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Sector trading strategies course book-all trusted brokers in one place

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Forex trading system algorithms

Forex trading system algorithmsForex Trading System Algorithms

A trading system algorithm is a series of steps that shows how the system handles entries, exits at a loss (stop loss) and exits at a profit. Ultimately, these need to be coded into a computer system to automate your trading, but implementation is independent of the actual algorithm.

In this posting, I am going to discuss some price smoothing algorithms.

Price Smoothing Why Do it?

The trader generally has to transform a price data series into trading signals, but price data itself is very noisy. It is similar to trying to tune into a radio station through a lot of static. It is hard to tell what is important, and what is just random noise.

Noise is the non-tradeable component of price data. If you try to trade it, you will significantly reduce your profits. Clearly, the problem at hand is to isolate the noise from the signal. This smooths the price series so that the underlying direction is highlighted.

This problem is well defined in signal processing and some quite advanced and effective techniques are available, but often traders use very crude approaches. I will start in this posting by discussing the traditional approaches and how they work.

Crude Approaches

I would like to describe two crude noise filters: the breakout and the moving average (and its variants).

The breakout is an entry or exit signal that is triggered when the current price exceeds (e. g.) a 20 day high, or falls below a 20 day low. The parameters that can be tweaked are the number of periods and the amount by which the price must exceed or be below the high or low.

The way that this works to filter noise is through a volatility filter. In effect, the system attempts to remove price volatility attributable to noise and assumes that a price that exceeds a certain level represents a true signal rather than noise.

This is how a breakout can be described in an algorithm:

If price + trigger amount > high of n periods then buy

If price trigger amount < low of n periods then sell

The problem is that this approach is rather well known, and false breakouts are therefore quite common. This means that the noise from traders entering the market now distorts the signal.

Another approach is a moving average. This is simply the average of the last (say) 20 periods. The result will be a smoother line than the original price series, but lagged by about 1/2 the period selected. A longer number of periods produces a smoother line, but with more lags to price action, while a shorter number of periods produces a less smooth line which reflects more noise, but is more responsive to changes.

A moving average removes noise by reducing the impact of a particular noisy value by averaging it out. Because this is an average, it is still subject to distortion by extreme values, so it doesnt work well if you have very noisy data, unless you choose a very long moving average period, which causes lags.

The algorithm for a moving average (n period, where n is an integer, e. g. 20) is as follows:

Sum last n periods, then divide by n

Move forward 1 period, then recalculate

The moving average needs to be combined with some other rules for a complete trading system. For example, one popular approach is to look at when 20 period and 50 period moving averages cross over:

If 20 day moving average crosses over 50 day moving average then buy

If 20 day moving average crosses below 50 day moving average then sell

There are some variants to this such as exponential moving averages and median filters. The exponential moving average has similar properties to the usual type but is calculated differently, so I wont go into detail here. A median filter is more interesting. This has less lag. The algorithm is:

Sort last n periods of price data from highest to lowest

Take the middle point

Use this as the value

Median filters can be used in a similar way to ordinary moving averages. They remove noise by excluding extreme values and looking at the value in the middle.

All these algorithms can be easily implemented in Excel.

Next time, Ill continue this in more detail and begin to discuss some of the more advanced techniques also.

Online Forex trading system algorithms

Macd divergence strategy

Macd divergence strategyMACD Divergence Strategy

In todays article, we will be discussing how to use the MACD indicator in another trade strategy, known as the divergence trade strategy. The divergence trade is used to pick out profitable trading strategies based on the principle of price divergence from the MACD indicator, and the eventual correction of this price divergence to follow the MACD indicator.

There are two types of divergence trades that can be taken using the MACD indicator. There is the positive (bullish) divergence, and there is the negative (bearish divergence).

Recognizing a Divergence Trade From the Charts

Recognizing a divergence trade on the charts will require some practice and experience. For a bearish divergence, the trader has to look for an area where the price top forms higher highs while the MACD tops form lower lows. In the bullish divergence, the trader will focus on price bottoms, and so will have to look for where the price bottom forms lower lows while the MACD bottom forms lower highs.

Once these have been identified, the trader then searches for more technical setups that will support the trade entry in the direction of the price correction of divergence. One of these is to use reversal candlesticks as the basis for the trade entry. Other indicators can also be used to confirm trade entries. For our trade examples however, we will keep it very simple by using reversal candlesticks to pick out trade entry points. Generally speaking, we see more price movement in the bearish divergence than in the bullish divergence.

Trading the Divergence

As we have mentioned earlier, there are two divergence trades that can be taken. As a general rule, the higher the time frame charts used for the analysis, the more pips that can be obtained, simply because each candlestick represents price activity over a longer period if the 4 hour or daily charts are used than if the one hour chart is used.

Bearish Divergence

The bearish divergence occurs when the price tops are making higher highs and MACD tops making lower lows. All that is needed for this trade is for the trader to identify two price tops in which the second price top is higher than the first one. This means that ideally, price must be on its way down from the second peak in order to form a complete top.

The trader then searches for an area where the MACD histogram has formed two peaks, with the second peak being lower than the first peak. Usually the higher price highs and lower MACD highs can be traced out with trend lines that connect the tops, easily revealing the different orientation of the trend lines. Thus the divergence is named after the MACD indicators orientation.

Take the short entry trade by looking for a bearish candlestick pattern following the MACD divergence. Then enter short at the open of the next candlestick following the candlestick reversal pattern.

Stop Loss: The stop loss should be placed above the second (higher) peak of the price action.

Take Profit: The take profit levels should be considered using the following:

a) The nearest key level of support

b) The appearance of signs of price bottoming out e. g. recurrent price troughs at the same area following downside price movement.

c) The trader may also decide to set a risk-reward level of 1:2, where 2 pips are allocated as profit for every pip that is set as stop loss.

The chart below shows a typical bearish divergence trade:

Here we can see that the price action is making higher highs while the MACD is making lower highs. A closer look will also show that the price action is working within the context of the rising wedge, which in itself, is a bearish forex chart pattern. So this is really a great trade setup which a forex trader should look forward. All that is left is to identify a bearish candlestick, which is shown by the doji and then a hanging man (pinbar), which is the signal the trader needs to enter short.

Bullish Divergence

The bullish divergence is seen when the price bottoms to form two troughs in which the second trough forms at a lower level than the first trough while at the same time, the MACD histogram forms two bottoms of which the second bottom is higher than that of the first bottom, effectively making making higher lows. The traders job is therefore to identify these areas, trace the lines and then look for a bullish candlestick that can be used to initiate the trade. Once more, the bullish divergence is named after the MACD indicators orientation.

The long entry trade is initiated by looking for where a bullish candlestick pattern occurs once the MACD bullish divergence is confirmed. The long position is taken at the open of the next candlestick which occurs after the candlestick reversal pattern.

Stop Loss: The stop loss should be placed below the lower of the two peaks of the price action.

Take Profit: Just like in the bearish divergence (albeit in the opposite direction), the trader can set the take profit levels using the following parameters:

a) The nearest key level of resistance, either formed by a pivot or a recent succession of price highs.

b) The appearance of signs of price topping out e. g. an area where two or more price peaks have occurred.

c) The trader may also decide to set a risk-reward level of 1:2, where 2 pips are allocated as profit for every pip that is set as stop loss. So the calculation can be made from the entry price and the stop loss.

The chart below shows a typical bullish divergence trade:

We can see the bullish divergence occurring where the price is making lower lows. A bullish engulfing pattern then forms at the trendline area, marking the start of the upside price correction which is what is traded here. The price went up and eventually topped out after a massive 712 pips movement.

We can see clearly that divergence opportunities are everywhere with us in the forex market, but it takes some skill to be able to spot them when they occur. Moreover, the best charts to use are the long term price charts (such as the daily chart or 4 hour chart), as these deliver clearer signals devoid of market noise and usually yield more profits for the trader.

To properly trade divergence patterns therefore, try to get familiar with the major candlestick reversal patterns found in the market, as these provide the easiest technical basis with which to enter trades. Other trade triggering parameters can be used, but for beginners, it is better to stick to candlesticks in order to get the easiest entry setups into profitable trades.


The author’s views are entirely his or her own!

Online Macd divergence strategy

Thread scam-online trading academy

Thread scam-online trading academyThread: SCAM - Online Trading Academy

SCAM - Online Trading Academy

Here is my review on the Online Trading Academy

Online Trading Academy are in the simplest terms a sales company who pressure you into making a payment by using their best negotiation skills (which are rather poor), and wont let you go until they give up.

I was invited to what they called a 'power trading workshop', this was meant to be a free trail day to show you their teaching style, and to illustrate how good they are. We were invited to a rented out office in Canary Wharf (London), and it was a sales pitch. They kept dropping the price saying that it was a one day special offer, and when we said no, they said if we were smart traders we should buy the course as its a smart investment. They wanted near to ?3,500. When we still said no, for various reasons, they kept lowering the price and then opened the option of finance. At this stage they got desperate and separated us from the group into individual rooms, this is when the hard sell started. It was beyond a joke, at one point I expected us to be on TV as a type of rouge traders program.

Online trading academy go on to say they have offices all over the world, in all countries, so why not have the meeting in one of their offices, it makes sense, instead they rent out a top floor swanky London building. As if that wasn't obvious.

When I asked questions about certain trading criteria, they could not answer, and failed to show a basic understanding of trading terminology. The person I was talking to failed to see the difference between a Pip and a Point, unbelievable.

A term that was used more than once was that we had to be educated, and if we were already trading, then why cant we take our money out of our trading account to purchase the course. I've been trading for three years and had high hopes for the Online Trading Academy. They are a complete waste of time.

The presentation was half decent, followed up with the typical stories of how people are now living their life after completing the course. Such as waking up in the morning and placing one trade, and then spending the rest of the day with their family and kids, as if thats not a cliche.

To add insult to myself, they then went on to discuss that the trading platform I was using was not suitable for my own needs. They really have no idea when it comes to trading, and their job is to try and sell the course so that they get their own commission.

Stay away unless you want to have a fun day out with plenty of amusements.

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Ventura online trading

Ventura online tradingVentura online trading

Re: Ventura online trading

am using it from past 1 1/2 years, it is simple and excellent platform 4 day trading, but they are not supportive for BTST.

Re: Ventura online trading

They can give very low brokerage plan with less margin money but there are lot of issues with their online trading platform.

They have a desktop application which work well but there web based application is horrible. It is like IRCTC site which does not get open during Tatkal hours or if opens it will not allow you to login.

Have complained about it many times but people do not answer and tell that your internet connection has problem, whereas at same time I can use IIFL Sharekhan trading site perfectly.

They have trade on call facility.

So office working people who could not install desktop application on their machines do not go with ventura.

Overall it is average only plus point is low brokerage

Online Ventura online trading

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Social trading on forex

Social trading on forexSocial Trading on Forex

What is the most important during trading on Forex? Of course, transaction system which provide a maximum return rate. It seems to be a simple matter, but it requires to gain experience, knowledge, capital, indicators test, etc. A whole bunch of things, but the result is still uncertain. With help comes social trading, called the new dimension of Forex.

Idea of social trading upraise

Social trading idea was created in the United States (most developed capital market in the world) and consists on imitation of the best traders in operation, oriented around the broker platform creating a common database to establish this type of cooperation. Just an individual account in the intermediary service is needed to have an instant access to free top traders signals on currency market. Why the best provide their own, profitable strategies? Awards offered by brokers, inflow of sponsors, prestige, creation of individual brand and pure solidarity are most often a reason. Share of knowledge is well-known in the Forex environment. Even before the social trading era Forex fans were users of trading forums, particularly closed threads.

