entirely new market to invest in.

>> Brokers that offer 60 Second options

Want Returns Like This In 1 Minute ?

Binary options provide the short term trader with another, less volatile option for quick turnarounds in the short term market. 60 second binary options are the relatively new format for binary options traders that can increase the frequency with which a trader can make fast money . With the right kind of training and research, 60second binary options can provide a reliable source of income for a trader who has the discipline to carry out his or her training. We are talking rapid fire trading with the potential of more than 71% gain on each trade. This does not exist in the regular stock market unless you capture a tremendous volatile event and own the right options on that stock. Instead 60 second option opportunities are happening throughout the trading day as long as the markets are trading. In this case if you are interested in trading a 60 second binary option for a US stock then the US markets have to be open. The same thing goes for a European stock.

60second binary options means that you can literally make money every minute using binary options. The concept of binary options also creates a much more surefire situation for investors. Binary options are not subject to the emotional whims of the market, which means that research and training is worth a lot more to a trader in the market. This is because the timeframe is so small that the likelihood of an afterhours event effecting your trading is non existant. Moreover, you dont hold 60 second binary options overnight and start each day fresh so any news or earnings or anything that may effect a trade pre-market or post-market wont cause you to lose money, unlike traditional stock holders who can wake up the next day and be down 14%.

Binary options means that a trader only has two options to pick from. These options can be quickly vetted for risk assessment and probability in a very precise way. Binary options traders always have the best numbers of any type of trader because of the surety of the options that are provided.

The key is being familiar with whatever binary option you are trading. If you understand the forex pair EUR/USD than you will want to trade that as you understand it better. If you are a Forex trader and dont understand how Cotton or Oil trades then its probably not a good idea to be trading those. Moreover, if you do trade commodities, you might not be that good at trading indexes such as the Topix or Nikkei.

60second binary options are especially good for the trader who can keep up because they provide a trader with the opportunity to put that precise understanding of a particular market or stock or index or commodity to work and offer the potential to profit each time in a very sizeable way.

1 Minute Charting Example

You could be buying 60 second call options the whole way up the spike.

Online Forex60seconds

A simple fibonacci swing trading strategy

A simple fibonacci swing trading strategyA simple Fibonacci Swing trading strategy

Some of the most profitable and consistent trading strategies are often those that are simple. The simplicity of the trading system is what puts off many traders. But of course this is a general tendency where traders think that the more complicated a trading system is, the better it performs. The Fibonacci swing trading strategy is perhaps the most simplest of trading strategies that uses the most minimal of indicators (2 Moving averages) and the Fibonacci retracement tool. The strategy works best on the 4-hour timeframe and is ideal for swing trading with an average trading hold period lasting for atleast a week.

Fibonacci Swing Trading Chart Set Up

For the chart set up, we make use of the H4 time frame with two moving averages plotted.

100 MA (which replicates a 20 period weekly moving average)

20 MA

For plotting price action, using the Heiken Ashi candles offer the best results as it is indicative of the trend and doesnt take too much of analysis into the candlestick patterns that are being formed.

The trading strategy is a trend following system which signals pullbacks for entry. On the basis of the 100MA, the weekly longer term trend is always in focus, while the MA(20) plots the short term (H4) average price.

Fibonacci Swing Trading Chart Set Up

Fibonacci Swing Trading Strategy Criteria

The first step is to identify the longer term trend on the basis of price action relative to the 100MA and the slope of the 100MA. A simple way to identify the prevailing trend is to scan the chart from left to right. If price has been moving from the bottom left of your screen to the upper right, it indicates an uptrend (or if price is moving from the top left to the bottom right, it indicates a downtrend).

Within the timeframe (H4), identify a swing move that comprises of sharp upward price action (or downward).

Identifying a large Swing Move in an Uptrend

After this main swing move is identified, make sure that the 100MA is sloping up (or down). The slope of the 100 Moving average gives us an indication on the strength of the trend. Once the main swing move is identified, using the Fibonacci retracement tool. measure this swing move. For the Fib levels, we use the following:

61.8%, 38.2%, 50%, 127.2%, 161.8%

Plotting Fib Retracement Swing Move

Now that we have everything set up, the idea is to pick the pullbacks. Pullbacks are nothing but temporary pauses or counter trend moves (known as corrections to the trend). Trading pullbacks offer a safe entry into a trend rather than picking tops and bottoms. In the Fib Swing trading strategy, we use 38.2% and 61.8% as the entry points for the pullback and use the 127.2% and 161.8% as the target price.

