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Yu-gi-oh online

Yu-gi-oh onlineYu-Gi-Oh Online. Free PC Card Game

This story's been updated! Check out Play Yu-Gi-Oh! Online for lots of new info and free games!

It took the smartypants at Konami long enough but they've finally made it so you can play the Yu-Gi-Oh! card game on the internet! It's loaded with cards . duelists and chances to show your incredible dueling skill by battling against people from all over the world. It even comes in different languages and lets you chat or trade!

Yu-Gi-Oh! Online Dueling Basics

The first thing you should know is that this yugioh game isn't free . You can download and install it for free, but it costs money to play . What you need to do is go to a game store near you and snag a "DuelPass " card. Each card has a bunch of points and each point is good for one duel. Another fun fact is that you can get this game on CD for free from the February 2005 Shonen Jump magazine!

Downloading the Yu-Gi-Oh! Online Game for Free!

So you want to duel do ya? No problem! Here's the scoop on how to download, and install, the Yu-Gi-Oh! Online game onto your PC.

1. Click Here to go to the yugioh-online website. .

2. When the intro ends, click on the country where you live.

3. Once the page has loaded, scroll to the bottom and click the Download " banner on the right hand side.

4. Now, read the agreement and click on the " I Agree " button if you agree. If you don't agree, you can't play the game.

5. Click the Download button to download the game.

6. A popup will appear asking you what to do with the file.

7. Choose to save it to your desktop so you can find it easily.

8. Sit back and plan your deck as the monster file downloads.

9. To play Yu-Gi-Oh! ONLINE you must have a User ID. User Registration can be done Free of Charge Here .

10. Click Here to get to the instructions page. When you get to the new page, bookmark that sucker! It's the instructions for the Yu-Gi-Oh! Online game and has links to all the info on installing and playing the game.

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Advanced system#2(fibonacci trading)

Advanced system#2(fibonacci trading)Advanced system #2 (Fibonacci Trading)

Submitted by Edward Revy on May 6, 2007 - 04:39.

The fact that Fibonacci numbers have found their way to Forex trading is hard to deny.

Moreover, trading currencies with Fibonacci tool for many traders have become the bread and butter of their whole trading career.

So, shall we look at the one of such good Forex trading systems today?

Trading setup and tools we need:

Time frame: 3 hour (or 4 hour).

Currency pairs: any.


Fibonacci tool - our main tool

EMA 100 – green (visual guidance)

SMA 150 – red (visual guidance)

RSI (14) on a daily chart

We will be working with next Fibonacci retracement levels: 0.382, 0.618, 0.250 and 0.750.

Default stop loss – roughly 100 pips and then adjusted according to the most recent swing high/low.

Find the closest to the current price wave with a distance from High to Low over 100 pips.

Apply Fibonacci on it no matter if the wave is going up or down, only size matters.

Some terms we are going to use here:

The corridor between 0.382 Fibonacci retracement level and 0.618 retracement on the chart – will be called a “must channel”.

Fibonacci retracement levels will be numbered always from bottom to top, no matter whether it is an up or a down wave. E. g. at the bottom we will always have 0.250, then next 0.382, 0.618 and finally on top – 0.750 Fibonacci retracement level.

Entry rules:

Always enter only according with both:

1. EMA and SMA trend suggestion (e. g. green on top – uptrend, red on top - downtrend)

2. RSI suggestion (e. g. reading below 50 – only sell orders, above – only buy orders).

Now, after applying Fibonacci on a wave bigger than 100 pips we wait for the price to go inside a “must channel” area (at least to make 1 pip into the channel). Only then next rules will be valid:

- If a full candle (including shadows) is closed below 0.250 Fibonacci retracement, we go short. If we are currently long – it is time to close long position – it is an exit rule as well.

- If a full candle (including shadows) is closed above 0.750 Fibonacci retracement, we go long. If till this time we had short positions open – we close them – and again it is an exit rule as well.

Important . once another wave greater than 100 pips occur, set a new Fibonacci on the new wave. Retracement levels will change and so we will now follow new retracements.

(Optional: for visual aid traders may mark old Fibonacci wave to see the general pattern of consecutive waves on the chart).

That’s it. Stay in trade, resetting Fibonacci with each new wave and moving a stop loss according to the last swings high or low (in simple words, a stop loss will be always just below the Fibonacci 0% line) until it is time to close the position according to our rules.

This strategy prevents a lot of “bad” entries, eliminates early exits and allows staying in trade for a long period of time helping to take everything a current move can offer.

Traders may close all good winning positions on Friday evening if they prefer not to hold them over a weekend.

Advanced system #2 (Fibonacci Trading)

Submitted by Edward Revy on May 6, 2007 - 04:39.

The fact that Fibonacci numbers have found their way to Forex trading is hard to deny.

Moreover, trading currencies with Fibonacci tool for many traders have become the bread and butter of their whole trading career.

So, shall we look at the one of such good Forex trading systems today?

Trading setup and tools we need:

Submitted by User on February 15, 2011 - 19:29.

Iam the guy who posted the PDF

Well if those people are right then they at least tried to measured which filter and which stop and average wavelength is the most profitable in the long run. They did it on three Spot currencies. although EUR/USD and GPD/USD are highly correlated anyway.

I tend to doubt sellers and marketing guys very much specially in trading, but at least the dont use "new and awesome trendmaster 3000 indicator" which repaints of course if you look at it more closely and they have clear and defined rules for entry and exits which is more the very most "gurus" can offer.

On the other hand they sell something which is nothing realy new and also never show losses just epic wins. you wont get that often.

Online Advanced system#2(fibonacci trading)

The encyclopedia of trading strategies hardcover-mar212000

The encyclopedia of trading strategies hardcover-mar212000Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought

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Product Description

"This book gives futures and options traders hundreds of innovative ways to take profits out of the market and gain an edge on every trade." Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities Magazine 20000601

From the Author


To arm our readers with the tools they need to develop and test trading systems, we have produced a CD that contains all the software (including source code) used to do the research that is summarized in our book, The Encyclopedia of Trading Strategies. In the past, this software has sold for thousands of dollars but it is now available to our readers for only $59.00 (plus s&h). The software includes:

* Complete source code for every method tested in the book

* Commodities data from Pinnacle

* Spreadsheets with all optimization data, market-by-market analyses, equity curves, figures, and tables

* The C-Trader Toolkit, which includes our C++ Trading Simulator (a powerful tool to simulate trading accounts, systems, and portfolios), OptEvolve (for evolving trading systems using genetic algorithms), our Portfolio Simulation Shell, and related materials.

Readers who want to take advantage of this opportunity should contact me by email (katzscientific-consultants).

I want everyone to trade safely and successfully. That's why I wrote The Encyclopedia of Trading Strategies, Getting Started Day Trading Futures, Options, and Indices (due out by October 2000), and am teaching at the New York Institute of Finance. In our research, we uncover what works and what doesn't. We pass this knowledge on to our readers and students so that they, too, can become better informed, smarter traders. No longer is there any excuse for blindly trusting popular methods that just waste time and money.

All readers are invited to contact me (katzscientific-consultants) to share their thoughts about the book and the results of any personal research it stimulated or snags along the way. In the meantime, I wish you all great success in your trading endeavors! Best regards, Jeffrey Owen Katz, Ph. D.

Online The encyclopedia of trading strategies hardcover-mar212000

Stock market trading strategies

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Forex money management matters

Forex money management mattersForex: Money Management Matters

Put two rookie traders in front of the screen, provide them with your best high-probability set-up, and for good measure, have each one take the opposite side of the trade. More than likely, both will wind up losing money. However, if you take two pros and have them trade in the opposite direction of each other, quite frequently both traders will wind up making money - despite the seeming contradiction of the premise. What's the difference? What is the most important factor separating the seasoned traders from the amateurs? The answer is money management.

Figure 1 - This table shows just how difficult it is to recover from a debilitating loss.

Note that a trader would have to earn 100% on his or her capital - a feat accomplished by less than 1% of traders worldwide - just to break even on an account with a 50% loss. At 75% drawdown, the trader must quadruple his or her account just to bring it back to its original equity - truly a Herculean task!

The Big One

Although most traders are familiar with the figures above, they are inevitably ignored. Trading books are littered with stories of traders losing one, two, even five years' worth of profits in a single trade gone terribly wrong. Typically, the runaway loss is a result of sloppy money management, with no hard stops and lots of average downs into the longs and average ups into the shorts. Above all, the runaway loss is due simply to a loss of discipline.

Most traders begin their trading career, whether consciously or subconsciously, visualizing "The Big One" - the one trade that will make them millions and allow them to retire young and live carefree for the rest of their lives. In forex, this fantasy is further reinforced by the folklore of the markets. Who can forget the time that George Soros "broke the Bank of England" by shorting the pound and walked away with a cool $1-billion profit in a single day? But the cold hard truth for most retail traders is that, instead of experiencing the "Big Win", most traders fall victim to just one "Big Loss" that can knock them out of the game forever.

Learning Tough Lessons

Traders can avoid this fate by controlling their risks through stop losses. In Jack Schwager's famous book "Market Wizards" (1989), day trader and trend follower Larry Hite offers this practical advice: "Never risk more than 1% of total equity on any trade. By only risking 1%, I am indifferent to any individual trade." This is a very good approach. A trader can be wrong 20 times in a row and still have 80% of his or her equity left.

The reality is that very few traders have the discipline to practice this method consistently. Not unlike a child who learns not to touch a hot stove only after being burned once or twice, most traders can only absorb the lessons of risk discipline through the harsh experience of monetary loss. This is the most important reason why traders should use only their speculative capital when first entering the forex market. When novices ask how much money they should begin trading with, one seasoned trader says: "Choose a number that will not materially impact your life if you were to lose it completely. Now subdivide that number by five because your first few attempts at trading will most likely end up in blow out." This too is very sage advice, and it is well worth following for anyone considering trading forex.

Money Management Styles

Generally speaking, there are two ways to practice successful money management. A trader can take many frequent small stops and try to harvest profits from the few large winning trades, or a trader can choose to go for many small squirrel-like gains and take infrequent but large stops in the hope the many small profits will outweigh the few large losses. The first method generates many minor instances of psychological pain, but it produces a few major moments of ecstasy. On the other hand, the second strategy offers many minor instances of joy, but at the expense of experiencing a few very nasty psychological hits. With this wide-stop approach, it is not unusual to lose a week or even a month's worth of profits in one or two trades. (For further reading, see Introduction To Types Of Trading: Swing Trades .)

To a large extent, the method you choose depends on your personality; it is part of the process of discovery for each trader. One of the great benefits of the forex market is that it can accommodate both styles equally, without any additional cost to the retail trader. Since forex is a spread - based market, the cost of each transaction is the same, regardless of the size of any given trader's position.

For example, in EUR/USD, most traders would encounter a 3 pip spread equal to the cost of 3/100 th of 1% of the underlying position. This cost will be uniform, in percentage terms, whether the trader wants to deal in 100-unit lots or one million-unit lots of the currency. For example, if the trader wanted to use 10,000-unit lots, the spread would amount to $3, but for the same trade using only 100-unit lots, the spread would be a mere $0.03. Contrast that with the stock market where, for example, a commission on 100 shares or 1,000 shares of a $20 stock may be fixed at $40, making the effective cost of transaction 2% in the case of 100 shares, but only 0.2% in the case of 1,000 shares. This type of variability makes it very hard for smaller traders in the equity market to scale into positions, as commissions heavily skew costs against them. However, forex traders have the benefit of uniform pricing and can practice any style of money management they choose without concern about variable transaction costs.

Four Types of Stops

Once you are ready to trade with a serious approach to money management and the proper amount of capital is allocated to your account, there are four types of stops you may consider.

1. Equity Stop - This is the simplest of all stops. The trader risks only a predetermined amount of his or her account on a single trade. A common metric is to risk 2% of the account on any given trade. On a hypothetical $10,000 trading account, a trader could risk $200, or about 200 points, on one mini lot (10,000 units) of EUR/USD, or only 20 points on a standard 100,000-unit lot. Aggressive traders may consider using 5% equity stops, but note that this amount is generally considered to be the upper limit of prudent money management because 10 consecutive wrong trades would draw down the account by 50%.

One strong criticism of the equity stop is that it places an arbitrary exit point on a trader's position. The trade is liquidated not as a result of a logical response to the price action of the marketplace, but rather to satisfy the trader's internal risk controls.

2. Chart Stop - Technical analysis can generate thousands of possible stops, driven by the price action of the charts or by various technical indicator signals. Technically oriented traders like to combine these exit points with standard equity stop rules to formulate charts stops. A classic example of a chart stop is the swing high/low point. In Figure 2 a trader with our hypothetical $10,000 account using the chart stop could sell one mini lot risking 150 points, or about 1.5% of the account.

3. Volatility Stop - A more sophisticated version of the chart stop uses volatility instead of price action to set risk parameters. The idea is that in a high volatility environment, when prices traverse wide ranges, the trader needs to adapt to the present conditions and allow the position more room for risk to avoid being stopped out by intra-market noise. The opposite holds true for a low volatility environment, in which risk parameters would need to be compressed.

Online Forex money management matters

Forex trading plans

Forex trading plansFULL TRANSPARENCY

Hi folks, Chris Mathis here, and I personally believe that complete transparency is necessary to truly have confidence in what you are learning daily. With that in mind, I will display all of my own LIVE trading activities via the myfxbook platform. As a member you be able to see my live account record with ROI and DD, as well as see any open positions I currently have in the market complete with entry, stop loss, and take profit orders

I look forward to your participation,

Risk Disclosure: Trading currencies on margin involves a high level of risk which may not be suitable for all investors. Leverage can work against you just as easily as it can work for you. Before deciding to trade currencies you should carefully consider your trading and financial objectives, level of experience, and appetite for risk. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some, or possibly all of your trading capital. Therefore, you should not fund a trading account with money that you cannot afford to lose. It is recommended that you seek advice from an accredited financial advisor if you have any doubts as to whether currency trading is right for you. No representation or guarantee is offered or implied as to the trading results that may be attained by applying concepts presented herein. Any losses incurred by traders unsuccessful in applying these ideas or methods are the sole responsibility of the trader and Currex Investment Services Inc (d. b.a Forexmentor) and its principals, contractors and assigns will be held safe from prosecution in any form.

Latest Free Training Videos from Chris.


"I am a new joiner. I have not traded in my first week of joining principally because I do not trade forex. But I have been amazed by the accuracy of your forecasts." - James A. London

“I am enjoying your service to this point and getting a better feel for your methodology daily. I appreciate all that you do for us little guys out here. You and everyone at Forexmentor are terrific teachers and well worth the monthly membership. Thanks again Chris.” - Dan Kramer

“I would just like to start by saying that the DTP daily videos are excellent. I just joined your service last week and find they are very helpful.” - Michael McGowan

“Hi Chris, I am really enjoying your service to date. I decided to subscribe to you as I also trade off support and resistance on 4hr and daily charts and off divergence signals on these charts.” - Ben De Jong

“Hi Chris, Wow. two great recent trades with USD/JPY and EUR/JPY. I'm looking carefully at divergence now. Thanks.” - Kevin, New York

“I have known Chris for just over 4 years and I can without doubt put him on top of the pile for his ability to teach and trade his very simple and effective strategies. My own trading has progressed under his watchful eye and would not hesitate to recommend his service.” - Grant Hardiman, United Kingdom

“Your ability to predict future price movement accurately is uncanny at times. I often wonder if you have truly found that ever elusive crystal ball!” - Waylon Brannigan, USA

“Chris’ trading style and approach within the Wealth Builder FX team can be best described as highly effective, very selective and with the utmost attention to risk management. Chris continues to produce consistence returns with very little drawdown over time” - Rob Pampling, Australia

“Thank you so much Mr. Mathis, your trading strategies and focus on risk management have changed the way I think about trading. I thought I was doomed after losing two accounts but with your help I am finally making money doing this.” - Beth Smidt, Denmark

“Chris has a great understanding of the Forex markets, and more importantly, how to profit from them consistently. He has a great ability to impart information to aspiring traders in a very clear, concise, straight forward and “user friendly” manner. I would highly recommend him” - Vic Noble, Canada

Online Forex trading plans

Trading strategy research paper

Trading strategy research paperResearch paper on option strategies, taxes on vested stock options.

A research paper from SIGLO Capital Advisors AG. Sponsored by. option-writing strategies can add value over time by capturing the option premium while. In vanilla puts, this barrier option strategy allows the strike change to occur at. The seminal paper by Merton18 values a down-and-out call option in closed. Option strategies with linear programming," European. This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports.

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Blog; blog archive; free strategy video binary option methods research paper forums. #0183; #32;you need to win in indian for that while you. Home List of Issues Table Of Contents Defence research and development Encouraging private venture R&D with 'option' strategies. this paper explores the possible use of Option contracts as a means of expanding. Option trading strategies research papers websites Switzerland CH binary options will find helpful resources s video help s is so simple that even. Become full.

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Barron's 2015 Online Broker Review - Research Amenities. Discover more option strategies with interactive learning tools, like the Option Essentials, available. This paper analyzes trading records of online retail bank investors to examine whether attention-type. strategies in option trade initiations as in Lakonishok et al. 2007. Finally, we. Noticeable exceptions come from psychology research in.

Aaj shares australian stock exchange how is geojit online trading trading strategy research paper

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Academic Research

Academic Studies related to Insider Trading

Several academic studies have been done over the years exploring the outperformance of insider trades and specifically insider buying. These studies have analyzed data over several decades and have shown that insider buying tends to outperform the overall market by 6% to 10.2% per year depending on which academic study and time period you look at.

According to the Wharton study Estimating the Returns to Insider Trading that looked at a comprehensive sample of insider transactions over 22 years from 1975-1996, about one-quarter of these abnormal returns accrue within the first five days after the trade and one-half accrues within the first month. You can read this research paper along with several other related papers below.

Authors: Leslie A. Jeng, Andrew Metrick, Richard Zeckhauser

Universities: Leslie A. Jeng (Boston University School of Management)

Andrew Metrick ( The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania and NBER)

Richard Zeckhauser (John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and NBER)

Year of Publication: July, 1999

Abstract: This paper estimates the returns to insiders when they trade their companys stock.

We first construct a rolling “purchase portfolio” that holds all shares purchased by insiders for a six-month period and an analogous “sale portfolio” that holds all shares

sold by insiders for six months. The six-month horizon is chosen to coincide with the “short-swing” rule of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934; a rule that prohibits profit-taking by insiders for offsetting trades within six months. We then employ performance-evaluation methods to analyze the returns to the purchase and sale portfolios. This approach yields a proxy for the value-weighted returns to insider transactions beginning on the day after their execution and avoids the statistical difficulties that plague event studies on long-horizon returns.

Our methods are designed to estimate the returns earned by insiders themselves and thereby differ from the previous insider-trading literature, which focuses on the “informativeness” of insider trades for other investors. Using a comprehensive sample of reported insider transactions from 1975-1996, we find that the purchase portfolio earns abnormal returns of more than 50 basis points per month. About one-quarter of these abnormal returns accrue within the first five days after the initial transaction, and one-half accrue within the first month. The sale portfolio does not earn abnormal returns. Our portfolio-based approach also allows for straightforward decompositions of performance by various characteristics; we find that the abnormal returns to insider trades in small firms are not significantly different from those in large firms, and that top executives do not earn higher abnormal returns than do other insiders.

Author: Joseph E. Finnerty

University: Graduate School of Business Administration, The University of Michigan

Year of Publication: 1974

Abstract: The strong-form of the efficient market hypothesis is concerned with whether all available public and private information is fully reflected in a security’s market price. In terms of market participants, the strong-form states that no individual has higher expected trading profits than others just because he has monopolistic access to information. A test of the strong-form is to determine whether insiders earn better-than-average profits from their market transactions. To ascertain if the market is truly effective will involve determining how well insiders fare relative to the market in general.

Author: Jeffrey F. Jaffe

University: The University of Chicago

Year of Publication: 1974

Abstract: Trading by corporate officers, directors, and large stockholders, who are commonly called insiders, commands widespread attention in the financial community. Academicians are interested in the amount of special information insiders possess, as well as in the profit they earn from such knowledge. The average investor seeks out useful information in the Official Summary of Insider Trading . the monthly report listing the transactions of corporate officials

Authors: Josef Lakonishok and Lee Inmoo

University: Josef Lakonishok (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Lee Inmoo (Dimensional Fund Advisors)

Year of Publication: 1998

Abstract: We document insider trading activities of all companies listed on the NYSE, Amex, and Nasdaq exchanges during the 1975-1995 period. Insider trading is common, and in more than half the sample firms, there is at least some insider activity in a given year. In general, very little market movement is observed when insiders trade and when they report their trades to the SEC. Insiders in aggregate are contrarian investors. However, they predict market movements better than simple contrarian strategies. Insiders also seem to be able to predict cross-sectional stock returns. The result, however, is driven by insiders ability to predict returns in smaller firms. In addition, insider purchases are more informative than insider sales.

Authors: James H. Lorie and Victor Niederhoffer

University: The University of Chicago

Year of Publication: 1968

Abstract: “Insiders” are officers, directors, and owners of ten per cent or more of the common stock of the companies listed on the New York and Ameri-can Stock Exchanges. The Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) requires that insiders keep the Commission informed regarding transactions in the common stock and convertible securities of the respective companies. The interest of the SEC in trading by insiders stems in part from the belief that insiders should not exploit their special opportunities to know about developments in their companies for personal profit through short-term trading. Further, the Commission feels that information on trading by insiders should be fully disclosed to the investing public because of light which such trading might cast upon the companys future prospects.

Authors: Michael S Rozeff and Mir A Zaman

University: Michael S Rozeff (SUNY at Buffalo Department of Financial Managerial Economics)

Mir A Zaman (University of Northern Iowa Department of Finance)

Year of Publication: 1988

Abstract: It is not surprising that corporate insiders earn profits from trading their stocks, but it is surprising that outsiders can earn abnormal returns by mimicking the insider trades using publically available information. We suggest that these anomalous returns are explained by the size and price/earnings ratio effects. Controlling for these factors reduces outsider profits by one-half. The additional assumption of 2 percent transactions costs makes outsider profits zero or negative. Measured insider profits are also greatly reduced by controlling for size and price/earnings effects. Insider profits are a modest 3 percent per annum after deducting a 2 perecnt transactions costs fee.