Copying a chance for profit, without specialized knowledge

Social trading fits perfectly into the potential of social media era . attracting a huge amount of inexperienced customers imitating the best investment behaviors. Unfortunately social trading has a defect, affecting just “mindless” copying . without individual initiative. Although trader knows the signal, he doesn’t really know on what basis was composed, and that indeed is a key to independent success. Therefore, you cannot neglect your own development . Brokers are familiar with this problem. That’s why they promote free courses, run blogs, educational channels, simultaneously encouraging person with the highest return rates to describe used strategy.

Who and how benefits from the social transaction model?

Interesting platform intended for social trading generates signals from the best profiteers, but simultaneously enable to follow opposite positions to movements of the worst market participants. Such an approach we call as the contrarian strategy. Most often also the inflow of signals can be automated in a dedicated investment platform.

Brokers mostly benefit from this idea development, since they make a profit on maximization of the customers number as well as through a large turnover. The best investors are motivated by promotions, low spreads, job vacant, interviews, additional financial support, possibility to build own team. It is worth not only to follow the best, but also to be such a trader.

Trouble with signal selection

The biggest problem raises a choice of trader . whose transactions you will want to copy. Historical results and “followers” number aren’t very measurable indicators. It is necessary to devote quite a lot of time to capture a winning streak. Instead on knowledge the social trading is based on confidence. It is an unusually variable, uncertain value . In described trend we can see the high profit ratio to risk, and it is already a step to connect own system with traders premium systems. The best platforms provide advanced filters . thanks to which you assess the risk of copied signals.

Common objective is a Forex binder

Investors no longer compete, but cooperate in order to achieve measurable financial benefits . Development of social speculation methods is a trend with great prospects for growth. All popular brokers provide this type of offer, seeing the only right direction of classic platforms evolution. Forex becomes the most well-known market thanks to social activity in the world, directed to persons who want to get rich quickly.

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All about automated trading what it is and what it isn-t

All about automated trading what it is and what it isn-tAll About Automated Trading: What It Is and What It Isnt

[This is a guest post from a reader who currently works in an arbitrage development team. He wanted to clear up a few points about what automated trading is and isnt.]

Ah, taking a mid-day nap and waking up with extra money in your trading account who wouldnt want to make money while sleeping?

That promise of set-it-and-forget-it money draws lots of traders into the field and attracts computer science and engineering students who suddenly discover their interest in finance.

Only one problem: automated trading is far from automated cash flow, and you always need human intervention .

To find out why and to learn all about algorithmic trading, arbitrage and other forms of automated trading, read on.

Lexicon Confusion?

Part of the problem stems from all the terms used to describe computer-assisted trading:


Trading machines

High-frequency trading

Black-box trading

People use these interchangeably but are referring to different concepts – so let’s clear that up.

Algorithmic Trading vs. Trade Origination

Heres the key question you need to ask:

Is a human making the trading decisions and simply having a computer help with the execution . or is the machine handling the execution and making the trading decisions?

The first category – where the computer only assists with the execution – is called algorithmic trading .

The second category – where the computer actually makes decisions – can be called trade origination . although that is not a canonical name (there isnt any that Im aware of).

Algorithmic Trading

So now weve cleared up the first misconception about algorithmic trading.

The second misconception: that algorithmic trading is about making the most money possible.

It’s actually about losing as little money as possible and reducing your costs.

To illustrate this, lets walk through an example of how an algorithmic trading system might work:

Lets say that youre a pension fund manager and youve decided to sell 1 million of Company Xs shares that you currently own.

Notice how you – the human – make the initial decision here based on your analysis.

You want to get the best price available on the exchange that Company X’s stock is traded on, and you know that the highest bid price – the highest price at which someone else is willing to buy the stock – is $20.

So ideally, when you sell those 1 million shares you will get $20 million.

But not quite.

The problem is volume – most likely, that bid order for $20 was for far less than 1 million shares; it might have been your next-door neighbor trading 20 shares in his E*Trade account.

If that’s the case, then youll end up selling only 20 shares for $20 – and the remaining 999,980 shares will go for whatever the next best price after $20 is.

If the highest anyone else is willing to pay is $10, then you might only get around $10 million from your 1 million shares rather than $20 million – even though the bid price was $20 according to your trading software.

Limited Liquidity

This problem is called limited liquidity in trading circles – you receive less than the paper value of your position because there aren’t enough bid orders at the price you thought you were getting.

As a human, you could simply monitor the market all day long and be on the lookout for those $20 bid orders.

Thats extremely time-consuming and labor-intensive, but that was exactly what agency execution traders did in the old days.

And thats why algorithmic trading was invented – to manage the trading process over an extended period of time and get as close to the paper value as possible.

A trading algorithm for this scenario might divide the order up into many smaller pieces – 1,000-share blocks rather than 1 million all at once – and execute them over the course of a day or longer.

This is one of the key reasons why algorithmic trading has become so popular: theres a high upfront investment, but a single machine can replace tens of pure agency execution traders so you start seeing huge cost savings once youve been up and running for awhile.

Trade Origination

Algorithmic trading saves traders a lot of time and money, but theres a small problem: you still have to make your own decisions .

To make the process truly automated (in theory), various systems to originate trades were created.

Theres a huge variety in the strategies these systems use – just think about all the hedge funds and prop trading firms out there and all the different trading strategies they use.

To give a concrete example of how these systems work, though, well focus on just one for now: non-statistical arbitrage.

Non-Statistical Arbitrage

Arbitrage refers to buying and selling multiple securities at the same time in the hope of making a profit.

The simplest type is non-statistical, or deterministic, arbitrage, where you find and exploit price discrepancies between 2 or more securities whose prices should be related. Ideally (ignoring technical issues), this kind of arbitrage is risk-free.

(Statistical arbitrage, by contrast, deals with expected values of securities over the long-term. Theres no guarantee that the future will behave like the past and so this is not risk-free in any form.)

Heres how you might apply non-statistical arbitrage, and then how a computer could make it more effective:

The SP 500 index has a futures contract associated with it – that just promises to deliver the stocks at a certain point in the future and is traded on an exchange.

The underlying stocks of the SP 500 trade on exchange as well, so you can take their prices, figure out how much it would cost to hold the stocks until the future expires, and based on that decide whether the future is a bargain or rip-off at the current price.

So lets say you think the future is too expensive – its $1,000 but the underlying stocks are worth only $990 and it will cost you $5 to hold them until the futures expiration.

You can then sell the future and buy the underlying stocks – you deliver the stocks when the future expires and then make a profit based on the difference between what you thought the future was worth and the higher price you sold it for.

Does That Actually Work?

This is a very simple example, and it would never work in real-life because everyone else is looking for the same price discrepancies.

And even if youre Rain Man. it would still take at least a few seconds to spot this type of price discrepancy

…which is where machines come in. They can spot arbitrage opportunities like this in milliseconds rather than seconds or minutes, and make trading decisions far more quickly than any human.

If you were creating an algorithm like this, you might program in the specific securities or trends to look for in the market and then give exact instructions on what to buy and what to sell when certain conditions are met.

These days algorithms have become far more advanced and go well beyond just looking at prices some actually try to scan news stories to determine sentiment for or against a company and make trading decisions based on that.

Still Confused?

So going back to the terms at the top of this article, what does each one actually mean?

Algos – Short for algorithms – Could be either algorithmic trading or trade origination.

Trading machines – Generally trade origination.

High-frequency trading – A type of trade origination system where securities are held for milliseconds (or less) rather than hours or days.

Black-box trading – Might refer to either algorithmic trading or trade origination.

Many of these terms could refer to either variety of computer-assisted trading, so you need to dig in and ask whats really going on when you see them.

Time to Retire to the Beach?

So you have a trade origination system set up and youre making a lot of money with no intervention or decision-making on your part… time to retire?

Not so fast.

All types of automated trading systems must be supervised, checked, and updated constantly.

Even if the software itself is correct and has no bugs, market conditions themselves can be a bug.

We saw this back in 2008 during the start of the financial crisis when hedge funds started blowing up – supposedly once-in-a-lifetime events started happening every day and breaking all the old algorithms.

So no matter how great your algorithm is, it will only be effective until the next crisis, the next unusual market condition, or until everyone else starts copying you.

The top banks have spent a small fortune developing trading algorithms, and the tens of millions of dollars (or more) you need for such technology puts it well out-of-reach of anyone small.

And then theres the small matter that no software is ever bug-free – especially when the algorithm is new, you need a human to monitor it all the time.

So even if your new automated trading program is making bank, you might want to hold off on buying that beach bungalow.

For Further Learning

This was just intended as a brief overview of automated trading – if you want to find out more, get a copy of Algorithmic Trading and DMA: An Introduction to Direct Access Trading Strategies by Barry Johnson.

Good luck with your trading, and let us know if you ever do make it to the beach for early retirement.

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My experiences as aquantitative developer in ahedge fund

My experiences as aquantitative developer in ahedge fundMy Experiences as a Quantitative Developer in a Hedge Fund

By Michael Halls-Moore on December 26th, 2012

I've written a lot on the site about how to become a financial engineer or a quant analyst, but I've not really delved into the role I actually had in a hedge fund, which was that of a pricing quantitative developer or what it involved. Since a lot of you are probably interested in programming as much as mathematics and finance, it makes sense for me to discuss what the role was actually like and what I was working on "day to day", in case you decide that this type of work is more suitable than a "purer" quant role.

Many systematic/quantitative hedge funds are structured as independent "intrapreneurial" units that consist of small groups of quant researchers, quant traders and quant developers. All of those job titles are prefixed with "quant" because they all involve a significant degree of mathematics. Each aspect of systematic trading is highly interwoven and thus every individual is exposed to mathematics and algorithms.

In systematic funds there are three key areas that need to be implemented before a "trading pipeline" can be established. Broadly, they are:

Pricing/Feeds: Quantitative researchers and traders need to develop their algorithms against security price time series. Hence an important part of quantitative research is obtaining excellent quality securities pricing information. The variety of feed types is extensive. The data needs to be retrieved, stored, cleaned and made available to quants in a unified manner. This is the job of the pricing quantitative developer . This was about 80% of my job.

Signals/Algorithm(s): This aspect involves performing statistical research on the obtained pricing data in order to identify trading opportunities. The strategies employed by hedge funds are extremely diverse. For systematic funds, they will often fall into the groups of trend-following, mean-reversion, statistical arbitrage or high frequency/market making. All funds keep their cards extremely close to their chest so good strategies are rarely revealed. This area is the job of the quantitative researcher or trader .

Execution/Orders: Once a trading strategy has passed any necessary backtesting and has gained sufficient theoretical performance, it is the job of the execution quants to build models for effectively getting the trades to the exchange without incurring too much slippage or transaction costs . As with pricing, teams of PhDs often work on effective execution algorithms - in fact execution and signals have significant overlap. Once the execution algorithm has been designed, it is the job of the execution quantitative developer to build an interface to a prime broker that allows trades to be carried out. In addition, portfolio management and reconciliation tools need to be fully automated, with the ability to generate snapshot reports on demand. The latter was about 20% of my job.

Unfortunately I won't be talking about the exact algorithm that we used, because this article is not able divulging trading strategies! However, I will discuss the pricing aspects of being a quantitative developer.

Pricing Quantitative Development

Pricing consists of four main areas: Connecting to data sources and obtaining data, storing that data in a unified manner, cleaning the data so it is free of errors and presenting that data to quant researchers in a straightforward, easy-to-use way.