The slope of the 100MA is what determines when to enter a position. For example, if the 100MA is steep and sloping upwards, an entry can be initiated when a pullback to 61.8% is identified. In cases where the 100MA is flat, we simply wait for the trend to gain strength again and then take an appropriate entry (either at 61.8% or 38.2%). The chart below demonstrates a weak entry and a strong entry.

Fib Swing Strategy Determining Entry

After a strong entry is identified, enter either at market or at the high of the most recent candle with stops at the most recent low. In the above example, stops could placed a few pips above the 50% mark of 1.65363, close to the recent lowest low.

For targets, we make use of three targets. 100%, 127.2% and 161.8%. Typically, with this trading system three units of trade size can be initiated. Example, 3 lots, or 0.3 lots or 0.03 lots. The positions are closed at 100%, 127.2% and finally 161.8%. When the second trade is closed (when price reaches 127.2%) the remaining units stop position is moved to break-even.

Fib Swing Strategy Example

Some notes to bear in mind:

Price can touch 100%, retrace back to entry and then surge higher to 127.2% level

Typically, when price hits 127.2% it often retraces to either 100% or back to entry

This behavior can be exploited to take on additional entries

In most cases price doesnt reach 161.8% of the Fib level. However it cannot be discounted. Therefore, the third trade could either result in the trade being closed to break-even or reaching a very good reward level.

Fib Swing Trading Strategy Trade Example

EURGBP Short Trade Example

EURGBP Fib Swing Trading Strategy Example

The above chart shows the 4-hour EURGBP chart.

A downtrend was identified with the 100MA sloping downwards (not shown in chart due to size restrictions)

Using the Fib tool, the levels are plotted and we see a spike to 61.8% of the retracement. Because price closed below the 100MA, we place a pending sell order at the low with stops at high of the spike or at 50%. Targets are set to 100%, 127.2% and 161.8%

Price quickly hits the 100% level target

Price moves further down to the 127.2% target level

A bit of retracement to the 100% level and then price drops down to the 161.8% target level

The opposite set up would hold true for long positions.

Why trade the Fibonacci Swing Trading strategy

Easy to use with the most minimal of trading indicators

Trading on the H4 chart gives a balance in terms of noise and the longer term prevailing trend

Using Heiken Ashi candles, it is easy to further determine the unfolding trend

Trading the pullbacks offer one of the most safest entries

Works on the principle of trend is your friend


Slow moving price action

It can take days to weeks for price to hit its target

Not ideal for impatient of low confidence traders

Editorial Team

ForexPromos Editorial Team is comprised of a selection of hand picked editors that bring you the latest breaking news from the financial markets. We also provide forex educative articles as well as comprehensive fx broker reviews.

Online A simple fibonacci swing trading strategy

Electronic trading guide for nasdaq level2pdf download

Electronic trading guide for nasdaq level2pdf downloadElectronic Trading Guide for NASDAQ Level 2 PDF Download

Learn to trade the electronic NASDAQ using Level 2 screens. Online Trading Academy has put this manual together to teach novice investors how to direct electronic trade the NASDAQ using the now popular Level 2 screen.

This book does not have fancy binding or lettering. If your looking for that then dont buy this book. This book was written in a manual style format to teach you how to trade the NASDAQ using an electronic execution system.

There is no fluff in this book. Its simple, straightforward, and to the point. Keep this guide next to your computer and have it handy. You will refer to it on many occasions to keep you on track.

Online Trading Academy has been teaching individual investors how to trade stocks on a short-term and intraday basis. In the past two years, OTA has taught over 1000 students. I can personally tell you this is not an easy task to learn. It requires a tremendous amount of skill, dedication, hard work, extreme discipline, risk management, and persistence.

Trading the NASDAQ is one of the most challenging experiences in your life. As a day trader, I have seen many people make money and many people lose money. And the clear distinction why most people fail is because their lack of trading knowledge and discipline. Trading knowledge is your most valuable form of capital. So read this book a few times before getting started. It could save you thousands of dollars.