Author: H Nejat Seyhun

University: The University of Michigan

Year of Publication: 1992

Abstract: This paper documents that, for the period from 1975 to 1989, the aggregate net number of open market purchases and sales by corporate insiders in their own firms predicts up to 60 percent of the variation in one-year-ahead aggregate stock returns. This study also examines whether the ability of aggregate insider trading to predict future stock returns can be attributed to changes in business conditions or movements away from fundamentals. Evidence suggests that both explanations contribute to the predictive ability of aggregate insider trading.

Online Trading strategy research paper

Forex client email list

Forex client email listForex client email list

Project Description

I provide forex strategy solutions to fellow traders. I would like to expand my business further by obtaining an active email list of individuals who have purchased forex related products (Robots, EA's, signals, indicators etc) or opened a forex trading account in the last 12 months. The customers can be worldwide but need to be quality leads. I will not accept email addresses that have been derived from software such as scrapebox etc. I will require a test of 500 - 1000 to verify the quality. Email address with name (first name is fine) would be ideal.

Get in Touch

Freelancer ® is a registered Trademark of Freelancer Technology Pty Limited (ACN 142 189 759)

Online Forex client email list

Forex trading with fractals

Forex trading with fractalsForex Trading with Fractals

Whenever lots of people think about fractals within the numerical feeling, these people think about mayhem concept as well as subjective math. Whilst these types of ideas perform affect the marketplace (it as being a nonlinear, powerful system), the majority of investors make reference to fractals inside a much more literal feeling. Thats, because repeating designs that may forecast reversals amongst bigger, much more disorderly cost actions. These types of fundamental fractals are comprised associated with 5 or even more pubs. The guidelines with regard to determining fractals tend to be the following:

Click Here to Download A NEW Trading Tool and Strategy For FREE

Forex Trading with Fractals

Whenever lots of people think about fractals within the numerical feeling, these people think about mayhem concept as well as subjective math. Whilst these types of ideas perform affect the marketplace (it as being a nonlinear, powerful system), the majority of investors make reference to fractals inside a much more literal feeling. Thats, because repeating designs that may forecast reversals amongst bigger, much more disorderly cost actions. These types of fundamental fractals are comprised associated with 5 or even more pubs. The guidelines with regard to determining fractals tend to be the following:

Click Here to Download A NEW Trading Tool and Strategy For FREE

Thanks very much for this great Forex Metatrader Forum, I think is the best.

Is there some explanation on how the High_Low v2 (ZigZag) calculates its points. according to your experience, does this indicator paint the past? It seems so wonderful that make me think that it calculates the points after the fact. Can you please explain how to use it?

Some people are using this High_Low v2 (ZigZag) instead of Zigzag. Because some people (who developed zigzag trading system) said that this indicator is much better than standard zigzag indicator. You may visit zigzag trading system thread for more explanation. Of course this indicator paints the past: recent high/low is not valid and previous one is not valid too but it was programed like this especially. You may ask me: why we need this indicator which are painting the past?

Visit this thread for more explanation and for some examples how to use these indicator.

As far as I know there are many kinds of indicators:

1. Normal one. These indicators are not painting the past and refreshing by itself with no problem.

2. Indicators which are working on historical data only. These kind of indicators is not refreshing. Because it was programmed like this especially.

3. Indicators which are valid on the current data only and not valid on historical data. These indicators are painting the past. But it was programmed like this especially.

4. Some modifications of the items 2 and 3. For example: Zigzag indicator (recent high or low is not valid and previous high or low is not valid as well), SHI_SilverTrendSig and SHI_SilverTrendSig1, Float indicator and some other indicators.

Why the people need these kind of indicators which are not normal ones?

Online Forex trading with fractals

52week high stock trading strategy

52week high stock trading strategy52 Week High Stock Trading Strategy

A new 52-week high is a telling sign that a stock will continue to outperform.

Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images

More Articles

For the uninitiated, a stock that hits a new 52-week high seems to be announcing an imminent fall in price. The initiated, however, know that the new high is a powerful buy signal that attracts investors. It goes against most people's instinct to buy something that continues to increase in price as we are continually told to buy low and sell high, but understanding why this belief can be a fallacy requires a bit of technical analysis.

A trend is a pattern of price movement for a stock that generally falls within a certain range. When a stock rises above its 52-week high, it's developing a new pattern and makes the old trend obsolete. New trends based on fundamental reasons, such as news releases or beating expected earnings, can be sharp and long lasting.

One of the most powerful forces influencing stock prices is momentum. As new highs are hit, more investors flock to the popular stock, causing the price to rise even higher. The buying pressure builds up and smashes through any resistance barriers, as few people are willing to sell as prices continue to increase. This effect is particularly powerful in growth stocks, as a level of exponential momentum is already expected.

New Support/Resistance levels

Online 52week high stock trading strategy

Reverse-swing trading strategy(rsts)

Reverse-swing trading strategy(rsts)Reverse-Swing Trading Strategy (RSTS)

Reverse-Swing Trading Strategy

by Manoj Tulli

This Reverse Swing Trading Strategy (RSTS) system for intraday and short term investors.

This Reverse Swing Trading Strategy has been developed by Manoj Tulli This Reverse Swing Trading Strategy will help you make every day profits from the stock exchange.

This system (RSTS e-book) is a Simple system for l to Identify Trend Reversals Chart Pattern

The design could be identified on-the-graph, using 3 simple tools .

Low Risk Bets For Long Term Profits

Package contain:

Ebook - RSTS. pdf


File type and requirements:

-This is a digital item! ( Download link )

-You will Need: MetaTrader 4.0 platform.

Online Reverse-swing trading strategy(rsts)

Forex fraud now it sgetting serious

Forex fraud now it sgetting seriousForex fraud: Now it's getting serious

A new foreign exchange probe is zeroing in on individuals

The U. K. launched a wide-reaching criminal investigation Monday to catch people who may have manipulated the foreign exchange market.

Financial regulators around the world have been looking into the issue, with internal and external probes involving UBS ( UBS ). Deutsche Bank ( DB ). Barclays ( BCS ) and the Royal Bank of Scotland ( RBS ). among others.

The new investigation by the U. K. Serious Fraud Office is specifically focusing on individuals working in banks and financial institutions, and is being conducted in partnership with the U. S. Department of Justice.

In March, an employee of England's central bank was suspended in connection with the possible manipulation of the global currency market.

The Bank of England suggested the employee may not have followed its "rigorous internal control processes," however, it said an internal investigation had not turned up any wrongdoing.

Forex scandal: What you need to know

Online Forex fraud now it sgetting serious

Trading school

Trading schoolTrading School

The SMF High-Frequency Options Trading System (HFOTS) designed by StockmarketFunding took over 30 years to develop and its exclusive ONLY to our trading students. Learn the power of high frequency option market making using the SMF Option Pricing Methodology vs Black Scholes and why our system works and the others do not.

Why did SMF develop the SMF High-Frequency Options Trading System . We wanted a way to help the retail traders and investors make money and make sense of the high frequency trading model we have today.

The manipulation occurs through wide bid/ask spreads, thin market price fixing in options premiums, options time value decay, high-frequency electronic pricing systems that take away from the public.

Even people who are highly knowledgeable about the financial markets and work in the industry do poorly. JP Morgan just lost $2 Billion dollars trading . Thats why with over 4,200 video, StockMarketFunding is the #1 Provider of live trading videos on YouTube ( Subscribe Here ).

StockMarketFunding was recently hired by Worldwide Prop Trading to exclusively train their high level prop traders and new day trader accounts opened at Worldwide Prop Trading.

SMF was selected as the exclusive risk management education provider. The owner and founder of Worldwide Prop Trading witnessed the powerful truth of our high frequency trading systems through our live trading videos and knew that SMF was the firm of choice that would convert his traders from day traders to profitable market makers.

Online Trading school

Nasdaq trading strategies for swing traders

Nasdaq trading strategies for swing tradersNasdaq Trading Strategies For Swing Traders

The Nasdaq finished down for the week but off the weekly lows as buyers stepped in on both Thursday and Friday.

As a result, the Nasdaq is now an overbought market. Because it is trading below its 200-day moving average, our research indicates that the Nasdaq as a whole is a market to be avoided–if not wagered against.

Friday marked the first day of the Nasdaq Composite being overbought based on our indicators. This means that there is still potential for the Nasdaq to move higher before becoming extremely overbought and vulnerable to reversal.

That said, we have noticed that when markets are under pressure and trading below their 200-day moving averages, it does not take a great deal of buying to turn oversold markets into overbought ones. We have also noticed that markets do not often reach overbought extremes when they are under heavy selling pressure (such as whrn trading below their 200-day moving averages), generally speaking. This means that as soon as markets trading below their 200-day moving averages become overbought, they are vulnerable to reversal to the downside and traders should be wary.

For swing traders looking at the actual stocks inside the Nasdaq, there remain a higher proportion of stocks with a rating of eight in our Top 25 relative stocks with a rating of nine. On balance, this suggests that stocks need to come in further before we will see a large number of high-quality pullbacks and high Short-Term PowerRatings.

Traders who want to be more aggressive and trade some of the rated-eight stocks that have become oversold may want to keep an eye on the five provided here. As always, look for intraday weakness below the previous close to help take positions as low as possible in the stocks as they pull back. In addition to sticking with stocks with high Short Term PowerRatings of eight, nine or 10 and low two-period RSIs, this practice of taking positions 2%, 4% or even 6% below the previous close is one that can help traders get a significant edge in trades that may only last a few days.

IXYS Short-Term PowerRatings 9. RSI(2): 5.07

Quality Systems Inc. Short-Term PowerRating 8. RSI(2): 12.98

SkillSoft Short-Term PowerRating 8. RSI(2): 12.27

Somanetics Corp. Short Term PowerRating 8. RSI(2): 17.47

First Financial Corp. Short-Term PowerRating 8. RSI(2): 16.39

David Penn is senior editor at TradingMarkets. Visit TradingMarkets for more education, information and tools for shorter-term trading.

Online Nasdaq trading strategies for swing traders

Why in the money nifty options better to trade in expiry week

Why in the money nifty options better to trade in expiry weekWhy in the Money Nifty Options Better to Trade in Expiry Week

You Should Read This:

How to Select Correct Strike Price for Trading Nifty Options Secret of success in nifty options trading lies on its strike price that a trader chooses. A strike price in nifty option has much to do with number of days left for expiry. If expiry.

Nifty options strategy for range bound market, High risk trade setup It is always observed that when markets lack triggers we see sideways move, these triggers may be results, global markets, news, important data release. Now I will teach you how traders can benefit of this.

How to Multiply Your Money with Nifty Options Trading Strategy Nifty options buying has limited risk but unlimited profit potential, I am going to teach you a trading strategy that can easily multiply your trading capital (money). Before starting with this strategy you need to.

When should you use long straddle strategy for Nifty Options Trade Let me tell you friends, taking long straddle on nifty option means buying both call option and a put option for nifty. These two options i. e call and put option are bought at the same.

How F&O Expiry can Help You to Maximize Profits with Nifty Options On the day of expiry volatility in market is at its maximum so taking advantage of this information trader can make some smart profits on F&O expiry day itself. Next thing you should check is.

About Bhaveek Patel

Online Why in the money nifty options better to trade in expiry week

Isn tit about time you learned practical and logical trade strategies

Isn tit about time you learned practical and logical trade strategiesISN'T IT ABOUT TIME YOU LEARNED PRACTICAL AND LOGICAL


Learn comprehensive and practical trade education from a 25 year market veteran.

Dynamic Traders Group offers unique and comprehensive education for practical trade strategies for any market and any time frame. Our multi-media educational workshops are not just static Power Point slides and screen captures, but a combination of video and bar-by-bar instruction.

We offer our workshop video CDs at a very low price compared to the cost of most live workshops. We also think our workshop video CDs are a much more efficient way to teach because the trader can review any sections of the CD at any time for an ongoing learning experience. We incorporate accelerated learning techniques for a complete and comprehensive learning experience.

High Probability Trading Strategies Book

Dynamic Trading Multimedia E-Learning Workshop

The Complete Price Tutorial Series

The Art of Trading a Correction

Online Isn tit about time you learned practical and logical trade strategies

Alert forex free signal

Alert forex free signalFOREXSIGNA by FXSM is a companies that aims at supplying online trading services for the Forex market on a global scale.

Forexsignal constantly strives to provide added value to its services for its customers without giving up the reliability that sets us apart.

Due to our success in the Forex sector, we are now ready to spread our system through the benefits of our plans. In addition, our customers have full control over their investments thanks to our direct one-on-one coaching with our most experienced financial traders.

Greg, Metro NYC, USA

Disclaimer and Risk Warning. Please read.

Risk Warning. Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Before deciding to invest in foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and therefore you should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose. You should be aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange trading, and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts.

Disclaimer All information posted on this website is of our opinion and the opinion of our visitors, and may not reflect the truth. Please use your own good judgment and seek advice from a qualified consultant, before believing and accepting any information posted on this website. We also reserve the right to remove, edit, move or close any post for any reason.

Advertisements Warning Advertisement links are displayed throughout the site. Some pages in the site may contain affiliate links for products. These advertisements and/or links do not reflect the opinion, endorsement, or concurrence of this website or affiliated parties. The FPA's reviews are never influenced by advertising. Some ads might contain potentially misleading and/or unbalanced claims and information that may fail to disclose risks and other important considerations involved in speculative trading.

Spammers be Warned If you spam the FPA's forums or reviews, we reserve the right to edit your post in any way we please to make fun of you. By spamming us, you agree to any edits we make and to take no legal or other actions against the FPA or its associates for anything we do to or with your spam.




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Cloud Based Signal Software Buy/Sell Forex Trade Signals SMS and Email Alerts Real-Time Trade Updates Daily Market Trend Meters Free Telephone and Email Support Forex Trade Copier


Buy/Sell Forex Signals with Entry Point, Stop and Target

Every trade signal includes exact Entry Point prices to know exactly where to buy or sell. All signals include a Stop Loss and Take Profit price level. We send the signal before the Entry Point price reached, which gives you enough time to receive the signal and place your trade.

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As the trade progresses, we may notify you to change the Stop Loss price, to remove the order, or even to exit the trade with a profit. Whatever the update to the trade is needed, we will alert you in real-time as the trade progresses.

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Just a few features of the web dashboard include the option to view all open and closed trades. You can also adjust your lot size and leverage and set up account hosting. The Web dashboard available in Chinese, German, English, French, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Lithanian and Spanish.

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Its easy to install the plugin into your MT4 trading account but if you need any help we are here to support you by phone, live chat, email or even though an online screen sharing session.

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Algorithmic trading strategies with market sentiment

Algorithmic trading strategies with market sentimentAlgorithmic Trading Strategies with Market Sentiment

Algorithmic trading which is also known as automated trading has changed the way I trade and invest dramatically. As you know trading is extremely difficult to be consistently profitable in. The #1 reason individuals fail is because they struggle with their emotions and end up trading with the general market sentiment. While the herd mentality/feeling can and most of the time feels like the proper (logical) way to look at the market, trading with the “herd mentality” is the silent killer.

I am going to teach you how to read market sentiment so you can swing trade and profit consistently from emotional traders to earn 1% 3% per month trading the SP500 index. If you want to make money, you need to trade against the herd (masses) at key support and resistance levels in the market. Plus you should have a robot ( algorithmic trading system ) execute these trades for you. Because, you need to completely remove your emotions from the game, and because it’s not rocket science to identify key levels where you should be entering and exiting the market with your money.

You start by looking at the market completely backwards. Focus on buying positions during heavy volume sell-offs (panic) and sell your positions during heavy volume rallies (greed). This was a very tough transition for me and I still get nervous and emotional during these times when my system enters and exits positions. This strategy feels completely wrong at the beginning but the profits speak for themselves!

One Of My Algorithmic Trading Strategies

This trading strategy is my favorite because I know the masses are panicking out of positions, sweating, and having heart burn, while my automated trading system is entering a high probability position against them. This analysis may seem basic at first glance, and that is because it is, but when you combine the analysis of each indicator explained below, you end up with a highly effective trading strategy. I took things on step further and converted into an automated trading strategy. This is one of nine automated trading strategies I use.

SP500 – 5 Minute Chart – Algorithmic Trading Strategy #1

This SP500 chart shows where a high probability short trade should be executed based on the algorithm trading indicator. It is important to know that over the past 6 years the SP500 has provided a 1.25% profit on average each time one of these extreme sentiment readings occur on the charts. While that may not sound like much of a return, know this happens several times each month and better yet, if you trade the ES mini futures, you get a lot more leverage. ES trading turns a 1.25% index gain into roughly a 10% gain based on futures margin requirements for one contract.

Anyways, the red indicator on the chart is a simple volume based indicator which measures fear and greed in the market. It is very accurate at picking market tops and bottoms. And I calculate it by taking the NYSE up volume and dividing it by the down volume. When you see this indicator start to rise it tells us the majority of traders (the herd) are buying (greedy) and we should start looking for a short entry.

Let me show you how to find the trade using the market sentiment…

The NYSE advance/ decline line Algorithm Trading Strategy #2

How to use the NYSE advance decline indicator. It’s simple really, when there are 1500+ stocks trading up on the day then the market is getting overbought. Meaning too many stocks have moved up in a short period of time and traders will most likely start taking profits. When the other two indicators talked about in this article are confirming a short sell signal the odds highly favor a selloff in the stock market that should last 1-3 days.

Last algorithmic trading strategy #3 is the put/call ratio

The put call trading algorithm can be a little tougher to use at times because when the market is trending down the ratio tends to fluctuate near the top. It stays near the bottom of the chart when the market is trending up but it is just the extreme spikes we are looking for.

When the broad market bounces and we see the put/call ratio drop into the lower band it’s telling me the majority of traders have finally become bullish. This tends to happen once a previous high is broken as it triggers short covering and breakout traders start to buy within a false rally during a down trending market.

Algorithmic Trading Strategies Conclusion:

If all you do is use these three indicators, focus on the 5 or 10 minute charts, trade only with trend of the daily charts 20 day moving average, and take partial profits at 1%, again at 2%, while keeping a small position open as a trend trade, you will become a more consistent trader and be able to profit from a falling stock market.

My proven algorithmic trading strategy running live but this is in a rising market… $3200 in profits made quickly, with low stress and 100% hands-free, what else can you ask for?

It is critical that once you take partial profits at a 1% gain, you start moving your protective stop into the money to lock in a profit for the balance of the position. All three indicators need to reach the extreme levels at the same time for a trade to be triggered. Know that I have seen the market continue a trend during extremely oversold market conditions which lasted for months at times. Do not try to bet against the market just because you think its oversold and should not be shorted, just ride the trend for all its worth. Eventually your last trade will lose as the trend reverses, but wait for it, and expect to lose a trade from time to time,

Final thoughts, this strategy works just as well during a bull market. There are some minor changes required on each of the indicators which I will cover in another automated trading strategy article soon, so stay tuned for more logical trading tips.

Have My Bull Bear Market Strategies Automatically Traded For You: AlgoTrades

Online Algorithmic trading strategies with market sentiment

Thread forex price action

Thread forex price actionThread: Forex Price Action

Originally Posted by Gangman style

Just to answer on your questions I posted pics with zoom chart to look clear, The pullback on H4 is the first red candle above resistance line, second the level are in the past and steel working ( I know that we should follow the price and place if have points for that new SR, in this pic we have another SR levels but they are very far away from the current price down. so the down SR (the red) doesn`t work for the current price place) I will post unzoomed pic. The PA signal is inside bar ( John say that we use in this method pin, engulf. 2bars, and inside bars) the red and small green candle after it.

I might be getting what you say. Could you please clarify - do you call that one small bearish candle (purple circle below) a pullback? A pullback to your support/resistance line at 1.0018? If so, please compare it to what I call a pullback from my previous post with blue curvy shape on it. I am not saying I'm right, just want to make sure we are on the same page :-)

I am pretty sure your IB looks more like my style kind of pullback on lower TF, but to see it correctly I'd have to go to 1h? 5m? chart? Way too low for my still low confidence.

Another thing - you need to remember the S/R is a zone. not a single pip line and IBs are rather for people with some success with other PA signals, although if you feel confident playing them now and they proof profitable to you. why not. -)

Just my two pips.

PS. Yes, I personally recall Jonathon saying we'll be playing IBs for this method too. although I had not seen a single example of it across last 666 pages, if you have any that you noted down, I'd be more than happy to add them to my Cheat Sheet.

Thread: Forex Price Action

Originally Posted by jackson905

Thanks guys for the explain!

Appreciate it!

So i have been reading for awhile and currently on the 50 page (40 post per page) which is 1/4 of the whole thread.

So here it goes.

A++ PA Signal Trading Plan

Always Trade WITH the Trend, however, you may also trade in Ranges and against the trend ONLY if the PA is BIG ENOUGH and OBVIOUS enough. E. g. Super Big and Obvious PIN BAR.

Trade SHORT Swing high or LONG Swing Low after SIGNIFICANT Support or Resistant is broken. However, after the price has broken a significant S/R, it has to go deep enough before a swing high or swing low occurs. I DO NOT want to trade a shallow retrace as it may indicate that a fake out has happened.

2. Time Frame

I will ONLY be trading Daily and 4HR Time Frame for Now.

3. Price Action

Trade Pin Bar or inverse Pin Bar

Is the Shadow 3 times longer than body? (Yes/No) Is the Body moved into the body of the previous PA? (Yes/No) Is the size of the Pin bar Large/Obvious enough comparing to previous Candles? (Yes/No)

Did the Shadow and Body of the Current Candle stick Engulf the Whole Body and shadow of the previous Candle? (Yes/No) Is the size of the Engulfing Bar Large/Obvious enough comparing to previous Candles? (Yes/No)

Trade 2 Bar Reversal

All Price action Stated above are only to be traded at significant S/R level.