Our fund predominantly, but not exclusively, utilised an equity long/short model as a trading mechanism. We were primarily concerned with the following asset classes: Global equities, fixed income macro and derivatives data, forex spot data (and futures), commodities (futures and options) and indices such as S&P500, FTSE100, VIX etc. Frequencies were predominantly end-of-day/OHLC (open, high, low, close) through to ten minute polls of other proprietary sources.

The first step to building a securities database of this kind is to create what is known as a securities master list. This lists every security/asset that might be of interest in a single, non-duplicated database. One of the key issues with such master lists is that different sources refer to the same security via different codes. It is necessary to construct a securities mapping list providing unique pricing data for each security.

Our pricing data was obtained from a mix of proprietary and free sources, usually via Application Programming Interfaces (API), so that it could be carried out in a repeated, automated fashion. We constructed a system to check for errors and flag up concerns if the data was not obtained or did not match other sources of the same securities. Our data was stored in a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS), which had been extensively tweaked for performance and our use cases.

Once the data was downloaded we ran three main types of data analysis and modification scripts. The first checked that identical values were achieved for the same security obtained from separate sources. The second checked that there were no unexplained "spikes" in the data (i. e. significant deviations from the normal trading range), which is usually indicative of an error. The third type of analysis was price adjustment for corporate actions (dividends, stock splits, share issues etc), such that our output returns stream became a series of percentage price changes, rather than absolute prices.

This data was then exposed to other software packages via a mixture of internally written APIs and database replication techniques.

This entire process was eventually fully automated. The only manual tasks that needed to be carried out were checking error logs and fixing data sources, adding new data sources and adjusting APIs to allow additional functions to be called.

On top of my duties as a "pricing quant dev" I also produced web-based reporting tools, portfolio reconciliation tools and a variety of other "housekeeping" scripts for certain tasks. All of this software was written in a mixture of Python (80%) and C++ (20%). I used C++ where I needed extensive speed-up of some algorithms (particularly portfolio reconciliation) and Python for most of the data collection and storage. We also made heavy use of MatLab and Excel for our strategy development and analysis.

Michael Halls-Moore

Mike is the founder of QuantStart and has been involved in the quantitative finance industry for the last five years, primarily as a quant developer and later as a quant trader consulting for hedge funds.

Online My experiences as aquantitative developer in ahedge fund

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Le trading haute frg©quence(v high frequency trading vhtf)

Le trading haute frg©quence(v high frequency trading vhtf)Le trading haute frГquence (В« High Frequency Trading В» HTF)

Résumé de l'exposГ

Pour rГpondre aux diffГrentes innovations qui viennent des marchГs et de la financiarisation de l'Гconomie. le droit financier doit sans cesse s'adapter. Le financement par les banques est de plus en plus abandonnГ Г un financement dГsintermГdiГ par le marchГ. Cette financiarisation a des aspects positifs en termes de circulation et d'accГЁs aux capitaux, mais revГЄt aussi des aspects nГgatifs de par une complexitГ des instruments utilisГs et d'une dГ-corrГlation avec la rГalitГ de l'Гconomie. Le cas du trading haute frГquence ou В« high frequency trading В» (HTC) en est la parfaite illustration.

Sommaire de l'exposГ

Extraits de l'exposГ

[. ] Crim janvier 2009 Pour une étude densemble sur la question du manquement de manipulation de cours, voir notamment Dezeuze, Bref survol des contours du délit de manipulation des cours ; Vauplane et Simart, la notion de manipulation de cours et ses fondements en France et aux USA ; T. Bonneau et D. Drummond, Droit des marchés financiers Troisième édition, Economica, 510, et suivants p Le spoofing et le layering consistent à déséquilibrer le carnet par des ordres émis de mauvaise foi pour réaliser une transaction en sens inverse. Bulletin Joly Bourse mai 2014 P Oseredczuck, Le trading haute fréquence vu de lAMF p Oseredczuck, Le trading haute fréquence vu de lAMF p Jerry W. [. ]

[. ] Le cas du trading haute fréquence ou high frequency trading (HTC) en est la parfaite illustration. Limagerie dÉpinal dune bourse où sagitaient des centaines de traders multipliant les signes pour effectuer des transactions autour de la corbeille est désormais révolue. Avec la dématérialisation des ordres, les titres financiers nont plus nécessairement à être échangés par des humains, ce qui fait la part belle aux ordinateurs ultrarapides, capables dacheter et vendre à une vitesse bien supérieure à lhomme. LESMA considère quil sagit dune activité de trading utilisant une technologie algorithmique sophistiquée pour interpréter les données de marché et, en réponse, mettre en œuvre des stratégies de trading résultant généralement en lémission dordres très haute fréquence et leur transmission en des temps de latence extrêmement réduits. [. ]

[. ] Il ne sagira pas ici de dresser un catalogue de chacune dentre elles, mais plutôt dappréhender celles qui sont largement utilisées en pratique et celles qui peuvent être assimilées à de la manipulation de marché Les stratégies dominantes sur le marché Deux sous catégories[10] semblent se dessiner. Une première rassemble les stratégies non directionnelles, où le but nest pas dimprimer au marché une tendance particulière. Cest notamment lactivité de tenue de marché[11], où lanimateur va placer un très grand nombre dordres dachat et de vente sur un même titre afin de retirer un bénéfice de lécart entre les deux. [. ]

[. ] Paris dir. F. Barrière Cest lhypothèse où une entreprise de marché va permettre à un membre de marché de bénéficier pendant quelques millisecondes de la connaissance dun ordre avant même que celui-ci ne soit transmis au public. Les ordinateurs reçoivent donc de linformation concernant lachat ou la vente dordre avant le marché, ce qui lui permettra dorienter sa stratégie. S. Daniel, Trading Haute Fréquence et manipulation de cours mémoire univ. Paris dir. [. ]

[. ] Lharmonisation internationale dune régulation du trading haute fréquence nest pour linstant quutopie, chaque État adoptant des positions plus ou moins différentes selon leur positionnement politique et économique. En revanche, une régulation trop répressive pourrait aboutir à réduire le nombre des échanges, à réduire la liquidité ainsi que la circulation du crédit, à augmenter les coûts de transactions et donc à réduire laccès aux capitaux pour les entreprises désireuses de se financer sur les marchés, ce qui finalement peut indirectement se répercuter sur lemploi et la consommation. [. ]

Online Le trading haute frg©quence(v high frequency trading vhtf)

Training strategy model

Training strategy modelOnline Learning

How Selling

How Selling is an interactive selling process that involves the client in creating a solution using your capabilities and resources to meet their specific needs. The How Selling online course combines practical training with active selling, offering more immediate results and lasting changes in selling behavior. How Selling also combines the flexibility of online training with the personalization of individualized coaching. Read more

Getting That First Appointment

One of the most difficult aspects of selling is Getting That First Appointment with a prospect. Simply getting the appointment is not the only goal. The goal is to get a good appointment. In this online short course you will learn how the FIND, SELECT, and APPROACH steps of How Selling are used in Getting That First Appointment. This course includes an introduction to the Ideal Customer Profile, how to Stand Out, develop a Valid Business Reason, and Contract for the appointment. Read more

Hourglass Needs Analysis

At the heart of the How Selling process is the Hourglass Needs Analysis meeting . In this short course, we focus specifically on the APPROACH and DEFINE steps from How Selling. In this course you will learn how to prepare yourself and prepare your prospect for the meeting, take an in-depth look at each of the five "Hourglass" phases, and complete a series of self-directed projects with real clients. Read more

Marketing Strategy Model

The Marketing Strategy Model is a 5-step process to build better marketing solutions and create campaigns that get results for your clients. The online course will teach you a process to develop or refine a marketing strategy for your clients, and help you propose tactics that support and enhance the strategy. Read more

Digital What Why Series

The Digital What Why is a series of online video-based courses illustrating the "What" and the "Why" of key digital concepts necessary to build effective online campaigns. This growing series of courses are beneficial to anyone needing to understand the vocabulary of digital marketing and digital sales. Read more

Brand Connect

Brand and Connect is an online course for B2B professionals to take control over their professional brand and use online tools to overcome the challenges of connecting with key decision makers. Brand teaches you how to identify, position, and develop your professional reputation online. Connect takes you through the steps to find, select, and approach decision makers to ask for an appointment. Read more

Integrated Marketing Solutions

The Integrated Marketing Solutions online course shows how to connect traditional and digital media to maximize your ROI while developing a greater understanding about how consumers use both media. These insights are then applied to building a successful marketing campaign that effectively combines the elements of traditional and digital media tailored to the client's needs. Read more

NLP Strategy Model

NLP Strategy Model


The events that have happened to us in the past cannot be changed, but we can control their internal representation of the memory. By changing the internal representation of the memory, we can change our emotions and feelings about the event. This in turn will change our reaction in case a similar event happens again. Thus, we can be in more control of our feelings and begin to take charge of our own life rather than living and being depressed about the past.

As described in Neuro-linguistic courses, we can use representational systems, eye accessing cues and submodalities to structure our individual experiences. We need to learn sequencing the events in the representational systems to generate correct behavior and thoughts as per Neuro-linguistic training. These are known as strategies as described in Neuro-linguistic courses.

Our consciousness takes up to different moments in our life and different locations. It activates our memories so that we vicariously travel to another place and time, where we feel strong and familiar emotions. As per Neuro-linguistic courses, we code our thoughts in terms of the sensory system and submodality qualities and are able to visualize, hear or feel the emotions of the experience. Every experience and behavior as a structure, and the reason behind every behavior is the code used to store the pieces of subjectivity. When we track down our consciousness, we realize that when we bring an experience back to our consciousness, we begin to activate the senses that were used to originally interpret the experience.

Neuro-linguistic Programming uses the strategy model to track down the movement and flow of our consciousness, so that we can add and mix the different ingredients of the internal representational systems such as emotions, thought, thinking style and personality to recreate all our experiences.

As per Neuro-linguistic courses, the strategy model is derived from the Test Operate Test Exit (TOTE) model developed by psychologists Galanter, Miller and Pribham. The TOTE model is actually a more complete elaboration of the old Stimulus Response (S-R) model.

The Stimulus Response (S-R) model tries to explain human behavior exclusively in terms of conditioning. A stimulus generates a response, is the basic concept behind this model.

The Test Operate Test Exit (TOTE) model was a cognitive revolution to the S-R model, stating that the mind cannot be a simple switch but an elaborate map control room with a tentative, cognitive-like map of the environment. This tentative map shows the direction and environmental relationship in order to determine the final response. The TOTE model gives a flowchart, which consists of “Operating” on the stimulus of the internal map and altering it, “Testing” for congruence or incongruence, and “Exiting” if desirable result is attained. This flowchart usually executes below the threshold of consciousness.

The NLP Strategy Model

Using this mental strategy of the TOTE model, the Neuro-linguistic Programming cofounders Bandler and Grinder, along with Dilts and DeLozier formulated the Neuro-linguistic Programming Strategy model in 1980. They enhanced and enriched the TOTE model by including pieces of subjectivity such as submodalities, sensory rep systems, eye accessing cues and linguistic predicates. Using these subjective pieces, the unconscious strategy can be released by anchoring the elements, reframing their meaning, and designing and installing the strategy. The strategy model is a comprehensive model for modeling excellence.

In order to determine how our brain operates to create an experience requires many skills, which are taught in Neuro-linguistic courses. To determine the strategy used by the brain to produce results, we need to first identify the strategy and elicit it. We then need the ability to interrupt or alter the strategy, and then design new strategies or redesign existing ones as described in Neuro-linguistic training. Finally, we need to install the strategy and utilize it in a different context. In order to unpack a strategy, we need to be aware of its existence using our consciousness.