If you really are ready for the move to electronic trading and would like a guide to walk you through step-by-step on the techniques and strategies and dont mind the manual style format then I recommend this book for you.

Good Luck and Happy Trading

Online Electronic trading guide for nasdaq level2pdf download

Thread full details on how to backtest

Thread full details on how to backtestThread: Full details on how to backtest

Join Date Oct 2009 Posts 48

Full details on how to backtest

I saw the FAQ on how to backtest an stEA and unfortunately it does not list full details. So, I'll ask here.

Suppose I want to backtest an EA from one specific date to another specific date. How do I do that? Your FAQ does not say how to specify from and to dates for testing, nor does it state how to actually run the test. Also, how do I actually get the data to backtest? I get error messages about not all data available, tick multiplier method turned off. And if I try to change the number of bars available for backtesting, I get unknown error.

On MT4 it is very easy to specify that you want to backtest from a specific date to another specific date. It is also easy to download the historical data so that you can do the backtest. Why is this so non-obvious in ST?

Please explain in more detail.

Last edited by fxmultitrader; 03-26-2011 at 04:20 PM.

Online Thread full details on how to backtest

Ramius and ssga plan managed futures fund relationship

Ramius and ssga plan managed futures fund relationshipRamius and SSgA plan managed futures fund relationship

Ramius has filed a proxy statement with the US Securities and Exchange Commission seeking shareholder approval to hire State Street Global Advisors to serve as sub-advisor to the Ramius Trading Strategies Managed Futures Fund.

The fund is an open-end mutual fund that gives investors exposure to a high-conviction portfolio of managed futures managers on the Ramius managed account platform.

The funds board has approved the appointment of State Street as sub-advisor, subject to approval of the funds shareholders.

As part of the proposed sub-advisory relationship, State Street will hire the funds existing portfolio management team, which will preserve the continuity of the management team from the funds inception. As the primary advisor to the fund, Ramius will continue to provide the funds back-office platform, operational due diligence and marketing support.

“We are excited to collaborate with State Street,” says Michael Singer, chief executive officer of Ramius. “The proposed sub-advisory agreement will keep in place the funds portfolio management team while also providing additional resources to expand its signature investment capabilities. We look forward to working with State Street to further our efforts in delivering high-quality liquid alternatives to under-served mass affluent investors.”

Ramius anticipates that the shareholder vote will take place in September 2014 and, if accepted, will become effective around mid-September 2014. After shareholder approval, the fund is expected to be renamed the State Street/Ramius Managed Futures Strategy Fund.

“We are constantly looking for ways to bring high-quality, alternative-oriented products to investors, and we look forward to working together with Ramius to help ensure that the funds success continues,” says Scott Powers, president and chief executive officer of State Street Global Advisors.

Online Ramius and ssga plan managed futures fund relationship

Backtesting on renko charts

Backtesting on renko chartsBacktesting on Renko Charts




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Europa universalis iv

Europa universalis ivTrade nodes and trading

2 years ago #1

So I'm not entirely sure about how this works. I know you have merchant units who you can send to different nodes to either push or collect. However, what are the requirements for being able to collect and push. Because in some cases I noticed it just does one or the other?

Also is it pointless to push trade from a node in which you have no power? If so, is there any way to get power there without building things or owning land?

dark lancer

2 years ago #2

This is something which I've felt has not been explained well enough.

Your merchant should collect from trade in the trade node your capital city is connected to. If you're France, it's Bordeaux. If you're Castile or Spain, it's Seville. If you're Japan or a Japanese Daimyo, it's Nippon.

Any other trade nodes should only have merchants transferring trade power. They will only attempt to move it towards your capital city's trade node. Trade can't be moved away from Antwerp or Venice, or your capital city.

Believe it or not, this next part came to me in a dream last night: the best deployment of your merchants is to have one collecting from your capital city's trade node; the rest of your merchants should form a path to each next trade node you have influence in. If you are France and you have trade influence in the Chesapeake Bay trade node, have a merchant transfer power in the Western Europe trade node and the Chesapeake Bay trade node.

Not changing this signature until 2/21/14.