4.Trading Environment

Are you trading into BRN . (Yes/No) Are you trading into many S/R Areas . (Yes/No) *Many = 3 and More close to each other Is there Room for price to run? By saying that, is there a MINIMUM 1:1 RR for 1st Take Profit . (Yes/No)

5. Entry and Exit

Entry: Pending Order 5 Pips ahead of the BODY of the closed Candle. Entry: There will be 3 Pending Orders . 50% (TP1). 35% (TP2) and 15%(winner run) respectively.

Exit: 10 Pips Below the Wick or Body(if No Wick) of the Candle Stick.

Exit: Let the price hit your Stop Loss . Exit: Do not EVER change your Stop Loss after its set. Exit: Once TP1 is hit, Move the SL to Break Even . Let the winner RUN. However . depend on situation, may close all positions at TP2.


6. Position Calculation

If there is an increase in account, the next trade will base on 2% lo ss of the curre nt account balance instead of original in order to compound the balance.

That being said, if there is decrease in the balance, 2% loss will be calculated on the current account balance instead of the original balance.

So guys, pls help me evaluate if this is LOGICAL, ACHIEVABLE, and pls help me to add on if you feel it lacks something.

Thanks so much in advance!

Online Thread forex price action

Richard dennis the trader-teacher behind the turtletraders

Richard dennis the trader-teacher behind the turtletradersRichard Dennis: The Trader & Teacher Behind the TurtleTraders

Nineteen eighty-six was a huge year for Richard Dennis. He made $80 million (about $147 million in 2007 dollars). That kind of money - making put him squarely at the center of Wall Street alongside George Soros, who was making $100 million, and then junk bond king Michael Milken of Drexel Burnham Lambert, who was pulling in $80 million.

Profits like those for Dennis came with heartburn. He was down $10 million in a single day that year before bouncing back, a roller-coaster ride that would have made mere mortals lose serious sleep. Yet Dennis cockily said that he slept like a baby during all that volatility.

His moneymaking style was about mammoth home runs and many smaller strikeouts. If there was a “secret,” he knew that you had to be able to accept losses both psychologically and physiologically. Still, 1986 was a long time ago, and memories dull when an old pro starts talking about the benefits of taking “losses.” During his heyday in the 1970s, 1980s, and mid-1990s, Dennis was described in a number of ways by those who knew of him. There was Dennis the legendary floor trader, Dennis the trading system’s trading guru, Dennis who started funds with investment bank Drexel Burnham, Dennis the philanthropist, Dennis the political activist, and Dennis the industry-leading money manager.3 He was a difficult man to stereotype, and he liked it that way.

“Dennis the gambler” was the only label that offended him, because he never considered himself a gambler in the Las Vegas sense. He understood financial Darwinism (read: “odds”) through and through. He always played the “game” knowing that everyone else was out to beat him. Financial futures pioneer Richard Sandor put Dennis in perspective: “The name of the game is survival when the markets are this chaotic. From that perspective, he may go down as one of the most successful speculators in the 20th century.”

Dennis’s success started long before he launched the Turtle experiment. He grew up in Chicago during the 1950s, a street kid from the old South Side neighborhoods. There was no privileged childhood with wealthy parents and well-placed friends. He did not have a silver spoon or the right connections.

The teenage Dennis was introverted and wore thick glasses and polyester pants. His first stab at trading, while attending the all-boys’ St. Laurence Prep School in Chicago, was to buy ten shares of a $3 “phonograph” stock. The company folded. While his first attempt at trading failed, he was a natural at poker, intuitively understanding the odds.

His teachers did not forget him. James Sherman, who taught theology and European history to Dennis, said that he never would take anything at face value. Dennis and his friends enjoyed the mental gymnastics of taking sides in an argument. Sherman added, “If some - body had said back then that Richard Dennis would become a very wealthy man as a commodity trader, I probably wouldn’t have believed them.” His former teacher would have predicted Dennis to be in front of the fire, with a sweater and a pipe, expounding on the cosmos.

At seventeen, Dennis landed a summer job as a runner ($1.60 an hour) at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. Each day the exchange floor was mobbed by hundreds of traders fighting and screaming to place their trades. They were exactly like auctioneers buying and sell - ing their wares except that they were in a trading pit battling it out. An indoor game of tackle football would be a good description of the scene. Dennis longed to be there, but to trade on the floor you had to be twenty-one. He found a way over that hurdle by talking his father into trading for him. A blue-collar worker for Chicago’s city government, the father became a proxy guided by his son’s hand signals from the sidelines. Despite some trading success in his teens, Dennis headed off to college at DePaul University, where his passion for philosophy (after flunking out of an accounting class) from high school days was re - kindled. He was most taken with British philosophers David Hume and John Locke, who had a relatively simple way of viewing the world. “Prove it to me” was their basic perspective.

Hume thought the mind a blank slate (tabula rasa) on which experience could be written. He believed that since human beings live and function in the world, they should try to observe how they do so. Dis - covering the causes of human belief was his key principle.6 Locke, on the other hand, argued that there were no innate ideas. He asked the question, “How is the mind furnished?” He wanted to know where reason and knowledge came from. His answer was one word: “experience.”

Both Hume and Locke belonged to the school of thought known as Empiricism. Empiricism is rooted in the notion that knowledge is derived from experiment, observation, and experience. Little nuggets of simple common sense from these two eighteenth-century British philosophers connected with an impressionable college student. They became his idols. Dennis was not shy about his leanings, asserting, “I’m an empiricist, through and through. David Hume and Bertrand Russell. I’m solidly in the English tradition.” Dennis saw Hume as ruthlessly skeptical. Hume took on the sacred cows of his generation, and Dennis loved that attitude.

It wasn’t only British philosophy that turned Dennis into a skeptic. Growing up in the late 1960s and early 1970s gave him an anti - establishment view of the world. He witnessed protesters being beaten by the Chicago police during the 1968 riots, right next to the venerable Chicago Board of Trade. It was a turning point in his life:

Trading has taught me not to take the conventional wisdom for granted. What money I made in trading is testimony to the fact that the majority is wrong a lot of the time. The vast majority is wrong even more of the time. I’ve learned that markets, which are often just mad crowds, are often irrational; when emotionally overwrought, they’re almost always wrong.

After graduating from DePaul University he received a fellowship to Tulane University graduate school, but promptly dropped out and returned to Chicago within days to start trading full time. Dennis bought a seat on the MidAmerican Commodity Exchange with money borrowed from his parents (part of it from a life insurance policy in his name). He still needed cash to trade, however. His initial war chest of $100 came from his brother Tom’s earnings delivering pizzas.

This was not a family of market operators. Dennis was always honest about his father’s “hatred” of the market, explaining, “My grandfather had lost all his money in the stock market in the Depression. The urge to speculate kind of skipped a generation.” He knew his father’s per - spective would never work for him:

You can’t have a standard attitude about money and do well in this business. What do I mean by that? Well, my father, for in - stance, worked for the city of Chicago for 30 years, and he once had a job shoveling coal. So, just imagine coming from his frame of reference, and thinking about losing $50 in a few seconds trading commodities. To him, that means another eight hours shoveling coal. That’s a standard attitude about money.

It didn’t take long for his father to recognize Dennis’s unique abilities to make money. By the beginning of 1973, at twenty-four, Dennis had made $100,000. Around that time he cockily preached to the Chicago papers, “I just wanted to be able to get up and say, ‘I once made $100,000 a year, and I still think you are an ass.’ That rhetoric may not be wholesome motivation, but I do think it’s part of what drives me.”10 He was making so much money fast that whatever the context or content of an interview, it was outdated in weeks or even days.

A rebel at heart, Dennis cultivated being a character from the outset. He was fond of saying that he never liked the idea of sharing a birthday with Richard Nixon—a gentle stab at all those conservative traders surrounding him in the pits on LaSalle Street. He was an anti-establishment guy making a fortune leveraging the establishment, while wearing jeans.

Society was splintered during the time Dennis earned his first big money. Nineteen seventy-four was a difficult year in which to focus. What with G. Gordon Liddy having been found guilty of Watergate charges and the Symbionese Liberation Army kidnapping Patricia Hearst, it was a wild time of constant turmoil. To top it off, Richard Nixon became the first President of the United States to resign from office. Current events did not stop Dennis from leveraging a 1974 run-up in the price of soybeans to a $500,000 profit. By the end of the year, at age twenty-five, he was a millionaire.11 Even though he downplayed his success, he couldn’t hide it. When he showed up late one day to the soybean pit explaining that his beat-up 1967 Chevy had broken down, other traders gave him flack, knowing full well he could afford a new car hundreds of times over.

Not only was his persona different, his trading was different. Dennis read Psychology Today (no government economic or crop reports for him) to keep his emotions in check and to remind him of how over - rated intuition was in trading. He took delight in boasting, in contrast to most traders who got up early to read all they could from weather reports to daily Department of Agriculture assessments, that he stayed in bed until the last minute before getting to the exchange just as trading started. At one point during this time, Dennis was in the middle of an interview with a reporter as he went to the bank to make a deposit. He was depositing a $325,000 check (in 1976, that represented two to three weeks of work for him). Depositing an amount like that in the mid-1970s was not normal. Dennis always got hassled when he tried to deposit checks that size.13 He was oblivious to the fact that that the teller was looking at a check that likely would exceed her total career earnings. Yet Dennis, probably younger than she was, couldn’t sign his name straight.

As his notoriety continued to grow, national newspapers like the Chicago Tribune, the New York Times, and Barron’s trumpeted his youth and success. This was not standard operating procedure in a tight-lipped world where the big Chicago traders typically kept silent.

Dennis enjoyed and even reveled in his upbringing and the unique perspective it afforded him:

I grew up in an Irish-Catholic family on the South Side of Chicago. My institutional values were very strong, if somewhat con - fused. My holy trinity consisted of the Catholic Church, the Democratic Party, and the Chicago White Sox. I would describe my early value system as nourishing, if limited. When my father took me to Hurley’s Tavern, I saw people falling off their bar stools—about what you’d expect from people who called whiskey “Irish pop.”

The Church, baseball, Democratic politics, and Irish drinking weren’t only an influence on his youth:

How much of my holy trinity informs me as an adult? In the White Sox I have a deep and abiding faith. In the Democratic Party I have shallow and fading faith, which is almost never re - warded. In the church, well. I fear 16 years of Catholic education left me a skeptic.

Look at that 1976 New York Times photo of the then twenty-six - year-old multimillionaire, lounging on the couch with his dad seated to his left, seemingly oblivious to the photographer, and it is easy to see anti-establishment staring into the camera. The photo caption only reinforced Dennis’s differences: “He drives an old, inexpensive car, he dresses in cheap knits; his money tends to pile up, unused.” However, all this press at such a young age left Dennis confronted by something he probably wasn’t expecting: people with their hands out, asking for money. “Most of them were very sad,” he recalled. “One person said, ‘Help me to learn how to trade. I’m in debt.’ Some people made it sound as if $5,000 or $10,000 were all they needed to make them happy. Those were the only letters worth answering—to explain that money won’t really make a difference.”

Not many twenty-six-year-olds would have been mature enough to handle the press using such folksy wisdom. Yet Dennis never let the swirl around him interfere with what he was doing to make money. Quite simply, his trading technique was to trade seasonal spreads. In other words, he wanted to take advantage of seasonal patterns in markets like soybeans—his initial specialty. Dennis would hold “long” (bets to profit as the market increased) and “short” (bets to profit as the market decreased) positions in futures contracts simultaneously in the same or related futures markets.

The MidAm Exchange Experience

Once he had his MidAm seat (formerly called the Chicago Open Board), Dennis was off and running. Initially he had no clue what he was doing, but he was a fast learner who learned to think like a casino operator: When I started out, I had a system called “having no idea whatsoever.” For four years, I was just taking edges. If someone was giving me a quarter cent edge to buy an Oat contract, I didn’t think he knew anything either. I just knew that I was getting a quarter cent edge, and at the end of the day, the edges would approximately equal my profit. Obviously, on an individual basis that doesn’t have to happen, but over a longer period of time, it will. I tried to be like the house in the casino. It wasn’t that novel. People at the Board of Trade had been doing it forever. But for the MidAm, it was kind of revolutionary because no one would understand that you could balance your risk with a lot of volume. That’s how I started.18 Dennis went from zero to sixty on the MidAm in record time, and no one knew how he learned to do what he was doing. He knew that traders had a tendency to self-destruct. The battle with self was where he focused his energies: “I think it’s far more important to know what Freud thinks about death wishes than what Milton Friedman thinks about deficit spending.”19 Go down to Wall Street today after work with the hot-shot traders all earning $500,000 a year at the big banks and you’ll find very few who talk about Freud being the ticket to making millions.

However, trading was harder than Dennis let on. The early ups and downs took a toll on him, but he learned the hard lessons within months. “You have to have mentally gone through the process of failure,” he said. “I had a day during which I made every mistake known to modern man. I took too big risks. I panicked and sold at the bottom of every break. I had built my net worth up to about $4,000 coming into that day and I lost about $1,000 in two hours. It took me about three days to work through that experience emotionally, and I think it was the best thing that ever happened to me.”20 It was about this time, in 1972–73, that fellow traders Tom Willis and Robert Moss met Dennis. They would go on to work together for years as close friends and business associates, with Dennis as their leader. The star did not wear a polished Armani suit, nor did his bud - dies. They sported used-car-salesman jackets, with muttonchops and bad hair, but their appearance disguised calculated gamers looking to beat the pants off their peers every day of the week. Willis, like Dennis, was brought up in a working-class family. His father, who worked first as a milkman and then delivering bread, helped him buy a seat on the MidAm for $1,000 at age twenty-one. Willis had never heard of the exchange until he saw an article in the Chicago Tribune with the headline “Altruistic Grain Trader Successful.” It was about 221?2-year-old Richard Dennis.

Willis immediately identified with his peer’s anti-establishment way of viewing the world. Dennis was not afraid to say that he had voted for Eugene McCarthy and didn’t think that just because he had radical ideas he should be driving a cab. Years later, Dennis was even more direct, saying that “the market was a legal and moral way to make a living. Being a trader doesn’t oblige one to be a conservative.”

Yet Dennis’s political stance was not what first caught Willis’s attention; it was his attitude about making money in a world where class and distinction were always barriers to entry. Without a second thought, Willis hopped in his Jeep and drove to the Fisher Building in the Chicago Loop to check out the exchange. When he arrived at the MidAm for the first time, his soon-to-be role model dominated the landscape: “Rich was in the pit. I knew him by the photo from the Tribune.” Willis started trading with his MidAm seat, but had no immediate contact with Dennis even though they were the two youngest traders in the pit. Nearly everybody else was sixty-five to eighty years old, and they actually had chairs and spittoons in the trading pit. A young Dennis, towering above a sea of old guys lounging on chairs, must have been a sight. Situated only a few blocks from the Chicago Board of Trade, the MidAm was a bit player at the time. It was small, perhaps fifteen hundred square feet. While Willis didn’t know how his start at the MidAm would unfold (he ended up building a thirty-plus-year trading career), he was certain Dennis saw a much bigger future.

Even then, big wigs from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) were coming over in their limos to pick young Dennis’s mind. Ultimately, Dennis approached Willis most likely because he was good enough not to go broke and because they were both about the same age. Dennis told Willis, “If you’re buying wheat and it’s strong and the beans are too low and the wheat is five higher, why don’t you sell soy - beans instead of selling the wheat you bought?” It was a very sophisticated insight. In fact, buying “strength” and selling “weakness” short still befuddles investors. It is counter-intuitive to buying low and selling high.

Dennis was already sharing his knowledge with other traders. He was a natural-born teacher. Dennis was teaching the young exchange members at either his or Willis’s apartment. Willis would buy two hundred pieces of chicken and a barrel of potato salad. There were fifty or sixty guys in his one-bedroom apartment with Dennis holding court, explaining how to trade. There was a practical need for this. The MidAm was selling new memberships to all kinds of traders, many with no experience. Dennis and Willis were teaching “liquidity.” To give the market confidence in the viability of the MidAm exchange, there had to be a critical mass of buyers and sellers. This culture of education was creating a better ex - change with better traders. And those better traders were starting to make money. It could all be traced to Dennis.

Craig and Gary Lacrosse, Ira Shyman, John Grace, Wayne Elliott, Robert Tallian, and David Ware are all Chicago traders who learned from Dennis. While they may not be household names, they became hugely successful in part because of the generosity of the young Dennis, who felt no compunction about sharing his skills with others. After the apartment-training sessions everyone would go home, and they would meet the next day in the pits. During market hours they would ask Dennis, “Is this what you meant?” and he’d say, “Yeah.” Dennis freely gave away his knowledge.

The Chicago Board of Trade

Great experiences and profits aside, it wasn’t long before Dennis needed a bigger playing field than the minor-league MidAm. He was already plotting how to beat the big boys at the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), the world’s largest futures exchange. Once at the CBOT, his placid demeanor contrasted sharply with the hoarse shouts and wild gestures of other floor traders, many of whom were millionaire traders with decades of experience. He was soon beating them at their own game with a “betting” style that was often so relaxed that his trading cards would literally slip out of his hand onto the floor.

Dennis’s move to the CBOT was historic. Willis could hardly be - lieve it: “Richard goes to the Board of Trade and knocks the cover off the ball. They’ve never seen anything like this. I mean this kid takes the whole pit off. Not because he can or not because he wants to show off, but corn is up, beans are up two and the corn is down three and they sell him a million bushels of soybeans up one and a half and the next thing you know they close up seven and they’re talking about him, ‘Who’s this new kid?’ ” Willis refrained from divulging the names of old-timers that Dennis was beating the pants off when he first hit the CBOT, since many of those losing traders are still around today.

One of Dennis’s students said that their teacher believed his physical attributes to be behind his pit-trading success: “You ever heard why he considered himself really successful? He is six feet something and the size of a freight train. He could see over people and more importantly, people could see him. People always knew that he was there. He honestly felt that’s why he was successful.”

Dennis’s attributing his height and weight as the reason he was successful is not the full story. There was more to becoming a millionaire by twenty-five than being “six foot something” and three hundred pounds plus. Even with excess weight, his peers described him as having cat-quick reflexes on the trading floor.

The Move from the Pit

Trading on the floor, down in the pit, might have been exciting during this era, but today the Chicago Board of Trade floor is silent. That doesn’t mean trading is dead today—far from it. Electronic trading out - dated the old ways faster than anyone ever thought could happen. However invigorating the trading floor may have been in the 1970s, the only way for Dennis to expand his trading success was to move away from it. The Chicago trading floors were designed with multiple pits and each pit traded a different market. To trade more than one market, he had to physically move back and forth across the floor to the various pits.

Dennis’s solution allowed him to remain faithful to buying in strength and selling in weakness. He knew that if his system worked in soybeans and corn, then it would also work in gold and stocks and all other markets. At the same time, he saw Wall Street changing, with new markets appearing fast and furiously as economies around the world opened and expanded. Fixed income futures were launched, and by 1975 the Inter - national Monetary Market (IMM) was allowing anyone to trade currencies the way they did stocks. Dennis knew what this would all mean. To trade in that bigger world, Dennis moved into an office on the twenty-third floor of the CBOT, leaving the turmoil of screaming traders behind. Concurrent with his move, in November 1975, Dennis and Larry Carroll formed a partnership. Known simply by the first initial of their last names, C&D Commodities was born.

There is little public information on Larry Carroll (they did meet on the MidAm floor). And, although Dennis’s “D” came second, theirs was not a partnership where the decisions and profits were split fifty - fifty. Dennis was always the man. Within short order, C&D Commodities became one of the largest independent trading firms in the world. They quickly rivaled such established institutional investors as Salomon Brothers and the Pillsbury Company.

However, other traders who had seen him dominate the pits were shocked when Dennis left the floor. They thought he was crazy. To compete against the likes of Pillsbury and Salomon Brothers was considered suicide, because no one thought he could maintain that floor “edge.” Dennis himself had always said the pit was the safest place to be. The transition did almost sink Dennis. When he went off floor, he struggled. In the late 1970s, the markets were getting to him. Tom Wil - lis saw the struggle and recalled, “He was a little disillusioned, a little off balance frankly.” Both men went out to a bar to discuss the situation. Dennis was not throwing in the towel. He looked at Willis and said, “Tom, I got stuff that’s so good that used off floor in the right hands it would make $50 million a year.”

In today’s terms, this would be like someone saying he has a way of trading that’s so good he can make $200 million a year. Or think of some number that is fifty times more than is rationally achievable by any normal measure. With anyone else, Willis would have been skeptical: “If I didn’t know Rich. I would have said, ‘Gee, he really does sound a little more off balance than I’m even thinking.’ Saying $50 million in 1979 is a crazy thing to do, but I believed it. And he did it. If an edge is good or the idea is good, let’s get in front of the screen and trade them all. If it’s that good, let’s get in front of the screen and have 20 people do this. As a matter of fact, it’s very, very consistent to expanding geometrically the ability to take advantage of this good idea.”

The goal of trading every market he could and making more money in the process was reached within a year, just as Dennis had predicted. Yet making that much more money didn’t change him one bit. His new office was not marble and glass. The outside hallway to the office had dingy brown paneling. On his office door was “C&D Commodities, Richard J. Dennis and Company.” No flash. The men’s room for the floor was next door.

Martin Hare, a nephew of Larry Carroll’s, was sixteen and in high school when he was working for Dennis. Now an executive with Merrill Lynch in San Diego, he worked in Dennis’s unconventional office environment from 1982 to 1989. Hare still gets enthusiastic when he thinks about his after-school job: “I cut out the Wall Street settlement prices for three summers. My weekly salary at C&D was $120. That was up from $90 the summer before. The C&D office was royal blue in color. There was a sleeping room for those that needed to nap, mostly for Rich, and a refrigerator full of the best beer.”