Strategy Elicitation:

In order to perform strategy elicitation using Neuro-linguistic training we need to take the following steps:

1. Establish a positive frame for rapport by praising the client on his accomplishments

2. Access the state by helping the person associate with the state completely. This can be done by taking the client back in time where the behavior happens naturally, or using natural anchors of positions for reproducing a portion of the context.

3. Intensify the state by helping the client see, hear and feel the strategy

4. Explore how the state was carried out using questioning techniques, so that the client explains in words or actions

5. Calibrate to the clients internal state using his external cues, body posture, language constructs and understanding how they sequence the representation

6. Tell the client to exaggerate a portion of the strategy, in order to bring out other hidden portions.

7. Remain in a Meta state for the content, as structure is more important.

By eliciting resourceful experiences such as motivation, creativity, decision, confidence, conviction, dedication, memory etc we can achieve excellence.

NLP Designing Strategies

Some Neuro-linguistic Programming strategies are not very resourceful and can even cause us harm. By redesigning these strategies, we can change their internal representation system components. Strategizing enables the brain to move in a productive direction. It involves organizing the representational components in a certain order in order to create a desirable outcome as per Neuro-linguistic training. The strategizing skill is more important than intelligence for achieving excellence.

How We Can Master Our Thinking

When we understand the steps involved in a strategy that lies in between the original stimulus and the corresponding behavior, we can control our way of thinking and responding to any situation. We will then have more choices and more control on our actions. By tracking down what the brain does, we can understand which modalities are used, resources required and response styles. According to Neuro-linguistic training, our responses can be congruent or incongruent, hidden or Meta, passive or aggressive, delayed or immediate.

Using the Neuro-linguistic Programming strategy model, we can design custom strategies for achieving desirable outcomes. Strategy design involves creating a desired outcome, restructuring inefficient strategies, troubleshooting, limiting general strategies, changing context of strategies and using appropriate tests. Using strategy design, a well-formed strategy can be formed.

For example when we need to redesign a strategy for a person afraid of public speaking, we add a step in the strategy where the person accesses the states of comfort, relaxation, self-humor etc. We need to include cues, context and decision points in the design to control the Neuro-linguistic processes. We can also use strategies for modeling, where if a strategy is working and produces desired outcome, we can model it and use the model for some other aspect that needs to be changed.

A well-formed strategy requires the following information:

1. Type of information required and for which representation system

2. Required tests, generalizations, distinctions and associations for processing the information

3. Specific operations and outputs necessary for achieving outcome

4. Most effective sequence for test and operation

5. A precise representation of the desired outcome

6. Synchronization with the ecology

7. Utilization of Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic aspects of the representation system

Strategy Utilization:

Neuro-linguistic Programming strategies can be used to transform our daily obstacles into valuable resources, and expanding our behavioral capacity and choices in life.

We can understand the strategies used by others and use this information to construct our communication. We can then build a strong rapport with the person, simply by understanding their sequence of thinking, deciding and perceiving. For example, if a person is in the habit of having an inner talk before making a decision, we can approach this person by matching this decision-making strategy. We can organize our communication in such a way that we give opportunity for inner retrospection, making the conversation congruent to the persons model. This will create a good rapport, and the person is likely to make a decision in our favor.


Strategy Installation:

Neuro-linguistic Programming strategies can be installed in a number of ways, primarily by using anchoring. We can anchor a strategy using vicarious experiences, creating altered states and experiences, or rehearsing strategy pieces such as gestures, dialogues or facial expressions. After installation, the Neuro-linguistic Programming strategy can operate in a natural and automatic manner, as our integral unit with one step flowing into the other. The steps involved for strategy installation are:

1. Using anchoring for strategy installation by anchoring a state or a representation using contextual stimuli, and walking the person through the different steps of the strategy sequence.

2. Using instructions in the form of words to create new representational steps of the strategy

3. Rehearsing the new procedure of doing things using hands on practice until the person is confident and comfortable with the new strategy and its triggers.

4. Using game playing for rehearsal by putting more emphasis on the form rather than the content of past experiences

5. Rehearsing synesthesia patterns by installing sequences of the rep systems which is independent of content

6. Interrupting undesirable strategies by overloading with excess information or blocking accessing cues.

We can apply Neuro-linguistic Programming strategies in all walks of life, by packaging our conversations to mirror the individuals thought processes and strategies. When we fit our communication to suit the Neuro-linguistic model of others, we can better manage, lead, communicate, relate and understand others, increasing our own effectiveness and excellence.

Ministry Training Strategy

1. Christian Leaders Institute training is founded on the Bible. See our statement of faith

2. By using the Internet as the means of administering this program, the expense of this caliber of training is drastically reduced so that the free model is possible

3. Christian Leaders Institute utilizes accredited professors in the development and administering of our courses patterned after seminaries and Bible colleges

4. Christian Leaders Institute is accessible to anyone who has an internet connection, even on smart phones and tablets

5. Christian Leaders Institute uses a graduate recognition system that encourages students to progress as far as they need to in their studies

6. Christian Leaders Institute encourages students to connect to local mentors and form mentor micro-seminaries in their local areas

7. Christian Leaders Institute partners with local authorities to offer ordination and ministry opportunities for graduates

A New Strategy for Training Police Officers — the PTO Program

In 2000, the United States Department of Justice (USDOJ), Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Office and the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) collaborated to pilot an innovative post-police academy training strategy with the Reno, Nevada Police Department. This problem-based learning strategy, titled the Police Training Officer (PTO) Program, combined adult learning theory and problem solving tools into a process that encouraged new officers to think proactively, helping them identify solutions to problems within their communities.

This approach created a paradigm shift from reactive to proactive law enforcement. The PTO model provides the opportunity for officers to internalize the concepts involved in police work, retain and apply knowledge learned in the academy, and test and discover local best practices and problem solving techniques, as well as implement tactical enforcement strategies. The shift involved moving from the traditional, historically innovative, post-academy field training experience, which measured the new officers skills against a set of performance guidelines, to a contemporary, problem based learning strategy. The PTO model is based upon problem solving learning and adult teaching strategies at the post-academy experience.

This approach was conceptualized and developed by the COPS Office in an effort to create a post-academy experience compatible with the principles of community policing and problem solving. Based on Blooms Taxonomy, the PTO program places an emphasis on the type of learning processes involved when teaching police officers and members of the community to serve as partners in innovative problem solving. “When you teach people how to learn, they become more resourceful,” said Deputy Chief Ron Glensor, Reno Police Department, Ret. These learning processes can be easily tailored to the unique needs of police organizations and the communities they serve. (More information can be referenced at cops. usdoj. gov.)

Following the completion of the PTO program design in 2000, the COPS Office successfully piloted the PTO model in six major police departments: Reno, Nevada; Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Carolina; Savanna, Georgia; Colorado Springs, Colorado; Lowell, Massachusetts; and Richmond, California. The COPS Office determined that since the pilots in 2000, it was appropriate to document the national use of the PTO program.

In 2008, the COPS Office awarded a grant to the University of Illinois Center for Public Safety and Justice to conduct research to determine the level of understanding about, and use of, the Police Training Officer Program by law enforcement agencies across the country. The project would also identify the obstacles that prohibit the use of problem based learning and the implementation of the PTO model within police organizations. As best practices are developed with PTO programs across the country, they too would be captured during data collection.

Data Collection Strategies

Several data collection strategies are being used to make this contemporary assessment. Strong university-based partnerships were forged during the development and administration of the project. They are referenced within this article so that interested readers might use them as resources for existing PTO programs or to assist in making the determination of whether or not to implement the PTO policing strategy.

Mid-way through the two-year research project, preliminary findings reveal a number of significant trends. (Refer to the Graphical Analysis of PTO Survey Results.) Respondents indicated:

A lack of awareness about the PTO post-academy training strategy, but were very interested in more information;

A lack of understanding about the differences between PTO and Field Training Officer Program (FTO), which contributed to no plans to implement PTO;

The perception that the PTO program involved too much paperwork;

A concern that PTO orchestrated too much autonomy for new officers; and,

The desire to implement problem based learning in other parts of the organization.

Barriers and misperceptions, successes, and best practices were reiterated during a focus group workshop administered by the Kentucky Regional Community Policing Institute (RCPI) at the Southern Police Institute in collaboration with the University of Illinois. Based on the survey, telephone, and focus group data, the Kentucky RCPI is developing the PTO Academy to assist organizations in meeting training and implementation needs.

Strengths, successes, and best practices :

Recruits knowledge, independent thinking, and problem solving skills showed dramatic increase;

New officers are better able to handle the complexities of the job;

PTO trainers are able to engage with the recruits in a positive, constructive manner rather than focusing exclusively on corrective behavior;

Issues requiring the termination of officers are identified earlier;

Many new officers self-terminate; and,

The PTO program is a community based strategy that encourages new officers to maintain an open mind and use creativity in an attempt to solve problems and develop viable solutions to problems and issues within the community.

Obstacles and misperceptions:

Difficulty in locating PTO training for staff;

Viewing the program as a less-disciplined way of training new officers;

Foreign terminology;

Budget constraints;

Viewed as an insult to the existing FTO training and training officers;

A less structured, problem based learning style format which gave the trainee too much freedom over the training experience;

Ignorance about the program; and,

An overall resistance to change.

The National PTO Model

The National PTO model is regarded positively by responding police command and staff, and sticking to its philosophy was touted as important for success of the program within their organizations. Using the core aspects of the prescribed model makes local use possible without corrupting the essence and characteristics that make the program uniquely effective. Making changes to various elements (i. e. journaling strategies or placement of the integration week, etc.) allows the organization to more easily implement the PTO model within their organizations administrative and enforcement processes and culture. However, it was stressed that any attempt to simultaneously administer the PTO and more traditional field training officers programs is ill-advised.

The Community Policing Influence

The PTO program reinforces and promotes the values and concepts fundamental to community policing: problem solving and decision making; creative thinking; and organizational change. Community policing and the PTO program teach officers to be resourceful and to positively engage with members of the community, encouraging all to be advocates of police services. To achieve these results, the PTO program models officer-responsibility as a main-stay of community-involved, community policing. The PTO concepts also empower the officer to use the basics of community policing within the organization, thus moving the organization forward; producing the ideal community policing vision while law enforcement professionals carry out the mission. The resulting organizational change facilitates an enhanced relationship and communication within the community. Communication builds partnerships that assist law enforcement in the gathering of intelligence and proactive policing. Louisville police officers report that the PTOcommunity policing approach enables them “to go out to the public, talk to them, establish relationships.” The collaborative relationships with members of the community facilitate the identification and solutions to problems. The interweaving of PTO and community policing instill strategies that make communities a safe environment in which to live, work, and play.

Conclusions to Date

The research project at the University of Illinois Center for Public Safety and Justice and the creation of the National PTO Academy at the Kentucky RCPI, Southern Police Institute has months to go before finishing. However, whether data was collected using the survey instrument, follow-up calls, or from focus group participants, several themes stand out:

New officers were better able to think creatively, act autonomously, and solve problems within their communities.

New officers were empowered and demonstrated confidence immediately upon release from the PTO post-academy program.

Officers frequently completed their duties—going beyond the basics to follow-up with members of the community to continue a dialogue, identify and solve problems proactively—instilling community confidence in their local police department.

There was a higher level of port-academy retention of knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSA) as KSAs were internalized and instilled into long-term memory.