Online Europa universalis iv

Trading ichimoku with adx

Trading ichimoku with adxText-only Preview


12 February 2011

Ichimoku Trend Trading

- Confirmation with ADX Indicator

This article assumes the reader has basic knowledge of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo trading system.

APF Trading Pte. Ltd.

9 Battery Road

12F Straits Trading Building

As you know, Ichimoku Kinko Hyo is predominantly a trend-following indicator, with multiple

The ADX was developed by J. Welles Wilder to determine the strength of a trend, and whether the

market is trending or not, regardless of direction. This is useful because markets tend to range

about 80% of the time and if you are a trend trader, you will not want to miss the trends or enter

Online Trading ichimoku with adx

Forex board

Forex boardPreferences

The preferences window for the FX Board is shown below.  From here you can completely customize the look of the FX Board.  

Preferences for the FX Board.

Display Options . change the color of the Background, Bid/ask label, Cell background, Handle, Pips, Position, and Symbol.  

Spread Meter . can be turned on/off.  The spread meter is the colored bar at the bottom of each cell with each color representing a different spread value.  You can customize the value each color represents.  

Confirm FX Board removal . a confirmation window will pop up when you try to close the FX Board.  

Forex Algorithmic Trading: A Practical Tale for Engineers

As you may know, the Foreign Exchange (Forex) market is used for trading between currency pairs. But you might not be aware that it’s the most liquid …

Here’s the big problem with low interest rates

Since Lehman Brothers went bankrupt in September 2008, the world’s central banks have injected more than $12 trillion under QE (Quantitative Easing) programs into financial markets. More than $26 trillion of government bonds are now trading at yields of below 1% with over $6 trillion currently …

Daily Forex Chart Art - Nov. 13, 2015

EUR/JPY: 1-hour

EUR/JPY: 1-hour Forex Chart

Forex Technical Analysis: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/CHF, USD/JPY, AUD/USD, USD/RUB, Gold

Forex, Binaries And Stock Trading Software

USD bulls look for tactical support to hold

Forex - Dollar holds steady close to recent highs

USD/CAD Oil Price Drop Offsets Canadian Housing Prices

EUR/USD ends week flat, bearish trend intact

U. S. Session Forex Recap – Nov. 13, 2015

Event: Trade balance

Period: Sep

Previous Reading: 19.0bln; 11.2bln

Forecast: 19.4bln; 16.0bln

Actual Reading: 20.1bln; 20.5bln

The difference between exports and imports of Eurozone goods and services. The Trade Balance is one of the biggest components of Europe 's Balance of Payment, and thus gives valuable insight into pressures on the value of the Euro.

A negative Trade Balance figure (deficit) indicates that imports are greater than imports. When exports are greater than imports, the Eurozone experiences a trade surplus. Trade surpluses indicate that funds are coming into Europe in exchange for exported goods and services. Because such exported goods are usually purchased with Euros, trade surpluses typically indicates that currency is flowing into the Eurozone. Such currency inflows may lead to a natural appreciation of the Euro, unless countered by similar capital outflows. At a bare minimum, surpluses will buoy the value of the currency.

There are a number of factors that work to diminish the market impact of Eurozone Balance of Trade. The report is not very timely, released fifty days after the reporting period. In addition, developments in many of the Trade Balance's components are typically well anticipated. Lastly, since the report reflects data for a specific reporting month, any significant changes in the Trade Balance should plausibly have been already felt during that month and not during the release of data. Despite these considerations, and because of the overall significance of Trade Balance data, the release has historically been one of the more important reports out of Europe .

The headline figure for trade balance is expressed in millions of Euros, and usually accompanied by the year-on-year percentage change.

Online Forex board

Expert advisor top-compare live forward performance

Expert advisor top-compare live forward performanceExpert Advisor Top Compare Live Forward Performance

Brief description of the column headings

Weeks in test self explanatory.

Total gain the total amount gained calculated in relation to the sum of the deposits (in most cases, itll be just the initial deposit).

Closed pips the total number of pips realized by all the trades that were closed. Please note that this does not include the number of floating pips that might be the result of any open trades.

Monthly return the monthly return figure calculated by Myfxbook .

Risk reward ratio calculated by dividing the average losing trade by the average winning trade.

Winning trades the percent of trades with a positive outcome.