Dennis may have physically disappeared from the trading floor, but the hermit-like trading wizard hovered over the markets like Zeus. Everyone knew he was there when a huge order came into the pits. Traders also knew not to get in front of his orders, or they could be potentially wiped out. Critics and regulators at times thought he was too big and moved markets unfairly. Dennis scoffed, “Sour grapes.”

The criticisms were an excuse for people who had learned to lose. Dennis had no patience for people targeting his success. “I cringe a little when I’m identified as a millionaire,” Dennis said after reading that his $250,000 contribution to Adlai Stevenson was the largest individual political gift ever in Illinois. “If somebody just had $100,000, he wouldn’t be called a thousandaire, and if a pauper gave a dollar, they wouldn’t say, ‘Pauper gives his last buck.’ ” Although he grew wealthier by the day, he still kept an antinuclear poster hanging in his office and remained outside the chummy atmo - sphere of the exchanges. He was not prone to travel in the limelight. “We don’t have much contact with him,” remarked one Board of Trade player.

While his peers collected vintage cars and mansions, Dennis kept wearing those out-of-date polyester pants hiked over an ever-expanding waist. He exercised by eating cheap hamburgers at noisy grills. Dennis in a short-sleeved shirt, no tie, religiously pouring over arcane base - ball statistics from the Baseball Abstract, was a common sight. In fact, he would eventually buy a piece of the White Sox baseball team. Once he was an owner, his 1980s attempt to get White Sox management to see the benefits of Bill James–style “Moneyball” fell on deaf ears. One of his students, Michael Shannon, watched his friends try to dress him up by moving him from his South Side studio apartment, and recalled, “Bill Eckhardt and others actually forced him to move into something that was a little bit more parallel to his station.”

Money for Dennis was just a way to keep score in the game. He was frank about it: “Trading is a little bit like hitting a ball. If you’re thinking what your batting average should be, you’re not concentrating on the right thing when you bat the ball. Dollars are the batting average of the trader.” This original thinker and big-time baseball fan left a visual image on everyone. Several confidantes talked about Dennis’s socks. One of his students smiled, “You need to make sure he’s wearing a matched pair of the same color.”

Bradley Rotter, a former West Point graduate and often called Dennis’s first investor, witnessed his eccentricity: “I was at his house for a Fourth of July tennis party and Richard Dennis couldn’t be found. at the end of the party he came out of his house wearing a white tennis shirt, white tennis shorts, and black shoes and black socks. I’ll never forget that picture.” Rotter was not mocking Dennis. He respected Dennis’s testicular fortitude to trade trends no matter what. In baseball, testicular fortitude means everyone can talk about the game, but if you’re going to get into the game, you must swing the bat. Dennis swung and swung hard. No singles. His was Babe Ruth, home-run, swing-for-the-fences-style moneymaking.

However, the Babe Ruth of trading was near oblivious to the basics of everyday life. Mail and personal bills were handled by C&D’s back office because of his inattention. His office would even send over toilet paper to his apartment. The weight room in his Gold Coast condo was virtually unused. “I pat the weights once in a while.” said Dennis.26 He enjoyed using a third of his time to do absolutely nothing. Another Dennis student, Erle Keefer, went beyond his eccentricities: “Rich is probably the greatest trigger puller that I personally have ever known: he has the ability under tremendous pressure to stand there with his own money and pull the trigger when other people wilted. And when he was wrong, he could turn on a dime. That’s amazing—that’s not trading, that’s genetic.” The genetic line was debatable; after all, that was the point of his Turtle experiment.

Dennis’s success eventually caused more serious problems. In the mid - 1980s, critics accused him of strong-arming the market. They blamed him for too much market volatility. Words like “collusion” were thrown around. Dennis was not buying it. He said, “One man’s volatility is another man’s profit.” When Dennis was a guest on a radio show in 1984, a caller assured him that if he traded long enough, he would give it all back. You could feel the anger. Some people simply did not want to hear about a young guy making millions. Even though everyone knew exchanges needed speculators, too many people didn’t want those same risk-takers to make a profit. Dennis himself appeared before Congress as they investigated the “efficiency of the markets”—unable to define what that phrase meant. His detractors were silenced after government regulators testified that the total buying and selling by Dennis did not breach exchange limits.

Soon, Dennis would join the political fight at a whole new level. He became one of the largest Democratic donors in the country, often focusing his generosity on standard politicians and assorted underdogs. From donating millions to battered women’s shelters to the decriminalization of marijuana, causes without wide publicity appealed to him (he would give away 10 percent of his earnings every year). While calling himself a liberal libertarian, he once donated $1,000 to former Black Panther Bobby Rush.

Dennis did more than just write checks. He became good friends with Bill Bradley and supported Walter Mondale (1984) and Bruce Babbitt (1988) for President. He lobbied hard against conservative stalwart Robert Bork. There was a rational justification in Dennis’s mind for his political ideals: “If it’s something everyone hates but you think is right, those are the important things to do because no one else is going to do them.”

However, becoming a successful politician on the basis of supporting the have-nots of society was not as easy as trading to make millions. It wasn’t enough merely to fund his causes; Dennis also wanted to “work” them, and immediately ran into roadblocks. Politics was not a zero-sum game, and he got frustrated. “Politicians, at worse, are mind - less replicas of what their constituents think. People. don’t want to hear painful truths.”

When invited to participate in the diplomatic dances that made up Washington politics, he stepped on toes, and seldom refrained from voicing his opinions. Former Federal Reserve chairman Paul Volcker was once introduced to Dennis. He told Dennis that he didn’t “like those casinos you have out there in Chicago.” Dennis was well aware that he was being indulged because he was rich and would be listened to only if he had something significant to say. Soon after he founded his new 1982 think tank, the Roosevelt Center for American Policy Studies in Washington, D. C. it began to flounder.

Washington was a tough market no matter how many millions you had. And now Democrats were frustrating him, too. He said, “My principal irritation with liberals in general: they don’t understand how it can possibly be true that you make the poor richer by making every - one richer. I don’t understand that they don’t even consider that possibility.” The problem in a political world was that Dennis couldn’t work the floors of Congress the way he had the Chicago trading floors. It was one thing to own one of the six original copies of the U. S. Constitution (which he did) and an entirely different thing to try to influence modern political leaders. He was impatient.

Ultimately, over time he would become a board member of the libertarian Cato Institute, serving with such notable peers as John C. Malone, chairman, Liberty Media Corporation, and Frederick W. Smith, chairman and CEO, FedEx Corporation. He also joined the board of the Reason Foundation, another libertarian think tank. Dennis’s political forays were never easy. One political critic of his thought Dennis was a bully because he didn’t adjust his thinking to accommodate others.33 Dennis saw that criticism as coming from a typical Washington careerist being afraid to rock the boat.

His stance on the decriminalization of narcotics best illustrated what made him tick. He knew the “drug czar” of the day, Bill Bennett, would never defeat drug violence with his “just say no” approach. Dennis thought people should be allowed to do what they wanted to do, even if they injured themselves, as long as they did not hurt others. He commented:

The drug war violates the Golden Rule of doing unto others as you would have them do unto you. None of us is free of vice or temptation. Does any one of us really want to be jailed for our moral shortcomings? If our teenaged child is arrested for drug possession—a distinct possibility, since 54 percent of teenagers admit trying illicit drugs—do we really want him or her sent to prison for falling victim to the curiosity of youth?

Here was a man making millions in the pits by winning as much money from others as possible, but at the same he was clearly worried about others’ well being. He was a mass of contradictions.

Rough Seas

Dennis had some severe down periods before that banner year of 1986. Perhaps his political ambitions had caused a loss of focus. Adding to his responsibility, by this time he had moved beyond trading only his own money. He was trading for others, and managing their money was not his strongest suit. He said, “It’s drastically more work to lose other people’s money. It’s tough. I go home and worry about it.”

This was not what his clients wanted to hear. In 1983, when his as - sets under management peaked at over $25 million, his accounts for clients hit turbulence. After a 53 percent rise in January, accounts dropped 33 percent in February and March. That drop was enough to prompt George Soros to yank the $2 million he had invested with Dennis only two months earlier. After a partial rebound in April and May, Dennis’s funds dived another 50 percent in value. His 1983-era computer that cost $150,000 did little to console nervous clients. It took many of his investors more than two years to get back to even with their investment. Most didn’t stick around, and Dennis closed down some accounts in 1984. He rebated all management fees to losing accounts and conceded that trading client money as aggressively as his own money was not something clients could psychologically handle.36 What did that aggression look like on a month - by-month basis?

Dennis was famous for those big returns, and that was what his clients wanted—to become rich like Rich. They got on board knowing full well the voyage would get rocky, but conveniently forgot that fact when rough sailing made them seasick. At the first sign of troubled waters, when they were puking losses, they cut short the voyage and blamed Dennis. He was learning the hard way about people’s irrational expectations.

In 2005, Dennis looked back on his troubled times in the fund management arena:

I think the problem is that a money manager very rarely ever sits down with the person whose money it is. There’s always a representative of a firm of a firm of a firm. When you have customer money, you generally try to please the people who want “pass - able,” whereas you might be able to explain it to the ultimate end user whose money it is that “this might look brutal, but we’re trying for something spectacular.”

However, at that time in 1983, Dennis needed a way out of the customer rat race. He wanted to divert even more attention to big-picture strategies, from philosophizing to an even greater focus on decriminalization of pot to anything but being beholden to impatient and uninformed clients.

In many ways his Turtle teaching experiment was his second act, and he knew it. He said, “You shouldn’t, I suppose, live in your trading children’s reflective glory, but I am. I think [training the Turtles] is the single best thing I’ve done in commodities.”38 Yet there was no way he could have known at the time that the single best thing he would do would change his life and the history of speculative trading in ways never imagined. Glory and legend aside, in 1983, with a clear plate, Dennis’s most immediate task was to select his Turtle students from the thousands who responded to his want ad.

Final Thought

From Dennis:

I dont think trading strategies are as vulnerable to not working if people know about them, as most traders believe. If what you are doing is right, it will work even if people have a general idea about it. I always say you could publish rules in a newspaper and no one would follow them. The key is consistency and discipline.

Online Richard dennis the trader-teacher behind the turtletraders

Learn forex moving averages

Learn forex moving averagesLearn Forex: Moving Averages

Moving averages help forex traders make effective transactions by aiding them in evaluating the price history of a currency pair or related investment. More specifically, these averages make it easier for investors to interpret the price fluctuations of an asset by smoothing out their random movements.

Technical analysts have harnessed a wide range of indicators over time, but the moving average stands out due to it being simple, practical and useful. By using it, forex traders can identify the price trends, as well as the resistance and support, of the security in question.

What Is A Moving Average?

A moving average is a type of lagging indicator that accumulates past price points and then averages them to provide a technical analyst with a better sense of where a security went over a period of time. There are a handful of different moving averages, including the simple moving average (SMA) and the exponential moving average (EMA).

Calculating The SMA

To calculate the SMA, one must start by gathering a securitys closing prices over a fixed number of trading sessions.

If a trader wants to determine the 20-day SMA of the EUR/USD, he can add up all the currency pairs closing prices over the time and then divide by 20. Alternatively, figuring out the 200-day SMA of the same currency pair would require totalling its closing values during that time and then dividing that sum by 200.

Calculating The EMA

Calculating the EMA is a bit more complicated, as this indicator gives greater weight to more recent values in order to reduce the effect of lag. To determine this moving average, a forex trader should begin by selecting a time period, for example 10 days, and then calculating its SMA.

Next, the investor should figure out the multiplier he will use to give the most recent data points greater emphasis. The size of this multiplier will depend on how long the EMA is.

To calculate the multiplier, one can use the following formula:

Multiplier = (2/(number of time periods) + 1)

For a 10-day EMA: (2/(10 + 1)) = 0.1818 or 18.18%

For a 20-day EMA: (2/(20 + 1)) = 0.0952 or 9.52%

Once this multiplier has been acquired, the following equation can be used to determine the EMA:

Multiplier x (closing price EMA(previous day)) + EMA(previous day)

Harnessing Moving Averages

Once a forex trader has calculated one or more moving averages for a security, he can use it for a wide range of purposes. Many investors utilize these indicators to determine what trend a security is following.

For example, a currency pair could follow an uptrend, or period of rising values, during a time frame. Most investors seek to identify these trends and then try to profit from them. Alternatively, a security may do the opposite and follow a downtrend over a period. When an investment behaves this way, it can create losses for any people or institutions owning it.

However, investors should keep in mind that whether a security is rising or falling in value, there are many different ways they can try to generate returns from either its rise or descent. For example, as long as assets are climbing in value, investors can simply buy them and obtain profits. They can also generate returns from depreciating securities through strategies such as shorting.

Using Different Time Periods

It is worth noting that forex traders with different preferences may employ moving averages of varying length. For example, someone looking to invest over the long term may look at how a security performs over a time frame such as 200 trading days, as this will grant insight into how the financial instrument has performed in the long run.

Alternatively, an individual focusing on short-term trading might hone in on how a currency pair did during a 20-day window, as doing so will provide a sense of how the pair performed in this comparatively short time.

One more use of moving averages is measuring the momentum of a given securitys price, or how quickly it is either ascending or descending. The whole point of determining momentum is that once an asset starts moving in a certain direction, it will likely keep going the exact same way.

If a forex trader can identify the momentum of a security, he can buy or sell the asset, or even take out long or short positions on it. To single out this momentum, an investor can look at what the financial instrument did within the short, medium or long-term.

For example, if a forex trader wanted to ascertain the short-term momentum of the EUR/USD, he could look at either its 20-day SMA or EMA. If he instead desired a better sense of the pair’s long-term momentum, he could look at a measure that used a period of 100 days or more.

Support and Resistance

One more benefit of moving averages is that they can be used to determine an asset’s support and resistance. Securities will often find support at important moving averages. For example, if the USD/JPY recently increased over the course of a week and then this upward trend gave way to a sharp drop, the currency pair might find support at its 200-day moving average.

Many forex traders will expect securities to find support once they reach key averages and use other indicators in order to back up their forecast. In addition, these same investors will frequently make use of important averages to predict when currency pairs will run into resistance during their upward climbs.

For example, if a security drops below a key level of support, such as a 200-day moving average, the financial instrument will often have a difficult time rising above this important level. When an investor observes this situation, he can use it to either take profits or alternatively try to generate returns through shorting.

If investors take the time to master the moving average and the many benefits it provides, they will have access to a wide range of tools they would not be able to harness otherwise. With these implements, forex traders can make better-informed decisions and increase their chances of meeting their investment objectives.

Online Learn forex moving averages

Broker forex dengan regulasi resmi di indonesia

Broker forex dengan regulasi resmi di indonesiaFOREXimf Broker Forex dengan Regulasi Resmi di Indonesia

Forex Trader Section

EduSpot Section

FOREX imf Magazine

Kliring Berjangka Indonesia: 57/AK-KBI/IV/2007

Identrust Security International Clearing. 047/SPKK/ISI-IMF/IX/2012

FOREXimf adalah TOP Online Forex Broker yang terpercaya dengan ijin resmi dari pemerintah Indonesia (BAPPEBTI ). Perlu Anda ketahui, di Indonesia hanya ada beberapa broker/pialang yang punya ijin resmi. Apa gunanya ijin dari BAPPEBTI tersebut? Ijin resmi ini memberikan jaminan keamanan bertransaksi bagi Anda yang memilih FOREXimf sebagai tempat untuk mengembangkan investasi.

Selain menyediakan jasa sebagai broker FOREX di Indonesia. FOREXimf juga menyediakan berbagai informasi tambahan yang dapat membantu Anda dalam melakukan trading sehingga Anda bisa lebih bijak dalam mengambil keputusan, di antaranya:

Analisa Teknikal FOREX hari ini. Pada bagian ini, Anda bisa mendapatkan prediksi secara umum tentang pergerakan harga untuk menunjang kegiatan trading Anda. Update dilakukan 2 kali sehari sehingga Anda dapat terus mendapatkan analisa terbaru.

Berita FOREX. Bagian ini Anda akan mendapatkan berita fundamental pergerakan market dunia yang selalu update setiap hari. Agar lebih gampang, silakan subscribe untuk mendapatkan berita ini langsung ke email Anda.

Belajar FOREX. Jika broker lain ingin Anda langsung trading, FOREXimf justru memberikan panduan lengkap untuk Anda belajar FOREX mulai dari tingkat dasar hingga tingkat mahir sehingga Anda memiliki strategi yang tepat dalam melakukan trading.

Ingat, lakukan trading hanya dengan broker FOREX resmi, dan dapatkan kemudahan trading berbagai produk populer dunia seperti Trading Forex, Trading Komoditi, Trading Index, hingga Trading CFD hanya di FOREXimf

Online Broker forex dengan regulasi resmi di indonesia

Struggling to make profitable algo trading strategies

Struggling to make profitable algo trading strategiesStruggling To Make Profitable Algo Trading Strategies?

You didn't set out to lose money when trading, but lots of small mistakes along the way meant that your strategy performance in backtests didn't pan out when you went live.

I've been involved in algorithmic trading for over five years and in that time I've seen some big trading mistakes.

After a lot of trial and error . I eventually discovered that hard work, discipline and a scientific approach are the key to profitability with quantitative trading.

In Successful Algorithmic Trading I'll teach you a process to identify profitable strategies from the outset, backtest them, reduce your transaction costs and efficiently execute your trades in a fully automated manner.

No matter how far along you are in your quantitative trading career, you can apply these ideas to make a profitable algorithmic trading business .

200+ pages of algorithmic trading techniques

How to implement an end-to-end equities backtester with Python libraries

Download the Table Of Contents

Instant PDF ebook download - no waiting for delivery

Lifetime no-quibble 100% money back guarantee - no risk to you!

Download a Sample Chapter

Creating profitable trading strategies is hard. Really hard.

Despite all these benefits I wouldn’t want you to get the wrong idea and think developing an algorithmic trading system is easy. Nothing could be further from the truth. There is no path to easy riches with algo trading.

However, if you break down the problem . into small easy-to-handle constituent parts and make consistent progress on improving your system every day it can eventually become very successful .

At the beginning it is a struggle to make money consistently with trading.

Now I've built up the habit of creating a strategy pipeline which constantly provides me with new trading strategy ideas with which to test. It doesn't matter if a strategy begins to perform poorly because I have plenty more to choose from - and so will you.

Slow consistent progress on research, testing and execution is the key to achieving algorithmic trading profitability.

Make a commitment to work hard on your strategy components, with a disciplined approach, and you will see success much sooner than you expect.

What if you're not an expert at algorithmic trading?

Actually, neither was I when I first started! I didn't know market orders from limit orders, the buy-side from sell-side or what a stop loss was! But I have practised over the last five years and have learned a huge amount about algorithmic trading in the process.

It is well within your capability to learn what I know about quant finance and trading. I'm certainly not the top of my field, but I have been involved in the development of profitable trading strategies and am extremely keen to show you how to do the same.

I imagine that there is a topic you know a great deal about and I bet there are many who know less about the area than you do. Being an expert comes through practice . discipline and hard work. So does forming a consistent set of profitable algorithmic trading strategies.

Every successful person I know in algorithmic trading started before they knew much about the markets.

Use the fact that you aren't yet comfortable with algorithmic trading to push yourself harder and learn to become an expert.

About the Author

So who’s behind this?

Hi! My name is Mike Halls-Moore and I'm the guy behind QuantStart and the 'Successful Algorithmic Trading' package.

Since working as a quantitative trading developer in a hedge fund I have been passionate about quantitative trading and running my own portfolio.

I started the QuantStart community and wrote 'Successful Algorithmic Trading' as a means to help others learn from my mistakes and take their quantitative trading to the next level.

Online Struggling to make profitable algo trading strategies

Etraining strategy maps and balanced scorecard

Etraining strategy maps and balanced scorecardeTraining: Strategy Maps and Balanced Scorecard

In the second part of the training you will learn how to define your strategic goals and how to create strategy maps. The duration of the training part: 31 min. Coaching part includes 1 exercise.

Buy eTraining Now

In this part of the BSC training we will talk about your strategic goals and the creation of strategy maps.

The purpose of the Balanced Scorecard is to put your strategy into action, which is exactly what we explain in this part of the training:

Why businesses need strategy maps? We talk about strategy maps as a visualization tool.

What steps you need to do take in order to go from vision and mission statements to the strategy maps.

In the coaching part of the training, we answer questions about Strategy Maps:

Who should design strategy maps, who should be involved in the process of creation?

How often should the strategy map be reviewed?

Can we simply use the Balanced Scorecard or should we combine strategy maps and BSC? ?

What stages of strategy map design we need to pass in order to create a great strategy map;

In this part of the training we also discuss the algorithm involved in the design of strategy maps:

How to define strategic goals;

What time frame should we use;

How can we link strategy map to indicators;

How to automate the creation of strategy maps with software.

Online Etraining strategy maps and balanced scorecard

Category forex

Category forexCategory: Forex / FX

New Footprint That Automatically Detects Large Volume

MarketDelta released a beta version today of MD Charts that has a new Footprint type called Delta Imbalance. It automatically detects and shades high volume levels based on the bid and ask volumes. It uses a new methodology for comparing the bid and ask volumes to one another. Read more about it on the MarketDelta blog. I would recommend following the MD blog as well since they post things other than just Footprint related information.

MarketDelta Adds a Trading Room

For anyone interested in learning more about the Footprint and especially how to apply it to trading, MarketeDelta recently launched live trading room.

The room offers is very well suited for anyone looking to learn more about applying the Footprint, see and hear how a professional trader analyzes the market, and how a professional trader manages a trading position. For $99/month this is a great value.

Forex Footprints Revealing Opportunties

MarketDelta recently posted an article on how to setup Footprint charts for forex (currency pairs). I have mostly only plotted futures because I knew spot forex did not sent out volume with each trade, but what MarketDelta has done makes it now possible to plot a Footprint for FX markets.