Officers were empowered to ask questions and search for non-traditional solutions knowing they have the latitude to do so.

PTO post-academy training turned out to serve as good leadership training.

While the migration from a traditional, post-academy retaining program to the PTO strategy takes time and much concentrated effort, the outcomes are significant. Analysis of survey results indicate a high level of interest in and support of this PTO program initiative; however, the need for clarification and explanations on the PTO program and implementation also emerged as an evident theme. Cindy Shain, Director of the Kentucky RCPI and Associate Director of the Southern Police Institute, states, “The PTO initiative will facilitate the building of a foundation for life-long learning that prepares new officers for the complexities of policing in our ever-evolving society. Ultimately, the PTO program will result in better police services and community perception of their local law enforcement agencies.”

-Dr. Patricia S. Rushing

Center for Public Safety and Justice

Institute of Government and Public Affairs

University of Illinois

Excerpts reprinted with permission from The CALEA Update Magazine (Issue 102, February 2010) A New Training Strategy for Training Police Officers the PTO Program. For More Information on the Police Training Officer Program you can visit the COPS website or contact:

Accession Number : ADA227237

Title : Specifying Skill-Based Training Strategies and Devices: A Model Description

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. Mar 1989-Jan 1990


Personal Author(s) : Sticha, Paul J. ; Schlager, Mark ; Buede, Dennis M. ; Epstein, Kenneth ; Blacksten, H. R.

Report Date : JUN 1990

Pagination or Media Count : 153

Abstract : This report describes the background and specifications of a model that identifies the skills required for competent performance of a job, specifies strategies for training those skills, defines training devices, and evaluates efficient use of skill-based training devices. The framework addresses three benefits of skill training: (1) skill training provides more practice on critical skills in a given amount of time, (2) critical skills generalize to many tasks, and (3) training the critical skills involved in complex and difficult tasks decreases the mental workload required to learn or perform the tasks. Both a formal model and a concrete example of the steps derived from that theoretical approach in the context of the Air Traffic Control job domain are described. The specification of training strategies and devices is broken into four steps: identifying skills, selecting instructional strategies designing devices, and allocating training. First, tasks are reduced to their elements to identify the general abilities and domain-specific skills required. Second, skills are grouped and sequenced for training. Third, device interface and instructor support requirements are derived for the target skills. Finally, the projected cost of task training is compared to task training supplemented by the proposed skill training.


Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE

Online Training strategy model

Binary options brokers which accept debit cards

Binary options brokers which accept debit cardsBinary Options Brokers which Accept Debit Cards

Binary Options Brokers which Accept Debit Cards

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Possibly the most popular method to transfer money into an out of binary options trading account is the usage of debit cards. Most professional traders prefer this option because of its speed, security and reliability. For instance, funds can be credited to your account almost instantaneously. One of the major advantages of this technique is that you will be withdrawing funds straight from your own bank account.

As you will therefore be trading your own money; you will, no doubt, be more careful of the size of your investments by not risking more than you can comfortably afford. This particular benefit of debit cards starkly contrasts with those associated with credit cards which could readily seduced into adopting a more ‘gung-ho’ approach by depositing larger sums of borrowed money. You must strive to avoid such practices as you could quickly engulf yourself in serious debt if you continuously implemented such a strategy. Funding your binary options trading account using a debit card can prevent you from falling into such a trap.

In addition, several debit card payment processors, such as Visa, have recently instigated enhanced security systems that will guarantee the safety of all your transactions from identity theft and fraud. Consequently, many premier binary options brokers have negotiated special arrangements with major debit card providers ensuring that you will now obtain the most streamlined services possible.

Another important advantage of using a debit card as opposed to a credit card is that the former will not incur any interest charges. As the latter will definitely do so, you will experience much greater difficulty acquiring steady profits if you opt for this more expensive choice. For instance, even if you win after depositing funds by deploying a credit card; the interest charged with slice deeply into your profits. Alternatively, you will have total access to all your binary options winnings if you make investments using a debit card.

2. How to locate Brokers Supporting Debit Cards

You will discover that the majority of binary options brokers support transactions using debit cards. Possibly the best method of confirming whether those brokers, that attract your attention, satisfy this important stipulation is to read reviews on each one. You can locate such material by undertaking an appropriate internet search containing the name of your chosen Broker.

A major development that has recently occurred which has been definitely boosted the image and integrity of the binary options industry was the announcement by Visa that it was permitting the usage of its cards to deposit and withdraw funds from binary options accounts. As a direct result of this important event, the number of brokers now accepting debit cards, as one of their preferred methods for processing money electronically, has dramatically increased.

3. Binary options Brokers that accept Debit Cards

Here is a list of brokers that support this important payment processing option.

3.1. StockPair

StockPair is one of the most inventive binary option brokers existing on the binary options market today. The company was created in 2010 and it is located in Cyprus. Nextrade Worldwide Ltd operates the StockPair trading platform which provides real-time and accurate pricing; innovative visual facilities; is 100% web-based and is renowned for being very user-friendly. StockPair supports as many as six international languages including English, Spanish, Italian, French, Dutch and Arabic.

3.2. AnyOption

AnyOption is a primary binary option broker which created the original 100% web-based platform during the latter part of 2008. Consequently, this broker is deemed to be a pioneer in this relatively new business sector.

Unlike many of its rivals, AnyOption presents a frank and honest approach to binary options trading. For example, this broker does not promote lavish and unsustainable bonuses. In contrast, Anyoption aims to provide a straight-forward environment allowing its users to deposit and begin trading with minimum fuss. In fact, many professions evaluate AnyOptions conventional attitude as the corner-stone for its success.

3.3. 24Options

This broker has certainly attained an enviable reputation since its inception for exhibiting high transparency and integrity. This inspiring achievement is mainly due to 24Options acquiring the coveted status of full regulation. This professional image is boosted even further by a high-quality customer service and a user-friendly trading platform.

Since its launch during the latter part of 2009, 24Options has experienced increasing popularity which has specifically emulated from its exclusive and groundbreaking 100% web-based trading platform. This remarkable tool has been created to supply you with the optimum facilities at the correct time in compliance with ever-evolving market conditions.

Online Binary options brokers which accept debit cards

Award-winning forex broker review

Award-winning forex broker reviewMarkets Award-Winning Forex Broker Review

Trade with an excellent FX broker

up to $2,000 Markets bonus for all traders that open their free trading account with this excellent broker. With a leverage up to 1:200, this starting bonus will really give you a great advantage in the fascinating world of foreign exchange and CFD trading where all new customers may easily start a free Markets demo account and see what they can make of the activity, have the chance to look around and find the trading strategies that will work for them. Demo accounts are the best way to learn not only the basics you may read in this professional Markets review all the major features and characteristics of the broker, why it is recommendable to put your trust with them and make the most out of their service. Markets has been awarded many prestigious prizes by serious bodies Markets brokers are of the best around, in that their offer is top-notch in terms of welcome bonus, free service, forex training and a full array of trading instruments suitable not only for the advanced, but also the beginning trader how to trade at forex Markets using their excellent trading platforms and all the special features that have been incorporated in the website, plus an outstanding mobile service so that traders may use all fluctuations promptly and make good profit

1 2 3 4 5

Brief Overview Of Markets Brokers

Markets is one of the leading foreign exchange trading brokers. The company is based in Cyprus and fully licensed by CySEC, and its business is also regulated in the entire European Union by respectable and trusted authorisation bodies, such as FCA in the UK and reputable EU regulators. Among its latest awards are the London Investor Show Forex Best Customer Service 2012′ and the Global Banking Finance Review Best Broker in Customer Service Europe 2012′. What you may look to find with Markets is tight spreads, very high speed execution and, of course, no commission or fees. You may start your investment with as little as $100. Whether you are a professional trader, or merely a novice, you can definitely use the advanced educational tools featuring on the website and refer to them any time as needed. The service is offered in over 20 languages and there is extremely well-organised customer support where you get Live Chat in more than 15 languages.

Trading platforms for all types of users, both to download or to use online, as well as apps for your mobile devices, are available and easy to integrate into one account. Markets features excellent trading conditions and many instruments. You can benefit from social trading or automated trading, too. It is not by chance that the broker is considered top-class. This Markets review will show in more details what stands behind such reputation.

Markets Bonus For New Customers

One of the most important things regarding online forex brokers is the bonuses they give. That is true especially, if you are already convinced in the reliability of the broker and its business. As that is certainly the case with Markets, here is the info that interests new customers. There isnt any no deposit forex bonus offered here, but the Markets bonus on your first deposit may be up to $2,000.

Below, I have described the several things you need to do in order to claim your bonus and start trading with it.

Four Steps To Claim Your Bonus Step 1: View The Offer Check what the current Markets bonus offer is. Step 2: Open A Real Account Open your real trading account to benefit from the forex bonus. Step 3: Deposit Use one of the convenient payment methods and fund your account. Step 4: Trade With The Bonus Your first deposit bonus will be immediately available to trade with. Markets

Details Of The New Traders Bonus Offer

You may go easily about opening your real trading account. Of course, there is no need to hurry. You can spend some time with a free account and learn the ins and outs of the business before making any commitment. The Markets bonus amount offered for first depositors, however, is really attractive as it can reach $2,000. Just imagine what an advantage that sum could give you while trading. The minimum amount you may deposit is just $100. In order to withdraw your bonus you need to execute a minimum trading volume of $10,000 per every $1 of the bonus. It goes without saying that you are free to withdraw your funds before that, but then the bonus will be forfeited. The exact bonus amount depends on the type of trading account you have chosen to open and is 10% of your deposit. So, if you decide to open a Premium account and deposit at least $20,000, you will be entitled to the maximum bonus amount. That type of account will qualify you for more exceptional service, though all service there could be ranked as exceptional.

Markets Education And Free Demo Account

In case this is your very start with FX trading, Markets educational tools will come in handy and you can fully benefit from them even without holding a funded account. Markets demo account is completely free and gives you $100,000 to trade with. In that way, you will have the chance to trade in real terms and under real conditions, only not investing real money. You will be able to see how your investment goes and to evaluate your skills as a trader.

For improving your skills, the broker features one of the best educational packages there is on the market. It will give you comprehensive glossary of trading terms, articles covering the basics of FX and CFD trading and much more. For advanced traders there are explanations of trading systems and fundamental and technical analysis. You will be able to brush up your knowledge of economic and mathematical indicators, charts and continuation patterns. If you are a complete beginner, the basics will soon be no secret to you and gradually, following excellent webinars and the extensive video content, you will build up your knowledge and skills.

Markets Trading Platforms And Tools

Current Markets Bonus Offer: Up to ?2,000 bonus Free demo account Social trading Trade with Markets now and get your bonus! Markets offers numerous trading instruments, they have tight spreads and 24-hour dedicated support. Every real account holder has a personal account manager to answer questions and assist in case of difficulty. The maximum leverage you can trade currencies at Forex Markets is 1:200, and you should be aware that the higher leverage will bring higher profits, but can also mean worse losses. You will get some expert advise on the website, too, so you can make your decisions.

Except for Forex, on Markets you can trade in CFD. Contracts for Differences are indices, stocks and commodities, such as crude oil, gold or coffee, for example. There are many instruments offered in this field, as well. The leverage for commodities is up to 1:100, for indices it can be maximum 1:50, while for stocks 1:20. The trading conditions for each individual instrument are available on the site for easy reference.