Max closed drawdown the maximum realized drawdown, meaning the largest drawdown ever encountered during the account lifetime. Please note that this does not take equity into account, so unrealized drawdowns from floating profits are not taken into account here. Basically, its the drawdown calculated by Myfxbook as the largest difference between a balance peak and the lowest following bottom.

Max drawdown (incl. floating) unlike the closed drawdown above, this also includes floating (unrealized) drawdowns so in some cases it will be larger than its counterpart, especially for grid, martingale and hold-and-pray EAs.

Max floating drawdown pips the maximum recorded value of floating negative profit, in pips.

Average trades per day the number of average trades per day. Naturally, the calculation only includes trading days, the weekends are excluded.

Profit factor the sum of all positive trades divided by the sum of all negative trades. A profit factor below 1 means the system is not currently profitable which should also be easily visible from the other stats.

Birts index a performance index of my own based on a Sortino Ratio calculated on a weekly period, but also factoring the system lifetime and the floating drawdown. More details about its calculation are available. Please note that its a work in progress and its likely to change as time passes and its potential flaws are observed.

Balance chart this one is pretty obvious.

Update frequency

The system details are updated about once every 30 minutes. The balance chart images and the Birts index figures are updated 4 times per day.

General info

This page is designed to continuously grow and list a wide array of expert advisors together with signal services. There are no limitations to the systems that will make it here. Even if an EA is on my No Review List it might still show up here. I recommend doing your due diligence before purchasing any systems that have not been fully reviewed.

As a general rule, I will stop systems that reach a drawdown in excess of 50% but I might make exceptions and stop them earlier or later depending on other factors.

To have an even ground, I am attempting to target a 5% monthly return and a maximum of 20% as drawdown for each system, but thats mostly guesswork and it will surely vary wildly.

Online Expert advisor top-compare live forward performance

Forex trading for aliving

Forex trading for alivingForex Trading for a Living

If you are considering trading forex for a living, here's a word of caution for you. If you thought that this job entailed just a few hours in front of your computer, expertise in a few technical analysis tools for trend analysis and statistical probabilities, and a secure means of steady income flow, you couldn't be more wrong. Its dynamics requires great skill and timing, the ability to withstand a few blows (there will certainly be quite a few), and a hundred percent acceptance of a few extra-gray hair that you will always seem to be growing. Only if you have the grit and determination to succeed despite failures and have the requisite financial knowledge and education, are you qualified to even consider becoming a full-time forex trader. As a beginner, you can only play it low and safe, till you gain the absolutely essential exposure and experience to become a pro. If you think you have what it takes, read the following paragraphs that will take you a step closer in learning it, like a pro.

Prerequisites to Enter These Markets

Before you dive head first into the forex trading field, please gain adequate information about queries like, "does anyone make a living out of it" and "how much capital does one need for it." These two questions should be enough of a reality check on your big money schemes. It is true that you can earn huge amounts by trading in these markets, but it is also true that only a few highly skilled individuals actually do so, and the probability of that happening is very low. If that probability in itself is low, you can just imagine how low the probability of that happening on a regular basis is; think about it.

Apart from this, you need to have adequate financial knowledge about how these markets work, what are the different trading strategies for the same, and which is the best strategy for you, i. e. which one is in the best alignment with your income goals, investment horizons, risk willingness, and other factors. Last but not the least, the market is a cruel world that shows big dreams. Know who your friends and advisors are, and check their background track records before you follow them blindly. Having a fair and level head is an absolutely essential prerequisite when you think about entering this option. To help you in your dream job, the paragraphs below list the main trading strategies. These are followed by some tips to help you trade forex and make it your primary, full-time job.


Your trading game plan should be based on one of the following strategies or should be a combination of them. Mastering the techniques mentioned below should help you in your goal:

Forex Trading For A Living

Check out this video on creating a full-time income trading Forex (and futures:)

Becoming a professional forex trader isn’t likely to be easy process for most people. It takes a combination of many different skills all coming together to really hit the mark. And to orchestrate your own success is no mean feat. Does someone decide they want to become a doctor then read books, go on a few medical forums or perhaps take some courses that they believe to be beneficial?