Prior to this, forex traders only had price to trade off of. Now they will have the transparency to see where tick volume is occurring within the bar, any time frame bar I might add. See where there is light tick activity and where there is heavy tick activity. This will provide a very good indication of where traders are placing their bets.

Depending on the type of Footprint, another benefit is the delta coloring. This is based on whether the tick activity is occurring at the ask or on the bid, giving a very good indicator of order flow.

Here are a few examples pulled from todays trading.

Category: Forex

Www Forex Currency

You should be prepared to lose money during your first few months of trading. Since the development of the Web and intro to the general public, individuals have actually been using it to interact with family and friends. Always remember that there are no guarantees in Forex. Once you completely understand how Forex works, you can be sure that you can earn a lot of money in no time at all. The next thing you need to do is hire a firm that is available online that specializes on Forex trading. This will also prevent slippage.

It operates 24 hours a day and generates currency exchanges that amount up to 2 trillion dollars each day. Only multinational companies and financial institutions were allowed and it also required huge amounts of investment capital to start trading in this financial market. In the past, because the Internet was still in its infancy and the Forex market have strict sanctions and policies, regular people, such as yourself were not allowed to trade in the Forex market. All you need is a computer with a high-speed Internet connection, and trading software and youre ready. There is also a chance for you to lose money when you trade in Forex. Forex trading is considered to be a great money making tool that you can take advantage of.

Posted on Categories Forex

Forex Chinese Cari

The largest source for Expert content on the Internet that helps users answer questions, solve problems, learn something new or find inspiration.

The Forex market is the largest and the most liquid financial market in the world. With the right skills and knowledge, you can really be successful in the Forex market and earn that money you have always wanted. If you dont want to hire a firm, there are a lot of software programs in the market that you can use to start trading in the Forex market. Forex trading is considered to be a great money making tool that you can take advantage of. It should also give you the tools you need, such as charts and other indicators that are necessary for you to trade effectively.

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Software programs are recommended for experienced traders who dont want to spend money on Forex trading firms. Always remember that there are no guarantees in Forex. However, with the right skills, knowledge and strategy, you can minimize the risk and maximize your earning potential when you trade in this very liquid market. The first thing you need to have in order to start trading in the Forex market online is by having a fast computer with a fast internet connection. With the right skills and knowledge, you can really be successful in the Forex market and earn that money you have always wanted.

Forex Signals In Tamilnadu The Forex market is the largest and the most liquid financial market in the world. You not need to be inside the market floor to trade. With the right skills and knowledge, you can really be successful in the Forex market and earn that money you have always wanted. With the advancement in the Internet

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Posted on Categories Forex

Forex Signals In Tamilnadu

The Forex market is the largest and the most liquid financial market in the world. You not need to be inside the market floor to trade. With the right skills and knowledge, you can really be successful in the Forex market and earn that money you have always wanted. With the advancement in the Internet technology, it is now possible for people to trade in the Forex market. All you require is a computer system with a high-speed Internet connection, and trading software and youre ready.

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Our Forex trading company provides Forex alerts all over the world. SMS Forex signals are available in over 200 Countries and on over 700 providers.

It operates 24 hours a day and generates currency exchanges that amount up to 2 trillion dollars each day. The online Forex trading firm will give you access on using their online software that is necessary for you to start trading. There is also a chance for you to lose money when you trade in Forex. With the advancement in the Internet technology, it is now possible for people to trade in the Forex market. Forex trading is considered to be a great money making tool that you can take advantage of. In the past, because the Internet was still in its infancy and the Forex market have strict sanctions and policies, regular people, such as yourself were not allowed to trade in the Forex market.

The Internet is among the most beneficial tools that you can make the most of today. All you need is a computer system with a high-speed Internet connection, and trading software and youre ready. If you are looking for a great fulltime career that you can do in your own home, you can consider the Forex market as one of the best career choices. Only multinational companies and financial institutions were allowed and it also required huge amounts of investment capital to start trading in this financial market. With the Web, you can chat for free although the person you are talking to is half way all over the world.

Here in this article we will deal with the top 10 banks which offer the highest Deposit interest rates in the NRE Fixed deposit sector.

Money Lan proides free NSE, NSE Futures and MCX IEOD data. Mr Kannan(Trichy, TamilNadu) is the owner of the blog currently residing in jabalpur, madhya pradesh.

Www Forex Currency You should be prepared to lose money during your first few months of trading. Since the development of the Web and intro to the general public, individuals have actually been using it to interact with family and friends. Always remember that there are no guarantees in Forex. Once you completely understand how Forex works, you

Posted on Categories Forex

Forex Tester Pro 1.0

Performance Comparison: MacBook Pro/Air 2014 vs MacBook Pro/Air 2015 – Just a week ago, we shared the preliminary benchmarks for the new Apple MacBook Pro 2015 and the Apple MacBook Air 2015 the Core i5 model and 14 percent for the Core i7 model. The tester, Poole, has advised MacBook Air buyers to opt for the …

Forex Brokers In The Usa Forex trading is considered to be a great money making tool that you can take advantage of. In the past, because the Internet was still in its infancy and the Forex market have strict sanctions and policies, regular people, such as yourself were not allowed to trade in the Forex market. The Internet is one

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Forex Rate Live Update Always remember that there are no guarantees in Forex. For inexperienced Forex traders, it is recommended that you hire a firm in order to have first-hand knowledge on how to trade currency, and also help guide you on your trades. With the development of communications innovation, you can send out and receive information to and

With the advancement in the Internet technology, it is now possible for people to trade in the Forex market. The online Forex trading firm will give you access on using their online software that is necessary for you to start trading. Forex trading is considered to be a great money making tool that you can take advantage of. The Forex market also opened up its doors to individual traders and brokers. The most important thing you have to consider in a trading software program is that it should allow you to gain access to the Forex market instantly. Always remember that there are no guarantees in Forex.

Posted on Categories Forex

Tax treatment for forex and deposit losses after SNB’s surprise policy change

January 17, 2015 | By: Robert A. Green, CPA

Webinar Feb. 10, 2015 at 4:15 pm EST - Learn More

If you are one of many who got caught on the wrong side of the forex trade when the Swiss National Bank (SNB) surprised the markets with a huge policy change this week, you probably incurred significant losses. Here’s a quick primer on how to handle these losses on your tax returns.

First, it’s important to segregate your losses into two camps: the forex trading loss (Section 988 or capital loss) incurred on your open positions that were liquidated or closed by you or your broker, versus losing a deposit in an insolvent financial institution (Section 165). The latter also happened to traders who made money on this market event.

Forex tax treatment

By default, forex trading losses are Section 988 ordinary losses, unless you filed an internal contemporaneous capital gains election at any time before this new trading loss was incurred. In that case, it’s a capital loss subject to capital loss limitations of $3,000 per year against ordinary income. With a capital gains election in place, if you trade major currencies and don’t take or make delivery, you probably use Section 1256(g) lower 60/40 capital gains rates.

If you qualify for trader tax status (business treatment), Section 988 losses are business losses includible in net operating loss carry backs and forwards. But without trader tax status, you’ll need other income to absorb the forex ordinary loss, because the negative income part is otherwise wasted. If you’re using Section 1256(g), you can file a net Section 1256 loss carry back election for 2015 to carry the loss back three years to offset Section 1256 gains in those years. (Read more about forex tax treatment in our Trader Tax Center).

Deposit loss tax treatment

Hopefully, other banks and brokers will rescue teetering forex brokers and not too many forex traders will lose their deposits in insolvent financial institutions. That would be unfortunate since there is no FDIC or SIPIC money-protection on forex accounts. If U. S. and foreign forex brokers fail, hopefully the firms have private insurance that pays out the deposit holders in full for their deposit losses. If there is less than full recovery of deposit losses through insurance or otherwise, sustained losses are subject to Section 165 tax treatment.

We addressed similar issues when we covered the MF Global insolvency and recovery efforts over the past few years.

Many investors, traders and hedge funds got sideswiped by the MF Global and PFG bankruptcies over the past few years. Unfortunately, futures and forex account holders are not afforded government protection like bank account holders with FDIC protection and securities account holders with SIPIC protection. Tax treatment is far better when the IRS declares the loss a “theft loss”and allows application of IRS Revenue Procedure 2009-20, originally enacted to provide tax relief for investors in the Bernie Madoff Ponzi scheme. Theft losses receive ordinary loss treatment plus acceleration of losses on tax returns. Otherwise, Section 165 applies to deposit losses in insolvent financial institutions like MF Global. Investors are stuck choosing between capital loss treatment, which may trigger capital loss limitations, or itemized deduction treatment with various restrictions and haircuts. Business traders with trader tax status benefit from business ordinary loss treatment. Taxpayers with Section 165 losses must wait for the loss to be “sustained”so trustees have ample time for fund recovery. MF Global futures account holders recovered their losses in full, although forex account holders may have some sustained losses. (Read our blogs. PFG investors can deduct theft losses on 2012 tax returns with Rev. Proc. 2009-20 safe harbor relief. and MF Global PFG Best deposit losses have nuanced tax treatment .)

I imagine bankruptcy trustees for these failing forex brokers will seek to recover funds from customers who incurred forex trading losses in excess of their deposits, unless the account agreements say otherwise. I also envision there will be arguments over who bears responsibility for excess losses, the broker or customer in cases where brokers liquidated positions and sometimes too late.

Disregard of CFTC rules

Many American forex traders disregarded CFTC rules (for retail off-exchange forex ) by trading with non-registered offshore brokers offering leverage far above CFTC limits of 50:1 on major currencies and 20:1 on minor currencies. Several offshore brokers and a few U. S.-based forex brokers are facing financial strain or insolvency as a result of offering excess leverage to their customers during the SNB shockwave. When markets are extremely volatile the broker and customer may not be able to exit a trade before incurring a significant loss well in excess of the customers deposit amount. Let’s see how the money protection issue works out offshore.

Why do forex forward dealers issue 1099s, yet spot forex brokers do not?

August 16, 2012 | By: Robert A. Green, CPA

Did you receive a Form 1099 from your forex broker or bank this year? If you traded forex spot, you most likely did not. Conversely, if you traded forex forwards, you probably did receive a 1099, the kind used for Section 1256 contracts, like futures. But, how does this affect your tax filings?

1099 rules

The rules state that a 1099 should be issued for forex forwards, treating them like Section 1256(g) foreign currency contracts. Those same rules state 1099 should not be issued for forex spot trading. Some taxpayers mistakenly think if they don’t receive a 1099, they don’t have to report anything. That is very wrong — you need to report your trading gains and losses and other income, whether you receive a 1099 or not. That includes income from foreign brokers, too. If the 1099 is wrong, you must report the correct amount. It’s best to ask your broker or bank to correct the 1099 when you identify an error.

Spot vs. forwards

Most online forex traders have accounts with retail off-exchange forex brokers, most of whom only offer trading in the forex spot market. Spot settles in one to two days, whereas forwards settle in over two days. Brokers use the terminology T+1 for trade date plus one for a one-day settlement.

Retail forex brokers are not direct participants in the Interbank foreign exchange market. Rather, they are customers of Interbank forex dealers, and they make a derivative market for retail spot traders. Some of these retail forex brokers square their books on customer trades, and net the difference in the Interbank market, while others simply behave like a “house,” acting as market makers for their clients.

Professional and institutional forex traders like larger hedge funds have access to trading directly with forex dealers in the Interbank market. These forex dealers offer well-heeled clients access to forex forwards and options in addition to spot trading. Because forwards settle in over two days, they require more credit from traders, as they are high-leverage activities.

Rolling spot contracts

A leading forex dealer offers a “rolling spot” trading program. Instruments traded in this program are treated like forwards for purposes of 1099 issuance. CFTC Chairman Gary Gensler called these contracts futures-like. We understand that other forex dealers offer similar trading products, too.

These “rolling spot” forex contracts don’t have a fixed settlement date, as they are open ended contracts. While technically they could settle during a spot term of one to two days, they primarily settle during a forward term over two days. This dealer says these contracts act more like a forward contract than a spot contract, and therefore they issued a 1099 for forwards. That called for using a 1099 for Section 1256g (foreign currency contracts), which requires reporting of realized and unrealized gains and losses. This forex dealer marked open positions to market at year-end, too. But, forex by default has Section 988 ordinary gain or loss treatment.

1099s don’t dictate tax treatment

It’s very important to note that Form 1099s don’t dictate tax treatment. 1099 issuance rules call for 1099s based on a default standard — investor status. One of our clients received a 1099 from this dealer showing a $100,000+ loss treated as Section 1256g. But this client never filed an opt-out election from Section 988 into Section 1256g. Does the issuance of this 1099 dictate the taxpayer’s tax treatment, or do his own facts, circumstances and elections dictate tax treatment? Good news, it’s the latter. See the example footnote below that we plan to include with this client’s 2011 income tax return. In this case, the client prefers Section 988 ordinary loss treatment, rather than Section 1256 capital loss treatment subject to the $3,000 loss limitation against ordinary income. Taxpayers don’t want broker-issued 1099s to force them into worse tax treatment.

Section 475 MTM traders don’t let 1099s dictate tax treatment, either

For over a decade our Section 475 MTM business securities traders report their trading gains and losses with ordinary gain or loss treatment on Form 4797, Part II. They mark open trading business positions to market at year-end and report them as well. This tax treatment departs significantly from 1099s issued for a default investor using the cash method of accounting. The IRS understands the difference.

Example tax return footnote for a forex client who received a Form 1099

Taxpayer received a Form 1099 treating his forex contracts like forwards (or forward-like). 1099 issuance rules state that a 1099 should be issued for forex forwards, treating them like Section 1256(g) foreign currency contracts. Those same rules say no 1099 should be issued for spot forex.

As agreed by the issuer of this 1099, Form 1099s do not dictate the taxpayer’s tax treatment, as the issuer is generally not aware of the taxpayer’s facts, circumstances and tax-treatment elections.

By default, forex spot and forward contracts have Section 988 ordinary gain or loss treatment. Traders holding these forex contracts as capital assets may file an internal contemporaneous “capital gains election” pursuant to IRC § 988(a)(1)(B) to opt out of section 988 and into capital gains and loss treatment. If such an election is made, then for forex forwards — and forward-like forex contracts, including spot forex in some cases — taxpayers may use Section 1256(g) (foreign currency contract) treatment, providing it’s in major currencies for which regulated futures contracts trade on U. S. futures exchanges, and the taxpayer does not take or make delivery of the underlying currency. See Treas. Reg. § 1.988-3(b).

Section 988 reports realized gains and losses only, whereas Section 1256(g) reports realized, plus mark-to-market unrealized gains and loss treatment at year-end, too. Section 988 is ordinary gain or loss treatment, whereas Section 1256(g) has lower 60/40 tax rates, with 60% a long-term capital gain, and 40% short-term capital gain treatment.

Taxpayer did not file an internal opt-out election from Section 988, and therefore he must report using the default Section 988 ordinary gain or loss treatment for realized gains or losses, only. If the taxpayer is an investor, he reports that ordinary gain or loss on line 21 of Form 1040 (Other Income or Loss). If the taxpayer qualifies for trader tax status (business treatment), he reports the Section 988 ordinary gain or loss on Form 4797, Part II ordinary gain or loss.

In order for the IRS to match the 1099 filed to taxpayer’s return, we report the Form 1099 (for 1256 contracts) on Form 6781 Part I, and next, we zero the same amount out off of Form 6781, so we can transfer the amount to the correct form and line of the tax return. Forex is reported in summary fashion, not line-by-line fashion as done for securities. The amount we transfer to the correct form and line is the realized gain or loss, only. Only Form 6781 includes year-end unrealized gains and losses too on a mark-to-market basis.

Bottom line

1099 issuance rules have always been confusing and misunderstood by taxpayers. When you receive a W-2, you simply report the tax information provided. It’s rare to find errors. Conversely, when you receive a Form 1099 from a broker or bank, you should not just report what’s displayed. You need to consider your own facts, circumstances and tax-treatment elections to report your correct taxable income, loss and expense. This year, securities traders face a barrage of problems with new IRS cost-basis reporting rules for 1099-B issuers. We are finding huge problems on these 1099s. (See our earlier blogs on this.) When it comes to taxes, take the control away from your broker and consult a trader tax expert when needed.

Is U. S. forex trading safe?

October 30, 2010 | By: Robert A. Green, CPA

Is forex trading safe in the U. S. even with RFED or FCM duly registered brokers with the NFA/CFTC? U. S. forex brokers dont have segregation of asset money protection rules, whereas futures brokers are subject to those rules. The new CFTC forex rules call for higher minimum net capital requirements for RFED forex brokers vs. futures brokers, so that helps cushion the concern about money protection issues.

For warnings about hidden problems with forex brokers, see Erskine vs. CFTC 06-3896. The CEO of Rockwell Trading brought up this court case and discussed his concerns about forex brokers and their platform markets on our Oct. 27 Webinar. The CEO focused in on this quote in the case: This forex market, which is central to this case, is not a public market, but is instead a negotiated market, in whichaccording to the partiesforeign currency prices (the prices used for the trades in this case) are “constructed” by the FCMs using “software to process and distill currency prices offered by numerous banks and come up with an indicative market price.”

As I said on that Webinar, keep in mind that this court case occurred before the new CFTC forex brokerage rules went into effect on Oct. 18, 2010. The retail forex industry should be run better with the new rules. Later in the call, we circle back on the segregation of asset rules; we will try to do more research on it for next week.

We noticed a troubling NFA news release dated Oct. 28, 2010 NFA orders $459,000 monetary sanction against New Jersey forex firm Gain Capital Group LLC. Read the text of the entire Complaint included in the release.

Heres another similar NFA fine of $320,000 against New York forex firm IKON Global Markets. Per the NFA release, The Complaint alleged that IKON engaged in certain price slippage practices on the MetaTrader platform that were favorable to IKON and caused disadvantageous trading conditions for certain customers. The Complaint also charged that IKON failed to supervise the MetaTrader platform used for their forex business, and failed to supervise the firms operations. I wonder if slippage practices are what Rockwell Trading CEO is warning us about?

The CFTC and NFA are scrutinizing forex brokers more now after their Oct. 18, 2010 effective date for RFED registrations in accordance with their new CFTC rules for forex transactions, sanctioned by Dodd-Frank Fin Reg too. The NFA website has several good new guides including Forex Transactions: A Regulatory Guide.

American forex traders are being forced to trade with no more than 50:1 leverage on the major currencies (20:1 on minors), FIFO (no hedging rule) and without any form of money protection. Because leverage with currency futures is not far off 50:1 (30:1 on the CME, for example), hedging may be easier with futures, and futures brokers must segregate assets for some protection. We will compare tax treatment between forex and futures next week. More forex traders may want to consider trading currency futures too.

Offshore retail forex trading accounts are being forced back to the U. S.

September 23, 2010 | By: Robert A. Green, CPA

New CFTC retail forex rules are going into effect exactly as we thought they would. Although were still waiting for more formal guidance from the CFTC and NFA, they both have improved their Web site sections on the subject.

Foreign accounts transferred back to the U. S.

Most U. S.-based retail forex brokers (not banks) are registering with the NFA as RFEDs. If they don’t register their foreign affiliates as RFEDs too, theyre automatically transferring all U. S. resident retail forex trading accounts back to their U. S. RFED firms, by the CFTCs Oct. 18 deadline. The trader has no choice in the matter.

Remember, the new retail forex rules do not apply to “eligible contract participants, which are large non-retail accounts defined in prior blogs and in the rules. Were noticing that more and more offshore brokers who first thumbed their noses at the new rules are falling into line and respecting the rules.

Foreign commercial banks unaffiliated with any U. S.-based FCM or RFED may have a 360-day extension from registering as a U. S. financial institution. We heard they may have 360 days from the date Dodd Frank Fin Reg was enacted (July 21). We have not confirmed this yet, though.

Dummy offshore corporations: Not a good idea

Even if you hear from some that the CFTC may focus its enforcement efforts against foreign unregistered intermediaries rather than on individual traders, it’s important to understand the CFTC considers evasion a “prohibited transaction.” Forming a dummy offshore corporation to open a retail off-exchange forex trading account with an unregistered offshore bank or broker is considered evasion, according to the CFTC. Attorneys, CPAs and financial advisors who suggest using dummy corporations to evade these CFTC rules may face challenges by their professional license boards and bars on infractions to their ethical codes of conduct.

If you are foolish enough to use a dummy offshore corporation in this regard, you still need to disclose your American ownership of the corporation to your foreign broker, who may deny the account treating it as an American-owned account. If you don’t make that “know the client” disclosure, the broker may have grounds to take action against you.

RFED U. S.-based forex accounts lack protection

Commercial banks like Citi FX Pro offer FDIC insurance protection and segregation protection in bankruptcy. Securities brokers offer SIPIC protection. Futures brokers don’t have any quasi-governmental insurance protection, but at least they have a segregation” of assets regime in a bankruptcy filing, which is a lesser form of protection.

The problem for RFED forex brokers in the U. S. is they don’t have a quasi-governmental insurance program and they can’t even offer futures segregation protection in a bankruptcy filing either. For this reason, some U. S. forex brokers previously suggested that their clients use their affiliates offshore. We heard that the UK offered some money protection on forex brokerage accounts.

In a bankruptcy filing in the U. S. (think Refco), segregated futures accounts have seniority over other creditors and equity holders, so futures account holders get paid first. The problem for forex accounts with RFEDs is that futures segregation regimes arent respected on forex accounts in bankruptcy filings because the rules refer to futures traded on exchanges and forex is traded off exchange. This is an oversight from Congress. This is not the case for commercial banks; only brokers.

A CFTC official told me he feels forex is still safer under their new rules with registration of RFEDs, minimum capital requirements, better disclosure and lower leverage. There may be some money protection issues in the UK, but working with an unregistered broker or bank and using unlimited leverage might make it more unsafe overall. Traders may have trouble and higher costs seeking remedies in foreign jurisdictions too. If a retail trader enters a prohibited transaction working with an unregistered RFED offshore, he may not have rights to use U. S. courts either. Some forex brokers in the UK and other jurisdictions may register with the NFA as RFEDs and then continue to offer money protection in the UK, although they will still need to adhere to the new CFTC rules on leverage and more.