Another important thing is the trading platform, that is the software you will choose to use for your business. Markets offers three main trading platforms downloadable Meta Trader, Market Web Trader and Market Mobile Trader. MetaTrader 4 hardly needs any introduction, it is so renowned. For users with non-Windows OS, there is the Sirix Web Trader platform and they should activate the Market Java Trader platform in order to trade. It is a great advantage that you may trade in many platforms through a unified account. Of course, all mobile device users and traders on the go, can download the Market Mobile Trader and have 24-hour access to all open positions, their instruments and the complete service of the Markets brokers. It is compatible with devices supporting HTML5.

Recently, social trading has turned to a steady trend and Markets is not slow on the uptake. Through social trading individual investors may access the live trades of others. That allows them to imitate successful trading strategies and expect the same good luck. Social trading is another way of learning the craft, in fact. Quite apart from that, there are plenty trading tools available for funded traders on the site. You can use the Economic Calendar to fine-tune your strategy, or you may activate the Trading Signals that will keep you alerted and on the advantage side whenever you may make a suitable move. All VIP account holders are given access to one of the top trading tools, and namely Autochartist. By that, you will receive audio and visual alerts when chart patterns are identified. It applies to Fibonacci patterns, or support and resistance levels, for instance.

In a word, the Markets brokers are completely beginner-friendly and offering a good welcome bonus. You can learn a lot through their educational package and can trade in many instruments to your preference. Strong with social trading, featuring a great variety of trading platforms and trading tools, Markets is definitely a leader in forex and CFD trade.

Online Award-winning forex broker review

Forex zarada-zarada na forex trzistu

Forex zarada-zarada na forex trzistuForex (Foreign exchange market) je medjunarodno financijsko trziste za trgovinu nacionalnim valutama. forex je u funkciji od sedamdesetih godina 20-tog stoljeca – od trenutka kada su najvece zemlje odlucile prijeci sa fiksnih razmjera na fluktuirajuce razmjere.

Forex je skracenica od Foreign Exchange Market, odnosno devizno trziste ili trziste valuta. Uz naziva Forex ponekad se koristi fx-exchange, “FX”, “Retail Forex”, “Spot FX”. Ukupni promet forexa na dnevnoj bazi je preko 5,5 bilijuna USD. Za usporedbu. njujorska burza dnevno ima promet od 25 milijardi USD. Glavna “roba/usluga” trgovine na forexu je novac, kupoprodaja valuta, a dobit se stjece promjenom tecaja. Poanta je da se kupi valuta cija vrijednost ce rasti ili da se proda ona valuta ciji pad vrijednosti ocekujemo. Valute kojima se trguje nalaze se u parovima. Svaki par se sastoji od dvije valute. Prva valuta zove se osnovna valuta (base currency), druga kontra valuta (quote currency). Najpoznatiji par je EUR / USD, gdje je osnovna valuta EUR, a kontra valuta – USD. Osim valutnih parova na Forexu. forex brokeri cesto omomogucuju i trgovanje naftom, zlatom, srebrom i drugim plemenitim metalima, svjetskim burzovnim indeksima i mnogim drugim financijskim instrumentima. Za razliku od drugih burzi, forex nema svoje fizicko centralno sjediste. On postoji u elektronskoj mrezi koju cine velike financijske institucije. Transakcije se obavljaju izravno izmedju dvije strane, telefonom ili preko elektronicke mreze. Forex je “OTC” ili medjubankovno trziste, sto znaci da je trgovina decentralizirana. Moguce je trgovati non stop. Forex trgovina se obavlja elektronicki, kroz bankarsku mrezu 24h dnevno 5 dana u tjednu. Razvojem interneta Forex je otvoren za sve: poduzeca, investicijske menadzere, kao i za fizicka lica.

Glavna valuta Forex operacija je americki dolar (USD).


• Centralne banke;

• Komercijalne banke;

• Investicijske banke;

• Brokeri i dileri;

• Mirovinski fondovi;

• Osiguravajuce tvrtke;

• Medjunarodne korporacije;

• Individualni investitori.

Za razliku od dionickih burzi, Forex trziste nema fiksno radno vrijeme – ono radi 24 sata na dan, 5 dana u tjednu, buduci da banke diljem svijeta konstanto kupuju i prodaju valute u bilo koje doba dana i noci (neke banke rade cak i subotom i nedjeljom). Kao i svaka druga burza, Forex trziste pokrecu ponuda i potraznja za odredjenim proizvodom. Na primjer, postoje kupci i prodavaci za Euro nasuprot dolara.

Valutni omjeri na Forexu se mijenjaju konstantno, i fluktuacije se mogu desiti mnogo putu u sekundi – ovo trziste je iznimno likvidno.

Na valutne omjere utjecu:

• Ekonomski faktori (trenutni ekonomski indikatori zemalja, politike centralnih banaka, promjene kamatnih stopa, ponasanje uvoznika i izvoznika, itd.);

• Politicki faktori (govori vodecih politicara, predsjednicki izbori, itd.);

• Raspolozenje i osjecaji sudionika na trzistu, njihova ocekivanja, glasine, itd.;

• Dogadjaji vise sile (teroristicki cin, nesrece, katastrofe, itd.).

Ipak, Forex trziste je puno stabilnije od dionickog trzista nije predmet jakih udara, cak i ako jedna valuta propada, druga se oporavlja.

Jedna od velikih prednosti trzista je i njegova uska povezanost sa posljednjim informacijskim tehnologijama. Klijenti iz razlicitih dijelova svijeta mogu se spojiti na Internet i zapoceti sa trgovanjem. Cak i velike banke preferiraju koristenje elektronickog trgovanja – to je najuobicajeniji nacin trgovanja danas. U ovom trenutku, Forex je u fazi brzog razvoja, a ocekuje se da ce rasti sve vise i vise u buducnosti.

Neke od prednosti Forex trzista nad trzistem dionica i/ili drugim vrijednosnicama:

• Trgovci mogu zaradjivati i na padu i na rastu ekonomija;

• Trgovci mogu zadavati vrlo kratkorocne naloge – na nekim drugim trzistima postoje odredjena ogranicenja;

• Zahvaljujuci retail centrima kao sto je Forex4You, puno je jednostavnije pristupiti Forex trzistu – virtualno bez ikakvog kapitala, brza registracija, itd.;

• Trziste nije regulirano;

• Ne postoje brokerske provizije ili su izuzetno niske;

• Nude se puno vece poluge;

• Trziste radi neprestano 24 sata.

Online Forex zarada-zarada na forex trzistu

Best atr forex trading strategy

Best atr forex trading strategyBest ATR Forex Trading Strategy

Foreign exchange investors may use ATR in order to evaluate marketplace volatility. Investors ought to make use of bigger halts as well as revenue focuses on because ATR raises. Reading through ATR could be doable by using the actual ATR within pips sign. ATR (Average True Range) is definitely an readable specialized sign made to study marketplace volatility. Whenever a Trader understands how you can study ATR, they are able to make use of present volatility in order to evaluate the actual keeping cease as well as restrict purchases upon current jobs. These days all of us may check out ATR as well as how you can put it on to the buying and selling.

Online Best atr forex trading strategy

24hr forex trading room

24hr forex trading room24HR Forex Trading Room

The 24HR Forex Trading Room is a live online room where, forex traders of all experience and abilities, can come, share their trading ideas, learn from each other, professional traders and the moderators, hopefully become better traders and making more money! The trade room is open 24 hours a day from when the forex market opens, on Sunday, to the New York close on Friday night. In addition you get to see or use your own copy of the acclaimed Tiger Timelanes forex software. This is your opportunity to trade forex with some of the best traders out there every day:

The grid system works. Following their trades works, you make money. Having the support of the room when you are following your own ideas, is invaluable

Every day there are several hours of live “mic” sessions from our team of Forex Traders Room Moderators covering the key trading times of London Open and New York open. With market analysis and real time trade calls for you to follow.

Online 24hr forex trading room

Algorithmic trading and strategies

Algorithmic trading and strategiesAlgorithmic Trading And Strategies

Популярные статьи, размещённые участниками LinkedIn

a behavior based approach to identify algorithmic trading strategies

Steve Yang

Assistant Professor in Financial Engineering



?Top Talent ?+44-208-819-6249(Work) ?Visionary ?Passionate ?Energetic ?17+ Years of Banking Finance Experience ?Leader

India Adapting To Algo Trading

Kunal Jethwani

Business Analyst| Software developer| Freelancer| Pursuing MBA Finance from N. L. Dalmia Institute of Management Studies

Algorithmic self - trading in the Treasury markets: Do we need more effective pre-trade risk controls?

. trading firms (PTFs), who generally use algorithmic trading strategies . and bank-dealers both continued to trade, although the. strategies . [4] Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Concept Release on Risk Controls and System Safeguards for Automated Trading .

Online Algorithmic trading and strategies

Proposal templates

Proposal templatesTraining Proposal

A Training Proposal is written according to requirements of training. If objectives of training are listed out in a clear manner it becomes quite simple to write a training proposal and submit to respective parties. There are numerous organizations and even individual persons offering different types of training program. By finding out this organization it is probable to get hold of a specific program that you are looking for. Finding out cost and other relevant details can be done after getting hold of relevant organizations. Training is required by many organizations as it is important to keep employees update on recent advancements in technology and use it for improvements in business. Hence training proposals must be written in an excellent manner.

Training is a basic element in order to do something or to accomplish a particular task or job. Without having sufficient training and instructions no one can operate anything even a mobile phone. There are various institutes, academies and individuals who offer variety of training courses and programs. Training proposal is a document written by an individual or a company to a particular person or a group of person to offer training services. It is a best tool to describe various training programs, procedures and other corporate training offers. A training proposal should explain the need, describes the activities and analyzes ways to verify the effectiveness of the training sessions or programs.

A training proposal can be a best way to get a training contract so it should be prepared in a professional manner. You cannot write an elegant training proposal if you have insufficient information and knowledge about it. There are lots of tools and techniques that can assist a person in training proposal writing. Use of a training proposal template is an ideal and best way to produce an endearing training proposal. Internet is full with free training proposal templates and samples and we can download easily. After downloading a training proposal enables a user to make necessary changes in it. Through this way one will be able to make a training proposal in very short time.

Here is training proposal Template download button.

Here is a preview of this proposal template.

It is hoped that few of these instructions for using this template will assist you in getting most of this template. Click on the download button and make this proposal template your own.

Online Proposal templates

Chat with the bulls and the bears

Chat with the bulls and the bearsFree Access

Trading Floor Chat is a place for people to come and chat about anything to do with Trading.

As a member you can post messages in any of the chat rooms as well as search previous chats. As a public member you are allowed to view any room you wish, though you will not be able to post a new message or search.

We provide this service for people to have a safe place to discuss stock and trading issues. We do not tolerate offensive behaviour. If you see offensive behaviour, please contact us at admintradingfloorchat with the date and time and username and we will take action.

Online Chat with the bulls and the bears

Option trading risk graphs

Option trading risk graphsOption Trading Risk Graphs

Option Trading Risk Graphs - Definition

Risk Graphs, sometimes known as a risk/reward diagram, payoff diagram or profit/loss diagram, is a chart that presents the profit or loss of an option across a spectrum of prices.

Option Trading Risk Graphs - Introduction

Nothing helps an option trader understand the risk / reward characteristics of an option trading strategy or stock options position better than Risk Graphs. Risk Graphs are visual tools, taking the form of a chart, presenting the behavior of an option position across a spectrum of stock prices at expiration or at a specific number of days before expiration. Below are a couple of option trading risk graphs examples.

Online Option trading risk graphs

Revealed why you will never be able to invest like warren buffett

Revealed why you will never be able to invest like warren buffettWarren Buffett is arguably the greatest investor of all time.