Would they then become a top level doctor? Is a kid who loves football able to simply practice in the local park or at school and gain the appropriate knowledge and experience in order to develop into a professional sportsman or is the game likely to be different in the pros?

The reality of forex trading is that when you go live, you are playing in the pros from day one . Sure you might choose to trade mini or micro lot accounts, but all this does is limit your risk – you’re still trading what’s essentially the same market.

So unlike other professions, trading has the potential to inhibit the development and growth of an individual. So what does it take to ensure you take the right path on your way to becoming a professional forex trader?


Whether you’re learning from a spare bedroom or you’re trading at Goldman Sachs, you’ll need to have an abundance of drive, passion and ambition.

That’s right – especially in fact if you’re hoping to be some hot shot bank trader.

This is the very essence of trading – the sheer determination to make it and to stay successful.

Without this attitude and drive for excellence, ego and fear and greed and hopelessness get in the way. A dedication and strength of belief will help you remain on course when things don’t always go your way.


You must understand the importance of ‘giving in’ to this approach. Many people aren’t as such fighting this as they are not fully embracing something that they see as rigid and inflexible. But what they don’t see is that by trading in a strict manner, they will learn to implicitly trust themselves and have a baseline for development.

By understanding the nature of a trading edge – i. e. that the probability of it winning over a number of trades is favorable and that you never know whether or not the next trade will win or lose – a trader will begin to develop in such a way that they are less prone to emotional slip-ups.

Take a look at these and see how much they end up costing you over the course of a month. Many traders will note that if they were to eliminate these outsized losses, they would be profitable. But also, by trading consistently you have the ability to create a baseline for development.

Think about this for a minute. If you are trying to make an observation in order to draw valid conclusions, how can you make sense of the results if the inputs are random?


Trading forex is unlikely to make you a gazillionaire overnight. If you start off trading and making a whole heap of money, I’m sorry to burst your bubble, but this is probably one of if not the worst thing a beginner can go through.

1) The money made in this period is not likely to be significant in the grand scheme of things (as much as it seems like it is at the time).

2) Profits will feed into unrealistic expectations and likely cause a beginner to become cavalier with their risk control.

3) This behavior ultimately will lead to bigger (and possibly much bigger) losses than the original gains.

4) The setback is likely to cause a trader to become overly cautious and hinder their development even further. As a trader, it’s so important to understand that you will take losses and that consistency is the objective rather than trying to hit a homerun every trade.

This is even more important when you’ve taken a few losses in a row – so many traders come unstuck when trying to make back all their losses in a single trade. Consistency is about making money, but moreover it’s about being able to replicate results via consistent trading actions in the market.

You also have to understand what the strengths and weaknesses of your product are. Although day trading forex is possible there are better options out there if that’s the route you wish to take. But the fact that you have such a vast market with many different pairs to trade is a huge advantage.

And if you trade a few of them, there’s more than a good chance you’ll be given the opportunity to catch one or two huge moves per year. Don’t think that if you don’t day trade forex that you won’t be active either. Trades can be taking place in so many different pairs at any one time that you’ll actually be kept pretty busy anyway.

Trading forex or anything else for that matter is about having the determination to succeed then setting a robust course to get to where you want to be and sticking with it. Just because you don’t see immediate success with a particular approach, if it is based on sound logic, proper risk control and your account is appropriately capitalized then there’s every chance that with practice you’ll be able to turn the corner at some point. C

hopping and changing strategies is only likely to delay the most important stage a trader must go through – development of their own self-control. Netpicks have a number of fantastic strategies for forex trading including Trend Jumper. Premier Trader University and Keltner Bells. So when you’re ready to commit to a path to becoming a professional forex trader, why not check them out.



Getting up in the morning

Have you ever had the problem of not hearing the alarm clock or hitting the snooze button too much ?

I know I have, but now I have found an alarm that wakes me up, and I dont hit the snooze button because Im very much awake when I turn it off. Its klokoo/ .

Before going to bed set the time and select the rooster sound, turn your speakers way up, and believe me you will wake up.

Try it. It has worked for me.

Important news for the week: 4-8 January

Manufacturing PMI(GBP): it was released today, Actual > Forecast, which is a good thing for the currency. Actual: 54.1, Forecast: 52.1

Online Forex trading for aliving