Bottom line

If you trade retail forex off exchange, make sure your broker or bank is duly registered in the appropriate manner with the CFTC, as either an RFED with the NFA or a commercial bank (U. S. or foreign) with U. S. bank regulators. Both RFEDs and commercial banks may offer leverage up to 50:1 on the major currencies. Only the commercial bank may offer protection on your money. Skip the idea of setting up a dummy offshore corporation to work with a non-registered foreign broker or bank.

Can American off-exchange retail forex traders evade strict new CFTC rules by trading on offshore platforms?

September 1, 2010 | By: Robert A. Green, CPA

Congress and regulators have thrown the forex trading industry a huge curve ball and we are all scurrying to get answers to important questions.

Many questions remain regarding trading offshore to evade leverage and other constraints posed by the new CFTC rules. Today we try to answer a few more questions along these lines. The answers are still unclear, and we await new NFA guidance, which was promised to one forex dealer executive. A forex dealer executive told me the NFA may actually be waiting on the CFTC regarding the overseas issue, and he expects it will take more than a few days. The overseas firestorm is probably underway.

According to one leading forex broker executive, the CFTC author of these new retail forex trading rules said the Dodd-Frank (DF) change classifying financial institutions (FI) as U. S. only (see CFTC QA who can offer.. section) wont be made for 360 days from DF enactment (7/21/10). This gives EU banks offering forex trading to U. S. customers time to register in the U. S. But I think FI refers to banks and not CFTC-registered FCMs, which probably include the FDMs (forex-dealer merchants, the prior designation) too. The DF list has FI, SEC-registered and CFTC-registered companies, plus insurance companies and more. FI and FCM seem to be different categories.

So if this forex broker says its U. S. retail forex traders using offshore platforms from its affiliates have more time to close accounts, that may not be true in my view. If the foreign account is deemed a foreign affiliate of an existing CFTC-registered FDM, then using the 360-day extension seems inappropriate to me for financial institutions. If its a foreign institution such as an EU bank with no U. S. CFTC-registered FCM or FDM registrations, then maybe it’s okay to use the 360-day extension.

Hopefully the NFA and/or CFTC will clarify this important issue soon. There are plenty of people asking these important questions, as thousands of Americans have offshore retail forex trading accounts.

It makes sense to me that DF gives 360 days to foreign institutions to form U. S. affiliates if desired. To spring a prohibition on foreign financial institutions offering forex trading to U. S. customers as of Oct. 18, 2010 (the effective date of the new CFTC rules) would be extremely undiplomatic on a global country-by-country dealing basis. There may be lawsuits and diplomatic requests made and this takes plenty of time to deal with properly.

This type of financial transaction/trading protectionism is rearing its ugly head on several international stages already. The U. S. is upset about EU rules and proposed rules requiring U. S.-based investment advisers to register in the EU for a required passport to raise money from EU investors. This is a huge problem for the U. S.-based investment-management industry. EU banks are upset about new U. S. “FATCA” tax rules requiring EU banks to report to the IRS U. S. customers in their ranks. FATCA ties in with this FI U. S.-only forex trading rule too, as it can help enforce it.

According to the forex dealer executive I spoke with, the NFA plans to issue a notice to members perhaps today or in a few days to clarify DF and the new CFTC retail forex trading rules, mostly for implementation issues. This expected notice may not speak to the foreign trading issues, although hopefully it will.

One big implementation issue is how currently CFTC-registered FDMs (under CRA) go about converting their registrations to the new DF-category of RFED. Will this be automatic? How can FDMs make many changes in their registration by Oct. 18, the implementation date for the new CFTC rules?

This executive said many U. S. forex dealers currently use offshore platforms and affiliates for segregation of funds in the UK for asset protection purposes. He said if a person files for bankruptcy in the U. S. their UK forex trading account capital and rights are protected from U. S. bankruptcy courts. Leverage is unlimited in the UK, but usually 100:1. U. S. customers avoid the NFAs controversial hedging rule when trading in the UK. He said capital isnt a big issue because many U. S. forex dealers can absorb more U. S. customers to repatriate from the UK and other international affiliates. I presume leading forex dealers can move UK capital back to U. S. too as needed. This executive says non-residents (international business) may want to stay in the UK since the U. S. leverage is lowered to 50:1. He said U. S. platforms can handle things. The biggest concern is upsetting some U. S. clients who already set up foreign-based accounts and now may have to redo all the paper work back into the U. S.

U. S. FDMs in the forex dealer coalition are fine on these new rules per this executive. Most are already registered as FDMs and compliant with the NFA, and 50:1 leverage is reasonable in their view. They expect the RFED change to be fairly easy to accomplish.

I see a big problem for foreign forex dealers operating from tax havens. Most dont have U. S. operations or branches and they wont want to register in the U. S. Registration for foreign companies probably requires a U. S. operation, subsidiary or branch office designation. Branch office taxes can lead to trouble on Section 482 transfer pricing tax issues (where the profits are booked). If the IRS finds trouble with tax haven cheating, it can pounce on these institutions. Therefore, I presume many tax-haven forex dealers may lose forex trading business to CFTC-registered RFEDs who will be happy to win back this business.

Forex IB (Introducing Broker) CFTC-registration changes are important too. The final rules are better than expected from the proposed rules. With final rules, a forex IB can simply register with the NFA on its own in the same manner as futures IBs do now. They dont need that troublesome (proposed rule) guarantee from an FDM, although they have that choice too. Few FDMs want to take that kind of risk or tie up their capital by guaranteeing a forex IB.

There are many characters in the forex industry that inappropriately blur the lines between education, investment advice, money management and other related services. Many of these forex players may be drawn into registration in some capacity with the NFA and CFTC, perhaps as an IB, and many will want to avoid that registration for many different reasons. Some may have trouble passing NFA back ground checks. Others dont want the NFA oversight over their perhaps fraudulent or inappropriate business models. Many dont want to be burdened with other rules like disclosure and reporting. Many will surely have trouble with the conflicts of interest rules too.

My colleague Brent Gillett, JD and his associate at the Investment Law Group wrote an article on these rule changes. It includes a nice history of regulation (or lack thereof) of off-exchange retail forex, the new registration categories and how it works. Its a good primer on the subject.

The attorney and author of this article said to me via email: I spoke with an attorney at the CFTC Monday who is dealing with these rules. His interpretation was that because of the change to the CEA by Dodd-Frank from financial institution to “U. S. financial institution”, overseas forex intermediaries that are not registered as FCMs or RFEDs will not be able to serve as counterparty to U. S.-based retail investors with respect to OTC forex transactions. This would apply to futures and options and futures “look alike” contracts. I say that the enforcement issues are unresolved in our article both because of the practical realities involved in enforcing this rule and because this was just an opinion of one regulator, not of the Agency.

Excellent comment on our FaceBook page:

Robert: I spoke with both the NFA and the CFTC by phone. The most knowledgeable was a guy in the compliance dept at the CFTC. He says the rules apply to any brokerage, foreign or domestic, that wants to do business with U. S. traders. So, while the regulations are not aimed at traders themselves, they are indeed aimed at any/all brokers that do business with U. S. traders. In other words, if we have accounts at FXCM UK or Dukascopy (Switzerland) or anywhere else in the world, the CFTC will force those brokers to change our leverage to 50:1. The only good news I heard was the definition of what the major currencies are. Apparently the NFA has a list of what it considers the major currencies. This is in the Financial Regulations section of the NFA manual. Fortunately this includes (in addition to USD) the EUR, GBP, JPY, CHF, CAD, AUD, NZD and even the Norwegian, Swedish and Danish currencies. In other words, any currency that retail traders are likely to trade will be at 50:1 not 20:1. I can live with that. Im not happy about the excessive intrusion of our government into our business, but I can live with this.

New CFTC forex trading rules call for 50:1 leverage

August 31, 2010 | By: Robert A. Green, CPA

The CFTC has published its highly anticipated final rules for trading off-exchange retail forex. As discussed on prior blogs, the recently enacted Dodd-Frank Fin Reg bill forced the hand of the CFTC to act by Oct. 19 because it would otherwise bar non-eligible contract participants from off-exchange retail forex trading. The CFTC acted in the nick of time because these new rules are effective on Oct. 18, 2010 — one day before the Dodd-Frank deadline.

Some of the changes are crystal clear — like new 50:1 leverage limits on major forex currencies — but the equally important rule about allowing or barring offshore trading is not yet clear per documents published to date. One off-exchange retail forex broker concluded Tuesday that offshore trading won’t be allowed after the effective date, implying that offshore forex brokers will have to register with the CFTC as well and will be subject to these same new rules.

The CFTC’s new leverage rule calling for a minimum 2 percent deposit on trading major forex currencies off exchange (50:1 leverage) seems on par with what commercial banks like Citi FX Pro offer their retail forex trading customers now.

It’s a wise move by the CFTC to reduce leverage by two times — 100:1 to 50:1 under the new rules — rather than going way over board with its original proposal of 10:1 leverage. Unlike most off-exchange retail forex dealers in the U. S. Citi FX is not regulated by the CFTC; it is subject to bank regulation.

It’s important to note the CFTC grants the NFA powers to set leverage rules higher than these new minimum percentages.

Thankfully, the CFTC responded to the pleas from the off-exchange retail forex trading industry saying the CFTC’s proposed 10:1 leverage rule would put the industry at a huge competitive disadvantage to on-exchange currency futures trading (30:1), commercial bank forex trading (50:1) and offshore off-exchange retail forex trading (200:1). The new deposit rule for non-major currencies is 5 percent (20:1).

Regulators and Congress are often sensitive to chasing business (and fraud) abroad with new rules as well as taking business away from small businesses and handing it over to big banks. The CFTC also wants the U. S. to remain competitive for foreign traders, as foreign traders can continue to trade offshore without concern about registration in the U. S.

It seems these new rules will put a stop to Americans trading retail forex offshore to evade CFTC rules. That trend picked up the pace in recent years and it may need to be reversed quickly. But we arent completely certain of this yet. We will study the new rules and see if offshore trading remains feasible for Americans under extraterritorial provisions of the Dodd-Frank Fin Reg bill. (We discussed how offshore trading might be a problem for American’s using offshore forex platforms on our recent blog and podcast.)

We base our initial thoughts on the first documents released by the CFTC (links below). In the CFTC’s QA document, see the “Who can offer off-exchange forex transactions to retail customers” section. It states that Dodd-Frank Fin Reg changed the definition of allowable financial institutions to “only U. S. financial institutions.” The next section, “What is the scope of the CFTC’s jurisdiction,” implies that unless the entity is regulated by the SEC or bank regulators – again for U. S.-only financial institutions the default catchall regulator is the CFTC. It makes sense that the CFTC would act in this manner, but again, we arent certain of these rules yet. Nothing in these CFTC documents specifically exempts offshore forex platforms or brokers from these new rules, either. Stay tuned for further observations.

For more information:

CFTC releases final rules regarding retail forex transactions: Click here.

Final rule regarding retail foreign exchange transactions (summary): Click here.

Federal Register: Regulation of Off-Exchange Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions and Intermediaries: Click here.

Questions and answers regarding final retail foreign exchange rule: Click here.

CFTC unveils retail currency-trading rules: Click here.

U. S. forex traders may not be able to skirt rules by moving accounts offshore

August 10, 2010 | By: Robert A. Green, CPA

The Dodd-Frank Fin Reg bill may extend the CFTCs rules for retail forex trading to foreign trading platforms that are also marketed to Americans. This might mean U. S. resident traders won’t be able to evade CFTC rules for the proposed 10:1 leverage and the recent LIFO trading NFA rule change by using a foreign trading platform. Some foreign forex trading platforms offer 200:1 leverage and spread betting (no requirement for LIFO accounting).

A tax and regulatory attorney colleague replied to my questions on these issues: “Our Congress takes a very broad reach of the extraterritorial reach of our securities and commodities regulatory laws. Solicitation of customers who are U. S. persons — even though the solicitation is made outside the U. S. by a non-U. S. person — is covered. That is why, for example, foreign futures exchanges that want to offer their products to U. S. customers must obtain a 30.10 order from the CFTC qualifying them to solicit U. S. customers. As a practical matter, of course, enforcing that extraterritorial jurisdiction can be difficult (is the U. S. going to invade the Cayman Islands?)

If 10:1 retail forex trading leverage is enacted by the CFTC/NFA, can U. S.-based retail spot forex brokers easily move their U. S. trading customers to their UK affiliates? It seems like the U. S. broker would be switching them to a foreign affiliate to evade U. S. regulations, and based on my colleagues statement, I think it could be a problem.

U. S. forex traders may be left with two unfortunate choices. Trade on CFTC-sanctioned foreign OTC platforms respecting CFTC rules on LIFO and perhaps 10:1 leverage or take their chances in offshore tax havens (reportable on tax returns). Why go to foreign platforms if the rules are the same and perhaps invite more IRS questions? Why go to offshore havens if it’s potentially illegal and a tax problem with the IRS scrutinizing offshore accounts?

Tax-haven platforms may never get CFTC sanction, so will they be illegal under Dodd-Frank, or, will it be a viable way to navigate around the U. S. forex trading leverage constraints?

Many comments published on the CFTC site say it’s a bad idea to chase U. S. forex trading business to tax and regulatory havens where there’s much more fraud. The way Congress wrote Dodd-Frank, it seems like its either going to be sanctioned by U. S. regulators or prohibited entirely. Can a U. S. person report forex transactions on their tax return from counterparties that are not sanctioned?

My colleague said Dodd-Frank Section 929Y has one reference to extraterritorial (which means ”foreign” ) saying the SEC has jurisdiction to regulate extraterritorial swap contracts. We think this same extraterritorial concept may apply to retail forex trading too. The CFTC regulates retail forex, whereas the SEC has authority over swaps. The Dodd-Frank bill couldn’t possibly mention every point, leaving much to interpretation by regulators. We think the CFTC may interpret the legislative text to mean the CFTC has extraterritorial control over retail forex too. It would be too simple for Americans to avoid the new rules with foreign brokers otherwise. If the CFTC has extraterritorial powers on retail forex, then foreign-based brokers will probably not do business with non-eligible contract participants. Good size hedge funds and proprietary trading firms may be qualified participants. Foreign banks and brokers with U. S. affiliates will fear the U. S. regulators attacking their U. S. operations.

Might there be an opening for retail forex trading to move into prop trading firms — with traders joining these firms as partners — inside and outside the U. S. By combining trading capital with other traders, a group of individuals may achieve eligible contract participant status. There are regulatory problems with prop trading firms too, as covered on this blog.

We’re working on these very important issues for U. S. forex traders. We hope to have more information on our conference call Thursday at 4:15pm ET. We discussed it on last weeks podcast too.

Excerpts from the Dodd-Frank bill:


PROHIBITION-‘(I) IN GENERAL - Except as provided in subclause (II), a person described in subparagraph (B)(i)(II) for which there is a Federal regulatory agency shall not offer to, or enter into with, a person that is not an eligible contract participant, any agreement, contract, or transaction in foreign currency described in subparagraph (B)(i)(I) except pursuant to a rule or regulation of a Federal regulatory agency allowing the agreement, contract, or transaction under such terms and conditions as the Federal regulatory agency shall prescribe.


(a) In General - The Securities and Exchange Commission of the United States shall solicit public comment and thereafter conduct a study to determine the extent to which private rights of action under the antifraud provisions of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U. S.C. 78u-4) should be extended to cover -

(1) conduct within the United States that constitutes a significant step in the furtherance of the violation, even if the securities transaction occurs outside the United States and involves only foreign investors;

(2) conduct occurring outside the United States that has a foreseeable substantial effect within the United States.

(b) Contents - The study shall consider and analyze, among other things

(1) the scope of such a private right of action, including whether it should extend to all private actors or whether it should be more limited to extend just to institutional investors or otherwise;

(2) what implications such a private right of action would have on international comity;

(3) the economic costs and benefits of extending a private right of action for transnational securities frauds; and

(4) whether a narrower extraterritorial standard should be adopted.

(c) Report - A report of the study shall be submitted and recommendations made to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

Online Category forex

Online trading in mutual funds

Online trading in mutual fundsOnline trading in mutual funds

Online investments in mutual funds has picked up after the abolition of entry load by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). With an online account, you can access your mutual funds online avoiding the need for multiple brokers, multiple bank accounts and multiple folios. There is also no need to call an agent and one of the biggest benefits of online investment is the complete privacy. You don't share your investment details with anyone.

You can register and buy mutual funds through broking companies offering online services - just like equity demat accounts. All you need is a one-time registration through the website, which may be free or levy a small transaction fee. You can switch between funds, discontinue a systematic investment plan ( SIP) at the click of a button, or even get a consolidated statement of all your holdings.

You can also trade in mutual funds through the National Stock Exchange (NSE) or Bombay Stock Exchange ( BSE) - much the same way you buy and sell shares online. All you need to do is register with your existing stock broker by filling up the requisite forms. If you want to merely invest in mutual funds, you will need a demat account, which entails paying an annual fees, in the range of Rs 300-800 per annum.

Mutual funds purchased will be credited to your demat account. You can also use your existing demat accounts to convert your existing mutual fund units to demat form. Just obtain the conversion request form from your depository participant, fill it, attach your statement of account and submit it to your depository who, after due verification, will sent it to the respective asset management company (AMC) or its registrar and transfer agent. The AMC will credit the mutual fund units to your demat account. If you want to redeem your mutual fund units, you can place an order through the stock exchange platform or submit the delivery instruction slip to your depository participant to transfer the mutual fund units.

A major advantage of the process is that you can decide where and how to invest your money. Online, you can do your own research, and invest with the click of a button. You can invest anytime, anyplace, anywhere.

Benefits of online trading:


Online trading provides transparency on all the information from the time of order placement till the final settlement. Every step of online trading is subject to scrutiny.

Best prices: Investors can get the best quotes given the high degree of transparency in the system.

Convenience and liquidity

You can trade online anytime during business hours. This also helps in providing liquidity to investors. It is to be noted that the broker needs clear funds to execute a mutual fund transaction. So if the investor gives a cheque, the broker can buy mutual funds only when the cheque is cleared. However, your online funds are accessible at the click of the button.

Online Online trading in mutual funds

Online free forex simulator

Online free forex simulatorInstructions


To use this flight simulator, you will have to install the Google Earth plug-in. The installation should begin automatically as the game starts.

Mouse acts as a Joystick

push/pull for tilt

left/right for roll (mixed with yaw by default but can be configured)

You can configure the mouse (sensitivity, exponential) from the "option" panel.

All other keyboard controls (except for arrows) are the same

Note: see how to enable the joystick.

Joystick axis and button are by set by default

If available, yaw is set on twist axis

You can reconfigure every axis and buttons of the joystick from the "option" panel.

All other keyboard controls are the same

Flying helicopters:

Helicopters are by definition much more difficult to fly than airplanes. The basic principle is to play with collective pitch (going up and down), cyclic pitch (going forward, backward, right and left) and anti-torque control (rotation/yaw). By default, mouse and keyboard controls are mixing roll and yaw (aileron and rudder). This has to be disabled (in configuration panel) in order to properly fly the helicopter. Idealy, you would have to use a joystick to be accurate enough with the helicopter but the mouse should be enough for a start. In GEFS, the collective pitch is controled using the same input as the throttle for airplanes: if you press '+' several times, the helicopter will lift-off, if you press '-' it will go down. Cyclic pitch can be controled using the arrow keys or the mouse. When roll/yaw mixing is disabled, use the rudder keys (default are keys A & D) for the anti-torque (yaw). The rest is just practice and finesse.

Flying Major Tom:

When in "Free" mode, you can position the camera to a location you like and press <Tab> to place the aircraft where the camera is.

Where can I fly?

Virtually everywhere!

You can pick a preset destination from the option bar.

The location selector also offer a searh input field in which you can type any destination. The aircraft will be positioned at the chosen place and at an altitude of 1000 feet.

The last (and best?) way is to use the in-game map to fly from over 30,000 runways in the world or anywhere else you may choose.

How to use the map?

Open the map using the "map" button in the option bar.

Three types of map are available: standard, runways and aeronautical.

In Runway mode, every coloured dot marks a runway threshold. You can click on these dots to open an info balloon in which you can see two links to "take-off from" or "fly by" the clicked runway. When chosing "take-off from", the aircraft should be positioned on the threshold and facing the runway. note: due to some imprecision in the collected data, this is not always true (especially for small airfields).

Dots are colour coded depending on the length of the runway: blue for major runways (>3,000 ft), green for airfield size runways, yellow when length is unknown.

A right-click on the map will bring a window to fly to the clicked destination from 4 pre-set altitudes.

In "Aeronautical" mode, the map shows a layer of airspace areas. This overlay has been generated using DAFIF data. While this can be useful to practice some flight patterns, these data are to be used with this game only and should not be used for real life flying.

How to block users in the chat?:

You can block a user's chat messages by clicking on it's callsign (name) and clicking the "block" button. If you accidently blocked a user, you can un-block him from your profile panel (home page > profile > blocked users).

How to improve the graphics (Anti-aliasing):

Note: this does not work anymore with Google Earth plugin version 7. The Google Earth plugin does not offer any 3D graphic settings but if your graphic card is recent enough, you can probably force anti-aliasing from the driver's configuration panel.

Refer to your graphic card manual to know how to access the configuration utility. From there, you may be able to force anti-aliasing, anisotropic and texture filtering, etc.

How to enable Joystick control:


Most old hardware will come with a DirectInput driver. You need to install the Javascript Joystick Plug-in (by Carl Woffenden)

Google Chrome (from version 22) is equiped with native Joystick support (although very experimental). Chrome ships with a DirectInput/XInput emulator so your old DirectInput joystick "may" work natively. According to Google, you need to press one of the joystick's buttons in order to have it detected. I could not test this feature as I did not have the required hardware and I am looking for feedback.