Unlike some other famous investors who swing for the fences and hit home runs every once in a while, Buffett is known for his low-volatility returns over a very long period.

Indeed, an NBER paper shows that "Buffett's returns appear to be neither luck nor magic, but, rather, reward for the use of leverage combine with a focus on cheap, safe, quality stocks."

In other words, he buys boring stocks that offer steady, low returns, but he amplifies those returns by betting with borrowed money.

"We estimate that Buffett's leverage is about 1.6-to-1 on average," write authors Andrea Frazzini, David Kabiller and Lasse H. Pedersen. They've written about this before .

So can you copy Buffett's investing strategy?

The short answer is yes and no.

Anyone can invest in boring stocks. But not everyone can borrow as cheaply as Buffett and Berkshire Hathaway.

The authors identify at least four reasons why Buffett is able to borrow so cheaply (emphasis added):

In addition to considering the magnitude of Buffett’s leverage, it is also interesting to consider his sources of leverage including their terms and costs. Berkshire’s debt has benefitted from being highly rated, enjoying a AAA rating from 1989 to 2009 . As an illustration of the low financing rates enjoyed by Buffett, Berkshire issued the first ever negative-coupon security in 2002, a senior note with a warrant.

Berkshire’s more anomalous cost of leverage, however, is due to its insurance float. Collecting insurance premia up front and later paying a diversified set of claims is like taking a “loan.” Table 3 shows that the estimated average annual cost of Berkshire’s insurance float is only 2.2%, more than 3 percentage points below the average T-bill rate . Hence, Buffett’s low-cost insurance and reinsurance business have given him a significant advantage in terms of unique access to cheap, term leverage. We estimate that 36% of Berkshire’s liabilities consist of insurance float on average.

Based on the balance sheet data, Berkshire also appears to finance part of its capital expenditure using tax deductions for accelerated depreciation of property, plant and equipment as provided for under the IRS rules . E. g. Berkshire reports $28 Billion of such deferred tax liabilities in 2011 (page 49 of the Annual Report). Accelerating depreciation is similar to an interest-free loan in the sense that (i) Berkshire enjoys a tax saving earlier than it otherwise would have, and (ii) the dollar amount of the tax when it is paid in the future is the same as the earlier savings (i. e. the tax liability does not accrue interest or compound).

Berkshire’s remaining liabilities include accounts payable and derivative contract liabilities. Indeed, Berkshire has sold a number of derivative contracts, including writing index option contracts on several major equity indices, notably put options, and credit default obligations (see, e. g. the 2011 Annual Report). Berkshire states:

We received the premiums on these contracts in full at the contract inception dates. With limited exceptions, our equity index put option and credit default contracts contain no collateral posting requirements with respect to changes in either the fair value or intrinsic value of the contracts and/or a downgrade of Berkshire’s credit ratings.

– Warren Buffett, Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Annual Report, 2011.

Hence, Berkshire’s sale of derivatives may both serve as a source of financing and as a source of revenue as such derivatives tend to be expensive (Frazzini and Pedersen (2012)). Frazzini and Pedersen (2012) show that investors that are either unable or unwilling to use leverage will pay a premium for instruments that embed the leverage, such as option contracts and levered ETFs. Hence, Buffett can profit by supplying this embedded leverage as he has a unique access to stable and cheap financing.

So, unless your a multibillion AAA-rated insurance conglomerate, you're not going to be able to invest like Buffett.

NOW WATCH: Nationwide's Super Bowl commercial about dead children is about corporate profits. in a way that we can all appreciate

Online Revealed why you will never be able to invest like warren buffett

Welcome to blue ox timber frames!

Welcome to blue ox timber frames!Welcome To Blue Ox Timber Frames!

We’re a privately owned custom timber frame builder located in the Lakes Country of Central Minnesota. We build the majority of our timber frames in the Midwest, however we have erected our timber frames all over the US. Please browse our website and feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Timber Frame Home Design

We provide complete custom timber frame design services. Our experienced team is ready to help whether you have a rough idea sketched out on napkin or need to refine existing plans.

Our Timber Frame Floor Plans

We have a wide variety of timber frame house floor plans from 1,500 Sq. Ft. to over 5,000 Sq. Ft. Click the image above to browse our dynamic floor plan gallery

Online Welcome to blue ox timber frames!

Forex market makers

Forex market makersForex Industry News

Forex Expert Advisor Reviews

Forex trading carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. Before you engage in trading foreign exchange, please make yourself acquainted with its specifics and all the risks associated with it. All information on ForexBrokerz is only published for general information purposes. We do not present any guarantees for the accuracy and reliability of this information. Any action you take upon the information you find on this website is strictly at your own risk and we will not be liable for any losses and/or damages in connection with the use of our website.

Online Forex market makers

Training logs for triathlon and running

Training logs for triathlon and runningTraining Logs for Triathlon and Running

Numbers, data, workouts, nutrition, sports, and performance can be chaotic if left unorganized, out of context, and untracked, hindering your fitness performance! Our simple, yet sophisticated Excel templates give you a platform to collect fitness data and instantaneously see inputs in relation to previously recorded data on your fitness training dashboard.

The power of Excel provides a platform to interact with your fitness data. Keys benefits of our Excel based templates over online workout logs include:

Ability to create custom fitness dashboards

Interactive tools to experience your data

Data is not stuck in an online log

We offer a number of different templates to get you started. Many of these templates are still in development or in beta testing. Additional templates will be added as they are available.

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The Triathlon Foundation Template is a very simple foundation for tracking simple metrics across sports for triathletes. Including a five chart dashboard, an input form, and automatic summary of workouts by week, this template is ideal for those who are just getting started or for those who need just the basics.

2. Runner's Training Management Template (coming soon. )

As runners, we need to manage a wealth of data to stay on top of our progress. Our Runner's Training Management Template not only gives you the ability to build your own training plan, but the ability to manage your completed workouts and race calendar. Perfect for beginners training for a 5k or advanced runners training for a marathon.

The Triathlon Calendar Template expands off of our free Foundation template and offers a unique calendar view summary of completed workouts and planned workouts. For progress versus plan, basic statistics include average workout duration planned vs completed workout duration. This template also includes a blank spreadsheet to plan your workouts. Click Here For More Information.

The Triathlon Competitive Template is still in development and will include performance variable tracking in addition to the basic workout tracking dashboard. It is ideal for intermediate triathletes that want to take their performance to a new level.

Online Training logs for triathlon and running

Beginner sguide to trading futures introduction

Beginner sguide to trading futures introductionBeginner's Guide To Trading Futures: Introduction

Welcome to the Beginner's Guide to Trading Futures. This guide will provide a general overview of the futures market as well as descriptions of some of the instruments and techniques common to the market. As we will see, there are futures contracts that cover many different classes of investments (i. e. stock index, gold, orange juice) and it is impossible to go into great detail on each of these. It is, therefore, suggested that if after reading this guide you decide to begin trading futures, you then spend some time studying the specific market in which you interested in trading. As with any endeavor, the more effort you put into preparation, the greater your odds for success will be once you actually begin.

Online Beginner sguide to trading futures introduction

3day trading books to get you started fast

3day trading books to get you started fast3 Day Trading Books To Get You Started Fast

Taking the first step is crucial for any form of success in any field.

While there are many online day trading articles for beginners, nothing beats a well-organized and concise book for some structure to kick-start your learning. Working your way through a day trading book for beginners is the best way to get started fast.

I will show you three books to start you on this journey of more than a thousand miles.

A Beginners Guide To Day Trading Online by Toni Turner

Toni Turner is a well-known trader and consults at Townsend Analytics Ltd. She is also a speaker at many financial conferences. You can certainly expect up-to-date information in her day trading book for beginners.

Toni Turner covered the essential topics of day trading including risk management, technical analysis, and trading plan. As she condensed the information into highly readable prose (complete with checklists and quizzes), she might have over-simplified some of the day trading ideas.

Well, but that is what a beginners guide should do. To simplify information for beginners inevitably results in some form of over-simplification. So dont worry too much about that.

It teaches the basic jargon of day trading and introduces you to day trading stocks online while keeping you engaged. It also explains the difference between day trading and other styles of trading/investing clearly. If you traded longer time-frames before, you will grasp the concept of day trading easily with its explanation.

With this guide, you will learn enough to decide if you want to day trade.

As you read the book, pay attention and note down important topics that you want to learn more about. Technical analysis and trading psychology are among the most important topics in day trading, and this guide merely scratches the surface. I suggest that you learn more about these topics before risking your day trading capital.

Buy from Amazon: A Beginners Guide to Day Trading Online (2nd edition)

Start Day Trading Now: A Quick and Easy Introduction to Making Money While Managing Your Risk by Michael Sincere

If you are considering entering the world of day trading, either part-time or full-time, read this book!

Toni Turner (yes, the same Toni Turner)

Michael Sincere is the author of several trading books and a columnist at MarketWatch. Given Toni Turners support for this book, any aspiring day trader should take a second look at it.

Kudos to Michael Sincere for pointing out the difficult reality of day trading. Managing your risk is a key part of day trading and anyone who is unable to deal with risk should not day trade.

The content page of this day trading book looks skimpy. However, it is a mark of clarity and focus. In Part One, it moves quickly from charts to patterns and indicators. Then, it brings you through the mechanics of your first trade (which I suggest you take in simulated mode).

In Part Two, the book zooms in on the day trading experience through trader interviews and in-depth discussion. For absolute beginners, scan through this part and return to them later. You will appreciate the trading lessons inside better after having some real trading experience.

Generally, the tone of the book is conversational and makes it an easy read at 182 pages (excluding appendices and index).

Overall, this book gives a great start for beginners. Dont take my word for it. Look at the reviews on Amazon. and see how both beginners and experienced traders gave it raving reviews.

Buy from Amazon: Start Day Trading Now: A Quick and Easy Introduction to Making Money While Managing Your Risk

Day Trading For Dummies by Ann C. Logue

Ann C. Logue is more of a writer than a trader. However, that did not stop her from writing one of the most comprehensive book for day trading beginners.

Day Trading For Dummies is more informational than instructional. Basically, it is a series of introductions to every day trading topic. What it lacks in depth, it compensates with breadth.

Furthermore, the information in the book is also useful for other trading styles like swing trading and position trading.

To learn more, read our in-depth book review: Day Trading For Dummies .

Buy from Amazon: Day Trading For Dummies

Which is the Best Day Trading Book for Beginners?

We covered three day trading books for beginners. To get started with day trading, you do not need all three books. Work on one book and warm up quickly to keep up your learning momentum.

But we have a problem. Which is the best day trading book for beginners? It depends on what you want.

To understand day trading in the rapidly changing world of finance

Toni Turner is an experience trading educator and her book is up-to-date with developments in the day trading industry.

To learn day trading from a traders perspective

Michael Sinceres book focuses on the process of analysis and trading. He emphasizes important risk management lessons.

To cover every single day trading topic under the sun

The Dummies book is consistent with the Dummies concise style. Although Ann C. Logue is not a trader, her book covers the widest range of topics. If you enjoy the Dummies style to explaining new topics, Im sure you will find this book helpful.

Choose the way you want to kick-start Day Trading 101.

Warning: These books are great for getting an overview of the day trading topics and learning how to progress further. They are an excellent first step, but are inadequate to prepare you for day trading with real money.

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Etoro sopenbook the forex traders(gurus)

Etoro sopenbook the forex traders(gurus)eToro's OpenBook: the forex traders (gurus)

eToro OpenBook is a very open social network, anyone can become a popular forex trader known as a "guru". The only requirement is to have traded with a real eToro account for at least 3 months. Of course, past performance determines a trader's rank in OpenBook. eToro nevertheless reserves the right to remove traders who do not meet the terms and conditions outlined in their social investment network .

eToro allows you to fully track and copy anyone on the OpenBook social network. You are not limited to selecting gurus who you can copy, you can also follow investors who follow other gurus. The limits defined by eToro prevent you from allocating more than 20% of your capital on an investor, the allocation on the gurus they follow will therefore be limited to 4% (20% of 20%).

Gurus are paid according to the number of copiers they have with real accounts according to this pay scale:

An interesting feature of eToro compared to other social trading networks is that you can earn commissions even if you are not a trader. All you have to do is choose the right gurus and if you make money, other investors may decide to follow your portfolio through OpenBook. Each follower with a real account can earn you money, the only requirement is that you have a profitable account and followers.

The fact that investors must trade with their own money is definitely a positive thing. However, they can start with just $50 and the balance of their account is not displayed in their OpenBook profile. An investor who has $100,000 in his account is generally more experienced and more prudent than a person with just $1,000. A follower will therefore be more likely to trust someone who risks significant amounts of their own money. Nevertheless, we believe that eToro has yet to improve transparency regarding this point, as this is a useful piece of information for users.

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Training and development retention strategyGet Your FREE HR Management Special Report. Download Any One Of These FREE Special Reports, Instantly!

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Record retention is complex and time consuming. However, in addition to complying with various federal and state laws, keeping good, well-organized records can be very helpful in documenting and supporting an organization’s employment actions.

This special report will discuss how you can ensure your records are in good order, and establish a record-retention policy.

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Trading strategies to exploit blog and news sentiment computer

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news sentiment Analysis Using R To Predict Stock Market Trends

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Elite forex blog-market research-analysis

Elite forex blog-market research-analysisDisclaimer and Risk Disclosure


The risk of loss in trading foreign exchange markets (FOREX), also known as cash foreign currencies, the inter-bank market or the FOREX markets, can be substantial. You should therefore carefully consider whether such trading is suitable for you given your financial condition. Elite E Services does not control, and cannot endorse or vouch for the accuracy or completeness of any information or advice you may have received or may receive in the future from any other person not employed by Elite E Services regarding foreign currency trading or any managed account information. The factual information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable but is NOT necessarily all-inclusive and is NOT guaranteed to be 100% accurate. The content herein is provided on a best efforts basis and is believed to be up-to-date and accurate; however, there are no explicit or implicit warranties of accuracy or timeliness made by Elite E Services or affiliates. FOREX trading involves substantial risk and is not for all investors. Investments or trading in the FOREX markets can be highly speculative and should only be done with risk capital which you can afford to lose and that, if lost, would not change or adversely affect your lifestyle. The high degree of leverage that is often possible in foreign exchange trading can work for you as well as against you. The use of leverage can lead to large losses as well as gains. Managed foreign exchange accounts can be subject to substantial charges for management and profit incentive Elite E Services, and in some cases introducing brokers commissions or mark-ups that are above and beyond the ordinary spread generally provided on a clearing firms trade execution platform. It may be necessary for those accounts that are subject to these charges to make substantial trading profits to avoid depletion or exhaustion of their assets. Performance results may vary due to account size, starting or closing date, the number of positions and/or markets traded and/or other factors.

This brief statement cannot disclose all of the risks and other significant aspects of the foreign exchange markets. Therefore, you should carefully review the disclosures contained in this document to determine whether such trading is appropriate for you in light of you particular financial condition. There are also risks associated with utilizing an internet-based deal execution system software application, and computerized trading and money management tools including, but not limited to, the failure of the hardware and software.

PAST PERFORMANCE DOES NOT NECESSARILY GUARANTEE FUTURE RESULTS, nor does it guarantee freedom from losses. The information contained herein should not be construed as an offer to buy or sell commodities, futures, securities, or any type of investment. Elite E Services highly recommends that before making a decision, the reader collects several opinions related to the decision and verify facts from several independent sources.



Online Elite forex blog-market research-analysis

How is aswap calculated

How is aswap calculatedHow is a Swap calculated?

On Forex market, clients are charged with Rollover (Swap) charges for transiting the position over midnight. The amount of Swap depends on the difference between bank rates of the base currency and secondary currency in a currency pair. Swaps can have either positive or negative value.

RoboForex swap rates are established in accordance with swap rates from our liquidity providers. Current swap rates for each trading instrument can be found in Contract Specifications section of our website.

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Alpari review

Alpari reviewAlpari Review

Editors Note: This service has been removed from our side-by-side comparison because it is no longer in business. You can still read our original review below, but Top Ten Reviews is no longer updating this products information.

Alpari is a well-known forex broker headquartered on Wall Street with offices located across the globe, from London to Shanghai to Dubai. Our TopTenREVIEWS Gold Award winning forex broker supports standard market-maker accounts as well as low-commission, ECN accounts for Pro account holders. This forex broker provides high quality service, volumes of educational media and access to popular trading platforms. Alpari has been in business since 1998 and has all the regulatory credentials for forex trading in the U. S.

Since forex trading is complicated and risky, Alpari offers a risk-free practice demo account. Demo accounts stay open for 30 days with the option to extend. Due to the huge potential for losses related to forex trading, we recommend that you take advantage of the volumes of educational material provided by Alpari. Experienced traders can take advantage of the 50:1 leverage Alpari provides in the U. S. Pro account holders can utilize one-click trading, market depth, NDD execution and online forex trading. Alpari also offers futures trading, swap-free accounts and Expert Advisor VPS hosting.

When it comes to analyzing forex brokers, it is all about the fine print. It seems that many people believe that Alpari is an ECN broker and think that they will be getting fast, non-dealing-desk execution and direct access to the interbank market. However, in the fine print you will discover, after following an asterisk reference, that NDD refers to Pro accounts only. Pro accounts start out with a $10,000 minimum deposit and are commission based. Standard accounts collect compensation by benefiting from the bid/ask spread, which is essentially a market-maker setup. Market-maker brokers act to their own advantage to obtain their commission, which may or may not be to the advantage of their clients. If you are interested in opening a standard account, ensure that you are able to lose any money you use. However, we recommend Alpari only to those who are experienced enough and prosperous enough to open and fund a Pro account.

On-line since: 1998

Country of origin: Russia

Regulation: Regulated by the Financial Regulation Agency (KROUFR)

Payment options: Wire transfers, Credit/Debit Cards, FasaPay, Neteller, Skrill (Moneybookers), WebMoney

Minimum account size: $1

To this date, Alpari is one of the leading companies rendering on-line trading services in Russia. Alpari Broker provides trading services in the international currency market Forex and CFD contracts.

Alpari activity is regulated by the Financial Regulation Agency (KROUFR).

Alpari Company has representative offices in Poland, Iran, Indonesia, Thailand, Ecuador and Peru.

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Usscrutiny of barclays and ubs widens forex trading probe ft

Usscrutiny of barclays and ubs widens forex trading probe ftU. S. scrutiny of Barclays and UBS widens forex trading probe: FT

n">(Reuters) - The U. S. Department of Justice is examining currency-linked investments offered by Barclays ( BARC. L ) and UBS ( UBSG. VX ), the Financial Times reported on Sunday.

The agency is looking into whether the two banks sold so-called structured products without disclosing the profit they were making from currency trades used to generate the products' returns, according to the FT report, which cited people familiar with the investigation. (on. ft/1usxaKT )

The Department of Justice is also investigating other banks over allegations of inadequate profit disclosure to clients and counterparties involved in currency deals, the FT reported.

The Department of Justice, UBS and Barclays declined to comment for the article.

(Reporting By Jessica Toonkel; Editing by Alan Crosby)

Online Usscrutiny of barclays and ubs widens forex trading probe ft

Option trading strategies india pdf

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How do forex robots work

How do forex robots workHow Do Forex Robots Work

Technology and the investment world certainly arent far from each other. Ever since the worlds biggest stock exchanges switched over to digital processing in the 1980s and 90s, investors in an entire range of places have been thinking about how moving more of their trading activity online could benefit them. From online interfaces to digital trading, its very much a digital industry.

Its only fitting, then, that after the world of trading and stock processing moved online, so did many of the traders. Once a discipline carried out by humans behind desks – typically those that spent half of their day on the phone – trading has moved to a digital, often automated activity. Big trades arent even carried out by humans often – theyre frequently calculated and performed by computers.

This is, of course, the world of stocks. But this type of automation isnt present solely in the world of equity investment. Over the past five years, a range of automation tools have appeared that have made it possible to use a similar form of history and activity-based automation in the worlds giant currency markets. Known as Forex Robots, theyre becoming a major hit amongst currency traders.

Many people have embraced these trading robots, using them to their fullest extent and turning four figure accounts into lucrative five and six-figure balances in the process. Others have taken them to their larger accounts, greatly increasing their net worth through little more than an automated, easy-to-manage process. Others are just beginning to use forex robots, and are already seeing results.

Then theres the other side of the market – those who are skeptical that a robot could ever invest in a sensible way, or almost certain that these robots just arent effective. They do have a point. Despite a lengthy list of successes from forex robots, there are a lot of failures. Many people have lost money using a forex robot, while others have seen their entire account balance disappear from automation.

If youd like to understand more about how forex robots work, continue reading. We really know the technology behind these machines – the engineering that keeps them running, the coding thats used in their initial design, and the mindset behind their operation. Read on to learn more about how this type of trading robot – whether for forex markets or the stock market – makes its major trades.

Its important to remember that robots, despite their advanced abilities, arent intelligent. They cant think independently, they cant imagine new situations, and they certainly cant think creatively. All that they can do is carry out instructions, whether based on an algorithm – as is the case with many stock robots – or based on past performance, as is the case with these forex trading robots.

Using the analytical abilities that computers have, a forex robot looks at the past performance of a certain currency pair. Going over its short and long-term performance, it looks for trends that have occurred time and time again throughout the currency pairs trading lifetime. It looks for troughs, for massive gains in value, and for recurring events that drive the currencys value up or down.

This knowledge allows the robot to carry out its own trades based on the past performance of the currency pair. It makes trades based on where its data would suggest the next trend up or down is going to be. It analyzes the currency pair and invests in or against is based solely on the events in the currency pairs past. It reads and puts the data to use, just as a savvy investor would do.

This often produces positive results – in fact, for the thousands that have used these robots, its been the key to some very big jumps in account value. However, its not a foolproof system. There isnt a guarantee that market conditions will remain the same as they always have. Unlike a computer, the worlds economies arent a binary – yes or no – type of system. Theyre very human and dynamic.

Because of this, there are events that exist outside of the robots reality, many of which can throw it out and damage its otherwise perfect investment strategy. The human element of markets – the type of activity that occurs when we hear a market is failing, for example – is something that wont show in graphs of past performance. Its an anomaly, and its impossible to explain it to a robot.

This is why, for every series of lucrative trades that a forex robot can make, its often thrown into the red by a single unpredicted event. A small dip in the value of a single currency – possibly one thats driven by a political announcement, for example – can break its laser-style lock on small up and down market trends and ruin its plan. It can also quickly bankrupt the robots operator.

However, there is an option. The analytical power of a robot is great, often impossible to be beaten by a human. Pairing this power with a trader thats in tune with global currency markets and able to monitor the robot can produce some positive results. However, its rarely, if ever, the simple, hands-free process that the many forex robots – and their advertisers, of course – make it out as being.

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