Known issues and troubleshooting:

The plane or some of its parts are not visible:

The plugin cached half loaded resources. Try the cache clearing procedure described bellow and restart the game.

Clear your web browser's cache

In your process explorer (Ctrl+Alt+Del), kill the process called geplugin. exe

Restart the simulator: planes should now be loading properly.

Your joystick model is not working properly:

GEFS uses a browser extension to enable joystick control. This extension has been build and is maintained by Carl Woffenden. You can file bug reports on his project page at code. google/p/javascript-joystick

The flight simulator is slow

GEFS requires a recent computer and a good graphic card in order to achieve confortable frame-rate.

Make sure GEFS only is running (close other browser tabs and background applications)

3D rendering is broken (ground not visible)

Some people experienced this issue with the latest Google Earth plugin version. Google is working on a fix which should be availabe soon.

In general.

If the flight simulator does not work on your computer, please try using a different web browser.

Try to clear you cache, re-install the plug-in and refresh the page.

For any other issues, please submit a bug report (see below, and remember to mention your web browser and operating system version).

Bug report:

You can report issues on this Google Group.

When reporting a bug, please be as descriptive as possible and indicate what operating system and web browser you are using to run this game.

A "debug info" tab is available in the option panel. Please communicate this info when reporting a bug.

I am Xavier, a web developer by day and building GEFS in my free time. I have always been fascinated by flight simulators ever since I ran SubLOGIC FS1 back in the 80s. I built a few simulators over the years, GEFS being my best shot at it I believe.

GE Flight Simulator takes full advantage of Google Earth and enables a realistic flight experience in a fantastic scenery.

While simple, the flight models are complete enough to deliver a realistic flight simulation experience. More than just a game, GEFS is a real flight simulator.

From the Piper Cub to the Airbus A380, the range of available aircraft should satisfy every aviation enthousiast. Flight simulation is a vast subject and I hope to be able to improve and enhance this game further. Even though GEFS is built on top of Google Earth, I am not a Google employee and GEFS is not related to - or a product of - Google.

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Forex broker reviews with top forex brokers

Forex broker reviews with top forex brokersCompany : . XEMarkets

On-line since : . 2009

Payment options : . Credit Card, Neteller, Moneybookers Skrill, Liberty Reserve, Wire Transfer, Western Union, MoneyGram, WebMoney, China UnionPay, SOFORT, iDEAL

Minimum account size : . $1

Minimum position size : . 0.01

Leverage : . 1:1 to 1:888

Spread (EUR/USD): . 1.0 1.9

Regulation : . CySEC

Markets forex broker is famous as a broker in the trading world. There are many qualities which provide a unique place to markets forex broker. For example, there is no fee or any kind of hidden commission fees as many brokers demand from their clients. You can trade with this broker with tight spreads. A number of currency pairs are there which is offered by markets forex broker. You can choose one of them or more in one time.

This broker is CFD regulated and have EU lincence as well. Leverage is very important part of trading if your leverage is high then you can get more proficient chances of profitable trading and if you have selected markets trading then you will be happy to hear that the leverage of that broker is up to 200:1 and this is an high leverage which is more beneficial for you as a trader. 24 hours support in multi languages, is always available and you can contact with your broker any time and through different sources like chat, email or through phone call.

Markets review tells us that trading market is very fluctuate and every time, different kind of changes hap there. Spreads that are offered by your broker is mostly depend on currency scenario of the market and it means that it may be vary from different times. Markets broker can offer you different kind of trades like through crude oil or gold or other commodities and it is really your decision about selecting the trading item. Whatever your selection is, but your markets broker will assist you in every way and will make the reason of increasing your bank balance.

Ava capital Markets operate AvaFx. AvaFx is one of the popular brokers. Since 2006, AvaFx Forex is running its services successfully. The head-office of AvaFx Forex is in Dublin, Ireland. The amazing thing is AvaFx Forex has more than 150, 000 traders around the globe. From more than 150 countries, people trade using AvaFx Trading platform. It provides several trading platforms.

Trading platform of AvaFx

The unique specialty of AvaFx is it has its own trading platform, which is known as AvaTrader. This platform is designed in user friendly. Traders can change the views and other setting to make their own preference. Anyone can do automatic trading too and there is an api library for that. Any trader can change the setting according to his or her wishes. It has a web based Java version too. People who are familiar with Meta trader 4, they can use this platform. AvaFx Supports MT4 and some other platforms.

Ava Java



Ava Mobile trading


Types of travel account

For AvaFx Trading . it offers demo account and 4 types of real accounts. According to the budget, traders can choose their own account type.

Silver account ( traders must deposit minimum $100 )

Gold account ( traders must deposit minimum $1,000 )

Platinum account ( Traders must deposit minimum $10,000 )

VIP account ( traders must deposit minimum 50,000 )

AvaFx Trading is always a nice experience to the traders. This broker does not offer continuous bonuses on deposit. You will get bonus only at first deposit. It gives bonuses for referring friends, occasional bonuses, and sometimes gives away new products to the customers. AvaFx Review has been always positive to the traders about bonus giving.

FxEmpire Best broker 2011

Excellent forex award 2011 by IBTimes

World Finance Exchange awards 2011

Daily Forex best customer service award

Investment security

AvaFx Review has been always positive to the traders about investment security.

Website safety:

They used the best SSL certificate to keep the user’s identification safe and all trading platforms work securely. This 256 SSL guarantees the security of user’s information and they additionally use McAfee secure system scan.

Trading safety and regulations:

AvaFx is a part of Ava capital markets, which is situated in Ireland. Because of that, AvaFx must meet the required standard set by the central bank of Ireland.

AvaFx is also being regularly regulated by EU. In Australia, AvaFx forex is regulated by ASIC. In Japan, this broker is regulated by several financial institutes and its registration application to British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission is pending.


Since this company always seeks for errors all the time by itself and then fix it out instantly so finding out one disadvantage is hard.

The AvaFx Support Centre could be a little better.

It does not support MT5 platform.

Online Forex broker reviews with top forex brokers

Adjusting your collar trade by greg jensen

Adjusting your collar trade by greg jensenAdjusting your Collar Trade by Greg Jensen

The Collar Trade is an options strategy that offers low-cost downside protection, but you must give up some potential upside profit. Placing the trade’s options in different expiration months may improve returns.

The market’s recent slide rattled traders, especially those who wanted to join the party and bought stocks just before the downturn in late July and early August. Stocks recovered and began hitting new highs again in late September, but some traders fear the market is due for another pullback.

Cautious traders stay away from high-flying stocks such as Research in Motion (RIMM), Baidu (BIDU), Apple Inc. (AAPL), and Garmin LTD (GRMN), but then miss opportunities as those symbols continue higher. How can you possibly have the nerve to enter the market these days? The answer lies in an options strategy “collar trade,” which protects underlying positions against downside losses. If you own or have just bought stock, you can create a standard collar by buying a put and selling a call to offset the put’s cost. A collar is a conservative low-risk, low-return strategy, because the long put caps risk below its strike price, and the short call reduces any potential upside gains above its strike price.

If both options expire in the same month, a collar trade can minimize risk, allowing you to hold volatile stocks. However, a standard collar also restricts the trade’s potential profit to 6-8 percent, which leaves money on the table during bullish trends.

The following example shows how to modify a collar trade to boost potential profits by selling a call that expires 60- 90 days after the long put. This tactic leaves the underlying position briefly uncovered, but the approach works well if you pick fundamentally strong stocks.

Collar Trade Example

Let’s assume you buy 100 shares of stock at $50 on Oct. 15. To create a standard collar, you could first buy a put that expires in 60-90 days with a strike that is at-the-money (ATM) or slightly out-of-the-money (OTM). The last step is to sell a OTM call in the same month. For example, if you bought a January 47.5 put for $2.50 and sold a January 52.5 call for $2.60, the spread offers a credit of $0.10, because you collected more by selling the call than the put cost.

Table 1 lists the collar trade details, and Figure 1 shows its potential gains and losses at Jan. 19 expiration. If the stock drops below $47.50, losses are capped at $2.40 (4.8 percent), but if the stock advances above $52.50, gains are restricted to $2.60 (5.2 percent). The long put gives you the right to sell stock at $47.50, regardless of how far it falls. But the short call obligates you to sell stock at $52.50 — even if it doubles in price by expiration.

This collar trade has a return-to-risk ratio of only 1.08, which isn’t very attractive. However, you can increase a standard collars potential gains by selling a call in a later expiring month.

Twisting the Collar Trade

One way to adjust a collar is to sell the call 60-90 days further out in time than the long put, which lets someone else pay for your downside insurance. This unique approach protects the trade as much as a standard collar trade, but it also lets you take part in bullish underlying moves and offers potential returns of 25-30 percent — roughly four times as large as a standard collar (6-8 percent).

When you sell the call for a revised collar, try to: 1) collect enough premium to pay for the long put, and 2) ensure its strike price is above the underlying stock’s price. If the short call is assigned, forcing you to sell stock at the strike, you want to sell the shares to the call’s holder at a profit.

But after the long put expires, won’t the remaining covered call position (long stock, short OTM call) lack downside protection? At this point, you still must wait for the short call to either move into the money or be assigned. Before answering that question, let’s discuss a couple of key characteristics of stocks that work best in this type of trade. Focusing on fundamentally solid, volatile stocks.

When searching for suitable stocks, you should focus on fairly volatile ones with strong fundamentals. Fundamental data may change among industries, so specific guidelines aren’t always helpful. For instance, a P/E ratio of 20 for a financial stock is probably expensive, but a solid technology stock with that same P/E might be a steal.

Try to find stocks with the following characteristics: quarterly earnings growth of more than 15 percent over the last two years, no debit or a debit-equity ratio of less than 1.0, and return on equity (ROE), assets (ROA), and invested capital (ROIC) of more than 15 percent.

The second key part is volatility, which represents how much the underlying stock moves (up or down) on a given day. More volatile stocks are ideal, because they have a better chance of reaching the short call’s strike by expiration. Stock candidates for this modified collar trade should have betas of 1.3 or higher.

But what about a revised collars downside risk after the long put expires? The answer involves a paradigm shift in how you should view this trade. Many traders place a stop loss order to control risk, but that is a static way to trade. Instead of simply entering a collar trade and hoping the market rallies, be ready to adjust it as market conditions change to exploit any trends (or lack thereof).

The difference between expiration months shouldn’t bother you, because you will likely adjust the trade before either option expires.

Trade example

Suppose you entered a revised collar trade on Apple Inc. (AAPL), which is a fundamentally strong company with quarterly earnings growth of 73.3 percent, no debt, and a return on equity of 27.5 percent — a sign of strong management. Apple Inc.’s stock price also reflects this as AAPL rose 18 percent in 2006 and soared another 91 percent in 2007 (as of Oct. 11). Placing this modified collar on Apple seems right, because many traders wouldn’t want to buy after such a large rally (see Figure 2).

To create this position, you could buy 100 shares of AAPL when it traded at $162.23 on Oct. 11, buy one January 2008 160 put for $16.10, and sell one April 2008 180 call for $16.20. The position’s net debit is $162.13 per share — $0.10 less because the short 180 call costs slightly more than the long 160 put. The trade risks $2.13 or 1.3 percent ($162.23 stock price + $16.10 put cost 160 put strike $16.20 call cost). Again, this risk is based on owning a put that gives you the right to sell Apple at $160 (until Jan. 19 expiration), even if it plummets to $10. If Apple rallies above 180, the trade’s maximum gain is $17.87 or 11 percent ($20 strike-price difference $2.13 risk). Its return-to-risk ratio is roughly 10:1, which is better than a standard collar ratio of less than 2:1. Table 2 lists the revised collar trades components, and Figure 3 shows its potential gains and losses on three dates: trade entry (Oct. 11, dotted line), expiration of the long 160 put (Jan. 19, dashed line), and expiration of the short April 180 call (April 19, solid line).

Managing the Collar Trade

Before you place the collar, you should decide when to exit, depending on if Apple rallies, trades sideways, or drops from Oct. 11 to April 19, 2008. If AAPL climbs above the short call’s 180 strike, that call will eventually be assigned, forcing you to sell shares to the call’s holder at $180. At that point, you will earn the collars maximum profit of $17.87. However, options that have time value remaining are rarely exercised, so you may have to wait several months. If Apple rallies strongly, there are a few ways to potentially capture more profits. If, for example, AAPL rose to $185, you could buy back the 180 call and sell another one at a higher strike and later-expiring month, a process called “rolling.” This generates an additional credit and allows you to profit from additional gains in the underlying. You could also sell the 160 long put as Apple advances.

There are only two scenarios where you truly need a protective long put: a bearish trend or prior to a fixed news event such as quarterly earnings reports. If AAPL stagnates and stays flat, the collar trade could run into trouble. The short call is the only collar component that helps here as it loses value due to time decay. The stock is going nowhere, and the long 160 put loses extrinsic value. For instance, if Apple trades flat over the next three months, the 160 put may expire worthless, while the short 180 call loses roughly $6 in time value (see Figure 2, lower line). If this happens, the collar trade may face interim losses of about $8, but that doesn’t mean you will lose money. Your maximum loss of $2.13 won’t increase as long as you wait until the 180 short call expires on April 19. You can always sell the long put and then wait for the short call to expire. Let’s assume Apple drops 25 percent after it releases disappointing earnings in early January and lowers its estimates for the upcoming quarter. If AAPL fell to $120, the long 160 put would have an intrinsic value of $40. The 180 short call would still have some time value, but most of it would disappear.

The following estimates assume three or four months have passed since entering the collar trade:

Apple at entry: $162.23

Current value: $120

Call at Entry: $16.20

Current value: $2.20

Total cost: $124.23 ($162.23 [$40.10-$16.10] [$16.20-$2.20])

You haven’t made any money if Apple trades at $120, and the position’s cost is $124.23, but you haven’t lost much either ($4.23 per share). Apple just got slammed, and you lost 2.6 percent ($4.23 / $162.13 original cost) — not bad. And if AAPL plunges, that doesn’t mean it won’t bounce back. Solid stocks occasionally fall sharply; anyone who watched stocks tumble in August and surge in September understands this.

Online Adjusting your collar trade by greg jensen

Momentum trading strategies

Momentum trading strategiesMomentum trading strategies

Momentum traders and investors look to take advantage of upward trends or downward trends in a stock or ETF’s price. We’ve all heard the old adage, “the trend is your friend.” And who doesn’t like riding a trend? Momentum style traders believe that these trends will continue to head in the same direction because of the momentum that is already behind them.

Price momentum

If you’re looking at a price momentum, you’re going to be looking at stocks and ETFs that have been continuously going up, day after day, week after week, and maybe even several months in a row. Some people hate getting into markets making new highs. But it’s important to know that there’s a lot of evidence that shows markets making new highs have a tendency of making even higher highs.

Momentum trading carries with it a higher degree of volatility than most other strategies. Momentum trading attempts to capitalize on market volatility. If buys and sells are not timed correctly, they may result in significant losses. Most momentum traders use stop loss or some other risk management technique to minimize losses in a losing trade.

One method to find the top stocks and ETFs is to look at the percentage of stocks and ETFs trading within 10% of their 52-week highs. Or you may like looking at the percentage price change over just the last 12 weeks or 24 weeks. Generally, the former method is more sensitive to recent price movements.

Take the oil and energy sector in mid-2008 as an example. Based on its 12-week or 24-week price performance, it was continuously ranked as one of the top sectors using those metrics—even while it was collapsing. That was because the gains were so large in the first part of the 12- or 24-week periods, even a large pullback over a span of many weeks got lost within the larger run-up that preceded it.

To spot trend early on, you may want to include a shorter-term price change component, for example a 1-week or 4-week price change measure. This works both getting into and getting out of a particular stock or ETF.

To be a successful momentum trader, you need to be able to identify the best sectors quickly and accurately. You can probably do this manually with many screeners out there, but the basic steps are a follows:

First you need to identify the stocks and ETFs you are interested in.

Determine the number of stocks and ETFs trading close to their yearly highs.

Sort the chosen stocks and ETFs from highest to lowest to see which are doing the best.

Devise an entry strategy. You may want to enter when an instrument is showing short-term strength or wait for a pullback and buy on weakness. Either approach can work; the important point is to execute a plan.

Devise an exit strategy. You should know going into the trade at what point (or conditions) you will take profits and at what point (or conditions) you will exit with a loss.

More advanced tools

A variety of technical tools can be used to assist with a momentum-based approach, including: chart reading, moving averages, oscillators, relative strength. These tools are accessible on most investment platforms. For the modern trader, the challenge is to select tools that complement one another and provide a means to analyze the market in a consistent manner and provide well-defined entry and exit points.

For most technically oriented traders, the analysis of momentum begins with defining the condition of the trend in prices. Generally, momentum is strongest at the earliest stage of a trend and weakest at the latter stages just prior to a trend reversal, in the same manner that a ball accelerates fastest when leaving your hand and slows down its rate of ascent prior to its final peak and return to earth

Consequently, a trader looking to ride a wave of momentum should attempt to fine-tune technical indicators that identify a stock or ETF that is bursting out of a period of subdued price action, such as short-term moving averages. In the later stages of a trend, momentum often begins to fade, even as prices keep advancing higher. Many traders take this as a signal to exit their positions and/or to enter the market on the short side.

The risks of momentum trading

It’s important to understand that momentum trading involves a good deal of risk. In essence, you’re making a decision to invest in a stock or ETF based on recent buying by other market participants. There’s no guarantee that buying pressures will continue to push the price higher. For example, a news development may impact investor market perception and lead to widespread selling. Or, with many investors already holding long position in the ETF or stock, it’s possible that profit-taking on existing positions will overpower new buyers coming into the market, forcing prices down.

Article 2011 by Kevin Matras and Corey Rosenbloom. Reprinted and adapted from Finding #1 Stocks: Screening, Backtesting, and Time-Proven Strategies and The Complete Trading Course: Price Patterns, Strategies, Setups, and Execution Tactics with permission from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. The statements and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author. Fidelity Investments® cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any statements or data. This reprint and the materials delivered with it should not be construed as an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy shares of any funds mentioned in this reprint.

The data and analysis contained herein are provided "as is" and without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Fidelity is not adopting, making a recommendation for or endorsing any trading or investment strategy or particular security. All opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice, and you should always obtain current information and perform due diligence before trading. Consider that the provider may modify the methods it uses to evaluate investment opportunities from time to time, that model results may not impute or show the compounded adverse effect of transaction costs or management fees or reflect actual investment results, and that investment models are necessarily constructed with the benefit of hindsight. For this and for many other reasons, model results are not a guarantee of future results. The securities mentioned in this document may not be eligible for sale in some states or countries, nor be suitable for all types of investors; their value and the income they produce may fluctuate and/or be adversely affected by exchange rates, interest rates or other factors.

Technical analysis focuses on market action – specifically, volume and price. Technical analysis is only one approach to analyzing stocks. When considering what stocks to buy or sell, you should use the approach that you're most comfortable with. As with all your investments, you must make your own determination whether an investment in any particular security or securities is right for you based on your investment objectives, risk tolerance, and financial situation. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

1. Active Trader Services are available to investors in households that place 120 or more stock, bond, or options trades in a rolling twelve-month period and maintain $25K in assets across their eligible Fidelity brokerage accounts.

Momentum trading strategies

The fact that Momentum trading has worked great across market history accounts for its immense popularity. However a raw momentum strategy can be disastrous for you since it piles one into either expensive or very poor quality stocks. After having dealt with the innumerable market blowups, a number of investors are expressing doubt about the simple strategy of purchasing a stock index and waiting for the market to enrich as their retirement time approaches. In order to build wealth a more active strategy needs to be formulated in order to make sure that a down market doesnt wreck ones savings. In this article we are going to discuss a few momentum training strategies which are bound to benefit the buyer.

Value investing is a popular accepted approach to Momentum trading which is being advocated by some of the most successful investors like Bill Miller and Warren Buffett. The process of value investing involves a thorough research of the companies and identifying those who have bold fundamentals which are not yet being appreciated by the market. One can buy them at a bargain price and as soon as the market comes round their valuation would increase many times so that one can sell those stocks for a greater price. Momentum trading strategy involves looking for strong stocks which are more likely to trade high. This implies purchasing of stocks which has dropped the least. As soon as they lose momentum one gets out of his position.

A better way of demonstrating a momentum trading strategy is to take a look at the daily routine of a momentum trader. He generally wakes up an hour before the market is up and logs in to one of the trading message boards or chat rooms, while concentrating on stocks which are creating a considerable buzz. He needs to check the stocks which are the focus of the trade alerts or recommendations of analysts. These stocks are expected to deliver important price movements on a rather high volume for that particular trading day. Apart for web surfing he also needs to turn on CNBC and look out for mention of companies which might be undergoing significant movement or releasing news.

He also needs to go through the pages of equity options in order to locate the stocks the volume of which has increased significantly in calls. This is because an increase in written calls demonstrates the possibility of an increase or decrease of price above or below the option premium. As soon as the market opens he needs to watch the initial stock lists relating to the rest of the market. He needs to check if his stocks are going up when the market is down, if their price is increasing significantly in comparison to the rest of the market, if they are acting according to his expectations based on his pre market assessment. Moreover he needs to narrow down his list and include only the strongest of the stocks which have been increasing much quickly on higher volume, which have been trading contrary to the market and whose movements are surely being propelled by external factors. These are only some popular ways of planning a strategy for momentum trading.

Online Momentum trading strategies

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Learn the key to trading Forex successfully. Great for those who want to know how to trade professionally for a living.

Here are the next available dates for our online training sessions:

To Be Announced (TBA): Register below and we will notify you when the next webinar is scheduled.

The times above are the same as the times in the popular countries/regions below:

TBA (London, England)

TBA (New Delhi, India)

TBA (Sydney, Australia)

TBA (Lagos, Nigeria)

Time in New York If your city is not listed above, please compare your local time to the current time in New York and use the time difference to calculate your exact date and times for the Free Webinar.

Who Qualifies for this Training?

Everyone. No qualification is required to participate. All you need to do is to fill out the form to register for the training. Learn more .

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This strategy will show you when to enter and exit a trade, how many lots to trade, and how to manage your position from beginning to end. Even though it is not as extensive as our live training, the e-book was designed by our in-house trading team and is very easy to understand.

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When we designed our training program, we realized that we would not only come across beginners that wanted to learn how to start day trading, but also more experienced traders that already had some stock or futures trading experience. The following list indicates who are some of the people that our training is for:

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What Does the Complete Training Program Consist of?

Our hand-son training program is designed to give new and experienced traders alike all the necessary tools to start buying and selling currencies in the foreign exchange market. Some of the topics covered are:

Information about how the FX market works and how investors and traders can benefit from it.

How to use the trading platform, including:

1. Interpreting Forex quotes and other financial information.

2. Mastering the different types of orders available to buy and sell currencies.

3. Using different charts and technical studies.

A step-by-step strategy to trade foreign currencies, which includes:

1. Determining when to enter a trade to buy or sell.

2. Setting and managing stop losses.

3. Using proper money management and risk control.

Free e-book with training materials. This will serve as a great reference for traders. The e-book will be emailed to customers.

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Forex brokers with social trading

Forex brokers with social trading404 Error - The page was not found

The international foreign exchange market provides opportunities for deriving high-yield and high-risk profit from currency rate fluctuations. Success of a trader depends on many factors; one of them is a trading platform the broker offers for operating on the market. Today most forex brokerage companies and their customers prefer MetaTrader 4 и MetaTrader 5 terminals. If you go for MetaTrader platforms as well, be sure − mt5 forex forum has been designed for you.

Forex forum India ─ Trading discussions.

On our forum you will find relevant forex forecasts and have a chance to join discussions held by experts of the currency market, professional traders and those who are new to Forex. These discussions will bring answers to all your questions. Moreover, you will be able to express your opinion, get useful information, ask for help or, on the contrary, give someone helping hand. Everyone willing to learn something new and share the knowledge gained is welcome!

Forex forum India − Socializing with brokers and traders (about brokers).

The forum contains a rating of companies rendering brokerage services based on traders’ opinions. You can also share the impressions a certain forex broker left on you, provide your assessment of its services quality and also tell about your positive or negative experience of working with a brokerage company. Your comments will help other traders avoid mistakes and choose a reliable broker to cooperate with.

Our forum is a good way to have some rest from work and communicate with friends on miscellaneous topics. This is a realm of anecdotes, jokes, caricatures, contests, sports news discussions, real life stories and off-topic unleashed. However, since trading is a lifestyle rather than a profession, trading related topics might be discussed as well.

Bonuses for socializing on Forex forum India

This forex forum has been created by traders for traders and is not meant for making profit. Nevertheless, mt5 enables authors of posts to earn forex bonuses that can be employed in trading on an account of one of the forum sponsors. These money presents are symbols of gratitude to all professional forex traders for time they spend on our forum.

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Trading emini strategies

Trading emini strategiesIf you're like most traders you've already spent way to much time and money trying to find the Secret to day trading. The truth is. there is no one Secret to trading. Trading takes patience, discipline and an understanding of the markets. But most of all to day trade successfully it takes accurate and precise signals and an easy to understand trading plan. Our mission is to provide you with high quality Emini signals and trading plans so you can capture the daily moves in the Emini Futures Markets.

SUBSCRIBE NOW to the Emini Morning Report and receive all of the following information each morning before the U. S cash markets Opening Bell:

The current Trend Trading Support, Resistance and Exhaustion Point values for the Emini SP 500, Emini DOW, Emini Russell 2000, and the Emini NASDAQ 100. These values are based on the relationship of all four major indices and are unique to our program. The values are highly accurate and precise and are the basis of our trading plans. Complete detailed Trend Trading Strategies for all four Emini Indices with entry and exit points and stop loss information. Trading in the direction of the trend will provide the least resistance and the most profitable overall trades. Complete detailed Exhaustion Point Strategies for all four Emini Indices with entry and exit points and stop loss information. The Exhaustion Point values are the end of the current Trading Trend. They are very often the turning point in the markets direction and are unique to our program. Many traders can earn hundreds and even thousands of dollars by knowing these critical Exhaustion Points. A detailed recap of one of the previous days trading strategies showing the entry and exit and profit from the trade. By reviewing a trade each day you will gain the confidence to just Plan Your Trade and Trade Your Plan. Trading tips and advice you can use to become a better trader.

SUBSCRIBE NOW to the Momentum Trading Room and receive the

daily Emini Morning Report plus access to our Live Market Trading Room .

You will be able to trade along with Professional Traders who will set up and discuss each trading opportunity. You'll also receive a FREE TRAINING COURSE with detailed instructions to all our trading plans.

Visit our Preferred Partners for Special Offers

E-mini Day Trading

General Guidelines

If youve been to the other pages on this site, youve read my specific tactics for e-mini day trading ( emini trading tips and d ay trading the eminis ) with my RBI strategy, based on fixed and dynamic support and resistance trading .

Ive done my best to convince you that when you are emini day trading . your exit strategy, on both good trades and losers, is more important than your entry strategy . If I havent convinced you of this one point, please go back and re-read everything on this web site a second or third time. Your success as a day trader absolutely depends on getting this concept and using it.

Ive emphasized the fact that youre going to need the best day trading advisor you can possibly find who has years of trading experience and also trades for a living.

Invest in some emini day trading courses. You will spend at least this much money and probably more fighting your own untrained human instincts, as well as fighting the professionals who (1) understand traders natural weaknesses, (2) know most of the publics retail setups and hard stop placements, and (3) have deep enough pockets to ride out most of the intraday market moves.

If you're thinking that the cost for a trading course is high, it may be that e-mini day trading is not for you, because financial markets are risky, and investing is risky. If you're not willing to pay for the chance to decrease that risk, you may be training for the wrong profession.

Now heres some general e-mini day trading guidelines.

Several of the RBI trading entries involve stepping in front of a quick, strong-looking move at just the right moment of emotional exhaustion to catch a small gain or a trend reversal. In order to avoid getting run over on these, you need to develop a sense of when the trend is so strong its unwise to fight it. In these situations, switch entries and use a pullback to RBI dynamic support or resistance to enter with the trend. This is one more area where experience and Real-Time training are valuable.

If you have 2 or 3 losing trades in a row, take a break from e-mini day trading . Get away from your computer screen and get your emotions under control. Then after 15 minutes or so when you go back to trading, remember that your former losses must have zero affect on the rest of your trading . The tendency will be to increase your risk in some way to compensate for the losses. This is a rookie mistake. A consistent approach (where you forget about hitting home runs to make up for any losses) will work in the long run. Anything that takes you away from your defensive posture (every trade starts out as a scalp until proven otherwise) will kill your success in the long run. Focus on the long run.

When e-mini day trading . keep a trading diary at least until youre making a profit for six consecutive months. But keep the log easily doable. A good way to do it is to mark your entries and exits on the chart you use, then copy and paste it into your journal at the end of the day with minimal comments.

Study your trading diary every weekend. Take notes of what works and what doesnt. Write these notes in red on the charts so you can review them quickly at the end of each month. (Dont make this a burden or you wont do it.)

When you find an e-mini day trading method that works for you (mine or anyone elses) dont share it with anybody. A trading edge is like a magic trick in a way. If a professional magician tells the public his secrets, hell soon be out of work. I teach my e-mini day trading method to a handful of select traders during my RBI Trading Camp . If my students keep this method private, it will continue to make a good living for those of us who have the discipline and the fortitude to trade it.

Support and resistance will never disappear from liquid markets, any particular way of trading a market edge can lose its effectiveness if it becomes popular. This is common sense among professional traders. Dont give away the family farm. Im not. My Trading Camps are small and infrequent, I wont be teaching my RBI strategy long enough to overexpose it, and the traders who take my classes sign a non-disclosure promising not to sell or share my trading strategy.

When e-mini day trading . write out a detailed trading plan that includes your exit strategy, all your entry setups, all your rules about maintaining discipline, and exactly what youll do if your discipline falters, regardless of the trades outcome. Do your best to rank your entry setups in order of highest probability to lowest. Gradually develop enough confidence in your best ones to increase your trading size when they show up, always keeping your risk per trade down to a tiny fraction of your overall trading account size. Whenever you make money by entering or exiting a trade outside the parameters of your trading plan, stop trading and remind yourself, success outside of your trading plan is poison . Failure is much better when your discipline slips! To make consistent profits e-mini day trading . you have to program your mind to work within your own strict parameters until your strategy become a natural reflex .

If for some reason you are under serious emotional stress, like a divorce or a death in the family, dont trade real money when e-mini day trading . Youll make your situation worse, I guarantee it. It would be like stepping into the ring with a broken arm to face a heavyweight. Wait until you are at least 80% back to normal. In the mean time, simulation trade with strict discipline or just watch the market passively to improve your rhythm.

Be patient, optimistic, well-informed, and above all, persistent. Success in any business takes years but when you arrive, you are the boss. If e-mini day trading is your successful business, you can move anywhere in the world (with an internet connection). You can take vacations any time. You dont have to please customers or employees. Theres no inventory headache, no sales team to motivate and no advertising costs. And youll be doing work thats often very exciting and always interesting. Youll look forward to Monday mornings for the rest of your career. Actually, that may be the best thing about professional e-mini day trading .

Expect to spend 3 to 5 years before turning a consistent profit e-mini day trading . You can greatly shorten your learning curve by following my RBI Traders Updates . They give you my daily trading plan which is based on the most accurate support and resistance levels youll find anywhere. Ive been publishing them to all levels of traders since 1996.

For more intense and in depth training, my week long RBI Trading Camp will help take your e-mini day trading to a new level. Click here for more details. Ill teach my strategy for a limited time, to a limited number of traders (for the reasons I mentioned above).

Theres never been a better opportunity to turn the corner and become a consistent trader.

Exclusively for:

The Original Super-Scalper Since 2010.

Arguably the best-performing Emini (ES) scalper on the market and at the best price!

This system is only for trading on the eMini SP500 Futures, the ES.

" Its been fun trading Pandas Heat strategy - I start at 9:35 in the morning I'm usually done by lunch time! Its a nice, conservative, low stress system - highly recommended!"

" Hey Panda, just wanted to let you know everythings been going well with the Heat. I generally take just a few trades in the morning and Im done! Youve done a great job with the template and indicators - very easy to follow."

" Yes, [your] Panda Heat system has been working great for me - I was up and running in no time with the Heats easy-to-follow template, but most importantly, Im making money! Thanks, Panda, great system!"

CME SP 500 Emini ES Futures

Your research has landed you at TheStrategyLab because you want to learn price action trading (no technical indicators) that will improve your understanding of the price action involving the SP 500 Emini ES futures so that you can identify and exploit repeatable price actions. Just as important, via our trade signal methods, you'll be able to adapt your trading whenever market conditions change to minimize losses or avoid trading account drawdowns in a market that changes many times each year. In addition, you'll be able to use the concepts from our trade methods to improve the performance of your own trade signal strategies so that you'll be able to adapt your trade strategies whenever market conditions change.

To be more specific, you'll learn how to identify and exploit these price action changes that involves trend continuation, trend reversals, range reversals, pullbacks, volatility spikes, volatility breakouts, gap trading, intermarket analysis and key changes in supply/demand regardless if you're a day trader, swing trader or position trader of the SP 500 Emini ES futures. Our trade methods provides a wealth of trade strategies than any available Emini ES trading book for any Emini Futures. Also, our methods are applicable for traders that uses bar charts, candlestick charts, time charts, volume base charts or constant tick charts for price action trading.

You can see proof of our trade signals via the real-time trades posted in a free chat room called #FuturesTrades via the user name wrbtrader. Also, if we're trading something else that's not the Emini ES futures. you can use one of our trade signal strategies for free to help you determine the merits of our trade strategies if you need more verification beyond our performance record.

You can learn more about the SP 500 Emini ES futures contract at the CME Group.

With that said, the foundation of our understanding of the price action and trade signal strategies is called WRB Analysis and you can get a free study guide thestrategylab/tsl/forum/viewtopic. php? f=5t=180 to help improve your understanding of the price action you're trading in the SP 500 Emini ES futures.

However, if you want to continue learning and improving your trading after you've learned the concepts from the free study guide on WRB Analysis. join the TSL Support Forum to ask questions involving your trade signal strategies or our own trade signal strategies that's designed to exploit the WRB Analysis Tutorials. Also, below is the ranking of our trade signal source for trading the SP 500 Emini ES futures.

Volatility Trading Report (VTR) Learn More

Advance Price Action Only Report (APAOR) Learn More

Swing Trading Report (STR) Learn More

Advance Japanese Candlestick Trading Report (AJCTR) Learn More

The above trade signal resources merged with WRB Analysis will help you to exploit trend continuation, trend reversals, range reversals, pullbacks, volatility spikes, volatility breakouts, gap trading, intermarket analysis and key changes in supply/demand. Yet, our best trade signals in combo with the WRB Analysis Tutorials is the Volatility Trading Report (VTR) for trading the SP 500 Emini ES futures. a wealth of trade strategies than any available Emini ES trading book.

Also, the most recent trade signal chart examples of price action trading Chart. ly WRB Zones and VTR

In addition, via request only . we'll send you a chart of any trading day you want (one day only) showing trade signal results via price action trading of the SP 500 Emini ES futures. Yet, charts aren't the only learning tool to help with trading. In fact, when you become a client of TheStrategyLab, we'll explain simple ways to learn price action trading beyond charts because charts alone is not an adequate way to learn price action trading regardless if you're using our trade signal strategies or your own trade signal strategies.

Here's something to think about before you continue your research, most of our clients earn back the money they spent on our WRB Analysis Tutorials or trade signal strategies . Further, while you're still in the learning process. you can earn income via our referral program to easily pay for the fee-base education material of TheStrategyLab

Last of all, we are proud to say that our worldwide clients using our WRB Analysis and trade signals are from the following geographical areas. Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (China), India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Portugal, Puerto Rico (U. S.), Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, United Kingdom (UK), United States and Venezuela. This allows us to help improve the trading performance of our clients via intermarket analysis due to the fact that markets are globally connected via the price actions of one market having an impact on the price action of a market in another country or on a different exchange.

Best Regards,

M. A. Perry

Trader and Founder of WRB Analysis (wide range body analysis or wide range bar analysis)

Price Action Trading (no technical indicators)


Online Trading emini strategies

Opening and closing strategies for professional day traders

Opening and closing strategies for professional day tradersOpening and Closing Strategies for Professional Day Traders

The recent changes in Market Mechanics that affect our trading strategies are of great interest to us, with the New York Stock Exchanges implementation of data distribution and Goldman Sachs

PowerRating ) adoption of the RediPlus trading platform. Its a bit difficult to keep up with all these changes, so I rely on my friends at the NYSE and Goldman Sachs to keep me informed. The most noteworthy changes that started on July 1, 2008 were the modifications to the Pre-opening indicators (to include share imbalances), and the pro-active updates on the MOC imbalances. First, lets discuss strategies involving the openings and the market closing prints.

For decades now, we at Bright Trading have engaged in what we call the Opening Only trading strategy. It all started when I would receive, before the market opened, notifications that there were excess shares to buy or to sell in specific equity issues. We would then enter orders above and below the projected opening prices each day. Essentially, we looked for stocks that gapped way up or down, and then either bought them or sold them short.

For example, going back to the good old days I was advised that there were 100,000 extra shares of company XYZ to buy (excess meaning over and above what could be matched up, price wise). This would mean that more stock is needed, and that the price will be going up. I would short sell 10,000 shares at $32.25 and another 10,000 at $32.50. I knew that the NYSE Specialist would be selling into this opening market as well, since he must accommodate these excesses, and he could not participate on the same side.

I wouldnt know how many shares I sold, if any, or what price, until the stock opened. Using the example above, and lets say the stock opened at $33.00, I would have been short 20,000 shares at $33.00. I always figured I would be in good company with the Specialist, and buy my shares back in a few minutes, with a very high likelihood of profits. We generally covered shares at a profit about 75% of the time, or more. This seemingly easy strategy carries a disclaimer for those who think its too good to be true it takes a couple million dollars in buying power to engage in it, even though the risk is very low. Our traders have the advantage of using our capital for this strategy, while the small private investor might not have the same resources.

Fast forward to 2008. Our traders have been taught to engage in this same type of strategy, but by being pro-active instead of responding to requests. We start by calculating where we think the overall market will open based on Fair Value calculations, and where the e-minis are trading just prior to the opening at 9:30.

We generally envelope with buy orders and sell short on orders between 10 and 300 stocks apiece. We then enter about 20 million shares of opening only limit orders. Usually, we tend to get fills on between 5-20 percent of the orders, depending on how aggressive the individual traders might be that day.

To capture profits, we have programs that send in retrace orders, and some send in stop loss orders for those that may not retrace. I personally send an order to cover half the number of shares (generally between 2,000 and 4,000 on each stock) with about a 6-10 cent profit. I like to watch the market for a few minutes and gradually get out of the rest, based on market movements, peers, sectors, and other market indicators. In reality, we were flying blind in regards to the actual number of shares that would be involved in these opening orders.

Now the NYSE via our Goldman Sachs RediPlus trading platform, shows these imbalances. We can now modify share size and pricing, which should enhance our already good winning-percentages. We simply sort by size of the imbalance for our individual group of stocks.

Now for the end of day changes. As most of you are aware, the NYSE accepts MOC (Market on Close) orders all during the trading day. At 3:40 p. m. EST they publish the excess buys or sells to traders around the Country. They are simply looking for help in the form of offsetting trades. Heres what happens at 3:40 p. m. EST:

They no longer accept standard MOC orders unless the orders go against the published imbalance. This gives our traders a chance to respond to the imbalances on their individual stocks, and to get a feel for the overall sentiment of the market during the last 20 minutes. For example, if you bring up only the Dow Jones 30 stocks on the RediPlus platform, and you see 25 big sell imbalances, and no buy imbalances, you can be pretty certain the market will be heading down. For decades they would only republish the imbalance shares at 3:50 p. m. EST, after the offsetting orders have been placed. This might result in having lower share imbalances, none at all, or actually reversing from excess sells to excess buys.

If there are still imbalances at 3:50 p. m. EST, then traders can still send in offsetting orders as MOCs. We tend to trade a lot during the last 20 minutes of the day. The NYSE is now updating the actual imbalance shares every 15 seconds or so, which gives us a much better handle on how we want to trade those last 20 minutes of the day. Instead of flying blind for 10 minutes, or during the last 10 minutes, we will know approximately the actual size of the MOC imbalances.

On July 2, 2008 we got all of our traders together online for a discussion of these changes and how we are going to adapt. Modifications to automated spreadsheets are being done, and trader feedback is being evaluated by Management and our Mentoring groups.

I hope these changes will help your personal trading.

Don Bright is a Trader and Director of Education Bright Trading. Don writes a monthly column in Technical Analysis of Stocks and Commodities magazine, and has hosted Stock trading with the Bright Brothers radio show for 7 years (which is on hiatus ). Don brings some of the worlds best traders to help teach his 3 Day Training Course and his 2- 4 week Boot Camps.

Online Opening and closing strategies for professional day traders

Forex trading using cooltraderpro best binary option signals service

Forex trading using cooltraderpro best binary option signals serviceForex trading using cooltraderpro Best Binary Option Signals Service winfleet. fr

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Trading strategies that lose long run best auto traders reviewed

Trading strategies that lose long run best auto traders reviewedTrading strategies that lose long run. Best Auto Traders Reviewed - synthesismartialarts

Trading strategies that lose long run. Best Auto Traders Reviewed synthesismartialarts

Trading strategies that lose long run types of stock exchange speculators

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| August 11, 2015 | 0 comments

Online Trading strategies that lose long run best auto traders reviewed

Shortridge academy reviews

Shortridge academy reviews“ Challenging but colleagues were the best ”

I worked at Shortridge Academy full-time (Less than a year)

I don't think I've ever been challenged as I had been working at Shortridge but my wonderful colleagues made the difference especially our residential managers.

Management changing the nature of the program made it astronomically more difficult to work at, often little to no thought about implementation of potentially wide ranging programmatic changes. Haphazard application of rules and little follow through on staff and counselors who don't follow them.

“ Good concept, poor execution ”

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Trading strategy matlab

Trading strategy matlabtrading system in MATLAB

I am trying to write a program which will find the total # of pips (price gained) with a strategy.

Basically, the strategy is whenever the stock price is 5. and we will start trading and we will continue trading as long as the stock price is higher than 2 and lower than 9. meaning in the range (2,9). When the price hits 2 or 9. we stop trading.

When I run the program it doesn't execute correctly, it does not enter the second while loop. What is missing?

% total. the total # of pips gained with a strategy % diff: the difference of the stock price btw 2 consecutive dates % Sheet1: a data matrix loaded from excel, where the first column is date and second one is stock stock price

A dummy trading strategy implemented by Matlab

The following is a paper trading result on the historical data of SPY using simple strategy. Since the trade is based on entirely random decision, the performance of the portfolio gives a low end benchmark. It is implemented by Matlab.

Given initial capital 7BV_%7B0%7D+%3D+20000%7D&bg=ffffff&fg=000000&s=0" /% at starting date, we follow the strategy of this below. In the morning of each Monday, we do following transactions: Toss a coin. If the outcome is face-up, then half of the total wealth will be invested to risky asset. Otherwise, we clear all risky position. Following the above strategy on the period (29-Jan-1993 to 21-Jun-2013), the annualized return rate is approximately 0.00641.

The implementation is completed by Matlab programing by semi-automatically. First, using the Datafeed toolbox, download SPY historical price from Yahoo Finance server. The downloaded data is saved to spy130622.mat file.

(Download ) Then, one can run this Matlab code trade1.m. ( Download )

Online Trading strategy matlab

November24,2013membership is full!

November24,2013membership is full!Disclaimer. Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Before deciding to trade foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and therefore you should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose. You should be aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange trading, and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts.

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